2021年1月1389国开电大本科《管理英语4》期末考试试题及答案(珍藏版)


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    2021 年 1 月 1389 国开电科理英语 4期末考试试题答案(珍藏版)
    交际语(题 2 分 10 分)
    15 题:选择正确语句完成面话答案序号写答题纸
    1―Terribly sorry to interruptbut may I use your dictionary?
    ―Yes________
    Aof course
    Bit doesn't matter
    Cno hurry
    [答案]A
    附:
    1―非常抱歉扰字典?
    ―________
    A然
    B没关系
    C着急
    [答案]A
    2―Do you mind if I use vouchers to spend in a restaurant?
    ―___________________
    AYesplease
    BNot at allGoa head
    CNothank you
    [答案]B
    附:
    2―介意代金券餐厅消费?
    —___________________
    A请
    B点果阿头
    C谢谢
    [答案]B
    3―I think I have made a great mistake
    ―___________________
    AI don't think soYou really made an error
    BI don't think soIt's really terrible
    CI don't think soIt's not your fault
    [答案]C
    附:
    3―认犯错误
    —___________________
    A认确实犯错误
    B认真糟糕
    C认错
    [答案]C
    4―___________________
    ―I'd like to have this film developed
    AWhat's it?
    BMay I help you?
    CWhat do you want?
    [答案]B2
    附:
    4—___________________
    —想洗部电影
    A什事?
    B帮?
    C想什?
    [答案]B
    5―JackI'd like to have your opinions about my written report
    ―________But I have one suggestion
    AThat's a good idea
    BYou are too modest
    CIt looks fine to me
    [答案]C
    附:
    5―杰克想听听书面报告法
    —________建议
    A意
    B太谦虚
    C觉
    [答案]C
    二词汇结构(题 2 分 30 分)
    620 题:阅读面句子 三选项中选出填入空白处正确选项答案序号写答题

    6She was very adaptive and soon adapted_________the campus life
    Awith
    Bas
    Cto
    [答案]C
    附:
    6适应力强快适应校园生活
    7All_________glitters(闪闪发光) is not gold
    Awhich
    Bthat
    Cwhat
    [答案]B
    附:
    7闪光金子
    8This is the man_________last night
    Awhom I saw him
    Bwho Is a whim
    Cwhom I saw
    [答案]C
    附:
    8昨晚见
    9I would recommend that you_________on following through with projects
    Aworked
    Bwork
    Cwould work
    [答案]B
    附:3
    9建议继续完成项目
    10They weren't too keen_________the idea at first because they thought it was not practical enough
    Aof
    Bon
    Cin
    [答案]B
    附:
    10起初太热衷想法认够实
    11On hearing the news of_________the major exam againthe girl burst into tears
    Aher having failed
    Bshe failed
    Cher being failed
    [答案]A
    附:
    11听次高考格消息女孩泪流满面
    12It is through enthusiasm and quiet intensity_________we transform creativity and vision into the
    technologies
    Awhich
    B
    Cthat
    [答案]C
    附:
    12正通热情安静强度创造力远见转化技术
    13Although we can't compete in terms of sizeI_________believe we hold an advantage in terms of dedication
    to customer service
    Adid
    Bdo
    Chave
    [答案]B
    附:
    13然法规模竞争相信竭诚客户服务方面具优势
    14_________on the hilltopyou could enjoy the scenery of the city bathed in the sun
    AStood
    BStand
    CStanding
    [答案]C
    附:
    14站山顶欣赏沐浴阳光城市风光
    15Without his assistanceI_________the research last month
    Awould not have completed
    Bcould not finish
    Cshould not finish
    [答案]A
    附:
    15果没帮助月研究会完成
    16Fearing the reactions of top managersmiddle managers remained_________Or provided optimisticfiltered
    information
    Asilence
    Bsilent
    Csilently
    [答案]B4
    附:
    16害怕高层反应中层理者保持沉默提供乐观滤信息
    17I will ask them to_________a new designsomething a bit more toned down
    Acome in
    Bcome across
    Ccome up with
    [答案]C
    附:
    17会请想出新设计稍微低调
    18Good work_________good pay
    Adeserves
    Brequests
    Cdeserts
    [答案]A
    附:
    18工作值高薪
    19The responsibilities in handbook_________that managers have to be concerned with efficiency and
    effectiveness in the work process
    Aimply
    Bindicate
    Cinterrupt
    [答案]A
    附:
    19手册中职责暗示理者必须关注工作程中效率效性
    20At a rough_________we will take another four weeks to finish this plan
    Avalue
    Baccount
    Cestimate
    [答案]C
    附:
    20粗略估计需四星期完成计划
    三阅读理解(题 4 分 40 分)
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    If there's one word that captures the essence of what is occurring in the world todayit'schangeDownsizing
    reorganizing and cutting costs are now the norm for survivalNo industry is exemptEven the most
    conservative institutions are undergoing significant change just to survive
    Change management has always been an issue of debate amougst scholars:how can employers create suitable
    conditions for a successful change process?And what can employees do to get through it?
    Tips for dealing with change in the workplace
    ●Make yourself aware that change happens:it happens in personal lifeit happens in your professional lifeYou
    can not live in the pastso denying that change could occur only makes things more complicated for you
    ●Stay alert in the workplace:know what is happening around youWhen you come across clues that hint change
    is on the wayacknowledge them
    ●Maintain open communication channels:Don't lay back and expect things to pass you by smoothlyYou need
    to get acquainted with the occurring changesSeek more details from your management and peers to for man
    accurate understanding of the matterBe transparent and honest about your fears:dealing with the unknown is
    often resented and dauntingMake the picture as clear as you can
    ●Assess yourself : Changeisatimewhenone'sconfidenceaboutone'sskillsand capabilities gets shakyRecognize
    your strengths and where you could bring them into playAt the same timestay aware of your developmental5
    areas and work on improving those
    ●Don't be stiff:It will make the change process much harder if you are rigidBe flexible enough to look at the
    different angles of the change and see where you could apply your existingskills and knowledgeand what
    news skills you need to acquire
    ●Stay optimistic : Keepapositiveattitudeanddon'tletyourselfdrowninuncertaintyInvolve yourself in the new
    processlocate yourself properly in the new scenarioAdjustYou can't get to the top of Everest by jumping up
    the mountainYou get to the mountaintop by taking incremental stepsStep by stepyou get to the goalsays
    Robin Sharmaone of the world's mostsoughtafter leadership and personal success experts
    附:
    第 1 段
    果词抓住世界发生事情质变化缩减重组削减成现
    生存常态没行业幸免保守机构正历重变革改变生存
    变革理直学者争问题:雇成功变革程创造合适条件?员工度
    难关?
    应工作场变化提示
    ●意识改变正发生:发生生活中发生职业生涯中活
    否认发生改变会事情变更复杂
    ●工作场保持警惕:解周围发生事情遇暗示变化发生线索时承认
    ●保持开放沟通渠道:退缩期事情会利通您需熟悉正发生变化您
    理层行寻求更细节便准确解事情透明坦诚面恐惧:处理未知事物常常
    感厌恶畏惧画面清晰
    ●评估:改变技力信心动摇时候认清长处
    发挥方时注意发展领域努力改进
    ●僵硬:果僵化会改变程变更加困难足够灵活角度改变
    里应现技知识新闻技需获
    ●保持乐观:保持积极态度确定中沉沦融入新程中新场景
    中正确定位调整步骤步步会达目标罗宾夏尔马说世界受追捧
    领导力成功专家
    21Enterprises carryout downsizingreorganizing and cutting costs in order to_________
    Asurvive
    Bcut down on the number of workers
    Creshuffle the organization
    [答案]A
    附:
    21企业实现_________进行减员重组削减成
    A生存
    B减少工数量
    C改组组织
    [答案]A
    22No industry is exemptmeans_________
    ANo industry is an example
    BNo industry is an exception
    CNot every industry can be exempted
    [答案]B
    附:
    22没行业豁免指_________
    A没行业例子
    B行业例外
    C行业豁免6
    [答案]B
    23The following questions are often discussed among scholars EXCEPT_________
    AHow can bosses create favorable conditions for change
    BHow can productivity be increased
    CWhat can workers do to get through change
    [答案]B
    附:
    23_________外学者常讨问题
    A老板变革创造利条件
    B提高生产力
    C工做什度变革
    [答案]B
    24How many suggestions does the author put forward?
    A4
    B5
    C6
    [答案]C
    附:
    24作者提出少建议?
    A4
    B5
    C6
    [答案]C
    25From the passagewe know that Robin Sharma is _________
    Aan expert on leadershipand personal success
    Ba great leader
    Csomeone who likes to play the game of Hide and Seek
    [答案]A
    附:
    25文章中知道罗宾·夏尔马_________
    A领导力成功方面专家
    B伟领袖
    C喜欢玩捉迷藏游戏
    [答案]A
    2630 题:请根短文容判断出语句否正确正确写T错误写F答案写答题

    Passage 2
    It's no secret that good leaders are also good communicatorsIndeed communication and leadership are
    inextricably tiedHow can you galvanizeinspire or guide others if you don't communicate in a clearcredible
    and authentic way?Here are 5essential communication practices of effective leaders:
    1Mind the saydo gapTrust is the bedrock of effective leadershipyour behavior is your single greatest mode of
    communicationand it must be congruent with what you sayIf your actions don't align with your wordsyou a
    restoring up trouble for the future
    2Make the complex simpleEffective leaders distill complex thoughts and strategies into simplememorable
    terms that colleagues and customers can grasp and act uponThe most important thing is to clarify what you
    want to saylookout for technical jargon and avoid business speakwhich add complexitySay what you mean
    in as few words as possible
    3Find your own voiceUse language that's distinctly your own let your values come through in your
    communicationCorrect use of language and grammar are importantof coursebut don't become overly fixated
    on eloquence for eloquence's sakeconcentrate on being distinct and realPeople want realpeople respect real7
    people follow real
    4Be visibleVisibility is about letting your key stakeholders get a feel for who you are and what you care
    aboutDon't hide behind a computer and only interact with people electronicallysee them face to face and voice
    to voiceand interact with them in a realsubstantial wayIn today's environmentwhere people are often burned
    outit's important for employees to have a personal connection with you and the work you believe inShow the
    people that work for you that you're engaged and that you care about them and their work
    5Listen with your eyes as well as your earsEffective communication is a twoway processand good leaders
    know how to ask good questionsand then listen with both their eyes and their earsBecause you are in a
    position of authorityothers maybe reluctant to express their real opinions to you directlyYou won't always get
    direct feedbackso you need to also be able to read between the lines and look for the nonverbal cues
    附:
    第 2 段
    领导者沟通者已什秘密事实沟通领导力密分果
    清晰信真实方式进行沟通激励激励引导?里 5 基沟通实
    践效领导者:
    1注意说做差距信效领导基石—行唯沟通方式必须
    说致果行动言辞致未解决麻烦
    2化繁简效领导者复杂思想策略提炼成简单易记术语事客户够掌握
    采取行动重弄清楚想说什注意技术术语避免商业说话增加复杂性
    少词说出意思
    3找声音明显属语言价值观交流中体现出正确
    语言语法然重口分专注口专注众真实真实
    尊重真实追真实
    4见见性关键利益相关者解谁关心什躲电脑面
    进行电子互动—面面语音语音真实实质性方式互动常精疲力
    竭环境中员工您您相信工作建立联系非常重您工作展示您
    5眼睛耳朵倾听效沟通双程领导者知道提出问题然
    眼睛耳朵倾听耳朵处权威位置愿意直接表达真实意见
    会总直接反馈需够读懂字里行间寻找非语言暗示
    26Communication and leadership don't always go hand in hand
    [答案]F
    27The saydo gap happens when people misunderstand their leader's intention
    [答案]F
    28Using technical jargon makes a leader convincing
    [答案]F
    29Communicating sincerely is always the best
    [答案]T
    30Observation is as important as communication when you want to know what people really think
    [答案]T
    附:
    26沟通领导力总齐头进
    [答案]F
    27误解领导者意图时会出现说做差距
    [答案]F
    28技术术语领导者具说服力
    [答案]F
    29真诚沟通永远
    [答案]T
    30想知道真实想法时观察交流样重8
    [答案]T
    四写作( 20 分)
    31根求写作文
    Write at least 120 words about an event caused by different understandings of the workplace cultureYou
    may need to include the 5Ws and 1H elements(WhoWhenWhereWhyWhat and How)
    附:
    写少 120 字关职场文化理解引起事件
    您需包括 5W 1 元素(谁时什什)
    参考答案:
    In Chinese and Western workplace cultures the understanding of work is significantly different Foreign
    companies generally believe that hiring an employee is to work for him and earn money for himself so treat
    employees wellwhile Chinese bosses generally think I hire someone and take my salary so I have to listen to
    me work for me This different understanding of the nature of work may lead to completely different work
    attitudes for employees at work

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