2020年7月1389国开电大本科《管理英语4》期末考试试题及答案(珍藏版)


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    2020 年 7 月 1389 国开电科理英语 4期末考试试题答案(珍藏版)
    交际语(题 2 分 10 分)
    15 题:选择正确语句完成面话答案序号写答题纸
    1―This project is too big for me to finish on time
    ―___________________
    APlease dome a favor
    BYou may not ask for help
    CI'll give you a hand
    [答案]C
    附:
    1―项目太法时完成
    —___________________
    A请帮忙
    B寻求帮助
    C会帮
    [答案]C
    2―I'dlikeawakeupcallat7:00amplease
    ―OK_________
    Ayou will certainly make it
    BI'll make sure you get one
    Cjust do what you like
    [答案]B
    附:
    2―想早 7:00 起床拜托
    ―_________
    A定会成功
    B会确保
    C做喜欢事
    [答案]B
    3―Terribly sorry to interruptbut may I use your dictionary?
    ―Yes_________
    Aof course
    Bit doesn't matter
    Cno hurry
    [答案]A
    附:
    3―非常抱歉扰字典?
    ―_________
    A然
    B没关系
    C着急
    [答案]A
    4―I think I have made a great mistake
    ―___________________
    AI don't think soYou really made an error
    BI don't think soIt's really terrible
    CI don't think soIt's not your fault
    [答案]C
    附:2
    4―认犯错误
    —___________________
    A认确实犯错误
    B认真糟糕
    C认错
    [答案]C
    5―___________________
    ―I'd like to have this film developed
    AWhat's it?
    BMay I help you?
    CWhat do you want?
    [答案]B
    附:
    5—___________________
    —想洗部电影
    A什事?
    B帮?
    C想什?
    [答案]B
    二词汇结构(题 2 分 30 分)
    620 题:阅读面句子 三选项中选出填入空白处正确选项答案序号写答题

    6_________there is smokethere is fire
    AIf
    BWhen
    CWhere
    [答案]C
    附:
    6里烟里火
    7The Human Resource Managing Department at Honda is given specific instructions______employ the best
    possible workers
    Ahow to
    Bon what to
    Con how to
    [答案]C
    附:
    7田力资源理部门予雇佣优秀员工具体指示
    8Creativityespecially_________which takes place across departmental boundariesis likely to suffer hugely
    as team synergy slips
    Athat
    Bthose
    C
    [答案]A
    附:
    8创造力尤跨部门创造力会着团队协效应滑遭受巨损失
    9On hearing the news of_________the major exam againthe girl burst into tears
    Aher having failed
    Bshe failed
    Cher being failed
    [答案]A3
    附:
    9听次高考格消息女孩泪流满面
    10It is through enthusiasm and quiet intensity_________we transform creativity and vision into the
    technologies
    Athat
    B
    Cwhich
    [答案]A
    附:
    10正通热情安静强度创造力远见转化技术
    11I would recommend that you_________on following through with projects
    Aworked
    Bwork
    Cwould work
    [答案]B
    附:
    11建议继续完成项目
    12_________the importance of Englishwe should put more effort into it and try to learn it well
    AGave
    BGiving
    CGiven
    [答案]C
    附:
    12认识英语重性应该更加努力努力学
    13He will write to me as soon a she_________home
    Awill have returned
    Breturns
    Cwill return
    [答案]B
    附:
    13回家会写信
    14Linda walked at the head_________by her colleagues
    Afollowed
    Bfollowing
    Cto follow
    [答案]A
    附:
    14琳达走前面事面
    15_________we can't compete in terms of sizeI do believe we hold an advantage in terms of dedication to
    customer service
    ATherefore
    BBut
    CAlthough
    [答案]C
    附:
    15然法规模竞争相信客户服务方面具优势
    16We've asked the designers we used before to_________up with some designs for us
    Acome
    Bhurry
    Cget
    [答案]A4
    附:
    16已请前设计师设计设计
    17An agreement was reached on the_________of mutual respect and mutual interest
    Abasic
    Bbase
    Cbasis
    [答案]C
    附:
    17相互尊重利益基础达成协议
    18All the_________guests are seated in the front row
    Adistinguishing
    Bextinguishing
    Cdistinguished
    [答案]C
    附:
    18尊贵客坐前排
    19Please ask the solicitor what his_________would be to take the case to court
    Afare
    Bfee
    Csalary
    [答案]B
    附:
    19请询问律师案件告法庭费
    20You can't_________to sit back even though it might be tempting
    Aafford
    Bstand
    Cwilling
    [答案]A
    附:
    20坐毙—诱
    三阅读理解(题 4 分 40 分)
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    If there's one word that captures the essence of what is occurring in the world todayit'schangeDownsizing
    reorganizing and cutting costs are now the norm for survivalNo industry is exemptEven the most
    conservative institutions are undergoing significant change just to survive
    Change management has always been an issue of debate amongst scholars:how can employers create suitable
    conditions for a successful change process?And what can employees do to get through it?
    Tips for dealing with change in the workplace
    ·Make yourself aware that change happens:it happens in personal lifeit happens in your professional lifeYou
    can not live in the pastso denying that change could occur only makes things more complicated for you
    ·Stay alert in the workplace:know what is happening around youWhen you come across clues that hint change
    is on the wayacknowledge them
    Maintain open communication channels:Don't lay back and expect things to pass you by smoothlyYou need
    to get acquainted with the occurring changesSeek more details from your management and peers to for man
    accurate understanding of the matterBe transparent and honest about your fears:dealing with the unknown is
    often resented and dauntingMake the picture as clear as you can
    ·Assess yourself:Changeisatimewhenone'sconfidenceaboutone'sskillsand capabilities gets shakyRecognize
    your strengths and where you could bring them into playAt the same timestay aware of your developmental
    areas and work on improving those5
    ·Don't be stiff:It will make the change process much harder if you are rigidBe flexible enough to look at the
    different angles of the change and see where you could apply yourexistingskills and knowledgeand what
    news skills you need to acquire
    ·Stay optimistic : Keepapositiveattitudeanddon'tletyourselfdrowninuncertaintyInvolve yourself in the new
    processlocate yourself properly in the new scenarioAdjust
    You can't get to the top of Everest by jumping up the mountainYou get to the mountaintop by taking
    incremental stepsStep by stepyou get to the goalsays Robin Sharmaone of the world's mostsoughtafter
    leadership and personal success experts
    附:
    第 1 段
    果词抓住世界发生事情质变化缩减重组削减成现
    生存常态没行业幸免保守机构正历重变革改变生存
    变革理直学者争问题:雇成功变革程创造合适条件?员工度
    难关?
    应工作场变化提示
    ·意识改变会发生:发生生活中发生职业生涯中活
    否认发生改变会事情变更复杂
    ·工作中保持警惕:知道周围发生什遇暗示变化发生线索时承认
    保持开放沟通渠道:退缩期事情会利通需熟悉正发生变化理层
    行寻求更细节便准确解事情透明诚实关恐惧:未知交道常常感厌
    恶畏惧画面清晰
    ·评估:改变技力信心动摇时候认清长处
    发挥里时注意发展领域努力改进
    ·僵硬:果僵化会变革程变更加困难足够灵活性角度
    变革里应现技知识新闻技需获
    ·保持乐观:保持积极态度确定中淹没参新程中新场
    景中正确定位调整
    通跳山达珠穆朗玛峰通渐进步骤达山顶步步达目标罗宾夏
    尔马说世界受追捧—领导成功专家
    21Enterprises carryout downsizingreorganizing and cutting costs in order to_________
    Acut down on the number of workers
    Breshuffle the organization
    Csurvive
    [答案]C
    附:
    21企业实现_________进行减员重组削减成
    A减少工数量
    B改组组织
    C生存
    [答案]C
    22No industry is exemptmeans_________
    ANo industry is an exception
    BNo industry is an example
    CNot every industry can be exempted
    [答案]A
    附:
    22没行业豁免指_________
    A行业例外
    B没行业例子6
    C行业豁免
    [答案]A
    23The following questions are often discussed among scholars EXCEPT_________
    AHow can bosses create favorable conditions for change
    BHow can productivity be increased
    CWhat can workers do to get through change
    [答案]B
    附:
    23_________外学者常讨问题
    A老板变革创造利条件
    B提高生产力
    C工做什度变革
    [答案]B
    24How many suggestions does the author put forward?
    A4
    B5
    C6
    [答案]C
    附:
    24作者提出少建议?
    A4
    B5
    C6
    [答案]C
    25From the passagewe know that Robin Sharma is_________
    Aan expert on leadershipand personal success
    Ba great leader
    Csomeone who likes to play the game of Hide and Seek
    [答案]A
    附:
    25文章中知道罗宾·夏尔马_________
    A领导力成功方面专家
    B伟领袖
    C喜欢玩捉迷藏游戏
    [答案]A
    2630 题:请根短文容判断出语句否正确正确写T错误写F答案写答题

    Passage 2
    When Jack Welchthe Chairman and CEO at General Electric(GE) retired in 2001he could look back at a very
    successful careerHe became CEOin1981at the age of 45At that timeGE had a very complex organizational
    structure with considerably bureaucratic rules
    One of his first changes was to initiate a strategy formulation process with the guideline that each of the
    businesses should be number 1or2in the irrespective areasIf this was not the casemanagers had the options of
    fixing the problemselling their particular businessor closing itIn an effort to streamline the organization
    Welch removed the sector level and eliminated thousands of salaried and hourly employee positions
    The restructuring was followed by changing the organizational culture and the managerial styles of GE's
    managersOne such program was the WorkOut(群策群力) Groups of managers were assembled to share their
    views openly in threeday sessionsAt the beginning of the meetingsthe superior presented the challenges for
    his or her organizational unitThen the superior had to leaverequesting the groups to find solutions to the
    problemsFacilitators(会议持) helped these discussionsOn the last daythe superior was presented with7
    proposed solutionsHe or she then had three choices:to accept the proposalnot to accept itor to collect more
    informationThis process put great pressure on the superior to make decisions
    Another program to improve effectiveness and efficiency was Best PracticesThe aim was to learn from other
    companies how they obtained customer satisfactionhow they related to their suppliersand in what ways they
    developed new productsThis helped the GE people to focus on the processes in their operations that would
    improve the company's performance
    Jack Welch was personally involved in developing managers at GE's training center in CrotonvilleLeaders
    Welch suggestedare not only those who achieve results but also those who share the values of the company
    附:
    第 2 段
    2001 年通电气(GE)董事长兼 CEO 杰克·韦尔奇退休职业生涯说非常成功1981
    年45 岁成 CEO时通电气组织结构非常复杂官僚义相严重
    第变化启动战略制定程指导方针业务领域应该第第
    二果样理选择解决问题出售特定业务者关闭精简组织韦
    尔奇取消部门级取消数千带薪时工职位
    重组GE 理员组织文化理风格发生变化中项目 WorkOut(策群群力)
    期三天会议组理员齐聚堂公开分享观点会议级组织单
    位提出挑战然级离开求组找解决问题方法持(会议持)帮助讨
    天级出现提出解决方案然三选择:接受建议接受建议收集更
    信息程级做出决定压力
    提高效性效率计划佳实践目公司学获客户满意度
    供应商建立联系种方式开发新产品助 GE 员专注操作
    程中提高公司业绩
    杰克·韦尔奇亲参通电气位克罗顿维尔培训中心理员培养工作韦尔奇建议领
    导者仅取成果分享公司价值观
    26Jack Welch retired at the age of 65
    [答案]T
    27Jack Welch insisted that each of the businesses should beat least number 3in their respective area
    [答案]F
    28If the business could not meet Welch's change requirementsits manager had 3choices
    [答案]T
    29The restructuring went before changing the organizational culture and the managerial styles of GE's
    managers
    [答案]T
    30The Work Outlasted a week
    [答案]F
    附:
    26杰克·韦尔奇 65 岁退休
    [答案]T
    27杰克韦尔奇坚持认家企业应该领域中少击败第三名
    [答案]F
    28果业务满足韦尔奇变更求理 3 选择
    [答案]T
    29重组改变通电气理员组织文化理风格前进行
    [答案]T
    30工作持续周
    [答案]F
    四写作( 20 分)
    31根求写作文8
    Write at least 100 words about an event caused by different understandings of the workplace cultureYou
    may need to include the 5Ws and 1H elements(whowhenwhere whywhat and how)
    附:
    写少 120 字关职场文化理解引起事件
    您需包括 5W 1H 元素(谁时什什)
    参考答案:
    In company workplace culture there is a big difference between Chinese and Westerners in terms of
    communicative language Chinese people mostly use Have you eaten? Where are you going? and so on
    when meeting each other every day which reflects a kind of intimacy between people But for Westerners this
    way of greeting will make the other party feel sudden embarrassed and even unpleasant because Westerners
    will understand this kind of questioning as a kind of interrogation and feel that the other party is asking about
    their private life If you don't understand this difference between Eastern and Western cultures unnecessary
    contradictions will arise

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