2024春期国开电大本科《管理英语3》在线形考(单元自测1至8)试题及答案


    国开电科理英语3线形考
    单元测18 试题答案
    说明:资料整理2024年4月适2024春季学期国开电科学员台线形考考试
    单元测1 试题答案
    备注:测试中6道机题中5道选择题1道完形填空题
    第题:选择填空(题10分5题)
    ―___________________
    ―NosorryI didn’t know the rule about punching in
    AAre you late this morningWendy
    BDidn’t you punch out this morningWendy
    CDidn’t you punch in this morningWendy

    ―___________________
    ―We have three major divisionsOperationsSales and MarketingFinance and Administration
    AHow many departments do we have
    BWhich division are you in
    CWhich department shows the best

    ―I suppose there’ ll be a lot of arguments
    ―__________________
    AI should imagine so
    BNo problem
    CThat’s a good idea

    ―I wish you success in your career
    ―_________________
    AGo ahead
    BIt doesn’t matter
    CThe same to you

    ―I’m leaving for Shanghai tomorrow
    ―__________________
    ASee you later
    BHave a pleasant trip
    CLet’s go out for a drink

    ―Who should be responsible for the accident


    ―The bossnot the workersThey just carried out the order_______
    Aas are told
    Bas told
    Cas they told

    A bus driver_________the safety of his passengers
    Ais responsible in
    Bis responsible for
    Cis responsible to

    A number of boys_________absent some time during the term
    Ahave been
    Bhas been
    Cwill

    He will write to me as soon as he_________home
    Awill have returned
    Breturns
    Cwill return
     
    I am_________your early coming
    Alooking forward to
    Blooking forward
    Clook forward to

    Leave the reference books behind_________you won’t be able to think independently
    Aor
    Band
    Cso

    My friend invited me_________the art cluband I accepted it with pleasure
    Ajoin
    Bto join
    Cjoining

    The key_______successful implementation is clearly communicating the strategy to the whole company
    Ato
    Bin
    Cof

    The programme gives students the_________to learn more about global warming
    Asuccess
    Bambition
    Copportunity



    This is the man_________last night
    Awhom I saw him
    Bwhom I saw
    Cwho I saw him

    第二题:阅读理解翻译听力理解完形填空(题型机)(50分)
    列带★题库中抽中1道试题
    ★翻译
    面句子选择正确翻译(题10分)
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1If you are smart enoughand have got ambition and keep pushing forwardyou can rise to the top of your chosen profession
    A果足够聪明野心继续推进选择职业
    B果聪明进心勇直前升职
    C果聪明进心勇直前选职业领域中出类拔萃

    2It’s up to you to strive for your placeto keep yourself engaged and productive during a working life that may last around 50 years
    A决定否勤奋工作约50年职业生涯中否积极进取成效
    B约50年职业生涯中否积极进勤奋工作取成效取决
    C决定持续约50年职业生涯中否积极进取成效

    3They are so unusual both in their talents and their accomplishments as to be considered rare exceptions
    A正智成非样例子少少
    B华成般极少考虑
    C寻常认罕见例外

    4We will have to place ourselves where we can make the greatest contribution
    A做出贡献
    B应该项目
    C应该放做出贡献位置

    5Some are still nervous about losing their jobs despite the low wages
    A工资高担心失份工作
    B工资低算辞职


    C福利担心失份工作

    ★听力理解
    听话录音根话容判断正误(题10分)
    task4 testmp3
    操作提示句子正确选择拉选项框T句子错误选择拉选项框F
    1Wendy punched in this morning[答案]F
    2They need to punch out after work[答案]T
    3They need to work overtime[答案]T
    4They can wear casual clothes when going out on a sales call[答案]F
    5They can use office phones for personal matters[答案]F

    ★听力理解
    听话录音根话容完成方题目(题10分)
    TASK3 TESTMP3
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1The two speakers are_________
    Ateacher and student
    Bcolleagues
    Cclassmates

    2There are divisions in the company_________
    A3  
    B4  
    C10

    3Customer Service is a part of division_________
    AOperations  
    BSales and Marketing  
    CFinance and Administration

    4The Sales and Marketing includes departments_________
    A2  
    B3  
    C4

    5The director of the Sales and Marketing is now_________
    Ain an online meeting  
    Bon holiday  
    Con a business trip



    ★完型填空(空10分)
    操作提示通题目中拉选项框选择恰词语补全填空
    Joachim’s vision is based on an idea called pleaching(编织)where tree branches are grown so that they naturally weave togetherSince the growth patterns of trees are{effectedaffectedattempted}by wind and sunlightit may be possible to control the way a tree develops

    These Fabricated Tree House Habitats would use trees grown into shapes as housingOne of the{purposesdisadvantagesadvantages}of these designs is that trees would not have to be cut down for lumber

    A 100 percent tree house would take years to createJoachim said{Depending onJudging byProtected from}the climatea house could take anywhere from 5 to 30 years to growFortunatelythere’s a way to speed up the processJoachim suggests including ecological materials such as sod (草皮)grasses and living branches in the housing designsThis material would be able to move as the house grows Joachim said.

    A home would become an actual ecosystema community of plantsanimalsand bacteria working togetherThe trees would also give off water vapor that would assist in{cleaningheatingcooling}the homesSolar panels and wind would help provide energyThe tree homes might even have soil pocketswhere plants could grow from the structure itself

    Work has already begun on Joachim’s first designa house made from 50 percent recycled and 50 percent living thingsJoachim is confident about the{happinessbenefitimportance}of his workas he uses natural products without destroying nature

    The environment and its study are very importantWe need to respect naturedon’t take it for granted he said.
    (1)
    Aeffected
    Baffected
    Cattempted

    (2)
    Apurposes
    Bdisadvantages
    Cadvantages

    (3)
    ADepending on
    BJudging by
    CProtected from

    (4)
    Acleaning


    Bheating
    Ccooling

    (5)
    Ahappiness
    Bbenefit
    Cimportance

    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容完成相应选择题(题10分)
    ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE IN HOOGLE ENGINEERING

    I’m Michael BushManaging Director of Hoogle EngineeringI am pleased to welcome you here to our website and I’d like to tell you a little about the company and its organizationHoogle Engineering was set up in 1960It was divided into several departments at that timesuch as the sales departmentmarketing departmentand production departmentLots of managers were employed to manage it all

    Fortunately things are different nowSixty people are employed by Hoogle and communication between departments is considered to be one of the most important aspects of the businessThe market is global so we need to make contact with customers worldwidenot just locally

    But in the old days we were all in different departments and never spoke to each otherWe had a tall structureTraditionally we had people at the first level on the shop floormanufacturing products according to the instructions which they were givenThen you had a supervisory level of people who supervised them every dayThen you moved up to the middle managementwho were doing the tasks of getting new businessand then you had the senior management teamand then you had the boardwho decided the business strategySo there were a lot of levels in the company in the old days actually

    The structure today is that we form teams within teams to place people who can manufacture a productEach team has members that can manufacture different productsThe actual teams now are selfmanagingso we don’t even have team leadersYou’ve got the teamsand then you’ve got two peopleonly two peoplewho are what you think of as managementThis is generally called flat structure
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1Hoogle Engineering was set up in_________
    Athe nineteenth century
    Bthe twentieth century
    Cthe twenty first century

    2There are many different_________of management in a tall structure
    Akinds
    Blevels


    Cfunctions

    3People in a flat structure usually work in_________
    Adepartments
    Bfamilies
    Cteams

    4All of the following statements are true according to the passage EXCEPT that_________
    Acommunication in the company is becoming more and more important
    Bthe author thinks the two structures have the same functions
    Cthere are more individual responsibilities in the flat structure

    5The best title for the passage is_________
    AOrganization Structure in Hoogle Engineering
    BHistory of Hoogle Engineering
    CSuccess in Hoogle engineering

    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容判断文章句子正确(T)错误(F)(题10分)
    Managing Oneself
    We live in an age full of opportunitiesIf you are smart enoughand have got ambition and keep pushing forwardyou can rise to the top of your chosen professionno matter where you started out

    But with opportunity comes responsibilityCompanies today aren’t managing their employees’ careersProfessional workers must be their own chief executive officers (CEO)It’s up to you to strive for your placeto keep yourself engaged and productive during a working life that may last around 50 yearsTo do those things wellyou’ll need to have a deep understanding of yourselfnot only what your strengths and weaknesses arebut also how you learnhow you work with otherswhat your values areand where you can make the greatest contributionbecause only when you operate from strength can you achieve true excellence

    History’s great achieversNapoléondaVinciand Mozarthave always managed themselvesBut they are so unusual both in their talents and in their accomplishments as to be considered rare exceptionsNowmost of useven those of us with modest talentswill have to learn to manage ourselvesWe will have to learn to develop ourselvesWe will have to place ourselves where we can make the greatest contributionAnd we will have to stay mentally alert and engaged during a 50year working lifewhich means knowing how and when to change the work we do
    操作提示句子正确选择拉选项框T句子错误选择拉选项框F
    1Companies today are responsible for employee’s career[答案]F
    2It is the CEO who decides your place[答案]F


    3You need to understand your company well so that you can do things well[答案]F
    4Understanding yourself means knowing well about your strengthsweaknessesyour valueshow you learnhow you do with others and so on[答案]T
    5Ordinary people cannot manage themselves well[答案]F

    单元测2 试题答案
    备注:测试中6道机题中5道选择题1道完形填空题
    第题:选择填空(题10分5题)
    ―__________________
    ―She gave two weeks
    AWhat did she get
    BHow much time did she give
    CWhat did she do

    ―_________father took part in the charity activity in the neighbourhood yesterday
    ―Peter’s
    AWhose
    BWhat
    CWhich

    ―SorryI made a mistake again
    ―_________Practise more and you’ll succeed
    ANever mind
    BCertainly not
    CDon’t mention it
     
    ―Could I help you with your heavy box You are so tired   
    ―_________I can manage it
    ANothanks
    BYesplease
    CAll right
     
    ―How did you find your visit to QingdaoJoanna
    ―__________________
    AOhwonderful indeed
    BI went there alone
    CA guide showed me the way



    ―I’m more than happy to go out this weekend
    ―_________We’ve got so much work to do at that time
    ADon’t worry
    BForget it
    CDon’t say so
     
    _________important it is for kids to imagine freely
    AWhat
    BHow
    CWhat an

    He gave up his study in college in_________
    Abundle
    Bdespair
    Cash

    I heard that you really had a wonderful time at John’s birthday party_____
    Adidn’t I
    Bdidn’t you
    Chadn’t you
     
    I took it for_________that you wouldn’t come here again
    Agrand
    Btame
    Cgranted

    If you need further informationplease_________our office
    Aconstant
    Bconstruct
    Ccontact

    It’s_________to point to or talk about strangers in public
    Anot polite
    Bpolite
    Cgood

    The_________was only sentenced to pay a fine of 10000
    Aworm
    Btube
    Ccriminal

    The light is too_________for me to readI can not stand any more
    Adim
    Bripe
    Csoup



    Under no circumstance_________to tell lies to parents
    Achildren are allowed
    Bare children allowed
    Cwill children allow

    第二题:阅读理解翻译听力理解完形填空(题型机)(50分)
    列带★题库中抽中1道试题
    ★翻译
    面句子选择正确翻译(题10分)
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1Though they have a lot of applicantsthey can’t find the people they want
    A然应找想
    B然应聘者找合适
    C然程序找合适程序员

    2Practising more is the key to leaning a language
    A学语言关键练
    B勤练学英语钥匙
    C做运动语言学说处

    3Some are still nervous about losing their jobs despite the low wages
    A工资高担心失份工作
    B工资低算辞职
    C福利担心失份工作

    4The teacher pointed out the grammar mistakes in the writing
    A老师指出书法里语法错误
    B老师指出作文里拼写错误
    C老师指出作文里语法错误

    5How will the evaluation of these investments be carried out
    A进行项目投资
    B投资进行评估呢
    C项目进行评价

    ★听力理解
    听话录音根话容判断正误(题10分)


    TASK4 TESTMP3
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1What is the possible relationship between the two speakers
    AA couple
    BColleagues
    CTeacher and student

    2What is the opinion of the female speaker about high salaries
    AShe thinks high salaries can get a lot of talents
    BShe thinks high salaries are the key factor in motivating the staff
    CShe thinks high salaries stop people from moving on

    3Who controls overtime work
    AThe employers
    BThe workers
    CThe companies

    4FAIR in fair wages means_________
    Ageneral
    Bcompetitive
    Chigh

    5The topic of the dialog is about_________
    Ahow to control overtime
    Bhow to pay wages
    Chow to motivate the employees

    ★完型填空(空10分)
    操作提示通题目中拉选项框选择恰词语补全填空
    When it comes to selecting candidates through interviewmore often than not the decision is made with the first five munutes of a meetingYet employers like to{suggestconvinceadvise}themselves that they are being exceptionally thorough in their selection processesIn today’s marketplacethe{worthcreditquality}of staff is fundamental to the company’s success andas a resultrecruiters use all means at their disposal to secure the best in the field

    One method in particular that has risen in popularity is testingeither psychometric testing(心理测试)which attempts to define psychological characteristicsor aptitude testingThe idea is that those testing provide an organization with an extra way of establishing a candidate’s suitability for a role

    The employment of psychometric or ability testing as one{componentmembershare}of the recruitment process may have some meritsbut in reality there is simply no real{extentmeasureamount}The answer to this problem is experience in interview techniques and a strong definition of the elements of each position to be filledThe instinctive decision that many employers makebased on a CV and the first five minutes of a meeting


    are perhaps no less valid than any other tool employed in the{businesstopicpoint}of recruitment
    (1)
    Asuggest
    Bconvince
    Cadvise

    (2)
    Aworth
    Bcredit
    Cquality

    (3)
    Acomponent 
    Bmember
    Cshare

    (4)
    Aextent
    Bmeasure
    Camount

    (5)
    Abusiness
    Btopic
    Cpoint

    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容完成相应选择题(题10分)
    HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

    Human Resources Management (HRM) is the process of managing people and their relationships in an organizationThese two processes are important in the success and growth of a business

    In managing peoplestaffing is the most important component of HRMIt needs to make guidelines and procedures for hiring and placementStaffing also involves the management of employees on matters like monitoring of holidaysabsenceshealth and safetydisciplinary actionand dismissal

    Another important element of HRM in managing people is keeping the employees in the companyThe training of employees to enable them to improve their career development is very importantGood HRM policies ensure that there are clear regulations which show the pay levels for the different positions in an organizationIt is important for the staff to know the career pathpaytraining and other opportunities that are available to themPerformance management is another important component of HRMThe reason for this is that many employers use it to evaluate career improvement and to determine pay increases



    The secondary role of HRM is the management of the relationships among people in an organizationThis includes staff within departments as well as across the whole organizationThe relationship between staff and management is an important factor in the success of an organizationIt decides how fast an organization will realize their goals

    The focus of HRM is the people within an organizationRegular planningmonitoring and evaluation are important for the success of HRMSuccessful management ensures that all employees know their rolecareer development and also feel part of an organization
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1_________isare important in the success of a business
    ATeamwork spirit and high salary
    BThe process of managing people and their relationships
    CTalents and their goals

    2The most important component of HRM is_________
    Astaffing
    Bplanning
    Cmonitoring

    3According to the passageit is important for the employees to know the career pathpaytraining and other opportunities through_________
    Anotices
    Bpolicies
    Cadvertisements

    4We can use_________to evaluate career improvement and to determine pay increases
    Astaffing
    BHRM policies
    Cperformance management

    5_________is NOT mentioned in the text about the success of HRM
    ARegular planning and monitoring
    BEvaluation
    CTraining

    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容判断文章句子正确(T)错误(F)(题10分)
    WAR FOR TALENT GOES ON IN JOB MARKET
    The war for talent reads like headlines from many years agobut it has never gone awaysays Eleanor Nickersondirector of UK operations for Top EmployersMany companies they have researched are short of talentsThough the companies may receive many applications


    they cannot find the people they want

    Top Employers’ research shows that offering good career chances is the key to attracting and keeping the talentSmart employees know their own value and will want to know what their employers can offer them after 5 or 10 years’ career developmentSokeeping staff is the biggest challenge employers face in the long run

    Yet not every employee feels that they can better their career chancesSome are still nervous about losing their jobsdespite a recent fall in unemploymentsays the Trades Union Congress (TUC)TUC points out that some fourfifths of new jobs created have been in part of the economy where average pay rates are less than an hour since the recession beganMany of these jobs are on temporary or zero hours contracts

    A report from the Office for National Statistics published in February showed that real wages have been falling consistently since 2010It’s the longest period since at least 1964We’re still in the hardest living standards squeeze for over a century and those who are already working have had years of realterms pay cuts says TUC spokesperson Liz ChinchenUnderstanding the pressures that staff face is a good starting point for any employerIf employers want to show concern for their staffthey should be paying them well and understand that zero hours contracts bring insecurity and extreme money worries
    操作提示句子正确选择拉选项框T句子错误选择拉选项框F
    1According to research by Top Employersmany corporations have enough talents for their development[答案]F
    2The data shows the key to attracting talents is to offer high salary[答案]F
    3The biggest challenge for employers to is keeping staff in the long run[答案]T
    4Not all employees believe that they can get a better offer[答案]T
    5The wages have been rising consistently since 2010[答案]F
    单元测3 试题答案
    备注:测试中6道机题中5道选择题1道完形填空题
    第题:选择填空(题10分5题)
    ―_________Everything is going smoothly
    [答案]What do you think of everything

    ―Are you going on holiday for a long time
    ―__________________
    AIt was a long time
    BTwo weeks ago
    CNoOnly a couple of days

    ―I wonder if I could use your computer tonight


    ―_________
    ASurego ahead
    BIt doesn’t matter
    CWho cares

    ―In what form will you take the investment
    ―__________________
    AYeswe will
    BWe’ll contribute a site and the required premises
    CWe’ll give investment

    ―Is it more advisable to upgrade our present facilities than taking the risk of opening a new park
    ―__________________
    AThank you
    BI’m glad to hear that
    CI don’t think so

    ―Is it possible for you to expand business there
    ―__________________
    AI like it
    BI’d love to
    CYesI think so

    A budget is an estimation of the_________and_________over a specified future period of time
    Acostexpense
    Brevenueexpenses
    Crevenueinterest

    If the building project_________by the end of this month is delayedthe construction company will be fined
    Ato be completed
    Bis completed
    Cbeing completed

    John as well as Mike_________just been back from an important meeting
    Ahave
    Bhas
    Chad

    Let’s discuss these problems at the meeting_________
    Ado we
    Bshall we
    Cwill you

    Purchasing the new production line will be a_________deal for the company


    Aprofitable
    Bforceful
    Ctremendous

    Rentelectricity and insurance are all examples of the company’s_________
    Aoverhead
    Bturnover
    Cassets

    The manager urged his staff not to_________the splendid opportunity
    Aslide
    Bmiss
    Cescape

    They are trying to_________the waste discharged by the factory for profit
    Aexpose
    Bexhaust
    Cexploit

    They recommended that the amusement park_________
    Awas extended
    Bwill be extended
    Cbe extended

    You can go out_________you promise to be back before 12 o’clock
    Aso far as
    Bas far as
    Cas long as

    第二题:阅读理解翻译听力理解完形填空(题型机)(50分)
    列带★题库中抽中1道试题
    ★翻译
    面句子选择正确翻译(题10分)
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1The cost of the new project will go over budget
    A新项目支出超预算
    B新项目支出预算
    C新项目支出重新核算

    2How will the evaluation of these investments be carried out
    A进行项目投资


    B投资进行评估呢
    C项目进行评价

    3A credit card is an interest free shortterm loan
    A信卡短期息贷款
    B信卡倾短期贷款
    C信卡贷款款

    4Assessing the data is a vital part of creating an effective marketing strategy
    A数评估制定效市场营销策略
    B数评估市场策略非常重
    C数评估制定效市场营销策略重环

    5We should discourage people from using their cars in the city centers
    A应该鼓励市中心开车
    B应该鼓励市中心开车
    C应该劝阻市中心开车

    ★完型填空(空10分)
    操作提示通题目中拉选项框选择恰词语补全填空
    Many people who work in London prefer to live outside itand to go to their officesfactories or schools every day by train or by buseven though this means they have to get up earlier in the morning and{arriveget togo}home later in the evening

    One benefit of living outside London is that houses are cheaperEven a small flat in London{withoutwithnear}a garden costs quite a lot to rentWith the same moneyone can get a little house in the{cityplacecountry}with a garden of his own

    Thenin the country one can be free{out offromwithout}the noise and hurry of the townAlthough one has to get up earlier and spend more time in trains or busedone can sleep better at nightandduring weekends and on summer eveningsone can enjoy the fresh clean air of the countryIf one likes gardeningone can spend one’s spare time diggingplantingwatering and doing a lot of other jobs which are needed in the gardenThenwhen the flowers and vegetables come upone has the reward of a person who has shared the secrets of{workingnaturegardening}
    (1)
    Aarrive
    Bget to
    Cgo

    (2)
    Awithout
    Bwith
    Cnear



    (3)
    Acity
    Bplace
    Ccountry

    (4)
    Aout of
    Bfrom
    Cwithout

    (5)
    Aworking
    Bnature
    Cgardening

    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容完成相应选择题(题10分)
    THREE STEPS TO A GOOD MARKETING BUDGET
    Without good budget managementyou are likely to overspend on marketing accidentallyHere are three steps that help to make a good marketing budget

    STEP 1 ORGANIZE FINANCIAL INFORMATION

    The first step is to be clear of your current financial situationYou need to know how much money your company makes monthly and the changes that might arise in the futureAlthough income flows change throughout the yearyou must organize the information based on reliable revenuethe minimum amount of money your company makes each month

    A realistic budget plan will always focus on the income that exceeds the expensesnot the total revenue that comes inWhen you have determined the amount of disposable income available for the companyyou should determine where the money will go

    STEP 2 DETERMINE WHERE YOU WANT TO SPEND MARKETING FUNDS

    After you know the total amount available to spend on marketingthe next step is how you plan to spend that moneyThree main factors decide how you spend marketing funds the budget amountyour past experiencesand where you can reach the right audience

    You will start organizing how to spend the funds based on the amountBesidesyou need to consider the strategies that have worked in the pastAlsoyou need to consider which marketing channels will allow you to reach the right audience

    STEP 3 ASSESS DATA AND MAKE APPROPRIATE CHANGES

    The final step in building a good marketing budget is the analysis of the plan and any changes that may improve revenueUltimatelymarketing is designed to bring in extra revenue


    If the activity does not bring in any additional revenue over its costthen it is better to change strategy and try something else

    Assessing the data is a vital part of creating an effective marketing strategyEvaluation begins with comparing past performance to the performance after marketing the product or servicesHowevera good budget alone is not enoughYou have to take action and remain committed to following through your planBy keeping the budget in mind when you make decisionsyou will have the opportunity to work out different strategies to find the best solutions for your business goals and prevent overspending on marketing
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1What should the budget plan be based on
    AThe company’s reliable expense
    BThe company’s reliable income
    CThe company’s reliable cost

    2What does disposable income mean in Passage 3
    ATotal income
    BPrevious income
    CNet income

    3You have to be clear of_________when organizing financial information
    Athe income and expenses
    Bthe marketing fund
    Cthe budget management

    4The three main factors that decide how you spend marketing funds are_________
    Athe money you have earnedthe actual expenses and the money you will expend
    Bthe budget amountyour past experiences and where you can reach the right audience
    Cthe assets you havethe product and the income

    5Keeping the budget in mind when making marketing decisions will avoid_________
    Ausing less than you earn
    Busing money unnecessarily
    Cusing more than you earn

    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容判断文章句子正确(T)错误(F)(题10分)
    SAVE MONEY BY UNDERSTANDING WHY YOU SPEND IT
    To save moneyyou simply need to spend less than you earnIt is easy to saybut why is it so difficult to do To answer this questionyou need to study the factors that keep you spending all the time
    EASY ACCESS TO CREDIT


    For most peoplethis is the biggest reason for overspendingPeople can easily get a credit cardsimply by filling out a short form in a bank or jumping on their websiteThey can borrow money from banks to go shoppingeven buy cars or housesWhen you aren’t physically handing someone money or a check for a purchaseyou will feel you are spending free money or you aren’t spending money at allTry using cash to get your spending under control
    MISUSING CREDIT CARDS
    A credit card is an interest free shortterm loanWhen used as plannedthis can be a powerful financial toolThe problem is when you begin to let the balance continue from month to monthIf you make a 200 purchase on your credit card and find out that at the end of the month you can’t afford to repay the full amountthis is when the high interest rates on the cards really begin to hurt youThat is no way of saving money
    GIVING IN TO TEMPTATION
    We all need to enjoy lifebut don’t waste your financial future for a few guilty pleasures today if they aren’t in your budgetWhen you know that you can’t afford an activitydon’t give inInsteadinvite your friends over for a home dinner partygame nightor some other activities where you can still enjoy time togetherbut without breaking your budget
    SPENDING TO FEEL GOOD
    Everyone enjoys getting something newbuying yourself something feels goodThere is absolutely nothing wrong with thisas long as you don’t go overboardYou’ll feel good about your purchase whether you make it with cash or by credit cardbut you’ll feel even better when you don’t have to spend the next two years trying to pay it off with 20 interest
    操作提示句子正确选择拉选项框T句子错误选择拉选项框F
    1You have to pay for the credit card loans by the end of each month[答案]T
    2Using a credit card to pay is spending free money[答案]F
    3It’s easy to get a credit card but hard to make ends meet[答案]T
    4If you suffer from a deficit this monthyou simply have to pay it off by the original amount in the future[答案]F
    5Spending to feel good means keeping your spending within the budget[答案]T
    单元测4 试题答案
    备注:测试中6道机题中5道选择题1道完形填空题
    第题:选择填空(题10分5题)
    ―How did you miss your train
    ―__________________
    AWellI was caught in the traffic jam
    BWhat’s your proposal
    CNever mind

    ―I’m dog tiredI can’t walk any furtherTommy


    ―_________JennyYou can do it
    ANo problem
    BCome on
    CNo hurry

    ―I’ve started my own software company
    ―__________________
    ACould you tell me who is the owner
    BNo kidding Congratulations
    CIf I had the moneyI’d start one

    ―It’s getting darkI’m afraid I must be off now
    ―OK_________
    ATake it easy
    BGo slowly
    CSee you

    ―When do we have to pay the bill
    ―_________December 30
    ABy
    BIn
    CDuring

    ―Would you like some more beer
    ―_________please
    AJust a little
    BNo more
    CI’ve had enough

    Bring me a glass of beer_________
    Ashall I
    Bdon’t you
    Cwill you

    Can you tell me how_________to the railway stationplease
    Agetting
    Bto get
    Cgot

    I_________to know how often the bus runs during rush hour
    Aoccur
    Bhappen
    Ctake place

    I bought a new car last monthbut I_________my old car yet
    Adid not sell
    Bhave not sold


    Chad not sold

    I didn’t finish my homeworkNeither_________
    Adid he
    Bdidn’t he
    Che did

    In Beijingthe best season in a year is probably_________autumn
    Alate
    Blater
    Clatter

    Many factors both at home and abroad_________the bankruptcy of the multinational corporation
    Abased on
    Bput on
    Ccontributed to

    Raising pigs_________my job at that time
    Awas
    Bwere
    Chas been

    We_________the last bus and didn’t have any money for taxiso we had to walk home
    Alost
    Bmissed
    Ccaught

    第二题:阅读理解翻译听力理解完形填空(题型机)(50分)
    列带★题库中抽中1道试题
    ★翻译
    面句子选择正确翻译(题10分)
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1We should discourage people from using their cars in the city centers
    A应该鼓励市中心开车
    B应该鼓励市中心开车
    C应该劝阻市中心开车

    2Car owners may probably be against it at firstbut people who use public transportation will be in favor of it


    A车开始会支持公交通工具会反
    B车开始会反公交通工具会支持
    C车公交通工具会支持

    3You must apply for approval to do roadwork and other roadrelated activities
    A提出申请进行道路施工道路关活动
    B必须申请获批进行道路施工道路关活动
    C必须道路施工道路关活动提出申请

    4The first underground floor is set aside mainly for pedestrians and commercial facilitieswhile the second underground floor is planned for parking
    A层行通道商业设施二层计划作停车场
    B层仅行通道商业设施二层计划作停车场
    C层作停车场二层作行通行商业设施

    5The area of grass should be kept short to deny pests a place to live
    A长草区域应该害虫生存空间
    B草面积会害虫生存方
    C害虫总找生存空间草区域应

    ★听力理解
    听话录音根话容判断正误(题10分)
    TASK3 TESTMP3
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1How many people were fined for breaking traffic rules
    AOne
    BTwo
    CThree

    2Who got the biggest fine
    AMike
    BMike’s friend
    CHelen

    3Helen was fined for_________
    Aspeeding
    Bdrunk driving
    Cdriving in the wrong lane

    4How long did Mike’s friend have his driving license suspended
    ATwo months
    BThree months


    CFour months

    5Crackdown means_________
    Adownfall
    Bbreaking down
    Crestricting undesirable actions

    ★完型填空(空10分)
    操作提示通题目中拉选项框选择恰词语补全填空
    It’s very interesting to study names of different countriesChinese names are different from foreign namesOnce an English lady came to{look atwatchvisit}meWhen I was introduced to her she saidGlad to meet youMiss Ping Then she gave me her name card with three words on it Betty JBlackSo I saidThank youMiss Betty We looked at each other and laughed heartilyLater I found that the English people{putbroughttook}their family names last and the given names firstwhile their middles are not used very muchI explained to her that the Chinese family name{camecomesput}firstthe given name lastso she{wouldcouldshould}never call me Miss PingShe asked if we Chinese had a middle nameI told her we didn’tBut people may often find three words on a Chinese name cardIn this case the family name still comes firstthe other words after it{iswasare}a twoword given nameIt is quite usual in ChinaMy sister is Li XiaofangShe has two words in her given name instead of just one like mine
    (1)
    Alook at
    Bwatch
    Cvisit

    (2)
    Aput
    Bbrought
    Ctook

    (3)
    Acame
    Bcomes
    Cput

    (4)
    Awould
    Bcould
    Cshould

    (5)
    Ais
    Bwas
    Care



    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容完成相应选择题(题10分)
    BEIJING’S ROADS FOR THE FUTURE
    The road system in Beijing’s central business district (CBD) is being redesigned to make public transportation easy and improve efficiency

    Plans for 45 roads within the CBD have been approvedmeasuring 415 kilometers in totalIn addition to public busesfree or low price shuttle buses from residence areas to subway stations will also be provided for commuters
    This is just over four times the number of roads opened in 2007and will add another 155 km to the existing road network
    Besides roadsan underground traffic system has also been operatingwhich includes four new subway lines beneath the CBD
    The underground connection system is made up of two levelsThe first underground floor is set aside mainly for pedestrians and commercial facilitieswhile the second underground floor is planned for parking
    The city has also invested 140 million yuan to set up a traffic inquiry systemthrough which the public can check traffic conditions online and see the most convenient routes on their GPS systemIn the futurethe CBD will be fully covered by an intelligent traffic control system
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1The road system in Beijing’s downtown area is being to make public transportation easy and improve efficiency
    Abuilt
    Bdesigned again
    Cconstructed

    2An underground system including new subway lines beneath the CBD has been operating
    A2
    B3
    C4

    3The underground connection system consists of_________level(s)
    Aone
    Btwo
    Cthree

    4CBD stands for_________
    ACentral Business District
    BConvention on Biological Diversity
    CChemistry and Biomedical Engineering

    5Beijing has set up_________for people to check traffic conditions
    Atraffic lights
    Bunderground floor


    Ca traffic inquiry system

    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容完成相应选择题(题10分)
    ROAD CLOSURE PROCEDURES IN SYDNEY
    To minimize traffic jams in the city center and on major roads out of Sydneythe City’s highway department will not agree to road closures scheduled for weekdays or SaturdaysOn minor roads outside the city centerweekdays and Saturdays may be consideredYou must apply for approval to do roadwork and other roadrelated activitiestree cutting and use of very large construction machineryladdersetcPlease note that approval is needed if you plan to block the road or footpath
    Applications to have a road closed to traffic must be completed and sent to the Department’s Traffic Calming Committee at least a month before the scheduled date
    Roads can be closed partially or fullydepending on your requirementsPartial road closures are only allowed in light traffic areas where there will be at least 1 lane for traffic with extra traffic control measures to make sure 2way traffic can continue to run for the duration of the workAny change of traffic flow will require the proposal to be treated as a full road closureFor further information about a partial road closureplease refer to Contacts
    If you are organizing a parademarch or other type of streetbased eventapproval is also required and we recommend you choose one of our 4 preferred routesChoosing an existing route reduces the amount of planning you will need to do
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1As a ruleSydney’s highway department will agree to road closures in the city centre scheduled for_________
    Aweekdays
    BSaturdays
    CSundays

    2If you want a road closed to trafficyou must complete your applications and send them to the relevant committee at least_________before the scheduled date
    Aa week
    B30 days
    Ctwo months

    3Partial of full road closures are decided by_________
    Athe requirements from applicants
    Bthe traffic flow
    Cthe road conditions

    4Which is NOT the condition for partial road closures according to the passage
    AIn light traffic areas
    BOn work days
    CThere will be at least 1 lane for traffic during the work

    5Which is the best title of this passage


    ARoad Closure Procedures in Sydney
    BRoad Conditions in Sydney
    CRoad Management in Sydney

    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容判断文章句子正确(T)错误(F)(题10分)
    BEIJING’S ROADS FOR THE FUTURE
    The road system in Beijing’s central business district(CBD)is being redesigned to make public transportation easy and improve efficiency
    Plans for 45 roads within the CBD have been approvedmeasuring 415 kilometers in totalIn addition to public busesfree or low price shuttle buses from residence areas to subway stations will also be provided for commuters
    This is just over four times the number of roads opened in 2007and will add another 155 km to the existing road network
    Besides roadsan underground traffic system has also been operatingwhich includes four new subway lines beneath the CBD
    The underground connection system is made up of two levelsThe first underground floor is set aside mainly for pedestrians and commercial facilitieswhile the second underground floor is planned for parking
    The city has also invested 140 million yuan to set up a traffic inquiry systemthrough which the public can check traffic conditions online and see the most convenient routes on their GPS systemIn the futurethe CBD will be fully covered by an intelligent traffic control system
    操作提示句子正确选择拉选项框T句子错误选择拉选项框F
    1The road system in Beijing’s central business district(CBD)is being designed again[答案]T
    2Commuters can only take public buses from residence areas to subway stations[答案]F
    3The redesigned road will be 155 kilometers long[答案]F
    4The underground traffic system has four new subway lines beneath the CBD[答案]T
    5Both levels of the underground connection system are planned for parking[答案]F
    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容判断文章句子正确(T)错误(F)(题10分)
    ROAD CLOSURE PROCEDURES IN SYDNEY
    To minimize traffic jams in the city center and on major roads out of Sydneythe City’s highway department will not agree to road closures scheduled for weekdays or SaturdaysOn minor roads outside the city centerweekdays and Saturdays may be considered


    You must apply for approval to do roadwork and other roadrelated activitiestree cutting and use of very large construction machineryladdersetcPlease note that approval is needed if you plan to block the road or footpath
    Applications to have a road closed to traffic must be completed and sent to the Department’s Traffic Calming Committee at least a month before the scheduled date
    Roads can be closed partially or fullydepending on your requirementsPartial road closures are only allowed in light traffic areas where there will be at least 1 lane for traffic with extra traffic control measures to make sure 2way traffic can continue to run for the duration of the workAny change of traffic flow will require the proposal to be treated as a full road closureFor further information about a partial road closureplease refer to Contacts
    If you are organizing a parademarch or other type of streetbased eventapproval is also required and we recommend you choose one of our 4 preferred routesChoosing an existing route reduces the amount of planning you will need to do
    操作提示句子正确选择拉选项框T句子错误选择拉选项框F
    1Closures scheduled for Sundays on minor roads outside the city center may be considered[答案]F
    2You need to get approval if you plan to block the road or footpath[答案]T
    3Roads can only be closed partially[答案]F
    4If you choose an existing route for a paradethe amount of planning will be reduced[答案]T
    5Road closure applications can be sent to the Department’s Traffic Calming Committee one week before the scheduled date[答案]F
    单元测5 试题答案
    备注:测试中6道机题中5道选择题1道完形填空题
    第题:选择填空(题10分5题)
    ―Do you mind if I smoke here
    ―__________________
    ANothanks
    BYesplease
    CYesbetter not

    ―Does she speak French or German
    ―She doesn’t_________
    Aeither
    Bneither
    Cnone

    ―If you invite a Muslim to dinnerwhat are you advised not to order for him
    ―_____________
    Achicken


    Bpork
    Cmutton

    ―Jack won’t like the filmyou know
    ―_________I don’t care what Jack thinks
    ASo why
    BSo what
    CSo how

    ―What vegetables are in season now
    ―Radish and carrot_________
    AI know
    BI see
    CI think

    ―What do you think about Japanese food
    ―____________________
    AOverallthe diet there is a healthy onelow fat
    BPublic environment has been greatly improved
    CI didn’t have much time to prepare foodso I ate out a lotV

    _________is known to alltoo much fat causes heart problems
    AIt
    BAs
    CJust as

    A vegetarian diet consists of the following EXCEPT_________
    Ameat
    Bvegetable
    Cfruit

    All things_________the planned flight will have to be can celled
    Abe considered
    Bconsidered
    Cconsidering

    I_________a book when the telephone_________
    Awas reading…rang
    Bread…rang
    Cwas reading…was ringing

    I don’t think anyone can accuse him_________not being honest
    Aof
    Bwith
    Cabout



    I’m used to_________up early now
    Aget
    Bgetting
    Cto get

    The machine_________this morning for no reason
    Abroke off
    Bbroke out
    Cbroke up

    This is the book_________I have learned a lot
    Ato which
    Bby whom
    Cfrom which

    We have spent all of our spare time_________our spare moneyon the project
    Aas soon as
    Bas long as
    Cas well as

    第二题:阅读理解翻译听力理解完形填空(题型机)(50分)
    列带★题库中抽中1道试题
    ★翻译
    面句子选择正确翻译(题10分)
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1Not only does the offending company suffer lossesbut the whole milk market suffers a sharp drop in sales
    A违规公司没遭受损失整奶制品市场销售额幅降
    B仅违规公司整奶制品市场遭受损失销售额幅降
    C仅违规公司遭受损失整奶制品市场销售额幅降

    2But at the moment the industrial standards are too low to stop these problems from occurring
    A目前行业标准太低阻止问题发生
    B目前行业标准太低法阻止问题发生
    C然目前行业标准太低够阻止问题发生

    3A question that often troubles food companies is how to control problems like rats and insects without harming the food
    A常困扰食品公司问题控制食物造成破坏老鼠昆虫


    B常困扰食品公司问题控制老鼠昆虫时会食物造成破坏
    C常困扰食品公司问题控制老鼠昆虫然会食物造成破坏

    4The area of grass should be kept short to deny pests a place to live
    A长草区域应该害虫生存空间
    B草面积会害虫生存方
    C害虫总找生存空间草区域应

    5Community service is a way for a person to give back to a community in which they live
    A社区服务退居社区种方式
    B社区服务回报居住社区种方式
    C社区服务社区种方式

    ★听力理解
    听话录音根话容判断正误(题10分)
    TASK3 TESTMP3
    操作提示句子正确选择拉选项框T句子错误选择拉选项框F
    1Helen is worried about food safety[答案]T
    2So farthe contaminated baby milk hasn’t caused any deaths yet[答案]F
    3Food incidents occur not as often nowadays as before[答案]F
    4Food safety is an old problem[答案]T
    5Public confidence in the milk industry will be back soon[答案]F

    ★听力理解
    听话录音根话容判断正误(题10分)
    TASK4 TESTMP3
    操作提示句子正确选择拉选项框T句子错误选择拉选项框F
    1Michael is still drinking Koukou Old Yogurt these days[答案]F
    2Industrial gelatin has reportedly been added into Koukou Old Yogurt[答案]T
    3There are heavy metals in the yogurt under discussion[答案]T
    4Food safety issues seem to be somewhat outstanding nowadays[答案]T
    5At present people eat very little processed food[答案]F



    ★听力理解
    听话录音根话容完成方题目(题10分)
    TASK4 TESTMP3
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1The problem with Koukou Old Yogurt is that it contains_________
    Aprocessed food
    Bleather products
    Cindustrial gelatin

    2We can infer from the dialog that lead is_________
    Aa heavy metal
    Bprocessed food
    Ca company manager

    3According to Michaelfood safety problems can’t be prevented because_________
    Athere aren’t any industrial standards
    Bthe industrial standards are too high
    Cthe industrial standards are too low

    4Melinda’s solution to the food safety problem is_________
    Apunishing the companies concerned severely
    Bsending a text message to the companies concerned
    Csending a text message to all the other companies

    5In the dialogsend a clear message to means to_________
    Apublish
    Bwarn
    Cinform

    ★完型填空(空10分)
    操作提示通题目中拉选项框选择恰词语补全填空
    Fruit is good for peopleMany people eat some{fruitpearsapples}every dayMrBlack and MrsBlack like fruit very much and every Monday MrsBlack goes to buy some fruit in the shop near her houseThe man in the shop knows her well and helps a lotShe can buy all{kindpieceskinds}of fruit therelike applespearsoranges and bananasIn different time of the year the{pricespricevalue}of each kind of fruit is not the{goodbadsame}sometimes highsomething lowMrsBlack likes to buy cheap fruitBut MrBlack likes bananas onlyShe buys bananas for him every weekShe only buys cheap{fruitgoodsproducts}for herself
    (1)
    Afruit
    Bpears
    Capples



    (2)
    Akind
    Bpieces
    Ckinds

    (3)
    Aprices
    Bprice
    Cvalue

    (4)
    Agood
    Bbad
    Csame

    (5)
    Afruit
    Bgoods
    Cproducts

    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容完成相应选择题(题10分)
    FOOD SAFETY
    A question that often troubles food companies is how to control problems like rats and insects without harming the foodPest control experts say poisons should never be used where they may enter foodThey say the first line of defense against pests is to clean the places where the food is handled or stored
    Floorsfood preparation surfaces and tools can be disinfected with chemicals like chlorineiodine or bromineFood containers should be stored about half a meter off the ground and about half a meter away from any wallsStorage areas should be kept dry and clean
    Containers for raw materials such as ricewheatetcshould be kept closed and cleanAny foodstuff split during delivery or handling should be cleared up both inside and outside the buildingPests enter a building from the outsideso pay attention to outer wallsSmall stones can be used to cover the ground and block the growth of plants and the grass should be kept short to deny pests a place to live
    Check that doors and windows are completely closedAlso any hole that might allow pests to enter a building should be filledRats can enter through a hole the size of a coinA mouse can pass through a hole half that size
    Supervisors should make a list of pest control measures to be taken by employeesThis will aid the efforts and also help prepare for any inspectionsIn most countriesthere is a food and drug administration bureauor some agency with a similar namewhich enforces rules nationwideresponsible for rules about the use of pesticidesetcHoweverbusinesses where food is storedprepared or sold must also follow state and local health lawsMost of these governmental departments or bureaus have their websites with information about food safety policies and other issuesPeople can easily access the information


    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1According to pest control expertswhy should poisons never be used in food companies
    ABecause they may enter food
    BBecause they may kill rats
    CBecause they may be harmful to the plants

    2What is the first line of defense against pests
    ATo check that doors and windows are completely closed
    BTo clean the places where food is handled or stored
    CTo fill any hole that might allow pests to enter a building

    3How can floorsfood preparation surfaces and tools be disinfected
    AWith smoke
    BWith water
    CWith chemicals

    4Why should attention be paid to outer walls
    ATo prevent pests from entering a building from outside
    BTo keep moist from entering a building from outside
    CTo stop sun rays from entering a building from outside

    5What dose the passage mainly talk about
    AWhy poisons should never be used where they may enter food
    BWhy the growth of plants should be blocked and grass be kept short
    CHow to control rats and insects without harming the food

    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容完成相应选择题(题10分)
    The International Food Safety Authorities Network (INFOSAN)
    With the rapid globalization of food production and tradeinternational issues related to food safety are likely to increaseFood safety authorities all over the world have realized that food safety problems should be carried out at both national and international levelsThere is a pressing need for exchanging routine information on food safety issuesand sharing experiences and information quickly when a food safety related event takes place
    INFOSAN is a joint program between the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)This global network includes 181 Member StatesEach has a designated INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point which manages communication between national food safety authorities
    The network aims to
    Promote the rapid exchange of information during food safety related events
    Share information on important food safety related issues of global interest
    Promote partnership and cooperation between countries
    Help countries strengthen their capacity to manage food safety risks
    As part of its routine activitiesthe INFOSAN Secretariat publishes reports in six languages and provides members with summaries and guidance on relevant food safet


    y issues
    INFOSAN helps exchange food safety information and experience among its membersIt is also a useful resource for other public health organizations which recognize INFOSAN as an organization through which findings of investigations and strategies for improving food safety may be shared
    INFOSAN monitors possible international food safety related events in close cooperation with the WHO Alert and Response Operations programINFOSAN can work with other international organizations to provide assistance to the countries or regions with emerging food safety events of possible international concern
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1The need for regular exchange of information on food safety issues is__________when a food safety related event emerges
    Aunnecessary
    Burgent
    Cunimportant

    2It is__________that international issues related to food safety will increase
    Aunlikely
    Bimpossible
    Cprobable

    3The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) carries out the food safety problem __________
    Awith WHO
    Balone
    Csuccessfully
    答案]A
    4INFOSAN is responsible for the following EXCEPT__________
    Apromoting information exchange
    Bhelping countries manage food safety risks
    Cpromoting trade between countries

    5__________has a designated INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point for communication between national food safety authorities
    AEvery member state of INFOSAN
    BEvery member state of FAO
    CEvery member state of WHO

    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容判断文章句子正确(T)错误(F)(题10分)
    THE INTERNATIONAL FOOD SAFETY AUTHORITIES NETWORK (INFOSAN)
    With the rapid globalization of food production and tradeinternational issues related to food safety are likely to increase


    Food safety authorities all over the world have realized that food safety problems should be carried out at both national and international levelsThere is a pressing need for exchanging routine information on food safety issuesand sharing experiences and information quickly when a food safety related event takes place
    INFOSAN is a joint program between the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)This global network includes 181 Member StatesEach has a designated INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point which manages communication between national food safety authorities
    The network aims to
    Promote the rapid exchange of information during food safety related events
    Share information on important food safety related issues of global interest
    Promote partnership and cooperation between countries
    Help countries strengthen their capacity to manage food safety risks
    As part of its routine activitiesthe INFOSAN Secretariat publishes reports in six languages and provides members with summaries and guidance on relevant food safety issues
    INFOSAN helps exchange food safety information and experience among its membersIt is also a useful resource for other public health organizations which recognize INFOSAN as an organization through which findings of investigations and strategies for improving food safety may be shared
    INFOSAN monitors possible international food safety related events in close cooperation with the WHO Alert and Response Operations programINFOSAN can work with other international organizations to provide assistance to the countries or regions with emerging food safety events of possible international concern
    操作提示句子正确选择拉选项框T句子错误选择拉选项框F
    1It is probable that there will be more and more safety related issues worldwide[答案]T
    2Food safety authorities in each country believe that food safety problems should be solved within their country[答案]F
    3The major duty of the INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point in each FAO member state is to manage communication between national food safety authorities[答案]T
    4Public health organizations can get findings of investigations and strategies for food safety improvement from INFOSAN[答案]T
    5INFOSAN monitors possible international events concerning food safety independently[答案]F
    单元测6 试题答案
    备注:测试中6道机题中5道选择题1道完形填空题
    第题:选择填空(题10分5题)
    ―_____________
    ―Generally speakingwe are concerned with all aspects of promoting good health


    AWhat health care programs are there in the community
    BWhat are health care programs there in the community
    CWhat health care programs there are in the community

    ―_____________
    ―Once or twice a week
    AHow soon will you arrange for me to visit someone at home
    BHow often will you arrange for me to visit someone at home
    CHow long will you arrange for me to visit someone at home

    ―_____________
    ―To sum upit is a continual processfrom a newborn baby to the end of one’s life
    AHow do you feel about Community Health Service
    BWhat does Community Health Service mean exactly
    CWhat do you think of Community Health Service

    ―Anything else
    ―_____________
    AWe provide education relating to depression and anxiety
    BFirstwe provide education relating to depression and anxiety
    CMoreoverwe provide education relating to depression and anxiety

    ―Good morningVolunteering Mattershow can I help you
    ―_____________
    AGood morningI’d like to find out how I could pay online
    BGood morningI’d like to find out how I could make an appointment
    CGood morningI’d like to find out how I could become a volunteer

    Business people exercise their leadership in the community service are a________the commercial world
    Aas well as
    Bbut
    Cso

    Communities are part of everyday life and have positive_________on its members
    Aaffects
    Beffects
    Cefforts

    Community service is a great way to help people in their time of needIt is great to see the happiness that results_________it
    Aof
    Bin
    Cfrom



    Community service is important to me because it provides me with eyeopening experiences while ______ many people
    Abenefit
    Bbenefitting
    Cbenefits

    Community Services Program aims for all members of the community to_________to basic financial and material resourcesinformationadvice and referral
    Ahave a chance
    Bhave an opportunity
    Chave access

    Involvement in community activities_________an integral and inescapable part of senior managers’ jobs
    Aare seen as
    Bhas been seen as
    Chas seen as

    It takes small steps to create big change and this is_________servicelearning hopes to achieve
    Awhat
    Bthat
    Cwhich

    Knowing_________increases employee loyalty to the company and their leader
    Awhat their CEO was volunteering time for community service
    Bthat their CEO was volunteering time for community service
    Cthat was their CEO volunteering time for community service

    One of the main benefits of community service is that it_________a person’s character
    Asets
    Bbuilds
    Cmakes

    The online What’s on for Women provides information_________upcoming and ongoing events
    Aabout
    Bfor
    Cwith

    第二题:阅读理解翻译听力理解完形填空(题型机)(50分)
    列带★题库中抽中1道试题


    ★翻译
    面句子选择正确翻译(题10分)
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1Community service is a way for a person to give back to a community in which they live
    A社区服务退居社区种方式
    B社区服务回报居住社区种方式
    C社区服务社区种方式

    2Without community service people would not know the meaning of charity and giving back
    A社区服务做慈善回馈
    B没社区服务没慈善回馈言
    C没社区服务会知道做慈善回馈意义

    3People of all age groupswith a maximum number of youth are involved in the process of community service
    A年龄段投身社区服务事业中中年轻
    B年龄段青春献社区服务
    C年龄段年轻投身社区服务事业中

    4Let’s go to Citibank instead of the other guy down the street because they are good corporate citizens
    A花旗银行吧街银行优秀公民
    B花旗银行吧街银行优秀公民企业
    C花旗银行吧街优秀公民企业

    5It was the late 1970s that American manufacturing factories realized that quality control was a significant issue
    A1970年代晚期美国制造业工厂意识质量控制重问题
    B美国制造业工厂1970年代发现质量控制重问题已晚
    C1970年代晚期美国制造业工厂意识质量控制重问题

    ★听力理解
    听话录音根话容完成方题目(题10分)
    TASK4 TESTMP3
    操作提示通题拉框选择题目正确答案
    1What are health care programs mainly about{Alcoholismdepression and anxietyThrough diethealthy livingcutting out smoking and so onCommunicationAll aspects of promoting good healthChronic sicknessThe familyFrom a newborn baby all the way up to the end of one’s lifeInformation}


    2What is the first part of community service health{Alcoholismdepression and anxietyThrough diethealthy livingcutting out smoking and so onCommunicationAll aspects of promoting good healthChronic sicknessThe familyFrom a newborn baby all the way up to the end of one’s lifeInformation}
    3How can people help themselves avoid illness{Alcoholismdepression and anxietyThrough diethealthy livingcutting out smoking and so onCommunicationAll aspects of promoting good healthChronic sicknessThe familyFrom a newborn baby all the way up to the end of one’s lifeInformation}
    4What areas are of growing concern{Alcoholismdepression and anxietyThrough diethealthy livingcutting out smoking and so onCommunicationAll aspects of promoting good healthChronic sicknessThe familyFrom a newborn baby all the way up to the end of one’s lifeInformation}
    5Who typically provides bedside care{Alcoholismdepression and anxietyThrough diethealthy livingcutting out smoking and so onCommunicationAll aspects of promoting good healthChronic sicknessThe familyFrom a newborn baby all the way up to the end of one’s lifeInformation}
    (1)
    AAlcoholism depression and anxiety
    BThrough diet healthy living cutting out smoking and so on
    CCommunication
    DAll aspects of promoting good health
    EChronic sickness
    FThe family
    GFrom a newborn baby all the way up to the end of one's life
    HInformation

    (2)
    AAlcoholism depression and anxiety
    BThrough diet healthy living cutting out smoking and so on
    CCommunication
    DAll aspects of promoting good health
    EChronic sickness
    FThe family
    GFrom a newborn baby all the way up to the end of one's life
    HInformation

    (3)
    AAlcoholism depression and anxiety
    BThrough diet healthy living cutting out smoking and so on
    CCommunication
    DAll aspects of promoting good health
    EChronic sickness
    FThe family
    GFrom a newborn baby all the way up to the end of one's life
    HInformation

    (4)
    AAlcoholism depression and anxiety


    BThrough diet healthy living cutting out smoking and so on
    CCommunication
    DAll aspects of promoting good health
    EChronic sickness
    FThe family
    GFrom a newborn baby all the way up to the end of one's life
    HInformation

    (5)
    AAlcoholism depression and anxiety
    BThrough diet healthy living cutting out smoking and so on
    CCommunication
    DAll aspects of promoting good health
    EChronic sickness
    FThe family
    GFrom a newborn baby all the way up to the end of one's life
    HInformation

    ★完型填空(空10分)
    操作提示通题目中拉选项框选择恰词语补全填空
    Have you heard about Grandparents Week This important community event began{aswithin}a one day celebration in 2012 to commemorate National Grandparents DayIn 2014the ACT Government expanded the program to a whole week to fully{capturingcapturecaptures}the true worth of grandparents in all their various forms
    Grandparents Week is an annual event to honor and recognize the valuable contribution grandparents makeand the valuable role they playin their families and the wider ACT community
    This year’s festival includes an exciting range of eventsprograms and activities for young and old{plusaddincluding}those in between Sing some old time tunes or shake a move on the dance floorJoin a fun game of bowls or table tennis Play your hand at cardsAttend a Senior Club Open Day Partake in delicious morning teas {WhoeverHoweverWhatever}your vintage there’s something for everyone during Grandparents Week
    Does your community group have a great event or activity{out mindin mindof mind}for seniors Would you like to include it as part of the Grandparents Week 2016 program
    (1)
    Aas
    Bwith
    Cin

    (2)
    Acapturing
    Bcapture
    Ccaptures

    (3)


    Aplus
    Badd
    Cincluding

    (4)
    AWhoever
    BHowever
    CWhatever

    (5)
    Aout mind
    Bin mind
    Cof mind


    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容完成相应选择题(题10分)
    DoorKnocking
    Doorknocking is the most effective way of making facetoface community contactbut it has become a lost artWith the recent focus on customer privacydoorknocking seems like an intrusion into other people’s livesBut those who try it for the first time are usually surprised by the pleasant reception they receiveHere are some suggestions that will help you promote your services facetoface
    BEFORE YOU GO OUT
    ◆BEGIN WITH A DOOR HANGER
    Try leaving a door hanger two days before you go doorknockingIt should briefly describe the project and say that someone will be around in person
    ◆WEAR AN OFFICIAL NAME TAG
    Doorknockers should wear name tags with the logo of their organizationThe best name tags will also include a color photo and the name of the caller
    ◆HAVE PEOPLE KNOCK THEIR OWN BLOCKS
    The easiest way to do doorknocking is to try your local area firstBeing a neighbor creates an immediate connection with the person answering the doorafter thateverything else is easy
    ◆FIND A GOOD EXCUSE TO DOORKNOCK
    A short survey about local concerns or a current project is a good excuseFigure out responses for various situationsWhat if the person who answers the door cannot speak English What if a child answers the door
    WHEN YOU GO OUT
    ◆WHEN TO GO AND WHAT TO DO FIRST
    The best times to knock are usually SaturdaysOn other daysafter dinner is idealWhen someone answers the doorsmile and introduce yourselfsay you are a volunteer andif it helpsstate where you liveGive the name of your organization andbrieflythe reason for the visit
    ◆STATE WHAT ACTION THE OTHER PERSON SHOULD TAKE AND THE BENEFITS
    Tell the person what they need to do and how their actions will benefit themselves and others


    If a person hesitatesemphasize benefits you’ve already mentioned and thenif necessaryadd further benefitsIf a person agreesfollow up immediatelyIf possibleget a donationa signatureor a promise
    ◆RECORD CONTACT INFORMATION ON THE SPOT
    Record namesaddressesemail addressesphone numbersand responses to questions on the spotYou won’t remember them later
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1Why does the author say that doorknocking has become a lost art
    AIt is not effectiveno one will take this method any more
    BPeople focus on privacy increasinglyso doorknocking seems like an intrusion into other people’s lives
    CIt is very difficult to do doorknockingno one knows how to do it now

    2Which step should be firstly taken when you try doorknocking
    AFind a good excuse to doorknock
    BWear an official name tag
    CLeave a door hanger

    3What does the underlined phrase on the spot mean
    Awithout delay
    Bat some place
    Cin a difficult situation

    4Which time is not appropriate for door knocking
    ASaturday afternoon
    BMonday morning
    CThursday evening

    5Who will receive pleasant reception when they try doorknocking
    AA stranger who is not living in this community and gives no notice for hisher visit
    BAn offensive acquaintance who comes at any time
    CA neighbor who does good preparation and has significant project to introduce

    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容判断文章句子正确(T)错误(F)(题10分)
    ◆COMMUNITY SERVICE
    Community service is a service or activity which is performed by someone or a group of people for the benefit of the public or public organizations
    While volunteers may provide community servicenot everyone taking part in a community service program is a volunteerbecause not everyone is doing it through their own choiceSometimes people are asked to do it bytheir governmentas part of a citizenship requirement instead of military servicethe courts and other criminal justice punishmentstheir schoolto meet the requirements of a classor to meet the requirements of graduationorin the case of parentsrequired to provide a certain number of hours of service in order for their child to be enrolled in a school or sports team


    There are also people providing community servicebut they receive some form of payment in return for their work
    ◆YOUTH COMMUNITY SERVICE
    Community service performed by young peoplealso known as youth serviceis intended to strengthen young peoples’ senses of civic engagement and communityand to help them achieve their educationaldevelopmental and social goals
    ◆HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION
    Many educational institutions in the United States require students to perform community service hours to graduate from high schoolIn some high schools in Washington Statefor examplestudents must complete 60 hours of community service to receive a diploma
    ◆CONDITIONS OF PARTICIPATION
    Contribution of service is a condition of enrollment in some programsMost commonlyparents may be required to serve for their child to be enrolled in a school or sports team
    ◆COLLEGES
    Though technically not a requirementmany colleges make community service an unofficial requirement for acceptanceHoweversome colleges prefer work experience over community serviceand some require that their students also participate in community service in order to graduate
    操作提示句子正确选择拉选项框T句子错误选择拉选项框F
    1The organizer is the beneficiary of community service[答案]F
    2Some people who take part in community services are not volunteers[答案]T
    3Most of the youth who volunteer in community service are motivated by personal purposes[答案]F
    4In some high schoolsstudents must complete certain hours of community service to receive a diploma[答案]T
    5Every university considers community service is the most important experience for students among other practiceslike internship[答案]F

    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容选词填空(题10分)
    Community Service
    Community service is a service or activity which is performed by someone or a group of people for the benefit of the public or public organizations
    While volunteers may provide community servicenot everyone taking part in a community service program is a volunteerbecause not everyone is doing it through their own choiceSometimes people are asked to do it bytheir governmentas part of a citizenship requirement instead of military servicethe courts and other criminal justice punishmentstheir schoolto meet the requirements of a classor to meet the requirements of graduationorin the case of parentsrequired to provide a certain number of hours of service in order for their child to be enrolled in a school or sports team


    There are also people providing community servicebut they receive some form of payment in return for their work
    ◆YOUTH COMMUNITY SERVICE
    Community service performed by young peoplealso known as youth serviceis intended to strengthen young peoples’ senses of civic engagement and communityand to help them achieve their educationaldevelopmental and social goals
    ◆HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION
    Many educational institutions in the United States require students to perform community service hours to graduate from high schoolIn some high schools in Washington Statefor examplestudents must complete 60 hours of community service to receive a diploma
    ◆CONDITIONS OF PARTICIPATION
    Contribution of service is a condition of enrollment in some programsMost commonlyparents may be required to serve for their child to be enrolled in a school or sports team
    ◆COLLEGES
    Though technically not a requirementmany colleges make community service an unofficial requirement for acceptanceHoweversome colleges prefer work experience over community serviceand some require that their students also participate in community service in order to graduate
    操作提示通题目中拉选项框选择恰词语补全句子
    1I{community serviceeducational institutionsvolunteer insense ofthe benefit ofare asked tostrengthencitizenship requirement}our community because a great impact can be made on others’ lives through simple actions
    2{community serviceeducational institutionsvolunteer insense ofthe benefit ofare asked tostrengthencitizenship requirement}programs or activities are seen as opportunities for experiential learning
    3Sometimes the government asks its people to serve their communities to meet the{community serviceeducational institutionsvolunteer insense ofthe benefit ofare asked tostrengthencitizenship requirement}
    4Community service can be defined as a service that is performed for{community serviceeducational institutionsvolunteer insense ofthe benefit ofare asked tostrengthencitizenship requirement}the public
    5Community service is a commitmentA person must want to do it with good intentions and not because they{community serviceeducational institutionsvolunteer insense ofthe benefit ofare asked tostrengthencitizenship requirement}do so
    (1)
    Acommunity service
    Beducational institutions
    Cvolunteer in
    Dsense of
    Ethe benefit of
    Fare asked to
    Gstrengthen
    Hcitizenship requirement

    (2)


    Acommunity service
    Beducational institutions
    Cvolunteer in
    Dsense of
    Ethe benefit of
    Fare asked to
    Gstrengthen
    Hcitizenship requirement

    (3)
    Acommunity service
    Beducational institutions
    Cvolunteer in
    Dsense of
    Ethe benefit of
    Fare asked to
    Gstrengthen
    Hcitizenship requirement

    (4)
    Acommunity service
    Beducational institutions
    Cvolunteer in
    Dsense of
    Ethe benefit of
    Fare asked to
    Gstrengthen
    Hcitizenship requirement

    (5)
    Acommunity service
    Beducational institutions
    Cvolunteer in
    Dsense of
    Ethe benefit of
    Fare asked to
    Gstrengthen
    Hcitizenship requirement
    单元测7 试题答案
    备注:测试中6道机题中5道选择题1道完形填空题
    第题:选择填空(题10分5题)
    ―_________about it now
    ―Every time a customer has complained we’ve followed our store policy and offered them an exchange or a full refund
    AWhat’s the plan
    BWhat’s be doing


    CWhat’s being done

    ―How is everything going
    ―_________we’ve been quite busy this month and there’s been quite a lot of progress since the last inspection
    AYou can just look
    BAs you can see
    CPlease just look around

    ―I’d like to take a look first at those structural support beams that were going to be put in place on the second floor
    ―_________here’s your jacket and helmetand you’d better put on these boots as wellit’s our site policy
    AGood
    BYou’re welcome
    CCertainly

    ―I suggest you offer affected customers a discount on their next store purchaseexplain the situation and apologize to them
    ―Rightof course_________
    AI’ll get on it right away
    BI got it now
    CI understand perfectly

    ―What’s the latest situation with all these customer complaints we’ve been receiving
    ―_________the quality of the material has not always been up to standard
    AI believe
    BI’m afraid
    CI think

    A Chinese company is going to_______over the wellknown Japanese company TOSHIBA Corporation
    Aget
    Btake
    Cturn

    Apple almost lost its dominance in the smartphone market_________it became clear that it was difficult to make a call using the much expected iPhone 4
    Awhen
    Bthat
    Cwhere

    I’m going to have a_________with Mark about this issue tomorrow
    Aspeech
    Bsentence
    Cword



    Let’s go_________the reports on the latest work
    Aover
    Bwith
    Cto

    Not only_________many cars built in the 1970s ugly and poorly designedthey also became very unreliable after 4050 thousand miles
    Awas
    Bare
    Cwere

    Our new school building is_________construction
    Aunder
    Bin
    Chaving

    Proper controls that should_________developed as part of routine safety procedures were not in place
    Ahas been
    Bhave been
    Cbe

    The products of this company are always_________to standardthey have very strict quality control process
    Aclose
    Bdown
    Cup

    Then the situation_________worse by human error because of the lack of proper training
    Awas
    Bwas made
    Chas became

    Unluckilysome Quality Management System failures_________headlines
    Ado make
    Bdoes make
    Cdo not make

    第二题:阅读理解翻译听力理解完形填空(题型机)(50分)
    列带★题库中抽中1道试题
    ★翻译


    面句子选择正确翻译(题10分)
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1Quality control is a series of activities that ensure and improve the quality of products and service
    A质量控制系列确保提高产品质量服务行
    B质量控制确保提高产品服务质量系列行
    C质量控制系列确保提高产品质量服务行

    2The goal of statistical quality control was to gather data that would allow for the constant improvement of manufacturing processes
    A统计质量控制目标收集数便断改进制造工艺
    B统计目标质量控制收集数便断改进制造工艺
    C统计质量控制目标收集数断允许改进制造工艺

    3Involvementparticipationand teamwork are seen as absolute’ must haves’ if a quality workplace is to be created
    A员工介入员工参团队合作绝必须东西果创造高质量工作环境
    B果创造高质量工作环境员工介入员工参团队合作视绝必条件
    C果高质量工作环境创造出绝必须条件视员工介入员工参团队合作

    4It was the late 1970s that American manufacturing factories realized that quality control was a significant issue
    A1970年代晚期美国制造业工厂意识质量控制重问题
    B美国制造业工厂1970年代发现质量控制重问题已晚
    C1970年代晚期美国制造业工厂意识质量控制重问题

    5Doorways offer no greater protection than any other area
    A出入口保护作区域更强
    B出入口保护作区域强
    C出入口保护作强区域相

    ★听力理解
    点击听话录音根话容判断正误(题10分)
    TASK4 TESTMP3
    操作提示句子正确选择拉选项框T句子错误选择拉选项框F
    1Mike is met by an engineer at the construction site[答案]F


    2The construction site doesn’t look very busy[答案]F
    3Mike doesn’t inspect the whole construction site[答案]T
    4It is not the first time the construction site being inspected[答案]T
    5Fraser knows clearly how the quality is controlled at the construction site[答案]T

    ★听力理解
    听话录音根话容找出COLUMN A中方应产品质量问题(题10分)
    TASK3 TESTMP3
    操作提示通拉框选择题目正确答案
    COLUMN A COLUMN B

    1Customers
    {Trying to understand and solve the problemTalking to the supplierMaking complaints to the storeOffering customers an exchange or a full refundReporting the quality problem to the manager}
    2The store
    {Trying to understand and solve the problemTalking to the supplierMaking complaints to the storeOffering customers an exchange or a full refundReporting the quality problem to the manager}
    3The purchasing department
    {Trying to understand and solve the problemTalking to the supplierMaking complaints to the storeOffering customers an exchange or a full refundReporting the quality problem to the manager}
    4The manager
    {Trying to understand and solve the problemTalking to the supplierMaking complaints to the storeOffering customers an exchange or a full refundReporting the quality problem to the manager}
    5Frank
    {Trying to understand and solve the problemTalking to the supplierMaking complaints to the storeOffering customers an exchange or a full refundReporting the quality problem to the manager}
    (1)
    ATrying to understand and solve the problem
    BTalking to the supplier
    CMaking complaints to the store
    DOffering customers an exchange or a full refund
    EReporting the quality problem to the manager

    (2)
    ATrying to understand and solve the problem
    BTalking to the supplier
    CMaking complaints to the store


    DOffering customers an exchange or a full refund
    EReporting the quality problem to the manager

    (3)
    ATrying to understand and solve the problem
    BTalking to the supplier
    CMaking complaints to the store
    DOffering customers an exchange or a full refund
    EReporting the quality problem to the manager

    (4)
    ATrying to understand and solve the problem
    BTalking to the supplier
    CMaking complaints to the store
    DOffering customers an exchange or a full refund
    EReporting the quality problem to the manager

    (5)
    ATrying to understand and solve the problem
    BTalking to the supplier
    CMaking complaints to the store
    DOffering customers an exchange or a full refund
    EReporting the quality problem to the manager

    ★听力理解
    听话录音根话容完成方题目(题10分)
    TASK3 TESTMP3
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1What is the product they are talking about
    ASkirts
    BShirts
    CMaterials

    2What is the problem with the product
    AQuality
    BColor
    CQuantity

    3Who first finds out the problem
    AThe supplier
    BThe customer
    CThe store

    4Who first receives the customer’s complaints
    AThe supplier
    BThe manager


    CThe store

    5What is the source of the problem
    AThe purchasing department
    BThe store
    CThe supplier


    ★完型填空(空10分)
    操作提示通题目中拉选项框选择恰词语补全填空
    Total Quality Management (TQM)
    Total Quality Management (TQM) is a{comprehendcomprehensivecomprehension}and structured approach to organizational management that seeks to improve the quality of products and services{withthroughin}ongoing refinements in response to continuous feedbackTQM requirements may be defined separately for a particular organization{orandas}may be in adherence to established standardssuch as the International Organization for Standardization’s ISO 9000 seriesTQM can be applied to any type of organizationit originated in the manufacturing sector and has since been adapted for use in almost every type of organization imaginable{amongbesidesincluding}schoolshighway maintenancehotel managementand churchesAs a current focus of ebusinessTQM is based on quality management{fromtoat}the customer’s point of view
    (1)
    Acomprehend
    Bcomprehensive
    Ccomprehension

    (2)
    Awith
    Bthrough
    Cin

    (3)
    Aor
    Band
    Cas

    (4)
    Aamong
    Bbesides
    Cincluding

    (5)
    Afrom
    Bto
    Cat



    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容判断文章句子正确(T)错误(F)(题10分)
    NOTABLE QUALITY MANAGEMENT FAILURES
    A Quality Management System (QMS) should clearly understand customer requirementsand to provide good designqualified production in an effective and efficient way
    When the Quality Management System fails to fulfill its function and customer requirements are not metcustomers might be upsetmanagement and employees both might be unhappybut its negative influence is not so widespreadUnluckilysome Quality Management System failures do make headlines
    Here are three cases of famous quality management failures
    3 MILE ISLAND
    The worst nuclear disaster in UShistory broke out at the 3 Mile Island reactor facility in eastern Pennsylvania in March 1979Proper controls that should have been developed as part of routine safety procedures were not in placeThen the situation was made worse by human error because of the lack of proper trainingThe only new nuclear power stations built since that day were the ones already under construction
    FORD PINTO
    The Ford Pinto is the most wellknown and the worst disaster in the whole USautomobile industry in the 1970sApparently the entire USauto industry decided to spend the 1970s resting on their laurels after building great cars that sold well during the sixtiesNot only were many cars built in the 1970s ugly and poorly designedthey also became very unreliable after 4050 thousand milesThe Pinto tops the list of QMS failures because of its dangerous design faults and the questionable ethical decisions made by top management
    IPHONE 4
    Apple almost lost its dominance in the smartphone market when it became clear that it was difficult to make a call using the much expected iPhone 4Calls were dropped suddenly and frequently causing wide spread dissatisfaction among loyal customers who had upgraded to the new model early onIndependent tests showed that touching the left side of the case at a certain spot interrupted the signal and dropped the call – not a great feature for a handheld device mainly used to make callsMeanwhile Apple continued to deny or minimize the problemAs the problem continued to make news headlinesApple eventually agreed to a voluntary recall to correct the problem
    All of the above famous quality management failures could probably have been prevented if the principles of a fully functioning quality management system had been in place
    操作提示句子正确选择拉选项框T句子错误选择拉选项框F
    1A company should provide well designed products[答案]T
    2A company should place company’s interest at the first place[答案]F
    3A company should reduce the amount of waste[答案]T
    4A company should satisfy all employees’ requirements[答案]F
    5A company should produce qualified products[答案]T



    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容选择题目答案(题10分)
    The History of Quality Control
    Quality control is a series of activities that ensure and improve the quality of products and service
    The term ’quality control’ came into common use in the 1950s because of WEdward DemingHis ’Fourteen Points’ have become the bible for quality control specialistsWhen the postwar world returned to regular manufacturingDeming said that inspecting product quality after they were made was unacceptableInsteadhe proposed a process known as ’statistical quality control’It would use closely monitored performance measures to control quality while a product was being madeThe goal of statistical quality control was to gather data that would allow for the constant improvement of manufacturing processesThis would in turn improve quality control
    Another important principle of Deming’s beliefs was that upper management should be responsible for quality failuresHe strongly believed that it was possible for the workers to work hard to produce the highest quality products if they were given the right tools and working environmentIn Deming’s own words’the basic cause of sickness in American industry and the resulting unemployment is a failure of top management to manage’ He believed that strong leadership led to a motivated work force
    If strong leadership is the term for managers in a quality environmentthen empowerment is the key concept for workers in Deming’s systemImproved education and training are key factors in reaching employees and making them believe that their increased participation in the work process is an essential part of improving qualityInvolvementparticipationand teamwork are seen as absolute ’must haves’ if a quality workplace is to be created
    The Japanese were the first to use Deming’s Fourteen Pointsand made great successAs an exampleone Japanese factory doubled production in just one year and was expecting to gain an additional 25 percent improvement the following yearwith no increase in the amount of working hoursAll this happened as a result of simply improving qualityIt was in the late 1970s that American manufacturing factories realized that quality control was a significant issueBy that timeJapanese firms such as Honda and Sony were taking over large portions of the American consumer market while it took most American firms until the 1990s to put quality control practices in place
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1According to WEdward Demingwhat is the best time to control product quality
    ABefore a product is made{ABC}
    BAfter a product is made
    CDuring the production process

    2When there are quality failureswhere does WEdward Deming think the blame lies
    AIn the workforce


    BIn the upper management
    CIn the tools

    3Which of the following will not help to create a quality workplace
    AWorking alone
    BGroup participation
    CTraining programs

    4During which period were some Japanese firms winning American consumer markets over American firms
    A1990s
    B2000s
    C1970s

    5According to the passagewhich of the following statements about quality control is NOT correct
    AQuality control can lead to great success for a company
    BQuality control can be done within one department
    CQuality control requires constant improvement

    单元测8 试题答案
    备注:测试中6道机题中5道选择题1道完形填空题
    第题:选择填空(题10分5题)
    ―_______________
    ―We have sent out leaflets to all residentsexplaining what to do in an emergency
    AHow do you deal with emergency
    BWhat have you talked to the public
    CWhat do you want the residents do

    ―__________________
    ―With pleasureEmergency planning covers several different aspects
    ACould you explain when your work on emergency planning began
    BCould you explain why your work on emergency planning is still on
    CCould you explain how your work on emergency planning is going on

    ―__________________
    ―Firefire service please There’s a huge fire here
    A911how may I direct your call
    BHow may I help you
    CWhat can I do for you

    ―Hurry up If the fire spreads to the stairsit could block our way out
    ―_________This is no time for talking
    ALet’s run


    BWe’d better call 911
    CYou’re right

    ―Perhaps we should climb out of the window and jump down It’s only two floors
    ―_________We’d better wait for the rescue
    AThat’ a good idea
    BNowe can’t do that
    CI think we will kill ourselves

    _________these potential problemstwoway radios are preferable as they are extremely reliable for short distances and can broadcast to several people at once
    AConsidered
    BGiven
    CIncluding

    A campus emergency_________occur at any time of the day or nightweekendor holidaywith little or no warning
    Ahave to
    Bdared
    Cmay

    Chemical spill guidelines should be established by the lab supervisor and should take into_________the following
    Aconsideration
    Bconfidence
    Ccare

    Government agencies are responsible for declaring the evacuation of a given area and willin many instancesalready have evacuation plans_________
    Aout of place
    Bin place of
    Cin place

    Many disasters allow no time for people to gather even the most basic necessitieswhich is_____planning ahead is essential
    Awhy
    Bbecause
    Csince

    Patrols should be conducted by teams_________individuals
    Arather than
    Bno less than
    Cmore than

    Preparedness actions are aimed


    ______planningorganizingtrainingequippingexercisingevaluatingand implementing corrective actions to ensure effective coordination during incident response
    Ato
    Bat
    Cfor

    Some of the risks may be relevant to your communityFind out which ones by____wwwGetPrepareduk
    Avisiting
    Bvisit
    Cvisited

    These preparedness frameworks either exist in various stages of development___have been implemented
    Anor
    Band
    Cor

    When you complete Part 1you will be able to learn_________
    Ato what do for specific hazards
    Bwhat to do for specific hazards
    Cwhat do for specific hazards

    第二题:阅读理解翻译听力理解完形填空(题型机)(50分)
    列带★题库中抽中1道试题
    ★翻译
    面句子选择正确翻译(题10分)
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1Building occupants should not reenter the building until cleared by emergency personnel
    A楼房居民危险情况没应急员清完前应该次进入楼道
    B楼房居民危险情况没应急员清完前次进入楼道
    C楼房居民危险情况没应急员清完前应该次进入楼道

    2In additionit is recommended that all staff and faculty members maintain a personal emergency kit in their work area
    A外建议员工工作区放置套急救包
    B外员工推销工作区摆放套急救包
    C外员工建议公司工作区放置急救包



    3An emergency situation may result in recovery problems ranging from relatively minor to severe
    A紧急情况会导致相轻微严重种恢复问题
    B紧急情况会导致轻微者严重恢复问题
    C紧急情况定会导致相轻微严重种恢复问题

    4Doorways offer no greater protection than any other area
    A出入口保护作区域更强
    B出入口保护作区域强
    C出入口保护作强区域相

    5We will have to place ourselves where we can make the greatest contribution
    A做出贡献
    B应该项目
    C应该放做出贡献位置

    ★完型填空(空10分)
    操作提示通题目中拉选项框选择恰词语补全填空
    Over the decade 20012010an average of more than 700 natural and technological emergencies occurred globally every year{affectaffectingaffected}approximately 270 million people and causing over 130 000 deaths annuallyTwentyfive per cent of these emergenciesand 44 per cent of these deathsoccurred in less developed countries with limited capacities to prepare for and respond effectively{towithfor}emergenciesThese statistics do not include the high levels of mortality and morbidity associated with conflictrelated emergencies{Due toBased onAccording to}the World Bankover 15 billion people live in countries affected by violent conflictThese populations suffer from the consequences of societal disruption and increases in mortality and morbidity due to infectious diseasesacute malnutritiontrauma and complications from chronic diseases
    Over the same time periodrisks to public health{have increasedhas increasedincreases}due to globalizationand international travel and tradeSuch risks might be transmitted by people (egSARSinfluenzapolioEbola)goodsfoodanimals (egzoonotic disease)vectors (egdengueplagueyellow fever)or the environment (egradionuclear releaseschemical spills or other contamination)
    In all types of emergenciesthe poorest and most vulnerable people suffer disproportionatelyThese{positivenegativeaffirmative}impacts are complicated by the enormity of the resulting economic costsaveraging over US100 billion per yearThe appropriate and timely management of these risks requires effective national and international capacitiesintersectoral collaborationthe promotion of equitythe protection of human rightsand the advancement of gender equality
    (1)
    Aaffect
    Baffecting
    Caffected



    (2)
    Ato
    Bwith
    Cfor

    (3)
    ADue to
    BBased on
    CAccording to

    (4)
    Ahave increased
    Bhas increased
    Cincreases

    (5)
    Apositive
    Bnegative
    Caffirmative

    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容完成相应选择题(题10分)
    Ebola Surge — 2014
    The 2014 Ebola outbreak is the largest in history and the first Ebola outbreak in West AfricaAlthough the current epidemic does not cause a significant risk to other nationsmany countriesincluding China and the United States of Americahave actually been working closely with the Ebola hit statesFor examplethe US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is taking precautions at home besides its activities abroad
    CDC’ s team of virus hunters is supported by specialized public health teams both in West Africa and at the CDC Atlanta headquartersTogetherthey offer continuous support to save lives and protect peopleCDC works closely with a number of US government agenciesnational and international partnersCDC’ s experience of working with Ebola is important to the World Health Organization’s growing West Africa Ebola response
    On Sept22014CDC DirectorTom Frieden called for more international partners to join this effortThe sooner the world comes together to help West Africathe safer we all will beWe know how to stop this outbreakThere is a window of opportunity to do sothe challenge is to scale up the massive response needed to stop this outbreak
    CDC’ s response to Ebola is the largest international outbreak response in CDC’ s history with over 100 disease specialists on the ground in West Africasupported by hundreds of public health emergency response experts statesideactivated at Level 1its highest levelbecause of the significance of this outbreak
    The CDC supports affected countries to establish Emergency Operations Centers at national and local levels and helps countries track the epidemic including using realtime data to improve real time response
    Efforts in West Africa to identify those infected and track people who have come into contact with them are improvingThe CDC is operating and supporting labs in the r


    egion to improve diagnosis and testing samples from people with suspected Ebola from around the world
    Local health care systems are strengthened through communicationcoordination with partners and training on infection control for health care workers and safe patient treatment
    操作提示通题干拉框选择题目正确答案
    1How could we describe the 2014 Ebola outbreak
    AThe first one in western countries
    BIt did not ever threaten West Africa
    CNot the first but the largest one

    2The 2014 Ebola outbreak response was
    Aan American stateside activity
    Ban international activity
    Ca regional activity

    3What does the word massive mean in Para3
    AHuge
    BQuick
    CUrgent

    4How many disease specialists from CDC have gone to West Africa for the Ebola response
    ALess than 100
    BA hundred
    CMore than 100

    5What action does CDC take to respond to the large Ebola outbreak
    AWork closely with governmentalnational and international partners
    BCall for more partners to join this effort
    CEstablish Emergency Operations Centers

    ★阅读理解
    阅读面文章根文章容判断文章句子正确(T)错误(F)(题10分)
    How to Prepare an Emergency Response Plan for Your Workplace
    Emergencies and disasters can occur any time without warningThe more you are prepared for themthe better you will be able to actreducing panic and confusion when an emergency occurs
    Emergency response plans(ERPs)are intended to provide clear and effective steps for managing an emergencyAn ERP should deal with a variety of issues including evacuation of buildingscommunication with local emergency services and the general publicindividual roles and responsibilities during an emergencyand supplies and materials that may be needed


    Follow these basic guidelines to develop an effective ERP for your workplace
    Determine when an evacuation would be necessary
    Choose primary and secondary evacuation routes and emergency exitsMake sure they are clearly marked and well litPost signs
    Install emergency lighting in case a power cut occurs during an evacuation
    Ensure that evacuation routes and emergency exits are wide enough for people to be evacuatedclear at all timesand unlikely to expose evacuating people to additional hazards
    Coordinate your plan with the local emergency management office
    Choose evacuation wardens who will help others during an evacuation and account for employees
    Establish specific evacuation proceduresThis includes a sample ERP to give you a better idea of what your procedures should include
    Establish a system for accounting for evacuated employees
    Hold emergency drills at least once a year to ensure that employees know what to do in an emergency and to test the effectiveness of emergency exit routes and proceduresKeep records of such drills
    Consider the transportation needs of employees
    Post evacuation procedures where employees can read them
    Establish procedures for helping people with disabilities and people who do not speak your local language
    Consider how you could quickly get important personal information about employees in an emergency(for examplecontact numbers for their homenextofkinor special medical conditions)
    操作提示句子正确选择拉选项框T句子错误选择拉选项框F
    1The emergency response plan is needed for reducing panic and confusion when an emergency occurs[答案]T
    2Supply of basic necessities is not included in an ERP[答案]F
    3According to the passagethe blocked emergency exits can help avoid further hazards[答案]F
    4The evacuation plan of your workplace should be in line with that of local emergency management office[答案]T
    5To ensure that employees know what to do in an emergency and to test the effectiveness of emergency exit routesthe emergency drills should be held once half a year[答案]F



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