2019年1月1389国开电大本科《管理英语4》期末考试试题及答案(珍藏版)


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    2019 年 1 月 1389 国开电科理英语 4期末考试试题答案(珍藏版)
    交际语(题 2 分 10 分)
    15 题:选择正确语句完成面话答案序号写答题纸
    1―This project is too big for me to finish on time
    ―___________________
    APlease dome a favor
    BYou may ask for help
    CI'll give you a hand
    [答案]C
    附:
    1―项目太法时完成
    —___________________
    A请帮忙
    B寻求帮助
    C会帮
    [答案]C
    2―I'dlikeawakeupcallat7:00amplease
    ―OK_________
    Ayou will certainly make it
    BI'll make sure you get one
    Cjust do what you like
    [答案]B
    附:
    2―想早 7:00 起床拜托
    ―_________
    A定会成功
    B会确保
    C做喜欢事
    [答案]B
    3―Terribly sorry to interruptbut may I use your dictionary?
    ―Yes_________
    Aof course
    Bit doesn't matter
    Cno hurry
    [答案]A
    附:
    3―非常抱歉扰字典?
    ―_________
    A然
    B没关系
    C着急
    [答案]A
    4―I think I have made a great mistake
    ―___________________
    AI don't think soYou really made an error
    BI don't think soIt's really terrible
    CI don't think soIt's not your fault
    [答案]C2
    附:
    4―认犯错误
    —___________________
    A认真犯错误
    B认真糟糕
    C认错
    [答案]C
    5―___________________
    ―I'd like to have this film developed
    AWhat's it?
    BMay I help you?
    CWhat do you want?
    [答案]B
    附:
    5—___________________
    —想洗部电影
    A什事?
    B帮?
    C想什?
    [答案]B
    二词汇结构(题 2 分 30 分)
    620 题:阅读面句子 三选项中选出填入空白处正确选项答案序号写答题

    6AT&T found that employees with better planning and decisionmaking skills were_________to be promoted
    into management jobs
    Amore likely
    Bmore like
    Cmore unlikely
    [答案]A
    附:
    6AT&T 发现具更计划决策力员工更提拔理岗位
    7_________managers spend most of their time in facetoface contact with othersbut they spend much of it
    obtaining and sharing information
    ANot only
    BDo not only
    CNot only do
    [答案]C
    附:
    7理员仅部分时间花面面接触部分时间花获取分享信息
    8There is no_________the fact that he is the best student in the class
    Adeny
    BC
    Cdenies
    [答案]B
    附:
    8事实证明班学生
    9Effective leaders distill complex thoughts and strategies into simplememorable terms_________colleagues
    and customers can grasp and act upon
    Awhen
    Bthat3
    Cwho
    [答案]B
    附:
    9效领导者复杂思想策略提炼成简单易记术语事客户够掌握采取行动
    10It is through enthusiasm and quiet intensity_________we transform creativity and vision into the
    technologies
    Athat
    B
    Cwhich
    [答案]A
    附:
    10正通热情安静强度创造力远见转化技术
    11Compared_________EnglishChinese is generally believed to be more difficult to learn
    Awith
    Bfrom
    Cagainst
    [答案]A
    附:
    11英语相般认中文更难学
    12_________the importance of Englishwe should put more effort into it and try to learn it well
    AGave
    BGiving
    CGiven
    [答案]C
    附:
    12认识英语重性应该更加努力努力学
    13He will write to me as soon a she_________home
    Awill have returned
    Breturns
    Cwill return
    [答案]B
    附:
    13回家会写信
    14Linda walked at the head_________by her colleagues
    Afollowed
    Bfollowing
    Cto follow
    [答案]A
    附:
    14琳达走前面事面
    15After days of investigationthe police were_________reality
    Aattempting
    Bapproving
    Capproaching
    [答案]C
    附:
    15天调查警方正接现实
    16Every time I tried to say somethinghe would_________to something else
    Amove off
    Bmove on
    Cmove over4
    [答案]B
    附:
    16次想说点什换说法
    17He's left nowbut productivity hasn't_________that much
    Acarried on
    Bcaught up
    Cpicked up
    [答案]C
    附:
    17现离开工作效率没提高少
    18They_________all their computing workiethey arrange for some outside company to do the work
    Aoutsource
    Boutside
    Coutsell
    [答案]A
    附:
    18外包计算工作安排外部公司做工作
    19The leader_________at creating opportunities to provide rewardsrecognition and thanks to his or her staff
    Aexceeds
    Bexcellent
    Cexcels
    [答案]C
    附:
    19领导者擅长创造机会奖励认感谢员工
    20you can't_________to sit backeven though it might be tempting
    Aafford
    Bstand
    Cbear
    [答案]A
    附:
    20坐毙—诱
    三阅读理解(题 4 分 40 分)
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    If there's one word that captures the essence of what is occurring in the world todayit's change Downsizing
    reorganizing and cutting costs are now the norm for survivalNo industry is exemptEven the most
    conservative institutions are undergoing significant change just to survive
    Change management has always been an issue of debate amongst scholars:how can employers create suitable
    conditions for a successful change process? And what can employees do to get through it?
    Tips for dealing with change in the workplace
    •Make yourself aware that change happensit happens in personal lifeit happens in your professional lifeYou
    cannot live in the pastso denying that change could occur only makes things more complicated for you
    •Stay alert in the workplace know what is happening around youWhen you come across clues that hint change
    is on the wayacknowledge them
    •Maintain open communication channels:Don't lay back and expect things to pass you by smoothlyYou need to
    get acquainted with the occurring changesSeek more details from your management and peers to form an
    accurate understanding of the matterBe transparent and honest about your fears:dealing with the unknown is
    often resented and dauntingMake the picture as clear as you can
    •Assess yourself Change is a time when one's confidence about one's skills and capabilities gets
    shakyRecognize your strengths and where you could bring them into playAt the same timestay aware of your5
    developmental areas and work on improving those
    •Don't be stiff It will make the change process much harder if you are rigidBe flexible enough to look at the
    different angles of the change and see where you could apply your existing skills and knowledgeand what
    news skills you need to acquire
    •Stay optimistic Keep a positive attitude and don't let yourself drown in uncertaintyInvolve yourself in the new
    processlocate yourself properly in the new scenarioAdjust
    You can't get to the top of Everest by jumping up the mountainYou get to the mountaintop by taking
    incremental stepsStep by stepyou get to the goalsays Robin Sharmaone of the world's mostsoughtafter
    leadership and personal success experts
    附:
    第 1 段
    果词够抓住世界正发生事情质变化裁员重组削减成
    现生存常态没行业例外保守机构生存进行重变革
    变革理直学者争问题:雇成功变革程创造合适条件?员工度
    难关?
    应工作场变化提示
    •意识改变会发生发生生活中发生职业生涯中活
    否认发生改变会事情变更复杂
    •工作场保持警惕知道周围正发生什遇暗示变化正发生线索时承认
    •保持开放沟通渠道:懈怠期事情会利通您需熟悉正发生变化您理
    层行寻求更细节形成事准确理解透明透明坦诚面恐惧:处理未知事物常
    常感厌恶畏惧画面清晰
    •评估改变技力信心开始动摇时候认清长处
    发挥作方时注意发展领域努力改进领域
    •僵硬果僵化变革程变更加困难足够灵活性角度
    变革里应现技知识需获新闻技
    •保持乐观保持积极心态沉浸确定中参新程中新场景
    中正确定位调整
    通跳山达珠穆朗玛峰通渐进步骤达山顶步步达目标罗宾夏
    尔马说世界受追捧领导成功专家
    21Enterprises carryout downsizingreorganizing and cutting costs in order to_________
    Acut down on the number of workers
    Breshuffle the organization
    Csurvive
    [答案]C
    附:
    21企业实现_________进行减员重组削减成
    A减少工数量
    B改组组织
    C生存
    [答案]C
    22No industry is exemptmeans_________
    ANo industry is an exception
    BNo industry is an example
    CNot every industry can be exempted
    [答案]A
    附:
    22没行业豁免指_________
    A行业例外6
    B没行业例子
    C行业豁免
    [答案]A
    23The following questions are often discussed among scholars EXCEPT_________
    AHow can bosses create favorable conditions for change
    BHow can productivity be increased
    CWhat can workers do to get through change
    [答案]B
    附:
    23_________外学者常讨问题
    A老板变革创造利条件
    B提高生产力
    C工做什度变革
    [答案]B
    24How many suggestions does the author put forward?
    A4
    B5
    C6
    [答案]C
    附:
    24作者提出少建议?
    A4
    B5
    C6
    [答案]C
    25From the passagewe know that Robin Sharma is_________
    Aan expert on leadershipand personal success
    Ba great leader
    Csomeone who likes to play the game of Hide and Seek
    [答案]A
    附:
    25文章中知道罗宾·夏尔马_________
    A领导力成功方面专家
    B伟领袖
    C喜欢玩捉迷藏游戏
    [答案]A
    2630 题:请根短文容判断出语句否正确正确写T错误写F答案写答题

    Passage 2
    It's no secret that good leaders are also good communicatorsIndeed communication and leadership are
    inextricably tiedHow can you galvanizeinspire or guide others if you don't communicate in a clearcredible
    and authentic way?Here are 5 essential communication practices of effective leaders:
    (1)Mind the saydo gapTrust is the bedrock of effective leadershipyour behavior is your single greatest mode
    of communicationand it must be congruent with what you sayIf your actions don't align with your wordsyou
    a restoring up trouble for the future
    (2)Make the complex simpleEffective leaders distill complex thoughts and strategies into simplememorable
    terms that colleagues and customers can grasp and act uponThe most important thing is to clarify what you
    want to saylookout for technical jargon and avoid business speakwhich add complexitySay what you mean
    in as few words as possible
    (3)Find your own voiceUse language that's distinctly your own let your values come through in your7
    communicationCorrect use of language and grammar are importantof coursebut don't become overly fixated
    on eloquence for eloquence's sakeconcentrate on being distinct and realPeople want realpeople respect real
    people follow real
    (4)Be visibleVisibility is about letting your key stakeholders get a feel for who you are and what you care
    aboutDon't hide behind a computer and only interact with people electronicallysee them face to face and voice
    to voiceand interact with them in a realsubstantial wayIn today's environmentwhere people are often burned
    outit's important for employees to have a personal connection with you and the work you believe inShow the
    people that work for you that you're engaged and that you care about them and their work
    (5)Listen with your eyes as well as your earsEffective communication is a twoway process and good
    leaders know how to ask good questionsand then listen with both their eyes and their earsBecause you are in a
    position of authorityothers maybe reluctant to express their real opinions to you directlyYou won't always get
    direct feedbackso you need to also be able to read between the lines and look for the nonverbal cues
    附:
    第 2 段
    领导者沟通者已什秘密事实沟通领导力密分果
    清晰信真实方式进行沟通激励启发引导?里 5 基沟通实
    践效领导者:
    (1)注意说做间差距信效领导基石—行唯沟通方式必须
    说致果行言辞致未恢复麻烦
    (2)化繁简效领导者复杂思想策略提炼成简单易记术语事客户够掌握
    采取行动重明确想说话注意技术术语避免业务说话增加复杂性少
    词说出意思
    (3)找声音明显属语言价值观交流中体现出正确
    语言语法然重口分专注口集中注意力真实尊重真实
    追真实
    (4)见见性您关键利益相关者解您谁您关心什躲电脑面
    进行电子互动—面面语音语音真实实质性方式互动常精疲力竭
    环境中员工您您相信工作建立联系非常重您工作展示您重新订婚
    关心工作
    (5)眼睛耳朵倾听效沟通双程领导者知道提出问题然
    眼睛耳朵倾听处权威愿意直接表达真实意见会总
    直接反馈需够读懂字里行间寻找非语言暗示
    26Communication and leadership don't always go hand in hand
    [答案]F
    27The saydo gap happens when people misunderstand their leader's intention
    [答案]F
    28Using technical jargon makes a leader convincing
    [答案]F
    29Communicating sincerely is always the best
    [答案]T
    30Observation is as important as communication when you want to know what people really think
    [答案]T
    附:
    26沟通领导力总齐头进
    [答案]F
    27误解领导者意图时会出现说做差距
    [答案]F
    28技术术语领导者具说服力
    [答案]F8
    29真诚沟通永远
    [答案]T
    30想知道真实想法时观察交流样重
    [答案]T
    四写作( 40 分)
    31根求写作文
    Write a composition with at least 100 words on My Dream Job
    附:
    理想职业写篇少 100 字作文
    参考答案:
    I want to be a teacher since I was a childWhen I was in primary schoolI was very admire the position of
    teacherThey are knowledgeable just seems that there is nothing they don't knowThey treat us just like their
    childrenThey care about our studylife and healthSince thenI have made my mine to be a teacher in the
    futureI would like to be a kind and knowledgeable per on like my teacherSobeing a teacher is my dreamI
    will try my best to study well to reach my dream

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