国开电大本科《管理英语3》机考总题库


    国开电科理英语3机考总题库
    第题 交际语
    说明:2023年3月整理适国开电2023年67月机考
    A
    ―_________about it now
    ―Every time a customer has complained we’ve followed our store policy and offered them an exchange or a full refund
    AWhat’s the plan
    BWhat’s be doing
    CWhat’s being done
    [答案]C
    ―Anything else
    ―_____________
    AWe provide education relating to depression and anxiety
    BFirstwe provide education relating to depression and anxiety
    CMoreoverwe provide education relating to depression and anxiety
    [答案]C
    ―Are you going on holiday for a long time
    ―_____________
    AIt was a long time
    BTwo weeks ago
    CNoOnly a couple of days
    [答案]A
    ―Are you going on holiday for along time
    ―_____________
    AIt was along time
    BTwo weeks ago
    CNoOnly a couple of days
    [答案]C
    C
    ―Could I help you with the heavy box You look so tired
    ―_________I can manage it
    ANothanks
    BYesplease
    CAll right
    [答案]A
    ―Could I help you with your heavy boxYou are so tired
    ―_________I can manage it
    AAll right
    BYesplease
    CNoThanks
    [答案]C
    D
    ◆Don't take too long at the coffee shop It's 1415        
    ―_____________
    AI'll think it over
    BThat's very kind of you
    CI see We have 30 minutes left
    [答案]C
    ―Do you mind if I smoke here
    ―_____________
    ANothanks
    BYesplease
    CYesbetter not
    [答案]C
    ―Does she speak French or German
    ―She doesn’t_________
    Aeither
    Bneither
    Cnone
    [答案]A
    F
    ―_____________
    ―Fire fire service please There’s a huge fire here
    A911how may I direct your call
    BHow may I help you
    CWhat can I do for you
    [答案]A
    ―_________father took part in the charity activity in the neighbourhood yesterday
    ―Peter’s
    AWhose
    BWhat
    CWhich
    [答案]A
    G
    ―_____________
    ―Generally speakingwe are concerned with all aspects of promoting good health
    AWhat health care programs are there in the community
    BWhat are health care programs there in the community
    CWhat health care programs there are in the community
    [答案]C
    ―Good morningVolunteering Mattershow can I help you
    ―Good morningI’d like to find out_______
    Ahow I could pay online
    Bhow I could become a volunteer
    Chow I could make an appointment
    [答案]B
    ―Good morningVolunteering Mattershow can I help you
    ―_____________
    AGood morningI’d like to find out how I could pay online
    BGood morningI’d like to find out how I could make an appointment
    CGood morningI’d like to find out how I could become a volunteer
    [答案]C
    H
    ◆Have you been to Paris        
    _______________
    A NoI didn't go there last year
    BNo but l hope to go there next year
    CNo it was a long time ago
    [答案]C
    ◆Have you ever been to Tokyo        
    _______________
    ANo I didn't go there last year
    B No but I hope to go there next year
    CTokyo is a busy city
    [答案]B
    ◆Hello I'm Harry Potter        
    Hello my name is Charles Green but____________________
    A call my Charles
    B call me Charles
    Ccall me at Charles
    [答案]B
    ◆How are you feeling now        
    _________________
    AMuch better
    Bit's OK
    CThank you
    [答案]A
    ―How did you find your visit to QingdaoJoanna
    ―_____________
    AOhwonderful indeed
    BI went there alone
    CA guide showed me the way
    [答案]A
    ―How did you miss your train
    ―_____________
    ANever mind
    BWhat’s your proposal
    CWellI was caught in the traffic jam
    [答案]C
    ―How did you miss your train
    ―_____________
    AWellI was caught in the traffic jam
    BWhat’s your proposal
    CNever mind
    [答案]A
    ―How is everything going
    ―_________we’ve been quite busy this month and there’s been quite a lot of progress since the last inspection
    AYou can just look
    BAs you can see
    CPlease just look around
    [答案]B
    ―Hurry up If the fire spreads to the stairsit could block our way out
    ―_________This is no time for talking
    ABetter not
    BWe’d better call 911
    CYou’re right
    [答案]C
    ―Hurry up If the fire spreads to the stairsit could block our way out
    ―_________This is no time for talking
    ALet’s run
    BWe’d better call 911
    CYou’re right
    [答案]C
    I
    ◆I'm terribly sorry that I've spilled some coffee on the table        
    _______________
    A I don't care
    BIt doesn't matter
    CDon't be sorry
    [答案]B
    ◆I've started my own software company         
    _______________
    A Could you tell me who is the owner
    BNo kidding Congratulations
    Cif I had the money I'd start one
    [答案]B
    ◆It's getting dark I'm afraid I must be off now        
    OK _________________
    [答案]See you
    ―_____________
    ―It’s probably somebody that dialed the wrong number
    AWhy isn’t Mary teaching here this term
    BCan you recommend something a girl will really like
    CAren’t you going to answer the phone
    [答案]C
    ―I suggest you offer affected customers a discount on their next store purchaseexplain the situation and apologize to them
    ―Rightof course_________
    AI’ll get on it right away
    BI got it now
    CI understand perfectly
    [答案]A
    ―I suppose there’ ll be a lot of arguments
    ―_____________
    AI should imagine so
    BNo problem
    CThat’s a good idea
    [答案]A
    ―I suppose there’ ll be a lot of arguments
    ―_____________
    ANo problem
    BI should imagine so
    CThat’s a good idea
    [答案]B
    ―I wish you success in your career
    ―_____________
    AGo ahead
    BIt doesn’t matter
    CThe same to you
    [答案]C
    ―I wonder if I could use your computer tonight
    ―_____________
    ASurego ahead
    BIt doesn’t matter
    CWho cares
    [答案]A
    ―I’d like to take a look first at those structural support beams that were going to be put in place on the second floor
    ―_________here’s your jacket and helmetand you’d better put on these boots as wellit’s our site policy
    AGood
    BYou’re welcome
    CCertainly
    [答案]C
    ―I’m dog tiredI can’t walk any furtherTommy
    ―_________JennyYou can do it
    ANo problem
    BCome on
    CNo hurry
    [答案]B
    ―I’m leaving for Shanghai tomorrow
    ―_____________
    ASee you later
    BHave a pleasant trip
    CLet’s go out for a drink
    [答案]B
    ―I’m more than happy to go out this weekend
    ―_________We’ve got so much work to do at that time
    ADon’ t worry
    BDon’t say so
    CForget it
    [答案]C
    ―I’m more than happy to go out this weekend
    ―_________We’ve got so much work to do at that time
    ADon’t worry
    BForget it
    CDon’t say so
    [答案]B
    ―I’ve started my own software company
    ―_____________
    ACould you tell me who is the owner
    BNo kidding Congratulations
    CIf I had the moneyI’d start one
    [答案]B
    ―If you invite a Muslim to dinnerwhat are you advised not to order for him
    ―_____________
    Achicken
    Bpork
    Cmutton
    [答案]B
    ―In what form will you take the investment
    ―_____________
    AYeswe will
    BWe’ll contribute a site and the required premises
    CWe’ll give investment
    [答案]B
    ―In what form will you take the investment
    ―_____________
    AYeswe will
    BWe’ll give investment
    CWe’ll contribute a site and the required premises
    [答案]C
    ―Is it more advisable to upgrade our present facilities than taking the risk of opening a new park
    ―_____________
    AThank you
    BI’m glad to hear that
    CI don’t think so
    [答案]C
    ―Is it possible for you to expand business there
    ―_____________
    AI like it
    BI’d love to
    CYesI think so
    [答案]C
    ―It’s getting darkI’m afraid I must be off now
    ―OK_________
    ATake it easy
    BGo slowly
    CSee you
    [答案]C
    J
    ―Jack won’t like the filmyou know
    ―_________I don’t care what Jack thinks
    ASo why
    BSo what
    CSo how
    [答案]B
    L
    ◆Let me introduce myself I'm Steward.        
    _______________
    APleased to meet you
    BWhat a pleasure
    CThanks a lot
    [答案]A
    ◆Let's go to the library this afternoon        
    _______________
    AThat's a good idea
    BYes that's right
    CNoI can't
    [答案]A
    ◆Lily complains that she has never got any mail        
    ______________ I will write her right away
    AThat's impossible
    B She is to blame
    C That's too bad
    [答案]C
    N
    ◆Nice weather isn't it        
    _______________
    A Yes it is
    B I'm not sure
    CYou know it well
    [答案]A
    ―_____________
    ―NosorryI didn’t know the rule about punching in
    AAre you late this morningWendy
    BDidn’t you punch out this morningWendy
    CDidn’t you punch in this morningWendy
    [答案]C
    O
    ―_____________
    ―Once or twice a week
    AHow soon will you arrange for me to visit someone at home
    BHow often will you arrange for me to visit someone at home
    CHow long will you arrange for me to visit someone at home
    [答案]B
    P
    ―Perhaps we should climb out of the window and jump down It’ s only two floors
    ―_________We’d better wait for the rescue
    AThat’ a good idea
    BNowe can’t do that
    CI think we will kill ourselves
    [答案]B
    ―Perhaps we should climb out of the window and jump down It's only two floors
    ―_________We’d better wait for the rescue
    AThat’ a good idea
    BNowe can't do that
    CI think we will kill ourselves
    [答案]B
    S
    ◆So sorry to trouble you        
    _______________
    AIt's a pleasure
    BIt's your fault
    CI don't think so
    [答案]A
    ―_____________
    ―She gave two weeks
    AWhat did she get
    BHow much time did she give
    CWhat did she do
    [答案]B
    ―Sorry I made a mistake again
    ―_________ Practise more and you’ ll succeed
    ANever mind
    BCertainly not
    CDon’t mention it
    [答案]A
    T
    ―_____________
    ―To sum upit is a continual processfrom a newborn baby to the end of one’s life
    AHow do you feel about Community Health Service
    BWhat does Community Health Service mean exactly
    CWhat do you think of Community Health Service
    [答案]B
    W
    ◆What's the weather like in that area        
    ________________
    A Very well
    B it's rainy
    CYes it's fine
    [答案]B
    ◆What's wrong with youdear       
    AI didn't go to school
    BI have a terrible headache
    CIt is a beautiful dress
    [答案]B
    ―_____________
    ―We have sent out leaflets to all residentsexplaining what to do in an emergency
    AHow do you deal with emergency
    BWhat have you talked to the public
    CWhat do you want the residents do
    [答案]B
    ―_____________
    ―We have three major divisionsOperationsSales and MarketingFinance and Administration
    AHow many departments do we have
    BWhich division are you in
    CWhich department shows the best
    [答案]A
    ―_____________
    ―With pleasureEmergency planning covers several different aspects
    ACould you explain when your work on emergency planning began
    BCould you explain why your work on emergency planning is still on
    CCould you explain how your work on emergency planning is going on
    [答案]C
    ―What do you think about Japanese food
    ―_____________
    AOverallthe diet there is a healthy onelow fat
    BPublic environment has been greatly improved
    CI didn't have much time to prepare foodso I ate out a lot
    [答案]A
    ―What vegetables are in season now
    ―Radish and carrot_________
    AI know
    BI see
    CI think
    [答案]C
    ―What’s the latest situation with all these customer complaints we’ve been receiving
    ―_________the quality of the material has not always been up to standard
    AI believe
    BI’m afraid
    CI think
    [答案]B
    ―What’s the weather like in this area
    ―_____________
    AVery well
    BIt’s rainy
    CYesit's fine
    [答案]B
    ―When do we have to pay the bill
    ―_________December 30
    ABy
    BIn
    C During
    D [答案]A
    ―Who should be responsible for the accident
    ―The bossnot the workersThey just carried out the order_______
    Aas are told
    Bas told
    Cas they told
    [答案]B
    ―Wonder if I could use your computer tonight
    ―_____________
    ASurego ahead
    BIt doesn’t matter
    CWho cares
    [答案]A
    ―Would you like some more beer
    ―_________please
    AJust a little
    BNo more
    CI’ve had enough
    [答案]A
    ―Would you like some more beer
    ―_________please
    ANo more
    BJust a little
    CI’ve had enough
    [答案]B
    Y
    ―You look upset_________
    ―I broke a traffic rule and was stopped by a policeman this morning
    AThat’s all right
    BYou got a big finedidn’t you
    CAnything wrong
    [答案]C
    第二题 词汇结构
    A
    ◆A car hit her when she was walking ______ the road
    Athrough
    Bacross
    Con
    [答案]B
    ◆A recent _______ showed 68 of citizens were in favour of the plan
    Avolume
    Bsurvey
    Cfoundation
    [答案]B
    ◆Are these shoes ____ for you
    Aenough large
    Blarge enough
    Clargely enough
    [答案]B
    A budget is an estimation of the_________and_________over a specified future period of time
    Acostexpense
    Brevenueexpenses
    Crevenueinterest
    [答案]B
    A bus driver _________the safety of his passengers
    Ais responsible in
    Bis responsible for
    Cis responsible to
    [答案]B
    A campus emergency_________occur at any time of the day or nightweekendor holidaywith little or no warning
    Ahave to
    Bdared
    Cmay[答案]C
    A Chinese company is going to_______over the wellknown Japanese company TOSHIBA Corporation
    Aget
    Btake
    Cturn
    [答案]B
    A number of boys_________absent some time during the term
    Ahave been
    Bhas been
    Cwil1
    [答案]A
    A vegetarian diet consists of the following EXCEPT_________
    Ameat
    Bvegetable
    Cfruit
    [答案]A
    All things_________the planned flight will have to be can celled
    Abe considered
    Bconsidered
    Cconsidering
    [答案]B
    Allan is looking forward to _________you in summer holiday
    Ameet
    Bmeeting
    Cbe meeting
    [答案]B
    Apple almost lost its dominance in the smartphone market_________it became clear that it was difficult to make a call using the much expected iPhone 4
    Awhen
    Bthat
    Cwhere
    [答案]A
    B
    Bring me a glass of beer_________
    Ashall I
    Bdon’t you
    Cwill you
    [答案]C
    Business people exercise their leadership in the community service are a________the commercial world
    Aas well as
    Bbut
    Cso
    [答案]A
    C
    ◆Community workers come to _______ rice vegetables and other food
    Adistribute
    Banalyse
    Cadjust
    [答案]A
    Can you tell me how_________to the railway stationplease
    Agetting
    Bto get
    Cgot
    [答案]B
    Can you tell me how_________to the railway stationplease
    Agetting
    Bgot
    Cto get
    [答案]C
    Chemical spill guidelines should be established by the lab supervisor and should take into_________the following
    Aconsideration
    Bconfidence
    Ccare
    [答案]A
    Communities are part of everyday life and have positive_________on its members
    Aaffects
    Beffects
    Cefforts
    [答案]B
    Community service is a great way to help people in their time of needIt is great to see the happiness that results_________it
    Aof
    Bin
    Cfrom
    [答案]C
    Community service is important to me because it provides me with eyeopening experiences while ______ many people
    Abenefit
    Bbenefitting
    Cbenefits
    [答案]B
    Community Services Program aims for all members of the community to_________to basic financial and material resourcesinformationadvice and referral
    Ahave a chance
    Bhave an opportunity
    Chave access
    [答案]C
    D
    Does she speak French or German
    She doesn’t_________
    Aeither
    Bneither
    Cnone
    [答案]B
    E
    ◆Even in small companies computers are an ______ tool
    Aessential
    Bfinancial
    Cindividual
    [答案]A
    F
    _________father took part in the charity activity in the neighborhood yesterday
    Peter’s
    AWhose
    BWhat
    CWhich
    [答案]A
    G
    Government agencies are responsible for declaring the evacuation of a given area and willin many instancesalready have evacuation plans_________
    Aout of place
    Bin place of
    Cin place
    [答案]C
    Grace doesn’t speak FrenchDoes Mary speak French
    She doesn’t_________
    Aeither
    Bneither
    Ctoo
    [答案]A
    H
    ◆He used to ______ very hard when he was young
    Aworking
    Bwork
    Cto work
    [答案]B
    ◆He was the first person to _______ the construction of the bridge
    Apropose
    Brecruit
    Ccharge
    [答案]A
    He gave up his study in college in_________
    Abundle
    Bdespair
    Cash
    [答案]B
    He gave up his study in college in_________
    Abundle
    Bdesperate
    Cdespair
    [答案]C
    He wil1 write to me as soon as he_________home
    Awil1 have returned
    Breturns
    Cwill return
    [答案]B
    He will write to me as soon as he_________home
    Awill have returned
    Breturns
    Cwill return
    [答案]B
    ◆He used to_________very hard when he was young
    Aworking
    Bwork
    Cto work
    [答案]B
    I
    ◆I bought a new car last month but I ______ my old car yet
    Adid not sell
    Bhave not sold
    Chad not sold
    [答案]B
    ◆I took it for _______ that you wouldn't come here again
    Agrand
    Bgrant
    Cgranted
    [答案]C
    ◆I was trying to get into the ____ bus when I heard a voice from behind
    Acrowd
    Bcrowding
    Ccrowded
    [答案]C
    ◆I've read _____ today
    Aanything special
    Bspecial Something
    Csomething special
    [答案]C
    ◆It is one of the best concerts I ____________
    Awent to
    Bgo to
    Chave ever been to
    [答案]C
    ◆It was in Johnson's hotel _____ the business meeting was held last year
    A which
    B that
    Cwhat
    [答案]B
    _________important it is for kids to imagine freely
    AHow
    BWhat
    CWhat an
    [答案]A
    _________important it is for kids to imagine freely
    AWhat
    BHow
    CWhat an
    [答案]B
    _________is known to alltoo much fat causes heart problems
    AIt
    BAs
    CJust as
    [答案]B
    _________is known to alltoo much fat causes heart problems
    AIt
    BAs
    CFor
    [答案]B
    _________is known to alltoo much fat causes heart problems
    AIt
    BAs
    CThat
    [答案]B
    _________is known to alltoo much fat causes heart problems
    AOf
    BAs
    CFor
    [答案]B
    I _________a book when the telephone_________
    Awas reading…rang
    Bread…rang
    Cwas reading…was ringing
    [答案]A
    I am _________your early coming
    Alooking forward to
    Blooking forward
    Clook forward to
    [答案]A
    I bought a new car last monthbut I _________my old car yet
    Adid not sell
    Bhave not sold
    Chad not sold
    [答案]B
    I can’t finish the work in time_________you help me translate the texts
    Aunless
    Bif
    Cbut
    [答案]A
    I didn’t finish my homeworkNeither_________
    Adid he
    Bdidn’t he
    Che did
    [答案]A
    I don’t like icecreamshe doesn’t like it_________
    Aeither
    Bneither
    Cnone
    [答案]A
    I don’t think anyone can accuse him_________not being honest
    Aof
    Bwith
    Cabout
    [答案]A
    I don’t think anyone can_________him of not being honest
    Aaccuse
    Bcustom
    Cabuse
    [答案]A
    I got _________money with meso I wasn’t able to buy even a bottle of water
    Aany
    Blittle
    Cfew
    [答案]B
    I heard that you really had a wonderful time at John’s birthday party_________
    Adidn’t I
    Bdidn’t you
    Chadn’t you
    [答案]B
    I took it for_________that you wouldn’t come here again
    Agrand
    Btame
    Cgranted
    [答案]C
    I wish you success in your career
    __________
    AGo ahead
    BIt doesn’t matter
    CThe same to you
    [答案]C
    I_________a book when the telephone_________
    Awas reading…rang
    Bread…rang
    Cwas reading…was ringing
    [答案]A
    I_________book when the telephone_________
    Awas readingrang
    Breadrang
    Cwas readingwas ringing
    [答案]A
    I_________to know how often the bus runs during rush hour
    Aoccur
    Bhappen
    Ctake place
    [答案]B
    I’m going to have a_________with Mark about this issue tomorrow
    Aspeech
    Bsentence
    Cword
    [答案]C
    I’m used to_________up early now
    Aget
    Bgetting
    Cto get
    [答案]B
    I’m used to_________up early now
    Aget
    Bto get
    Cgetting
    [答案]C
    If the building project_________by the end of this month is delayedthe construction company will be fined
    Ato be completed
    Bis completed
    Cbeing completed
    [答案]A
    If you need further informationplease_________our office
    Aconstant
    Bconstruct
    Ccontact
    [答案]C
    If you need further informationplease_________our office
    Acontact
    Bconstruct
    Cconstant
    [答案]A
    In Beijingthe best season in a year is probably_________autumn
    Alate
    Blater
    Clatter
    [答案]A
    Involvement in community activities_________an integral and inescapable part of senior managers’ jobs
    Aare seen as
    Bhas been seen as
    Chas seen as
    [答案]C
    It is one of the best concerts I_________
    Awent to
    Bhad gone to
    Chave ever been to
    [答案]C
    It takes small steps to create big change and this is_________servicelearning hopes to achieve
    Awhat
    Bthat
    Cwhich
    [答案]A
    It’s_________to point to or talk about strangers in public
    Anot polite
    Bpolite
    Cgood
    [答案]A
    J
    John as well as Mike_________just been back from an important meeting
    Ahave
    Bhas
    Chad
    [答案]B
    K
    Knowing_________increases employee loyalty to the company and their leader
    Awhat their CEO was volunteering time for community service
    Bthat their CEO was volunteering time for community service
    Cthat was their CEO volunteering time for community service
    [答案]B
    L
    Leave the reference books behind_________you won’t be able to think independently
    Aor
    Band
    Cso
    [答案]A
    Let’s discuss these problems at the meeting_________
    Ado we
    Bshall we
    Cwill you
    [答案]B
    Let’s go_________the reports on the latest work
    Aover
    Bwith
    Cto
    [答案]A
    Let’s go_________the reports on the latest work
    Ato
    Bwith
    Cover
    [答案]C
    M
    ◆Mary's father is very pleased ____ her
    [答案]with
    ◆Mike is ______ an honest worker ______ we all believe him
    A sothat
    B suchthat
    C asas
    [答案]B
    Many disasters allow no time for people to gather even the most basic necessitieswhich is_____planning ahead is essential
    Awhy
    Bbecause
    Csince
    [答案]A
    Many factors both at home and abroad_________the bankruptcy of the multinational corporation
    Abased on
    Bput on
    Ccontributed to
    [答案]C
    My friend invited me_________the art cluband I accepted it with pleasure
    Ajoin
    Bjoining
    Cto join
    [答案]C
    My friend invited me_________the art cluband I accepted it with pleasure
    Ajoin
    Bto join
    Cjoining
    [答案]B
    N
    ◆Normally the price ____________ be marked on the shelf
    [答案]is supposed to
    Not only_________many cars built in the 1970s ugly and poorly designedthey also became very unreliable after 4050 thousand miles
    Awas
    Bare
    Cwere
    [答案]C
    O
    ◆_____ of Professor Smith's have arrived here
    [答案]Two students
    ◆On Saturday afternoon Mrs Green went to the market _______ some bananas and visited her friend
    A bought
    Bbuying
    Cto buy
    [答案]A
    One of the main benefits of community service is that it_________a person’s character
    Asets
    Bbuilds
    Cmakes
    [答案]B
    Our new school building is_________construction
    Aunder
    Bin
    Chaving
    [答案]A
    P
    Patrols should be conducted by teams_________individuals
    Arather than
    Bno less than
    Cmore than
    [答案]A
    People now can easily_________information from the Internet
    Adecrease
    Boffer
    Caccess
    [答案]C
    Preparedness actions are aimed______planningorganizingtrainingequippingexercisingevaluatingand implementing corrective actions to ensure effective coordination during incident response
    Ato
    Bat
    Cfor
    [答案]B
    Proper controls that should_________developed as part of routine safety procedures were not in place
    Ahas been
    Bhave been
    Cbe
    [答案]B
    Purchasing the new production line will be a_________deal for the company
    Aprofitable
    Bforceful
    Ctremendous
    [答案]A
    R
    Raising pigs_________my job at that time
    Awas
    Bwere
    Chas been
    [答案]A
    Rentelectricity and insurance are all examples of the company’s_________
    Aoverhead
    Bturnover
    Cassets
    [答案]A
    S
    ◆_____ some quality management system failures do make headlines
    [答案]Unluckily
    ◆Such events _______ only when the external conditions are favourable
    Acommit
    Bcause
    Coccur
    [答案]C
    She doesn’t_________French or German
    Aspeak
    Bsay
    Ctalk
    [答案]A
    Some of the risks may be relevant to your communityFind out which ones by____wwwGetPrepareduk
    Avisiting
    Bvisit
    Cvisited
    [答案]A
    Supervisors should make a list of pest control measures to be _________by employees
    Agiven
    Badapted
    Ctaken
    [答案]C
    T
    ◆That dinner was the most expensive meal we __________
    [答案]had ever had
    ◆The _______ store has recently installed a new booking system
    [答案]chain
    ◆The book _____ Mike's It has his name on it
    [答案]must be
    ◆The box was _______ heavy for me to lift
    [答案]too
    ◆The child ______ fluent French
    [答案]speaks
    ◆The company made a _______ of 309000 last year
    [答案]profit

    ◆The government _____ do something about these companies especially when food safety is concerned
    [答案]should
    ◆The machine _____this morning for no reason
    [答案]broke down
    ◆The news _____ we are having a holiday tomorrow is not true
    [答案]that
    ◆The underground connection system is _______ two levels
    [答案]made up of
    ◆There are _____ flowers in the garden
    [答案]two little yellow
    ◆They _____ leave next Friday
    [答案]decided to
    ◆They set up a branch in Chongqing to _________ air conditioners
    [答案]manufacture
    ◆This was the first time she saw him ____________
    [答案]in person
    _________these potential problemstwoway radios are preferable as they are extremely reliable for short distances and can broadcast to several people at once
    AConsidered
    BGiven
    CIncluding
    [答案]B
    _________they have a lot of applicantsthey can’t find the people they want
    AThough
    BBecause
    CTherefore
    DHowever
    [答案]A
    The child_________fluent French
    Asays
    Btalks
    Cspeaks
    [答案]C
    The driver_________the passengers off at the supermarket and then went to the next stop
    Adropped
    Bpicked
    Cfell
    [答案]A
    The key_______successful implementation is clearly communicating the strategy to the whole company
    Ato
    Bin
    Cof
    [答案]A
    The light is too_________for me to readI can not stand any more
    Adim
    Bripe
    Csoup
    [答案]A
    The machine_________this morning for no reason
    Abroke off
    Bbroke down
    Cbroke up
    [答案]B
    The machine_________this morning for no reason
    Abroke off
    Bbroke out
    Cbroke up
    [答案]B
    The manager urged his staff not to_________the splendid opportunity
    Aget
    Bescape
    Cmiss
    [答案]C
    The manager urged his staff not to_________the splendid opportunity
    Aslide
    Bmiss
    Cescape
    [答案]B
    The online What’s on for Women provides information_________upcoming and ongoing events
    Aabout
    Bfor
    Cwith
    [答案]A
    The products of this company are always_________to standard because they have very strict quality control process
    Aup
    Bdown
    Cclose
    [答案]A
    The products of this company are always_________to standardthey have very strict quality control process
    Aclose
    Bdown
    Cup
    [答案]C
    The programme gives students the_________to learn more about global warming
    Asuccess
    Bambition
    Copportunity
    [答案]C
    The_________was only sentenced to pay a fine of 10000
    Aworm
    Btube
    Ccriminal
    [答案]C
    Then the situation_________worse by human error because of the lack of proper training
    Awas
    Bwas made
    Chas became
    [答案]B
    These preparedness frameworks either exist in various stages of development_________have been implemented
    Anor
    Band
    Cor
    [答案]C
    They are trying to_________the waste discharged by the factory for profit
    Aexpose
    Bexhaust
    Cexploit
    [答案]C
    They recommended that the amusement park_________
    Awas extended
    Bwill be extended
    Cbe extended
    [答案]C
    They_________leave next Friday
    Adecided
    Bdecided to
    Cdecide
    [答案]B
    This is the book_________I have learned a lot
    Ato which
    Bby whom
    Cfrom which
    [答案]C
    This is the man_________last night
    Awhom I saw him
    Bwhom I saw
    Cwho I saw him
    [答案]B
    U
    ◆Ultimately marketing is designed to _____ extra revenue
    [答案]bring in
    Under no circumstance_________to tell lies to parents
    Achildren are allowed
    Bare children allowed
    Cwill children allow
    [答案]B
    Unluckilysome Quality Management System failures_________headlines
    Ado make
    Bdoes make
    Cdo not make
    [答案]A
    W
    ◆While I was skiing I _______ and broke my wrist
    [答案]fell
    We have spent all of our spare time_________our spare moneyon the project
    Aas soon as
    Bas long as
    Cas well as
    [答案]C
    We_________the last bus and didn’t have any money for taxiso we had to walk home
    Alost
    Bmissed
    Ccaught
    [答案]B
    When do we have to pay the bill
    _________December 30
    ABy
    BIn
    CDuring
    [答案]A
    When you aren’t physically handing someone money or a check for a _________you will feel you are spending free money
    Apurpose
    Bpurse
    Cpurchase
    [答案]C
    When you complete Part 1you will be able to learn_________
    Ato what do for specific hazards
    Bwhat to do for specific hazards
    Cwhat do for specific hazards
    [答案]B
    When_________as planneda credit card can be a powerful financial tool
    Ause
    Busing
    Cused
    [答案]C
    Who should be responsible for the accident
    The bossnot the workersThey just carried out the order_________
    Aas are told
    Bas told
    Cas they told
    [答案]B
    Would you mind_________me some bread on your way home
    Abuy
    Bto buy
    Cbuying
    [答案]C
    Y
    ◆_________ you change your mind I won't be able to help you
    [答案]Unless
    ◆You can of course help the local school by giving them a ________ directly
    [答案]donation
    You can go out_________you promise to be back before 12 o’clock
    Aso far as
    Bas far as
    Cas long as
    [答案]C
    You can go out_________you promise to be back before 12 o’clock
    Aas long as
    Bas far as
    Cso far as
    [答案]A
    You should be more patient_________your children
    Afor
    Bof
    Cwith
    [答案]C
    第三题 阅读理解选择题
    A
    As you research music you will find music that is familiar to you You will find music which tells of interesting places and exciting things to do You will find music which expresses feelings that are often your own

    Music is an expression of the people As you research you will find music of people at work and play You will find music expressing love of the country love of nature and love of home

    Music is also an expression of the composer The composer expresses his own musical ideas He studies the materials of music and discovers ways of using them He looks for new kinds of musical expression

    Music can suggest actions and feelings which we all share We can enjoy playing and singing music dancing and listening to the music of the people and the composers of different times and places
    [选择题]
    ◆In the first paragraph the author tells us to_______
    Afind entertainment(娱乐)in music
    Bbe friendly to music
    Cexpress your feelings in music
    [答案]A
    ◆From the second paragraph we know that_______
    A you may listen to music at work or at play
    B music sings of the country nature and home
    Cmusic can express how people live work and think_______
    [答案]B
    ◆By means of music the composer wishes that_______
    Ayou would study with them
    B you would express your own feelings
    Cyou would share his feelings and ideas
    [答案]C
    ◆The last paragraph shows that music makes it possible_______
    A the music can express actions and feelings at the same time
    B bring understanding between people of different times and places
    Cthat people of different time and places can get together
    [答案]A
    ◆Which of the following statements is NOT true Music expresses_______
    Apeople's love of the country
    Bpeople s musical ideas
    Cthe composer's feelings
    [答案]B

    A question that often troubles food companies is how to control problems like rats and insects without harming the foodPest control experts say poisons should never be used where they may enter foodThey say the first line of defense against pests is to clean the places where the food is handled or stored

    Floorsfood preparation surfaces and tools can be disinfected with chemicals like chlorineiodine or bromineFood containers should be stored about half a meter off the
    ground and about half a meter away from any wallsStorage areas should be kept dry and clean

    Containers for raw materials such as ricewheatetcshould be kept closed and cleanAny foodstuff split during delivery or handling should be cleared up both inside and outside the buildingPests enter a building from the outsideso pay attention to outer wallsSmall stones can be used to cover the ground and block the growth of plants and the grass should be kept short to deny pests a place to live

    Check that doors and windows are completely closedAlso any hole that might allow pests to enter a building should be filledRats can enter through a hole the size of a coinA mouse can pass through a hole half that size

    Supervisors should make a list of pest control measures to be taken by employeesThis will aid the efforts and also help prepare for any inspectionsIn most countriesthere is a food and drug administration bureauor some agency with a similar namewhich enforces rules nationwideresponsible for rules about the use of pesticidesetcHoweverbusinesses where food is storedprepared or sold must also follow state and local health lawsMost of these governmental departments or bureaus have their websites with information about food safety policies and other issuesPeople can easily access the information
    1According to pest control expertswhy should poisons never be used in food companies
    ABecause they may enter food
    BBecause they may kill rats
    CBecause they may be harmful to the plants
    [答案]A
    2What is the first line of defense against pests
    ATo check that doors and windows are completely closed
    BTo clean the places where food is handled or stored
    CTo fill any hole that might allow pests to enter a building
    [答案]B
    3How can floorsfood preparation surfaces and tools be disinfected
    AWith smoke
    BWith water
    CWith chemicals
    [答案]C
    4Why should attention be paid to outer walls
    ATo prevent pests from entering a building from outside
    BTo keep moist from entering a building from outside
    CTo stop sun rays from entering a building from outside
    [答案]A
    5What dose the passage mainly talk about
    AWhy poisons should never be used where they may enter food
    BWhy the growth of plants should be blocked and grass be kept short
    CHow to control rats and insects without harming the food
    [答案]C
    D
    Doorknocking is the most effective way of making facetoface community contactbut it has become a lost artWith the recent focus on customer privacydoorknocking seems like an intrusion into other people’s livesBut those who try it for the first time are usually surprised by the pleasant reception they receiveHere are some suggestions that will help you promote your services facetoface

    BEFORE YOU GO OUT

    ◆BEGIN WITH A DOOR HANGER
    Try leaving a door hanger two days before you go doorknockingIt should briefly describe the project and say that someone will be around in person

    ◆WEAR AN OFFICIAL NAME TAG
    Doorknockers should wear name tags with the logo of their organizationThe best name tags will also include a color photo and the name of the caller

    ◆HAVE PEOPLE KNOCK THEIR OWN BLOCKS
    The easiest way to do doorknocking is to try your local area firstBeing a neighbor creates an immediate connection with the person answering the doorafter thateverything else is easy

    ◆FIND A GOOD EXCUSE TO DOORKNOCK
    A short survey about local concerns or a current project is a good excuseFigure out responses for various situationsWhat if the person who answers the door cannot speak English What if a child answers the door
    WHEN YOU GO OUT

    ◆WHEN TO GO AND WHAT TO DO FIRST
    The best times to knock are usually SaturdaysOn other daysafter dinner is idealWhen someone answers the doorsmile and introduce yourselfsay you are a volunteer andif it helpsstate where you liveGive the name of your organization andbrieflythe reason for the visit

    ◆STATE WHAT ACTION THE OTHER PERSON SHOULD TAKE AND THE BENEFITS
    Tell the person what they need to do and how their actions will benefit themselves and othersIf a person hesitatesemphasize benefits you’ve already mentioned and thenif necessaryadd further benefitsIf a person agreesfollow up immediatelyIf possibleget a donationa signatureor a promise

    ◆RECORD CONTACT INFORMATION ON THE SPOT
    Record namesaddressesemail addressesphone numbersand responses to questions on the spotYou won’t remember them later
    1Why does the author say that doorknocking has become a lost art
    AIt is not effectiveno one will take this method any more
    BPeople focus on privacy increasinglyso doorknocking seems like an intrusion into other people's lives
    CIt is very difficult to do doorknockingno one knows how to do it now
    [答案]B
    2Which step should be firstly taken when you try doorknocking
    AFind a good excuse to doorknock
    BWear an official name tag
    CLeave a door hanger
    [答案]C
    3What does the underlined phrase on the spot mean
    Awithout delay
    Bat some place
    Cin a difficult situation
    [答案]A
    4Which time is not appropriate for door knocking
    ASaturday afternoon
    BMonday morning
    CThursday evening
    [答案]B
    5Who will receive pleasant reception when they try doorknocking
    AA stranger who is not living in this community and gives no notice for hisher visit
    BAn offensive acquaintance who comes at any time
    CA neighbor who does good preparation and has significant project to introduce
    [答案]C
    H
    Human Resources Management (HRM) is the process of managing people and their relationships in an organizationThese two processes are important in the success and growth of a business

    In managing peoplestaffing is the most important component of HRMIt needs to make guidelines and procedures for hiring and placementStaffing also involves the management of employees on matters like monitoring of holidaysabsenceshealth and safetydisciplinary actionand dismissal

    Another important element of HRM in managing people is keeping the employees in the companyThe training of employees to enable them to improve their career development is very importantGood HRM policies ensure that there are clear regulations which show the pay levels for the different positions in an organizationIt is important for the staff to know the career pathpaytraining and other opportunities that are available to themPerformance management is another important component of HRMThe reason for this is that many employers use it to evaluate career improvement and to determine pay increases

    The secondary role of HRM is the management of the relationships among people in an organizationThis includes staff within departments as well as across the whole organizationThe relationship between staff and management is an important factor in the success of an organizationIt decides how fast an organization will realize their goals

    The focus of HRM is the people within an organizationRegular planningmonitoring and evaluation are important for the success of HRMSuccessful management ensures
    that all employees know their rolecareer development and also feel part of an organization

    [选择题]
    ◆_________isare important in the success of a business
    ATeamwork spirit and high salary
    BThe process of managing people and their relationships
    CTalents and their goals
    [答案]B
    ◆The most important component of HRM is_________
    Astaffing
    Bplanning
    Cmonitoring
    [答案]A
    ◆According to the passageit is important for the employees to know the career pathpaytraining and other opportunities through_________
    Anotices
    Bpolicies
    Cadvertisements
    [答案]B
    ◆We can use_________to evaluate career improvement and to determine pay increases
    Astaffing
    BHRM policies
    Cperformance management
    [答案]C
    ◆_________is NOT mentioned in the text about the success of HRM
    ARegular planning and monitoring
    BEvaluation
    CTraining
    [答案]C

    Human Resources Management (HRM) is the process of managing people and their relationships in an organizationThese two processes are important in the success and growth of a business

    In managing peoplestaffing is the most important component of HRMIt needs to make guidelines and procedures for hiring and placementStaffing also involves the management of employees on matters like monitoring of holidaysabsenceshealth and safetydisciplinary actionand dismissal

    Another important element of HRM in managing people is keeping the employees in the companyThe training of employees to enable them to improve their career development is very importantGood HRM policies ensure that there are clear regulations which show the pay levels for the different positions in an organizationIt
    is important for the staff to know the career pathpaytraining and other opportunities that are available to themPerformance management is another important component of HRMThe reason for this is that many employers use it to evaluate career improvement and to determine pay increases

    The secondary role of HRM is the management of the relationships among people in an organizationThis includes staff within departments as well as across the whole organizationThe relationship between staff and management is an important factor in the success of an organizationIt decides how fast an organization will realize their goals

    The focus of HRM is the people within an organizationRegular planningmonitoring and evaluation are important for the success of HRMSuccessful management ensures that all employees know their rolecareer development and also feel part of an organization
    1_________isare important in the success of a business
    ATeamwork spirit and high salary
    BThe process of managing people and their relationships
    CTalents and their goals
    [答案]B
    2The most important component of HRM is_________
    Astaffing
    Bplanning
    Cmonitoring
    [答案]A
    3According to the passageit is important for the employees to know the career pathpaytraining and other opportunities through_________
    Anotices
    Bpolicies
    Cadvertisements
    [答案]B
    4We can use_________to evaluate career improvement and to determine pay increases
    Astaffing
    BHRM policies
    Cperformance management
    [答案]C
    5_________is NOT mentioned in the text about the success of HRM
    ARegular planning and monitoring
    BEvaluation
    CTraining
    [答案]C
    I
    I’m Michael BushManaging Director of Hoogle EngineeringI am pleased to welcome you here to our website and I’d like to tell you a little about the company and its organizationHoogle Engineering was set up in 1960It was divided into several departments at that timesuch as the sales departmentmarketing departmentand production departmentLots of managers were employed to manage it
    all

    Fortunately things are different nowSixty people are employed by Hoogle and communication between departments is considered to be one of the most important aspects of the businessThe market is global so we need to make contact with customers worldwidenot just locally

    But in the old days we were all in different departments and never spoke to each otherWe had a tall structureTraditionally we had people at the first level on the shop floormanufacturing products according to the instructions which they were givenThen you had a supervisory level of people who supervised them every dayThen you moved up to the middle managementwho were doing the tasks of getting new businessand then you had the senior management teamand then you had the boardwho decided the business strategySo there were a lot of levels in the company in the old days actually

    The structure today is that we form teams within teams to place people who can manufacture a productEach team has members that can manufacture different productsThe actual teams now are selfmanagingso we don’t even have team leadersYou’ve got the teamsand then you’ve got two peopleonly two peoplewho are what you think of as managementThis is generally called flat structure
    [选择题]
    ◆Hoogle Engineering was set up in_________
    Athe nineteenth century
    Bthe twentieth century
    Cthe twenty first century
    [答案]B
    ◆There are many different_________of management in a tall structure
    Akinds
    Blevels
    Cfunctions
    [答案]B
    ◆People in a flat structure usually work in_________
    Adepartments
    Bfamilies
    Cteams
    [答案]C
    ◆Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
    A communication in the companv is becoming more and more important
    Bthe author thinks the two structures have the same functions
    Cthere are more individual responsibilities in the flat structure
    [答案]B
    ◆Which is the best title for the passage?
    AOraanization Structure in hoogle Engineening
    BHistorv of Hooale Engineering
    Success in Hoogle engineering
    [答案]A

    I’m Michael BushManaging Director of Hoogle EngineeringI am pleased to welcome you here to our website and I’d like to tell you a little about the company and its organizationHoogle Engineering was set up in 1960It was divided into several departments at that timesuch as the sales departmentmarketing departmentand production departmentLots of managers were employed to manage it all

    Fortunately things are different nowSixty people are employed by Hoogle and communication between departments is considered to be one of the most important aspects of the businessThe market is global so we need to make contact with customers worldwidenot just locally

    But in the old days we were all in different departments and never spoke to each otherWe had a tall structureTraditionally we had people at the first level on the shop floormanufacturing products according to the instructions which they were givenThen you had a supervisory level of people who supervised them every dayThen you moved up to the middle managementwho were doing the tasks of getting new businessand then you had the senior management teamand then you had the boardwho decided the business strategySo there were a lot of levels in the company in the old days actually

    The structure today is that we form teams within teams to place people who can manufacture a productEach team has members that can manufacture different productsThe actual teams now are selfmanagingso we don’t even have team leadersYou’ve got the teamsand then you’ve got two peopleonly two peoplewho are what you think of as managementThis is generally called flat structure
    [选择题]
    ◆Hoogle Engineering was set up in_________
    Athe nineteenth century
    Bthe twentieth century
    Cthe twenty first century
    [答案]B
    ◆There are many different_________of management in a tall structure
    Akinds
    Blevels
    Cfunctions
    [答案]B
    ◆People in a flat structure usually work in_________
    Adepartments
    Bfamilies
    Cteams
    [答案]C
    ◆Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
    A communication in the companv is becoming more and more important
    Bthe author thinks the two structures have the same functions
    Cthere are more individual responsibilities in the flat structure
    [答案]B
    ◆Which is the best title for the passage?
    AOraanization Structure in hoogle Engineening
    BHistorv of Hooale Engineering
    Success in Hoogle engineering
    [答案]A

    I’m Michael BushManaging Director of Hoogle EngineeringI am pleased to welcome you here to our website and I’d like to tell you a little about the company and its organizationHoogle Engineering was setup in 1960It was divided into several departments at that timesuch as the sales departmentmarketing departmentand production departmentLots of managers were employed to manage it all

    Fortunately things are different nowSixty people are employed by Hoogle and communication between departments is considered to be one of the most important aspects of the businessThe market is global so we need to make contact with customers worldwidenot just locally

    But in the old days we were all in different departments and never spoke to each otherWe had at all structureTraditionally we had people at the first level on the shop floormanufacturing products according to the instructions which they were givenThen you had a supervisory level of people who supervised them everydayThen you moved up to the middle managementwho were doing the tasks of getting new businessand then you had the senior management teamand then you had the boardwho decided the business strategySo there were a lot of levels in the company in the old days actually

    The structure today is that we form teams within teams to place people who can manufacture a productEach team has members that can manufacture different productsThe actual teams now are selfmanagingso we don’t even have team leadersYou’ve got the teamsand then you've got two peopleonly two peoplewho are what you think of as managementThis is generally called flat structure
    26Who is telling the information about Hoogle Engineering
    AManaging Director
    BVice president
    CAccountant
    [答案]A
    27How many people are employed by Hoogle Engineering
    A50
    B40
    C60
    [答案]C
    28Why is it necessary to make contact with customers worldwide
    ABecause the market is global
    BBecause we need it
    CBecause communication can make people happy
    [答案]A
    29Which of the following statements is NOT true
    AIn the old days the staff in different departments never spoke to each other
    BThere were a lot of levels in the company in the old days
    CThe speaker thinks the two structures have the same functions
    [答案]C
    30What kind of organizational structure was Hoogle Engineering
    AA flat structure
    BAt all structure
    CA flat structure and at all structure
    [答案]B
    I’m Michael BushManaging Director of Hoogle EngineeringI am pleased to welcome you here to our website and I’d like to tell you a little about the company and its organizationHoogle Engineering was set up in 1960It was divided into several departments at that timesuch as the sales departmentmarketing departmentand production departmentLots of managers were employed to manage it all

    Fortunately things are different nowSixty people are employed by Hoogle and communication between departments is considered to be one of the most important aspects of the businessThe market is global so we need to make contact with customers worldwidenot just locally

    But in the old days we were all in different departments and never spoke to each otherWe had a tall structureTraditionally we had people at the first level on the shop floormanufacturing products according to the instructions which they were givenThen you had a supervisory level of people who supervised them every dayThen you moved up to the middle managementwho were doing the tasks of getting new businessand then you had the senior management teamand then you had the boardwho decided the business strategySo there were a lot of levels in the company in the old days actually

    The structure today is that we form teams within teams to place people who can manufacture a productEach team has members that can manufacture different productsThe actual teams now are selfmanagingso we don’t even have team leadersYou’ve got the teamsand then you’ve got two peopleonly two peoplewho are what you think of as managementThis is generally called flat structure
    21Hoogle Engineering was set up in_________
    Athe nineteenth century
    Bthe twentieth century
    Cthe twenty first century
    [答案]B
    22There are many different_________of management in a tall structure
    Akinds
    Blevels
    Cfunctions
    [答案]B
    23People in a flat structure usually work in_________
    Adepartments
    Bfamilies
    Cteams
    [答案]C
    24All of the following statements are true according to the passage EXCEPT that_________
    Acommunication in the company is becoming more and more important
    Bthe author thinks the two structures have the same functions
    Cthere are more individual responsibilities in the flat structure
    [答案]B
    25The best title for the passage would be _________
    AOrganization Structure in Hoogle Engineering
    BHistory of Hoogle Engineering
    CSuccess in Hoogle engineering
    [答案]A
    O
    Of all the family membersgrandparents are probably the least valuedThey are just the people who have always been aroundThey make a fuss over the children in the familyshowoff to their friends the achievements of this child or that childand show countless pictures of new babiesGrandfathers can fix anything and grandmothers always have homemade biscuits around

    When you are smallit is fun to stay with your grandparents because they always let you do things you can’t do at homeand of coursethey buy you thingsThey are always able to babysit because they don’t go out much and actually prefer to see their grandchildrenThey are usually good for a small loan now and then that does not need to be paid back because they turned it into a giftYou respectfully listen to their advice but do not follow it because they are old and do not understand how things are in this day and ageYou thank them politely for what they do for youand then do not call or visit them until you need something elseAndof courseyou never tell them how dear they are to you because they know how you feel about them anywayThen all of a suddenthey are no longer there to do the things that only grandparents can doand you find yourself wishing that you had told them what they meant to you as people and not as grandparents
    21What is the position of grandparents in the family
    AThey are the least important members of the family
    BThey are the most important members of the family
    CThey are the ones at whom their children or grandchildren usually laugh
    [答案]A
    22What do grandparents never do
    ALooking after their grandchildren
    BBuying their grandchildren things
    CTelling their grandchildren how dear they are to them
    [答案]C
    23Why don’t children need to payback the loan from their grandparents
    AGrandparents turn the loan into a gift
    BTheir parents payback the loan for them
    CTheir grandparents died before they have enough money to pay it back
    [答案]A
    24Why don’t children take their grandparents’ advice
    ATheir advice is not of any help in the present situation
    BThey don’t like the advice itself
    CFollowing their advice will make them act like old people
    [答案]A
    25How do children feel after their grandparents died
    AThey feel sorry that grandparents are the least valued in the family
    BThey miss them very much because no one does the things that only grandparents do
    CThey regret they didn’t express their true feelings to them
    [答案]C

    On Christmas Evethe night before Christmas Daychildren all over Britain put a stocking at the end of their beds before they go to sleepTheir parents usually tell them that Father Christmas will come during the night

    Father Christmas is very kind and heartedHe gets to the top of each house and climbs down the chimney into the fireplaceHe fills each of the stockings with Christmas presents

    Of courseFather Christmas isn’t realIn Jim and Kate’s houseFather Christmasis really Mr GreenMr Green doesn’t climb down the chimneyHe waits until the children are asleepThen he quietly goes into their bedrooms and fills their stockings with small presentsWhen they were very youngMr Green sometimes wore a red coatBut he doesn’t do that nowThe children are no longer youngand they know who Father Christmas really isBut they still put their stockings at the end of their beds
    26Christmas Eve is_________
    AChristmas Day
    Bthe evening of Christmas Day
    Cthe night before Christmas Day
    [答案]C
    27Father Christmas often puts presents_________
    Ainto children’s hats
    Bunder children’s beds
    Cinto children’s stockings
    [答案]C
    28When the children were very young_________
    Athey knew that Father Christmas wasn’t real
    Bthey didn’t know who Father Christmas was
    Cthey thought their father was Father Christmas
    [答案]B
    29When the children are olderthey_________
    Aknow that Father Christmas is really their father
    Bask their mother to fill their stockings with presents
    Cknow that Father Christmas is real
    [答案]A
    30Father Christmas comes into the house through the_________
    Awindow
    Bback door
    Cchimney
    [答案]C
    Q
    THE HISTORY OF QUALITY CONTROL
    Quality control is a series of activities that ensure and improve the quality of products and service

    The term 'quality control' came into common use in the 1950s because of WEdward DemingHis 'Fourteen Points' have become the bible for quality control specialistsWhen the postwar world returned to regular manufacturingDeming said that inspecting product quality after they were made was unacceptableInsteadhe proposed a process known as 'statistical quality control'It would use closely monitored performance measures to control quality while a product was being madeThe goal of statistical quality control was to gather data that would allow for the constant improvement of manufacturing processesThis would in turn improve quality control

    Another important principle of Deming's beliefs was that upper management should be responsible for quality failuresHe strongly believed that it was possible for the workers to work hard to produce the highest quality products if they were given the right tools and working environmentIn Deming's own words'the basic cause of sickness in American industry and the resulting unemployment is a failure of top management to manage' He believed that strong leadership led to a motivated work force

    If strong leadership is the term for managers in a quality environmentthen empowerment is the key concept for workers in Deming's systemImproved education and training are key factors in reaching employees and making them believe that their increased participation in the work process is an essential part of improving qualityInvolvementparticipationand teamwork are seen as absolute 'must haves' if a quality workplace is to be created

    The Japanese were the first to use Deming's Fourteen Pointsand made great successAs an exampleone Japanese factory doubled production in just one year and was expecting to gain an additional 25 percent improvement the following yearwith no increase in the amount of working hoursAll this happened as a result of simply improving qualityIt was in the late 1970s that American manufacturing factories realized that quality control was a significant issueBy that timeJapanese firms such as Honda and Sony were taking over large portions of the American consumer market while it took most American firms until the 1990s to put quality control practices in place
    1According to WEdward Demingwhat is the best time to control product quality
    ABefore a product is made
    BAfter a product is made
    CDuring the production process
    [答案]C
    2When there are quality failureswhere does WEdward Deming think the blame lies
    AIn the workforce
    BIn the upper management
    CIn the tools
    [答案]C
    3Which of the following will not help to create a quality workplace
    AWorking alone
    BGroup participation
    CTraining programs
    [答案]A
    4During which period were some Japanese firms winning American consumer markets over American firms
    A1990s
    B2000s
    C1970s
    [答案]C
    5According to the passagewhich of the following statements about quality control is NOT correct
    AQuality control can lead to great success for a company
    BQuality control can be done within one department
    CQuality control requires constant improvement
    [答案]B

    T
    The 2014 Ebola outbreak is the largest in history and the first Ebola outbreak in Test AfricaAlthough the current epidemic does not cause a significant risk to other nationsmany countriesincluding China and the United States of Americahave actually been working closely with the Ebola hit statesFor examplethe US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is taking precautions at home besides its activities abroad

    CDC’ s team of virus hunters is supported by specialized public health teams both in West Africa and at the CDC Atlanta headquartersTogetherthey offer continuous support to save lives and protect peopleCDC works closely with a number of US government agenciesnational and international partnersCDC’ s experience of working with Ebola is important to the World Health Organization’s growing West Africa Ebola response

    On Sept22014CDC DirectorTom Frieden called for more international partners to join this effortThe sooner the world comes together to help West Africathe safer we all will beWe know how to stop this outbreakThere is a window of opportunity to do sothe challenge is to scale up the massive response needed to stop this outbreak

    CDC’ s response to Ebola is the largest international outbreak response in CDC’ s history with over 100 disease specialists on the ground in West Africasupported by hundreds of public health emergency response experts statesideactivated at Level 1its highest levelbecause of the significance of this outbreak

    The CDC supports affected countries to establish Emergency Operations Centers at national and local levels and helps countries track the epidemic including using realtime data to improve realtime response

    Efforts in West Africa to identify those infected and track people who have come into contact with them are improvingThe CDC is operating and supporting labs in the region to improve diagnosis and testing samples from people with suspected Ebola from around the world

    Local health care systems are strengthened through communicationcoordination with partners and training on infection control for health care workers and safe patient treatment
    26How could we describe the 2014 Ebola outbreak
    AThe first one in western countries
    B1t did not ever threaten West Africa
    CNot the first but the largest e
    [答案]C
    27The 2014 Ebola outbreak response was_________
    Aan American stateside activity
    Ban international activity
    Ca regional activity
    [答案]B
    28What does the underlined word massive mean in Paragraph 3
    AHuge
    BQuick
    CUrgent
    [答案]A
    29How many disease specialists from CDC have gone to West Africa for the Ebola response
    ALess than 100
    BA hundred
    C10re than 100
    [答案]C
    30What action does CDC take to respond to the large Ebola outbreak
    AWork closely with governmentalnational and international partners
    BCall for more partners to join this effort
    CEstablish Emergency Operations Centers
    [答案]A

    THE HISTORY OF QUALITY CONTROL
    Quality control is a series of activities that ensure and improve the quality of products and service

    The term 'quality control' came into common use in the 1950s because of WEdward DemingHis 'Fourteen Points' have become the bible for quality control specialistsWhen the postwar world returned to regular manufacturingDeming said that inspecting product quality after they were made was unacceptableInsteadhe
    proposed a process known as 'statistical quality control'It would use closely monitored performance measures to control quality while a product was being madeThe goal of statistical quality control was to gather data that would allow for the constant improvement of manufacturing processesThis would in turn improve quality control

    Another important principle of Deming's beliefs was that upper management should be responsible for quality failuresHe strongly believed that it was possible for the workers to work hard to produce the highest quality products if they were given the right tools and working environmentIn Deming's own words'the basic cause of sickness in American industry and the resulting unemployment is a failure of top management to manage' He believed that strong leadership led to a motivated work force

    If strong leadership is the term for managers in a quality environmentthen empowerment is the key concept for workers in Deming's systemImproved education and training are key factors in reaching employees and making them believe that their increased participation in the work process is an essential part of improving qualityInvolvementparticipationand teamwork are seen as absolute 'must haves' if a quality workplace is to be created

    The Japanese were the first to use Deming's Fourteen Pointsand made great successAs an exampleone Japanese factory doubled production in just one year and was expecting to gain an additional 25 percent improvement the following yearwith no increase in the amount of working hoursAll this happened as a result of simply improving qualityIt was in the late 1970s that American manufacturing factories realized that quality control was a significant issueBy that timeJapanese firms such as Honda and Sony were taking over large portions of the American consumer market while it took most American firms until the 1990s to put quality control practices in place
    1According to WEdward Demingwhat is the best time to control product quality
    ABefore a product is made
    BAfter a product is made
    CDuring the production process
    [答案]C
    2When there are quality failureswhere does WEdward Deming think the blame lies
    AIn the workforce
    BIn the upper management
    CIn the tools
    [答案]C
    3Which of the following will not help to create a quality workplace
    AWorking alone
    BGroup participation
    CTraining programs
    [答案]A
    4During which period were some Japanese firms winning American consumer markets over American firms
    A1990s
    B2000s
    C1970s
    [答案]C
    5According to the passagewhich of the following statements about quality control is NOT correct
    AQuality control can lead to great success for a company
    BQuality control can be done within one department
    CQuality control requires constant improvement
    [答案]B

    The International Food Safety Authorities Network (INFOSAN)

    With the rapid globalization of food production and tradeinternational issues related to food safety are likely to increaseFood safety authorities all over the world have realized that food safety problems should be carried out at both national and international levelsThere is a pressing need for exchanging routine information on food safety issuesand sharing experiences and information quickly when a food safety related event takes place

    INFOSAN is a joint program between the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)This global network includes 181 Member StatesEach has a designated INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point which manages communication between national food safety authorities

    The network aims to

    Promote the rapid exchange of information during food safety related events

    Share information on important food safety related issues of global interest

    Promote partnership and cooperation between countries

    Help countries strengthen their capacity to manage food safety risks

    As part of its routine activitiesthe INFOSAN Secretariat publishes reports in six languages and provides members with summaries and guidance on relevant food safety issues

    INFOSAN helps exchange food safety information and experience among its membersIt is also a useful resource for other public health organizations which recognize INFOSAN as an organization through which findings of investigations and strategies for improving food safety may be shared

    INFOSAN monitors possible international food safety related events in close cooperation with the WHO Alert and Response Operations programINFOSAN can work with other international organizations to provide assistance to the countries or regions with emerging food safety events of possible international concern
    1The need for regular exchange of information on food safety issues is__________when a food safety related event emerges
    Aunnecessary
    Burgent
    Cunimportant
    [答案]B
    2It is__________that international issues related to food safety will increase
    Aunlikely
    Bimpossible
    Cprobable
    [答案]C
    3The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) carries out the food safety problem __________
    Awith WHO
    Balone
    Csuccessfully
    [答案]A
    4INFOSAN is responsible for the following EXCEPT__________
    Apromoting information exchange
    Bhelping countries manage food safety risks
    Cpromoting trade between countries
    [答案]C
    5__________has a designated INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point for communication between national food safety authorities
    AEvery member state of INFOSAN
    BEvery member state of FAO
    CEvery member state of WHO
    [答案]A

    The road system in Beijing’s central business district (CBD) is being redesigned to make public transportation easy and improve efficiency

    Plans for 45 roads within the CBD have been approvedmeasuring 415 kilometers in totalIn addition to public busesfree or low price shuttle buses from residence areas to subway stations will also be provided for commuters

    This is just over four times the number of roads opened in 2007and will add another 155 km to the existing road network

    Besides roadsan underground traffic system has also been operatingwhich includes four new subway lines beneath the CBD

    The underground connection system is made up of two levelsThe first underground floor is set aside mainly for pedestrians and commercial facilitieswhile the second underground floor is planned for parking

    The city has also invested 140 million yuan to set up a traffic inquiry systemthrough which the public can check traffic conditions online and see the most convenient routes on their GPS systemIn the futurethe CBD will be fully covered by an intelligent traffic control system
    1The road system in Beijing’s downtown area is being to make public transportation easy and improve efficiency
    Abuilt
    Bdesigned again
    Cconstructed
    [答案]B
    2An underground system including new subway lines beneath the CBD has been operating
    A2
    B3
    C4
    [答案]C
    3The underground connection system consists of_________level(s)
    Aone
    Btwo
    Cthree
    [答案]B
    4CBD stands for_________
    ACentral Business District
    BConvention on Biological Diversity
    CChemistry and Biomedical Engineering
    [答案]A
    5Beijing has set up_________for people to check traffic conditions
    Atraffic lights
    Bunderground floor
    Ca traffic inquiry system
    [答案]C

    There are three kinds of goals:shorttermmediumrange and longterm goalsShortterm goals are those that usually deal with current activitieswhich we can apply on a daily basisSuch goals can be achieved in a week or lessor two weeksor possibly monthsIt should be remembered that just as a building is no stronger than its foundationour longterm goals can not amount to very much without the achievement of solid shortterm goalsUpon completing our shortterm goalswe should date the occasion and then add new shortterm goals that will build on those that have been completed

    The intermediate goals build on the foundation of the shortterm goalsThey might deal with just one term of school or the entire school yearor they could even extend for several yearsAnytime you move a step at a timeyou should never allow yourself to become discouraged or overwhelmedAs you complete each stepyou will enforce the belief in your ability to grow and succeedAnd as your list of completion dates growsyour motivation and desire will increaseLongterm goals maybe related to our dreams of the futureThey might cover five years or moreLife is not a static thingWe should never allow alongterm goal to limit us or our course of action
    21Shortterm goals are the ones that_________
    Amotivate you over the long haul
    Bmight be measured for many years
    Ckeep you engaged on a daily basis
    [答案]C
    22The mediumrange goals are built upon_________
    Abelief and success
    Bthe motivation and desire
    Cthe completion of the shortterm goals
    [答案]C
    23Once we set ourselves longterm goals_________
    Awe should stick to them until we complete them
    Bwe may change our goals as we have new ideas and opportunities
    Cwe had better wait for the exciting news of success
    [答案]B
    24What does the wordstaticmean in the last paragraph
    Amoving
    Bdeveloping
    Cnot moving
    [答案]C
    25Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage
    AAnytime you move a step at a timeyou may become discouraged
    BShortterm goals all help in achieving your longterm goals
    CLife is a static thingthus never allowing alongterm goal to limit us
    [答案]B

    To minimize traffic jams in the city center and on major roads out of Sydneythe City's highway department will not agree to road closures scheduled for weekdays or SaturdaysOn minor roads outside the city centerweekdays and Saturdays may be consideredYou must apply for approval to do roadwork and other roadrelated activitiestree cutting and use of very large construction machineryladders etcPlease note that approval is needed if you plan to block the road or footpath

    Applications to have a road closed to traffic must be completed and sent to the Department's Traffic Calming Committee at least a month before the scheduled date

    Roads can be closed partially or fullydepending on your requirementsPartial road closures are only allowed in light traffic areas where·there will be at least 1 lane for traffic with extra traffic control measures to make sure 2way traffic can continue to run for the duration of the workAny change of traffic flow will require the proposal to be treated as a full road closureFor further information about a partial road closureplease refer to Contacts

    If you are organizing a parademarch or other type of streetbased eventapproval is also required and we recommend you choose one of our 4 preferred routesChoosing an existing route reduces the amount of planning you will need to do
    21As a ruleSydney’s highway department will agree to road closures in the city centre scheduled for_________
    Aweekdays
    BSaturdays
    CSundays
    [答案]C
    22If you want a road closed to trafficyou must complete your applications and send them to the re1evant committee at least_________before the scheduled date
    Aa week
    B30 days
    Ctwo months
    [答案]B
    23Partial of full road closures are decided by_________
    Athe requirements from applicants
    Bthe traffic flow
    Cthe road conditions
    [答案]A
    24Which is NOT the condition for partial road closures according to the passage
    AIn light traffic areas
    BOn work days
    CThere will be at least 1 lane for traffic during the work
    [答案]B
    25Which is the best title of this passage
    ARoad Closure Procedures in Sydney
    BRoad Conditions in Sydney
    CRoad Management in Sydney
    [答案]A
    W
    Without good budget managementyou are likely to overspend on marketing accidentallyHere are three steps that help to make a good marketing budget

    Step 1Organize financial information

    The first step is to be clear of your current financial situationYou need to know how much money your company makes monthly and the changes that might arise in the futureAlthough income flows change throughout the yearyou must organize the information based on reliable revenuethe minimum amount of money your company makes each month

    A realistic budget plan will always focus on the income that exceeds the expensesnot the total revenue that comes inWhen you have determined the amount of disposable income available for the companyyou should determine where the money will go

    Step 2Determine where you want to spend marketing funds

    After you know the total amount available to spend on marketingthe next step is how you plan to spend that moneyThree main factors decide how you spend marketing fundsthe budget amountyour past experiencesand where you can reach the right audience

    You will start organizing how to spend the funds based on the amountBesidesyou need to consider the strategies that have worked in the pastAlsoyou need consider which marketing channels will allow you to reach the right audience

    Step 3Assess data and make appropriate changes

    The final step in building a good marketing budget is the analysis of the plan and any changes that may improve revenueUltimatelymarketing is designed to bring in extra revenueIf the activity does not bring in any additional revenue over its costthen it is better to change strategy and try something else

    Assessing the data is a vital part of creating an effective marketing strategyEvaluation begins with comparing past performance to the performance after marketing the product or services

    Howevera good budget alone is not enoughYou have to take action and remain committed to following through your planBy keeping the budget in mind when you make decisionsyou will have the opportunity to work out different strategies to find the best solutions for your business goals and prevent overspending on marketing
    21The budget plan should be based on the company’s reliable_________
    Aexpense
    Bincome
    Ccost
    [答案]B
    22The underlineddisposable incomein Paragraph 3 means_________
    Atotal income
    Bprevious income
    Cnet income
    [答案]C
    23You have to be clear of_________when organizing financial information
    Athe income and expenses
    Bthe marketing fund
    Cthe budget management
    [答案]A
    24The three main factors that decide how you spend marketing funds are_________
    Athe money you have earnedthe actual expenses and the money you will expend
    Bthe budget amountyour past experiences and where you can reach the right audience
    Cthe assets you havethe product and the income
    [答案]B
    25Keeping the budget in mind when making marketing decisions will avoid_________
    Ausing less than you earn
    Busing money unnecessarily
    Cusing more than you earn
    [答案]C

    The International Food Safety Authorities Network (INFOSAN)
    With the rapid globalization of food production and tradeinternational issues related to food safety are likely to increaseFood safety authorities all over the world have realized that food safety problems should be carried out at both national and international levelsThere is a pressing need for exchanging routine information on food safety issuesand sharing experiences and information quickly when a food
    safety related event takes place

    INFOSAN is a joint program between the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)This global network includes 181 Member StatesEach has a designated INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point which manages communication between national food safety authorities

    The network aims to

    Promote the rapid exchange of information during food safety related events

    Share information on important food safety related issues of global interest

    Promote partnership and cooperation between countries

    Help countries strengthen their capacity to manage food safety risks

    As part of its routine activitiesthe INFOSAN Secretariat publishes reports in six languages and provides members with summaries and guidance on relevant food safety issues

    INFOSAN helps exchange food safety information and experience among its membersIt is also a useful resource for other public health organizations which recognize INFOSAN as an organization through which findings of investigations and strategies for improving food safety may be shared

    INFOSAN monitors possible international food safety related events in close cooperation with the WHO Alert and Response Operations programINFOSAN can work with other international organizations to provide assistance to the countries or regions with emerging food safety events of possible international concern
    1The need for regular exchange of information on food safety issues is__________when a food safety related event emerges
    Aunnecessary
    Burgent
    Cunimportant
    [答案]B
    2It is__________that international issues related to food safety will increase
    Aunlikely
    Bimpossible
    Cprobable
    [答案]C
    3The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) carries out the food safety problem __________
    Awith WHO
    Balone
    Csuccessfully
    [答案]A
    4INFOSAN is responsible for the following EXCEPT__________
    Apromoting information exchange
    Bhelping countries manage food safety risks
    Cpromoting trade between countries
    [答案]C
    5__________has a designated INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point for communication between national food safety authorities
    AEvery member state of INFOSAN
    BEvery member state of FAO
    CEvery member state of WHO
    [答案]A
    U
    Uncle Li and Uncle Wang are good friendsThey live next to each other and their farms are both at the foot of the mountainSo they can help each otherBut neither of them likes to use his headThey’re both poor though they work hardMost villagers have built new housesbut they still live in the low and broken housesThey never find out why

    Once Uncle Li went to town to buy some medicine for his wifeIn the town he heard the apples in a city were expensiveHe told Uncle Wang about it as soon as he went backThey decided to carry some apples to the cityThey borrowed some money from their friends and bought nearly 1000 kilograms of apples in the villages and carried them to the city on a tractorBad luck A lot of apples have already been carried there when they arrivedA few days later they had to sell them at a low price (价格)They felt unhappy and returned to their village

    I can’t understand why we sustained (蒙受)losses in business while others always profit (盈利) Uncle Li asked one day

    The tractor was too small Uncle Wang said without thinkingWe’11 carry more apples on a truck next time

    I agreesaid Uncle LiHow foolish (傻)we were
    [选择题]
    ◆The two farmers carried the apples to the city to_________
    Amake a Journey
    Bmake a profit
    Cmeet their friends
    [答案]B
    ◆The two farmers had to sell their apples at a low price because_________
    Atheirs weren’t as good as the others’
    Bthey forgot to carry them on a truck
    Ca lot of apples had been already carried to the city
    [答案]C
    ◆Uncle Li and Uncle Wang live in the low and broken houses because_________
    Athey hope to save money
    Bthey’re both poor
    Ctheir farms are at the foot of the mountain
    [答案]B
    ◆Uncle Li and Uncle Wang were unhappy because_________
    Athey had sustained losses in business
    Bthey had lost some money in the city
    Csomething was wrong with the tractor
    [答案]A
    ◆Which of the following is true
    AThe two farmers found out why they were poor
    BThe two farmers will soon get rich
    CNeither of the farmers is clever
    [答案]C
    第四题 阅读理解判断题
    A
    A question that often troubles food companies is how to control problems like rats and insects without harming the foodPest control experts say poisons should never be used where they may enter foodThey say the first line of defense against pests is to clean the places where the food is handled or stored

    Floorsfood preparation surfaces and tools can be disinfected with chemicals like chlorineiodine or bromineFood containers should be stored about half a meter off the ground and about half a meter away from any wallsStorage areas should be kept dry and clean

    Containers for raw materials such as ricewheatetcshould be kept closed and cleanAny foodstuff split during delivery or handling should be cleared up both inside and outside the buildingPests enter a building from the outsideso pay attention to outer wallsSmall stones can be used to cover the ground and block the growth of plants and the grass should be kept short to deny pests a place to live

    Check that doors and windows are completely closedAlso any hole that might allow pests to enter a building should be filledRats can enter through a hole the size of a coinA mouse can pass through a hole half that size

    Supervisors should make a list of pest control measures to be taken by employeesThis will aid the efforts and also help prepare for any inspectionsIn most countriesthere is a food and drug administration bureauor some agency with a similar namewhich enforces rules nationwideresponsible for rules about the use of pesticidesetcHoweverbusinesses where food is storedprepared or sold must also follow state and local health lawsMost of these governmental departments or bureaus have their websites with information about food safety policies and other issuesPeople can easily access the information
    26According to pest control expertspoisons should never be used as they may enter food[答案]T
    27Food preparation surfaces and tools should be kept clean[答案]T
    28Outer walls are used to stop pests from entering a building from the outside[答案]T
    29People can easily access the information about food safety policies from the
    government departments and bureaus[答案]F
    30The main idea of the passage is how to prevent plants and grass from growing[答案]F


    A Quality Management System (QMS) should clearly understand customer requirementsand to provide good designqualified production in an effective and efficient way

    When the Quality Management System fails to fulfill its function and customer requirements are not metcustomers might be upsetmanagement and employees both might be unhappybut its negative influence is not so widespreadUnluckilysome Quality Management System failures do make headlines

    Here are three cases of famous quality management failures

    3 MILE ISLAND

    The worst nuclear disaster in UShistory broke out at the 3 Mile Island reactor facility in eastern Pennsylvania in March 1979Proper controls that should have been developed as part of routine safety procedures were not in placeThen the situation was made worse by human error because of the lack of proper trainingThe only new nuclear power stations built since that day were the ones already under construction

    FORD PINTO

    The Ford Pinto is the most wellknown and the worst disaster in the whole USautomobile industry in the 1970sApparently the entire USauto industry decided to spend the 1970s resting on their laurels after building great cars that sold well during the sixtiesNot only were many cars built in the 1970s ugly and poorly designedthey also became very unreliable after 4050 thousand milesThe Pinto tops the list of QMS failures because of its dangerous design faults and the questionable ethical decisions made by top management

    IPHONE 4

    Apple almost lost its dominance in the smartphone market when it became clear that it was difficult to make a call using the much expected iPhone 4Calls were dropped suddenly and frequently causing wide spread dissatisfaction among loyal customers who had upgraded to the new model early onIndependent tests showed that touching the left side of the case at a certain spot interrupted the signal and dropped the call – not a great feature for a handheld device mainly used to make callsMeanwhile Apple continued to deny or minimize the problemAs the problem continued to make news headlinesApple eventually agreed to a voluntary recall to correct the problem

    All of the above famous quality management failures could probably have been prevented if the principles of a fully functioning quality management system had been in place
    1A company should provide well designed products[答案]T
    2A company should place company's interest at the first place[答案]F
    3A company should reduce the amount of waste[答案]T
    4A company should satisfy all employees' requirements[答案]F
    5A company should produce qualified products[答案]T
    B
    BEIJING’S ROADS FOR THE FUTURE

    The road system in Beijing’s central business district(CBD)is being redesigned to make public transportation easy and improve efficiency

    Plans for 45 roads within the CBD have been approvedmeasuring 415 kilometers in totalIn addition to public busesfree or low price shuttle buses from residence areas to subway stations will also be provided for commuters

    This is just over four times the number of roads opened in 2007and will add another 155 km to the existing road network

    Besides roadsan underground traffic system has also been operatingwhich includes four new subway lines beneath the CBD

    The underground connection system is made up of two levelsThe first underground floor is set aside mainly for pedestrians and commercial facilitieswhile the second underground floor is planned for parking

    The city has also invested 140 million yuan to set up a traffic inquiry systemthrough which the public can check traffic conditions online and see the most convenient routes on their GPS systemIn the futurethe CBD will be fully covered by an intelligent traffic control system
    1The road system in Beijing’s central business district(CBD)is being designed again[答案]T
    2Commuters can only take public buses from residence areas to subway stations[答案]F
    3The redesigned road will be 155 kilometers long[答案]F
    4The underground traffic system has four new subway lines beneath the CBD[答案]T
    5Both levels of the underground connection system are planned for parking[答案]F
    C
    Community service is a service or activity which is performed by someone or a group of people for the benefit of the public or public organizations

    While volunteers may provide community servicenot everyone taking part in a community service program is a volunteerbecause not everyone is doing it through their own choiceSometimes people are asked to do it by
    ◆their governmentas part of a citizenship requirement instead of military service
    ◆the courts and other criminal justice punishments
    ◆their schoolto meet the requirements of a classor to meet the requirements of graduationorin the case of parentsrequired to provide a certain number of hours of service in order for their child to be enrolled in a school or sports team

    There are also people providing community servicebut they receive some form of payment in return for their work
    YOUTH COMMUNITY SERVICE

    Community service performed by young peoplealso known as youth serviceis intended to strengthen young peoples' senses of civic engagement and communityand to help them achieve their educationaldevelopmental and social goals

    HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION

    Many educational institutions in the United States require students to perform community service hours to graduate from high schoolIn some high schools in Washington Statefor examplestudents must complete 60 hours of community service to receive a diploma

    CONDITIONS OF PARTICIPATION

    Contribution of service is a condition of enrollment in some programsMost commonlyparents may be required to serve for their child to be enrolled in a school or sports team

    COLLEGES

    Though technically not a requirementmany colleges make community service an unofficial requirement for acceptanceHoweversome colleges prefer work experience over community serviceand some require that their students also participate in community service in order to graduate
    [判断题]
    ◆The organizer is the beneficiary of community service[答案]F
    ◆Some people who take part in community services are not volunteers[答案]T
    ◆Most of the youth who volunteer in community service are motivated by personal purposes[答案]F
    ◆In some high schoolsstudents must complete certain hours of community service to receive a diploma[答案]T
    ◆Every university considers community service is the most important experience for students among other practiceslike internship[答案]F

    Community service is a service or activity which is performed by someone or a group of people for the benefit of the public or public organizations

    While volunteers may provide community servicenot everyone taking part in a community service program is a volunteerbecause not everyone is doing it through their own choiceSometimes people are asked to do it bytheir governmentas part of a
    citizenship requirement instead of military servicethe courts and other criminal justice punishmentstheir schoolto meet the requirements of a classor to meet the requirements of graduationorin the case of parentsrequired to provide a certain number of hours of service in order for their child to be enrolled in a school or sports team

    There are also people providing community servicebut they receive some form of payment in return for their work
    ◆YOUTH COMMUNITY SERVICE

    Community service performed by young peoplealso known as youth serviceis intended to strengthen young peoples' senses of civic engagement and communityand to help them achieve their educationaldevelopmental and social goals

    ◆HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION

    Many educational institutions in the United States require students to perform community service hours to graduate from high schoolIn some high schools in Washington Statefor examplestudents must complete 60 hours of community service to receive a diploma

    ◆CONDITIONS OF PARTICIPATION

    Contribution of service is a condition of enrollment in some programsMost commonlyparents may be required to serve for their child to be enrolled in a school or sports team

    ◆COLLEGES

    Though technically not a requirementmany colleges make community service an unofficial requirement for acceptanceHoweversome colleges prefer work experience over community serviceand some require that their students also participate in community service in order to graduate
    1The organizer is the beneficiary of community service[答案]F
    2Some people who take part in community services are not volunteers[答案]T
    3Most of the youth who volunteer in community service are motivated by personal purposes[答案]F
    4In some high schoolsstudents must complete certain hours of community service to receive a diploma[答案]T
    5Every university considers community service is the most important experience for students among other practiceslike internship[答案]F
    E
    English is spoken as a native language by around 377 million people and as a second language by around 375 million speakers in the world Speakers of English as a second language will soon outnumber those who speak it as a first language Around 750 million people are believed to speak English as a foreign language English has an official or a special status in 75 countries with a total population of over 2 billion

    The domination of the English language globally is a sure thing English is the language of international communications business tourism education science computer technology media and the Internet  

    British colonialism in the 19th century and American capitalism and technological progress in the 20th century were undoubtedly the main causes for the spread of English throughout the world From the fifteenth century the British began to sail all over the world and became explorers colonists and imperialists They took the English language to many places For the last hundred years the USA has played a leading role in most parts of the world The Hollywood film industry also attracted many foreign artists in quest of fame and fortune and the number of American films produced every year soon flooded the market

    However the future of English as a global language will depend very largely on the political economic demographic and cultural trends in the world
    [判断题]
    ◆English will maintain its dominance because of its language advantage
    [答案]F
    ◆The first paragraph shows that English has the largest population of native speakers in the world
    [答案]F
    ◆English is the most widely used language in the world according to the second paragraph
    [答案]T
    ◆American explorers sailed all over the world and took English to many places
    [答案]F
    ◆The Hollywood films flooded the market because people in the world love English films
    [答案]F

    Emergencies and disasters can occur any time without warningThe more you are prepared for themthe better you will be able to actreducing panic and confusion when an emergency occurs

    Emergency response plans(ERP s)are intended to provide clear and effective steps for managing an emergencyAn ERP should deal with a variety of issues including evacuation of buildingscommunication with local emergency services and the general publicindividual roles and responsibilities during an emergencyand supplies and materials that may be needed

    Follow these basic guidelines to develop an effective ERP for your workplace

    Determine when an evacuation would be necessary

    Choose primary and secondary evacuation routes and emergency exitsMake sure they
    are clearly marked and well litPost signs

    Install emergency lighting in case a power cut occurs during an evacuation

    Ensure that evacuation routes and emergency exits are wide enough for people to be evacuatedclear at all timesand unlikely to expose evacuating people to additional hazards

    Coordinate your plan with the local emergency management office

    Choose evacuation wardens who will help others during an evacuation and account for employees

    Establish specific evacuation proceduresThis includes a sample ERP to give you a better idea of what your procedures should include

    Establish a system for accounting for evacuated employees

    Hold emergency drills at least once a year to ensure that employees know what to do in an emergency and to test the effectiveness of emergency exit routes and proceduresKeep records of such drills

    Consider the transportation needs of employees

    Post evacuation procedures where employees can read them

    Establish procedures for helping people with disabilities and people who do not speak your local language

    Consider how you could quickly get important personal information about employees in an emergency(for examplecontact numbers for their homenextofkinor special medical conditions)
    1The emergency response plan is needed for reducing panic and confusion when an emergency occurs[答案]T
    2Supply of basic necessities is not included in an ERP[答案]F
    3According to the passagethe blocked emergency exits can help avoid further hazards[答案]F
    4The evacuation plan of your workplace should be in line with that of local emergency management office[答案]T
    5To ensure that employees know what to do in an emergency and to test the effectiveness of emergency exit routesthe emergency drills should be held once half a year[答案]F

    H
    HOW TO PREPARE AN EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN FOR YOUR WORKPLACE

    Emergencies and disasters can occur any time without warningThe more you are prepared for themthe better you will be able to actreducing panic and confusion when an emergency occurs

    Emergency response plans(ERP s)are intended to provide clear and effective steps for managing an emergencyAn ERP should deal with a variety of issues including evacuation of buildingscommunication with local emergency services and the general publicindividual roles and responsibilities during an emergencyand supplies and materials that may be needed

    Follow these basic guidelines to develop an effective ERP for your workplace

    Determine when an evacuation would be necessary

    Choose primary and secondary evacuation routes and emergency exitsMake sure they are clearly marked and well litPost signs

    Install emergency lighting in case a power cut occurs during an evacuation

    Ensure that evacuation routes and emergency exits are wide enough for people to be evacuatedclear at all timesand unlikely to expose evacuating people to additional hazards

    Coordinate your plan with the local emergency management office

    Choose evacuation wardens who will help others during an evacuation and account for employees

    Establish specific evacuation proceduresThis includes a sample ERP to give you a better idea of what your procedures should include

    Establish a system for accounting for evacuated employees

    Hold emergency drills at least once a year to ensure that employees know what to do in an emergency and to test the effectiveness of emergency exit routes and proceduresKeep records of such drills

    Consider the transportation needs of employees

    Post evacuation procedures where employees can read them

    Establish procedures for helping people with disabilities and people who do not speak your local language

    Consider how you could quickly get important personal information about employees in an emergency(for examplecontact numbers for their homenextofkinor special medical conditions)
    1The emergency response plan is needed for reducing panic and confusion when an emergency occurs[答案]T
    2Supply of basic necessities is not included in an ERP[答案]F
    3According to the passagethe blocked emergency exits can help avoid further hazards[答案]F
    4The evacuation plan of your workplace should be in line with that of local emergency management office[答案]T
    5To ensure that employees know what to do in an emergency and to test the effectiveness of emergency exit routesthe emergency drills should be held once half a year[答案]F
    I
    I think the most terrible thing in life for my little brother is getting up in the morningHe is almost sick when my mother ca11sHerbert It’s seven 0’clock Get up

    Herbert answersI’ m comingand goes right back to sleepI’ m not at all like my brotherI don’t like to go to bed at night but I don’t mind getting up in the morningI usually wake up before my mother calls meI jump out of bed and go into the bathroom to take a showerI get dressedbrush my teethcomb my hairand get ready to go downstairs for breakfast as soon as my mother calls

    But not HerbertHe just sleepsA military band (军乐队) in our bedroom could not wake him upI call him and sayGet up Mum will be up here to pull you out of bed if you don’ t get up immediately

    But he just sleepsAfter calling a few more times my mother has to come upstairs and pull Herbert out of bedIt’s that way every day with my little brotherPerhaps someday he’ll learn to get up on timebut I really don’t think so
    [判断题]
    ◆The most terrible thing in life for my little brother is going to school[答案]F
    ◆When mother callsHerbert doesn’t answer and remains in bed[答案]F
    ◆My mother often has to pull Herbert out of bed as he refuses to get up[答案]T
    ◆Sometimes we have to send for a military band to wake Herbert up[答案]F
    ◆The writer thinks someday Herbert will learn to get up on time[答案]F

    I think the most terrible thing in life for my little brother is getting up in the morningHe is almost sick when my mother ca11sHerbert It’s seven 0’clock Get up

    Herbert answersI’ m comingand goes right back to sleepI’ m not at all like my brotherI don’t like to go to bed at night but I don’t mind getting up in the morningI usually wake up before my mother calls meI jump out of bed and go into the bathroom to take a showerI get dressedbrush my teethcomb my hairand get ready to go downstairs for breakfast as soon as my mother calls

    But not HerbertHe just sleepsA military band (军乐队) in our bedroom could not
    wake him upI call him and sayGet up Mum will be up here to pull you out of bed if you don’ t get up immediately

    But he just sleepsAfter calling a few more times my mother has to come upstairs and pull Herbert out of bedIt’s that way every day with my little brotherPerhaps someday he’ll learn to get up on timebut I really don’t think so

    26The most terrible thing in life for my little brother is going to school[答案]F
    27When mother callsHerbert doesn’t answer and remains in bed[答案]F
    28My mother often has to pull Herbert out of bed as he refuses to get up[答案]T
    29Sometimes we have to send for a military band to wake Herbert up[答案]F
    30The writer thinks someday Herbert will learn to get up on time[答案]F
    N
    NOTABLE QUALITY MANAGEMENT FAILURES
    A Quality Management System (QMS) should clearly understand customer requirementsand to provide good designqualified production in an effective and efficient way

    When the Quality Management System fails to fulfill its function and customer requirements are not metcustomers might be upsetmanagement and employees both might be unhappybut its negative influence is not so widespreadUnluckilysome Quality Management System failures do make headlines

    Here are three cases of famous quality management failures

    3 MILE ISLAND

    The worst nuclear disaster in UShistory broke out at the 3 Mile Island reactor facility in eastern Pennsylvania in March 1979Proper controls that should have been developed as part of routine safety procedures were not in placeThen the situation was made worse by human error because of the lack of proper trainingThe only new nuclear power stations built since that day were the ones already under construction

    FORD PINTO

    The Ford Pinto is the most wellknown and the worst disaster in the whole USautomobile industry in the 1970sApparently the entire USauto industry decided to spend the 1970s resting on their laurels after building great cars that sold well during the sixtiesNot only were many cars built in the 1970s ugly and poorly designedthey also became very unreliable after 4050 thousand milesThe Pinto tops the list of QMS failures because of its dangerous design faults and the questionable ethical decisions made by top management

    IPHONE 4

    Apple almost lost its dominance in the smartphone market when it became clear that it was difficult to make a call using the much expected iPhone 4Calls were dropped suddenly and frequently causing wide spread dissatisfaction among loyal customers
    who had upgraded to the new model early onIndependent tests showed that touching the left side of the case at a certain spot interrupted the signal and dropped the call – not a great feature for a handheld device mainly used to make callsMeanwhile Apple continued to deny or minimize the problemAs the problem continued to make news headlinesApple eventually agreed to a voluntary recall to correct the problem

    All of the above famous quality management failures could probably have been prevented if the principles of a fully functioning quality management system had been in place
    1A company should provide well designed products[答案]T
    2A company should place company's interest at the first place[答案]F
    3A company should reduce the amount of waste[答案]T
    4A company should satisfy all employees' requirements[答案]F
    5A company should produce qualified products[答案]T
    R
    Reading for pleasure is the easiest way to become a better reader in English It is also the most important way

    Some students say they don't want to read for pleasure They say they want to use their time to learn the rules of the language and new words They say that pleasure reading is too easy

    Many experts(专家)say pleasure reading is very important for learning English Dr Stephen Krashen a famous expert on learning languages says that pleasure reading helps you learn many important things about English Students learn more grammar and more words when they read for pleasure They also learn more about good writing

    Dr Krashen tells us that pleasure reading helps each student in a different way Each student needs to learn something different Pleasure reading makes it possible for each student to learn what he or she needs

    Reading for pleasure is not the same as studying When you read for pleasure you choose your own books and you don't have to remember everything There are no tests on your pleasure reading books Pleasure reading will help you
    ● learn how English speakers use English
    ● read faster in English
    ● find examples of good writing in English
    ● learn new words
    ● learn about the cultures of English speakers
    [判断题]
    ◆Pleasure reading is important for learning English
    [答案]T
    ◆Studying is the easier way to become a better reader
    [答案]F
    ◆Some students think of pleasure reading not easy
    [答案]F
    ◆Do pleasure reading can not help us become better readers
    [答案]F
    ◆We can learn what we need is the greatest advantage of pleasure reading
    [答案]T

    ROAD CLOSURE PROCEDURES IN SYDNEY

    To minimize traffic jams in the city center and on major roads out of Sydneythe City’s highway department will not agree to road closures scheduled for weekdays or SaturdaysOn minor roads outside the city centerweekdays and Saturdays may be consideredYou must apply for approval to do roadwork and other roadrelated activitiestree cutting and use of very large construction machineryladdersetcPlease note that approval is needed if you plan to block the road or footpath

    Applications to have a road closed to traffic must be completed and sent to the Department’s Traffic Calming Committee at least a month before the scheduled date

    Roads can be closed partially or fullydepending on your requirementsPartial road closures are only allowed in light traffic areas where there will be at least 1 lane for traffic with extra traffic control measures to make sure 2way traffic can continue to run for the duration of the workAny change of traffic flow will require the proposal to be treated as a full road closureFor further information about a partial road closureplease refer to Contacts

    If you are organizing a parademarch or other type of streetbased eventapproval is also required and we recommend you choose one of our 4 preferred routesChoosing an existing route reduces the amount of planning you will need to do

    1Closures scheduled for Sundays on minor roads outside the city center may be considered[答案]F
    2You need to get approval if you plan to block the road or footpath[答案]T
    3Roads can only be closed partially[答案]F
    4If you choose an existing route for a paradethe amount of planning will be reduced[答案]T
    5Road closure applications can be sent to the Department’s Traffic Calming Committee one week before the scheduled date[答案]F


    S
    SAVE MONEY BY UNDERSTANDING WHY YOU SPEND IT

    To save moneyyou simply need to spend less than you earnIt is easy to saybut why is it so difficult to do To answer this questionyou need to study the factors that keep you spending all the time

    EASY ACCESS TO CREDIT

    For most peoplethis is the biggest reason for overspendingPeople can easily get a credit cardsimply by filling out a short form in a bank or jumping on their websiteThey can borrow money from banks to go shoppingeven buy cars or housesWhen you aren’t physically handing someone money or a check for a purchaseyou will feel you are spending free money or you aren't spending money at allTry using cash to get your spending under control

    MISUSING CREDIT CARDS

    A credit card is an interest free shortterm loanWhen used as plannedthis can be a powerful financial toolThe problem is when you begin to let the balance continue from month to monthIf you make a 200 purchase on your credit card and find out that at the end of the month you can’t afford to repay the full amountthis is when the high interest rates on the cards really begin to hurt youThat is no way of saving money

    GIVING IN TO TEMPTATION

    We all need to enjoy lifebut don’t waste your financial future for a few guilty pleasures today if they aren’t in your budgetWhen you know that you can’t afford an activitydon’t give inInsteadinvite your friends over for a home dinner partygame nightor some other activities where you can still enjoy time togetherbut without breaking your budget

    SPENDING TO FEEL GOOD

    Everyone enjoys getting something newbuying yourself something feels goodThere is absolutely nothing wrong with thisas long as you don’t go overboardYou’ll feel good about your purchase whether you make it with cash or by credit cardbut you'll feel even better when you don't have to spend the next two years trying to pay it off with 20 interest
    1You have to pay for the credit card loans by the end of each month[答案]T
    2Using a credit card to pay is spending free money[答案]F
    3It’s easy to get a credit card but hard to make ends meet[答案]T
    4If you suffer from a deficit this monthyou simply have to pay it off by the original amount in the future[答案]F
    5Spending to feel good means keeping your spending within the budget[答案]T
    T
    To save moneyyou simply need to spend less than you earnIt is easy to saybut why is it so difficult to do To answer this questionyou need to study the factors that keep you spending all the time

    EASY ACCESS TO CREDIT

    For most peoplethis is the biggest reason for overspendingPeople can easily get a credit cardsimply by filling out a short form in a bank or jumping on their websiteThey can borrow money from banks to go shoppingeven buy cars or housesWhen you aren’t physically handing someone money or a check for a purchaseyou will feel you are spending free money or you aren't spending money at allTry using cash to get your spending under control

    MISUSING CREDIT CARDS

    A credit card is an interest free shortterm loanWhen used as plannedthis can be a powerful financial toolThe problem is when you begin to let the balance continue from month to monthIf you make a 200 purchase on your credit card and find out that at the end of the month you can’t afford to repay the full amountthis is when the high interest rates on the cards really begin to hurt youThat is no way of saving money

    GIVING IN TO TEMPTATION

    We all need to enjoy lifebut don’t waste your financial future for a few guilty pleasures today if they aren’t in your budgetWhen you know that you can’t afford an activitydon’t give inInsteadinvite your friends over for a home dinner partygame nightor some other activities where you can still enjoy time togetherbut without breaking your budget

    SPENDING TO FEEL GOOD

    Everyone enjoys getting something newbuying yourself something feels goodThere is absolutely nothing wrong with thisas long as you don’t go overboardYou'll feel good about your purchase whether you make it with cash or by credit cardbut you'll feel even better when you don't have to spend the next two years trying to pay it off with 20 interest
    [判断题]
    ◆Always pay attention to your budget while spending
    [答案]T
    ◆For most people easy access to credit is the biggest reason for overspending
    [答案]T
    ◆Using a credit card to pay is spending free money
    [答案]F
    ◆Using credit card is an effective way to get your spending under control
    [答案]F
    ◆You have to pay for the credit card loans by the end of each month
    [答案]T

    To save moneyyou simply need to spend less than you earnIt is easy to saybut why is it so difficult to do To answer this questionyou need to study the factors that keep you spending all the time

    EASY ACCESS TO CREDIT

    For most peoplethis is the biggest reason for overspendingPeople can easily get a credit cardsimply by filling out a short form in a bank or jumping on their websiteThey can borrow money from banks to go shoppingeven buy cars or housesWhen you aren’t physically handing someone money or a check for a purchaseyou will feel you are spending free money or you aren't spending money at allTry using cash to get your spending under control

    MISUSING CREDIT CARDS

    A credit card is an interest free shortterm loanWhen used as plannedthis can be a powerful financial toolThe problem is when you begin to let the balance continue from month to monthIf you make a 200 purchase on your credit card and find out that at the end of the month you can’t afford to repay the full amountthis is when the high interest rates on the cards really begin to hurt youThat is no way of saving money

    GIVING IN TO TEMPTATION

    We all need to enjoy lifebut don’t waste your financial future for a few guilty pleasures today if they aren’t in your budgetWhen you know that you can’t afford an activitydon’t give inInsteadinvite your friends over for a home dinner partygame nightor some other activities where you can still enjoy time togetherbut without breaking your budget

    SPENDING TO FEEL GOOD

    Everyone enjoys getting something newbuying yourself something feels goodThere is absolutely nothing wrong with thisas long as you don’t go overboardYou'll feel good about your purchase whether you make it with cash or by credit cardbut you'll feel even better when you don't have to spend the next two years trying to pay it off with 20 interest

    ◆You have to pay for the credit card loans by the end of each month[答案]T
    ◆Using a credit card to pay is spending free money[答案]F
    ◆It's easy to get a credit card but hard to make ends meet[答案]T
    ◆If you suffer from a deficit this monthyou simply have to pay it off by the original amount in the future[答案]F
    ◆Spending to feel good means keeping your spending within the budget[答案]T

    THE INTERNATIONAL FOOD SAFETY AUTHORITIES
    NETWORK (INFOSAN)

    With the rapid globalization of food production and tradeinternational issues related to food safety are likely to increaseFood safety authorities all over the world have realized that food safety problems should be carried out at both national and international levelsThere is a pressing need for exchanging routine information on food safety issuesand sharing experiences and information quickly when a food safety related event takes place

    INFOSAN is a joint program between the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)This global network includes 181 Member StatesEach has a designated INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point which manages communication between national food safety authorities

    The network aims to

    Promote the rapid exchange of information during food safety related events

    Share information on important food safety related issues of global interest

    Promote partnership and cooperation between countries

    Help countries strengthen their capacity to manage food safety risks

    As part of its routine activitiesthe INFOSAN Secretariat publishes reports in six languages and provides members with summaries and guidance on relevant food safety issues

    INFOSAN helps exchange food safety information and experience among its membersIt is also a useful resource for other public health organizations which recognize INFOSAN as an organization through which findings of investigations and strategies for improving food safety may be shared

    INFOSAN monitors possible international food safety related events in close cooperation with the WHO Alert and Response Operations programINFOSAN can work with other international organizations to provide assistance to the countries or regions with emerging food safety events of possible international concern
    1It is probable that there will be more and more safety related issues worldwide[答案]T
    2Food safety authorities in each country believe that food safety problems should be solved within their country[答案]F
    3The major duty of the INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point in each FAO member state is to manage communication between national food safety authorities[答案]T
    4Public health organizations can get findings of investigations and strategies for food safety improvement from INFOSAN[答案]T
    5INFOSAN monitors possible international events concerning food safety independently[答案]F


    The road system in Beijing’s central business district(CBD)is being redesigned to make public transportation easy and improve efficiency

    Plans for 45 roads within the CBD have been approvedmeasuring 415 kilometers in totalIn addition to public busesfree or low price shuttle buses from residence areas to subway stations will also be provided for commuters

    This is just over four times the number of roads opened in 2007and will add another 155km to the existing road network

    Besides roadsan underground traffic system has also been operatingwhich includes four new subway lines beneath the CBD
    The underground connection system is made up of two levelsThe first underground floor is set aside mainly for pedestrians and commercial facilitieswhile the second underground floor is planned for parking

    The city has also invested 140 million yuan to setup a traffic inquiry systemthrough which the public can check traffic conditions online and see the most convenient routes on their GPS systemIn the futurethe CBD will be fully e over ed by an intelligent traffic control system
    26The road system in Beijing’s central business district(CBD) is being designed again[答案]T
    27Commuters can only take public buses from residence areas to subway stations[答案]F
    28Theredesigned road will be 155 kilometers long[答案]F
    29The underground traffic system has four new subway lines beneath the CBD[答案]T
    30Both levels of the underground connection system are planned for parking[答案]F


    The war for talent reads like headlines from many years agobut it has never gone awaysays Eleanor Nicker sondirector of UK operations for Top EmployersMany companies they have researched are short of talentsThough the companies may receive many applicationsthey cannot find the people they want

    Top Employers’ research shows that offering good career chances is the key to attracting and keeping the talentSmart employees know their own value and will want to know what their employers can offer them after 5 or 10 years’ career developmentSokeeping staff is the biggest challenge employers face in the long run

    Yet not every employee feels that they can better their career chancesSome are still nervous about losing their jobsdespite a recent fall in unemploymentsays the Trades Union Congress (TUC)TUC points out that some fourfifths of new jobs created have been in part of the economy where average pay rates are less than an hour since the
    recession beganMany of these jobs are on temporary or zero hours contracts

    A report from the Office for National Statistics published in February showed that real wages have been falling consistently since 2010It’s the longest period since at least 1964We’re still in the hardest living standards squeeze for over a century and those who are already working have had years of realterms pay cuts says TUC spokesperson Liz ChinchenUnderstanding the pressures that staff face is a good starting point for any employerIf employers want to show concern for their staffthey should be paying them well and understand that zero hours contracts bring insecurity and extreme money worries
    26Many companies are not short of talents any more[答案]F
    27Providing employees with good career chances is the key to attracting and keeping the talent[答案]T
    28Smart employees don’t care about what companies can offer them after 5 or 10 years’ career development[答案]F
    29Most of the new jobs are paid more than an hour[答案]F
    30Payments have been decreasing consistently since 2010[答案]T


    The war for talent reads like headlines from many years agobut it has never gone awaysays Eleanor Nickersondirector of UK operations for Top EmployersMany companies they have researched are short of talentsThough the companies may receive many applicationsthey cannot find the people they want

    Top Employers’ research shows that offering good career chances is the key to attracting and keeping the talentSmart employees know their own value and will want to know what their employers can offer them after 5 or 10 years’ career developmentSokeeping staff is the biggest challenge employers face in the long run

    Yet not every employee feels that they can better their career chancesSome are still nervous about losing their jobsdespite a recent fall in unemploymentsays the Trades Union Congress (TUC)TUC points out that some fourfifths of new jobs created have been in part of the economy where average pay rates are less than an hour since the recession beganMany of these jobs are on temporary or zero hours contracts

    A report from the Office for National Statistics published in February showed that real wages have been falling consistently since 2010It’s the longest period since at least 1964We’re still in the hardest living standards squeeze for over a century and those who are already working have had years of realterms pay cuts says TUC spokesperson Liz ChinchenUnderstanding the pressures that staff face is a good starting point for any employerIf employers want to show concern for their staffthey should be paying them well and understand that zero hours contracts bring insecurity and extreme money worries
    1According to research by Top Employersmany corporations have enough talents for their development[答案]F
    2The data shows the key to attracting talents is to offer high salary[答案]F
    3The biggest challenge for employers to is keeping staff in the long run[答案]T
    4Not all employees believe that they can get a better offer[答案]T
    5The wages have been rising consistently since 2010[答案]F


    To minimize traffic jams in the city center and on major roads out of Sydneythe City’s highway department will not agree to road closures scheduled for weekdays or SaturdaysOn minor roads outside the city centerweekdays and Saturdays may be consideredYou must apply for approval to do roadwork and other roadrelated activitiestree cutting and use of very large construction machineryladdersetcPlease note that approval is needed if you plan to block the road or footpath

    Applications to have a road closed to traffic must be completed and sent to the Department’s Traffic Calming Committee at least a month before the scheduled date

    Roads can be closed partially or fullydepending on your requirementsPartial road closures are only allowed in light traffic areas where there will be at least 1 lane for traffic with extra traffic control measures to make sure 2way traffic can continue to run for the duration of the workAny change of traffic flow will require the proposal to be treated as a full road closureFor further information about a partial road closureplease refer to Contacts

    If you are organizing a parademarch or other type of streetbased eventapproval is also required and we recommend you choose one of our 4 preferred routesChoosing an existing route reduces the amount of planning you will need to do
    1Closures scheduled for Sundays on minor roads outside the city center may be considered[答案]F
    2You need to get approval if you plan to block the road or footpath[答案]T
    3Roads can only be closed partially[答案]F
    4If you choose an existing route for a paradethe amount of planning will be reduced[答案]T
    5Road closure applications can be sent to the Department’s Traffic Calming Committee one week before the scheduled date[答案]F



    W
    We live in an age full of opportunitiesIf you are smart enoughand have got ambition and keep pushing forwardyou can rise to the top of your chosen professionno matter where you started out

    But with opportunity comes responsibilityCompanies today aren’t managing their employees’ careersProfessional workers must be their own chief executive officers
    (CEO)It’s up to you to strive for your placeto keep yourself engaged and productive during a working life that may last around 50 yearsTo do those things wellyou’ll need to have a deep understanding of yourselfnot only what your strengths and weaknesses arebut also how you learnhow you work with otherswhat your values areand where you can make the greatest contributionBecause only when you operate from strength can you achieve true excellence

    History’s great achieversNapoléonda Vinciand Mozarthave always managed themselvesBut they are so unusual both in their talents and their accomplishments as to be considered rare exceptionsNowmost of useven those of us with modest talentswill have to learn to manage ourselvesWe will have to learn to develop ourselvesWe will have to place ourselves where we can make the greatest contributionAnd we will have to stay mentally alert and engaged during a 50year working lifewhich means knowing how and when to change the work we do
    26Companies today are responsible for employee’s career[答案]F
    27It is the CEO who decides your place[答案]F
    28You need to understand your company well so that you can do things well[答案]F
    29Understanding yourself means knowing well about your strengthsweaknessesyour valueshow you learnhow you do with others and so on[答案]T
    30Ordinary people cannot manage themselves well[答案]F


    THE INTERNATIONAL FOOD SAFETY AUTHORITIES NETWORK (INFOSAN)
    With the rapid globalization of food production and tradeinternational issues related to food safety are likely to increaseFood safety authorities all over the world have realized that food safety problems should be carried out at both national and international levelsThere is a pressing need for exchanging routine information on food safety issuesand sharing experiences and information quickly when a food safety related event takes place

    INFOSAN is a joint program between the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)This global network includes 181 Member StatesEach has a designated INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point which manages communication between national food safety authorities

    The network aims to

    Promote the rapid exchange of information during food safety related events

    Share information on important food safety related issues of global interest

    Promote partnership and cooperation between countries

    Help countries strengthen their capacity to manage food safety risks

    As part of its routine activitiesthe INFOSAN Secretariat publishes reports in six languages and provides members with summaries and guidance on relevant food safety issues

    INFOSAN helps exchange food safety information and experience among its membersIt is also a useful resource for other public health organizations which recognize INFOSAN as an organization through which findings of investigations and strategies for improving food safety may be shared

    INFOSAN monitors possible international food safety related events in close cooperation with the WHO Alert and Response Operations programINFOSAN can work with other international organizations to provide assistance to the countries or regions with emerging food safety events of possible international concern
    1It is probable that there will be more and more safety related issues worldwide[答案]T
    2Food safety authorities in each country believe that food safety problems should be solved within their country[答案]F
    3The major duty of the INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point in each FAO member state is to manage communication between national food safety authorities[答案]T
    4Public health organizations can get findings of investigations and strategies for food safety improvement from INFOSAN[答案]T
    5INFOSAN monitors possible international events concerning food safety independently[答案]F
    第五题 写作题库
    [试题]秘书王丽名义George williams写份电话留言(80100)词
    电时间 7月5日午1000
    出访时间 7月10日星期
    航班号 CZ1732
    起飞达时间 10401150
    容MrJohnson周George williams办公室洽谈新产品开发项目请询问方时间否合适果时间合适请George Wiliams回电话



    TELEPHONE MESSAGE
    FROM TO
    DATE TIME
    MESSAGE
    标准答案

    TELEPHONE MESSAGE
    FROM WANG LI (Secretary)
    TO George Williams

    MESSAGE
    Mr Johnson called at 1000 on Jul5 Expecting to come on Flight No CZ1732 departing at 1040 and reaching at 1150 on Jul10 Monday Hoping to discuss about developing new products at your office

    If that proposed time is not fine please call him

    [试题]请马冬身份英文介绍天工作日程安排(80100词)
    MaDong's Timetable from Monday to Friday

    Time
    Activity
    6 30
    get up
    7 00
    have breakfast
    7 30
    take Subway line 2
    9 00~12 00
    check the production line
    12 00
    have lunch
    14 00~17 30
    repair and maintenance machines
    18 00
    go home
    19 30
    have supper
    20 00~22 00
    watch TV do some reading
    22 00
    go to bed

    标准答案
    I’m Mang Dong I often get up at 630 and have my breakfast at 700 At 730 I take Subway line 2 to go to work At factory I focus on checking the production line from 900 to 1200 At 1200 it is lunch time In the afternoon from 1400 to 1730 I set about repairing and maintenance machines At 1800 I am ready to go home and have supper at 1930 From 2000 to 2200 in the evening I watch TV and do some reading then I go to bed That is what my routine day is like

    [试题]请根容写篇英语招聘广告(80100)词
    KM公司发展需欲招聘事理1名
    公司介绍线销售企业
    职业描述负责公司员工招聘(recruitment)员工发展等工作
    职条件(1)40岁身体健康
    (2)学学历英语口语
    (3)五年型企业力资源工作验
    (4)注重团队合作
    意者请3月1日前简历(CV)发邮箱KM123456@gmailcom

    标准答案
    Vacancy Human Resources Department Manager

    Due to expanding business We KM are willing to employ one manager in charge of human resources department with the following terms

    Responsibility responsible for recruitment and development of the staff Above 40 years of age and in good health Bachelor degree and good spoken English More than 5 years of working experience in human resources at highprofile companies Teamworkoriented

    Should any potential candidate be interested please send your CV to KM123456@gmailcom prior to Mar 1st

    [试题]请根信息投诉信进行回复( 90100词)
    投诉者 Peter Smith
    回复者 Xiao FengManager
    投诉原2022年2月10日线商城( online shop)购买线耳机(Bluetooth headset)
    调查结果确质量问题新供应商(supplier)提供产品合标准
    解决方案更换全额退款(full refund)提供张折卡
    标准答案

    Dear Peter Smith
    Thank you for your letter of Feb10 2022 concerning the Bluetooth headset you purchased from us from online shop
    First of all we are extremely sorry for that unfortunate incident Upon receiving your complaint we immediately did careful investigation After checking with technical staff and our supplier we got to know sadly that the supplier is a new one We were informed that the Bluetooth headset is not what you asked for in terms of such functions as taking pictures and messages As we found out it is mainly due to a small part which was incorrectly installed However it is not a major defect but an impropriate assembling
    So we hereby promise to offer two options of solutions You can either have a brandnew one with perfect function or have a full refund What is more on either case we will provide you with a discounting card
    Again we are really sorry for what had happened and the inconvenience you may have experienced and will upon confirmation of your final choice do what we can to solve the problem as soon as possible

    Yours Sincerely
    Xiao Feng


    [试题]根求写篇80词左右作文
    Write a letter on a suggestion regarding opening a new theme park in the city to the board of directorsbased on the following reasons:
    (1)Doing market research since August(online questionnaires and more than 200 respondents)
    (2)The city has a good location with a large population
    (3)Our competitors plan to expand their business
    (4)Needing to find out enough funds available
    Dear Board of Directors


    Yours Faithfully
    James Wang
    参考范文
    Dear Board of Directors
    I would like to make a suggestion regarding opening a new theme park in our city next year
    Since Augus2018I have been conducting marketing research based on online questionnaires with more than 200 respondents participatingThere is a large demand for a new theme park as our city has a good location with a large population
    BesidesI have heard that our competitors plan to expand their business hereIf we don’t grasp this opportunity they will
    The most important thing for us to do now is to find out whether we have enough funds availableThere fore we need a budget report from the Financial Department
    I am looking forward to your further consideration

    Yours Faithfully
    James Wang
    [试题]Write a reply to a complaint letter according to the information given below
    投诉者: George Smith
    回复者: Peter Bruce Manager
    投诉原: 2018 10 日网购买 Note 10 手机(Note 10 mobile phone)质量问题拍(take pictures) 收发信息(receive or send messages)
    调查结果:确实质量问题
    解决方案:退货(refund)换部新手机(exchange)
    参考范文
    Dear George Smith
    Thank you for your letter of May 10 2018 concerning about the problem that occurred with the mobile phone
    We wish to express our deepest regret over the unfortunate incidentI appreciate your sincerity and agree that Note10 mobile phone is imperfect in terms of taking pictures or sending messagesPlease accept my sincere apologies
    After checking with our assembly staff in the workshop it is clear that a small part of the mobile phone was not installed correctlyI can assure you that this oversight will never happen againWe have shipped the replacement of the new Note 10 mobile phone and we believe this will be up to the standards you have come to expect from our company

    [试题]李明身份根表容写篇英文作文介绍日程表
    Write a short passage according to the information of the following timetable
    Li Ming’s Timetable from Monday to Friday
    (No3 Middle School)
    Time
    Activity
    6 30
    get up
    7 00
    have breakfast
    7 30
    go to school
    8 30~12 05
    have 4 classes
    12 05
    have lunch at school
    14 00~15 40
    have 2 classes
    15 40~16 40
    play basketball football
    16 40
    go home
    18 00
    have supper
    18 30~22 00
    do homework watch TV do some reading
    22 00
    go to bed
    参考范文
    This is my timetableI study at No3 Middle School from Monday to FridayI get up at 6 30 amI have breakfast at 7 00 and then I go to schoolI don’t like to be lateOur classes begin at 8 30 amWe have four classes in the morningI often have lunch at school with my classmates
    In the afternoon we have two classesClasses are over at 3 40 and I get home at 4 00But sometimes I don't leave school so early because I play basketball in the playgroundThen I go home at 5 00I have supper at about 6 00After supper I do my homeworkI often watch TV but sometimes I like to do some reading and the story books are very interestingI usually go to bed at about 10 00 pm

    [试题]秘书李芳名义John Smith写份电话留言
    电时间:7月3日午10:00
    出访时间:7月8日星期三
    航班号:CZ3890
    起飞达时间:8:5511:25
    访问意图:Mr Patrick周John Smith办公室洽谈项新技术开发项目询问方时间否合适 果时间合适 请John Smith回电话
    参考范文
    A Telephone Message
    To:John Smith
    Time:10:00 am July 3
    Message:Mr Patrick of AAA Company is scheduled to visit your office on July 8 WednesdayHis Flight CZ3890 takes off from Shanghai at 8 55 amand arrives in Shenzhen at 11 25He is expecting to discuss with you about the technical cooperation on a new projectRing back to check whether the time is suitable
    From Li fang
    [试题]秘书张强名义 Sam Smith 写份电话留言
    电时间:4月6日午3 00
    出访时间:4月11 日星期二
    航班号: CZ3590
    起飞/达时间: 7551025
    访问意图: Mr James 千周 Sam Smith 办公室洽谈项新技术开发项目询问方时间否合适果时间合适请 Sam Smith 回电话
    参考范文
    A Telephone Message
    To Sam Smith
    Time 3 00 pm April 6
    Message Mr James of AAA Company is scheduled to visit your office on April 11 TuesdayHis Flight CZ3590 takes off from Shanghai at 7 55 amand arrives in Shenzhen at 10 25He is expecting to discuss with you about the technical cooperation on a new projectRing back to check whether the time is suitable
    From Li Qiang
    [试题]秘书张强名义 Sam Ford 写份电话留言
    电时间:1月6日午3 00
    出访时间:1月11 日星期二
    航班号:CZ7390
    起飞/达时间:9551125
    访问意图:Mr James 周 Sam Ford 办公室洽谈项新技术开发项目询问方时间否合适果时间合适请 Sam Ford 回电话
    参考范文
    A Telephone Message
    To:Sam Ford
    Time:3 00 pm January 6
    Message:Mr James of AAA Company is scheduled to visit your office on January 11 TuesdayHis Flight CZ7390 takes off from Shanghai at 9 55 amand arrives in Shenzhen at 11 25He is expecting to discuss with you about the technical cooperation on a new projectRing back to check whether the time is suitable
    From Zhang Qiang


    备注:考试备
    1月:January 2月:February 3月:March 4月:April
    5月:May 6月:June 7月:July 8月:August
    9月:September 10月:October 11月:November 12月:December

    星期:Monday 星期二:Tuesday 星期三:
    Wednesday
    星期四:Thursday 星期五:Friday 星期六:Saturday
    星期日:Sunday

    午简写:am
    午简写:pm

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