2023秋季学期国开电大专科《理工英语1》在线形考 单元自测5 试题(题库)及答案 说明：资料整理于2023年11月。 学员抽到的每套试卷均为随机组合；但抽到试卷中的所有试题均在下列题库中可以找到原题及答案！！ 第一大题：选择填空（每题10分，共5题） 从下列题库中抽2个小题！！！ -A:Could we make a tentative appointment for,say,this Saturday? -B:________ [答案]B.That’s fine for me. -________you________free tomorrow? -No.I________free the day after tomorrow. [答案]A.Are; going to be; will be -A:Hello,Bill Burton speaking. -B:Hello,Mr.Burton,this is Jenny Jenkins of Bradford and Sons returning your call. [答案]A.What can I do for you? -A:I can put you down for eleven o’clock.Is that OK? -B:________. [答案]B.Oh, I’ll be having an interview that time.How about 3 o’clock in the afternoon? -A:I have an appointment with Mr.Xie at about 10 o’clock tomorrow morning,but would you please postpone it to sometime next week? -B:________. [答案]B.All right. -A:I have many questions about studying abroad. -B:Would you like to make an appointment? [答案]A.Let’s say Wednesday afternoon at two? 从下列题库中抽3个小题！！！ How often________to the dentist? [答案]C.do you go I have an appointment with Mr.Xie at about 10 o’clock tomorrow morning,but would you please_________it to sometime next week? [答案]A.postpone In learning a foreign language,one should first pay attention________speaking. [答案]B.to Jamie wants to speak to me________private. [答案]C.in My agenda is quite full for the whole week,so I can’t________an appointment with you. [答案]C.make Seldom________his wife punishes her children for speaking out their own ideas freely. [答案]A.have I seen Support facilities for electric cars,such as charging stations,have been built or arethe process of being built in many cities across the country. [答案]C.in There________a dolphin show in the zoo tomorrow evening. [答案]C.is going to be We are all for your suggestion that the trip________. [答案]B.be put off 第二大题：阅读理解选择、判断、翻译等（共50分） 从下列带★题库中抽其中1个试题！！！ ★阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。 Cars are an important part of life in the United States.Without a car most people feel that they are poor.And even if a person is poor he doesn’t feel really poor when he had a car. Henry Ford was the man who first started making cars in large numbers.He probably didn’t know how much the car was going to affect American culture.The car made the United Stated a nation on wheels.And it helped make the United States what it is today. There are three main reasons why the car becomes so popular in the United States.First of all,the country is a huge one and Americans like to move around in it.The car provides the most comfortable and cheapest form of transportation.With a car people can go anyplace without spending a lot of money. The second reason cars are popular is the fact that the United States never really developed an efficient and inexpensive form of public transportation.Long-distance trains have never been as common in the country as they are in other parts of the world.Nowadays there is a good system of air-service provided by planes.But it is too expensive to be used frequently. The third reason is the most important one,though.The American spirit of independence is what really made cars popular.Americans don’t like to wait for a bus,or a train or even a plane.They don’ t like to have to follow an exact schedule.A car gives them the freedom to schedule their own time.And this is the freedom that Americans want most to have. The gas shortage has caused a big problem for Americans.But the answer will not be a bigger system of public transportation.The real solution will have to be a new kind of car,one that does not use so much gas. 1.We can learn from this passage that Americans_________. [答案]B.travel a lot in their cars 2.Which of the following statements is TRUE? [答案]C.An American will feel poor unless he has a car. 3.In the writer’s opinion,cars are popular in the United States mainly because_________. [答案]A.Americans like to plan their own time 4.“A nation on wheels” in the second paragraph means that_________. [答案]B.the United States produces most of the cars in the world 5.The real solution to the gas shortage problem is_________. [答案]C.to make gas-saving cars ★阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。 Car crashes are the top killer of American teenagers.Most of the crashes result from distracted driving-not paying attention to the road. Ryan Didone was a fifteen-year-old passenger in a car that hit a tree.He was one of the nation’s more than thirty thousand victims of traffic crashes in 2008.Nearly four thousand deaths,about twelve percent involved drivers age fifteen to twenty. Ryan’s father,Thomas Didone,is a police captain in Marylan.It was an inexperienced,immature driver driving at night with a carload of kids.He was distracted,he was going too fast,and it ended up causing one death and some seriously injured.He shares the story of his son’s death to help educate teens and their families about distracted driving. Jim Jennings from the Allstate Insurance Company says the number one cause of distracted-driving accidents is the mobile phone.He says talking on the phone or reaching for it is like drinking four beers and driving.If you’re texting while driving,you are twenty-three times more likely to get into an accident than somebody who isn’t. Government and private groups are using public service announcements and events to bring more attention to the problem.For example,the insurance industry recently held a safety event for teen drivers.At first,nineteen-year-old Kevin Schumann easily avoided large,inflatable dolls thrown in front of the car to represent children.He also avoided orange cones representing the edge of the road.Then,as part of the test,he started texting.He hit several cones and at least one doll.That’s what really opened up the experience for me to prove how bad it is to really text and drive. Debbie Pickford of Allstate Insurance says teens are especially at risk from distracted driving -and not just because they lack experience on the roads.According to the research,teens don’t really have fully developed brains until they’re twenty-five years old.You put those two things together and you get a much,much higher risk.A new law proposes a graduated driver licensing system.Graduated means teenagers start with restrictions like on night driving and numbers of passengers.They could not get a full driver’s license until age eighteen. 1.According to the passage,________is the most likely to lead to a traffic accident while you are driving. [答案]A.texting on the mobile phone 2.We can learn from the second paragraph that________. [答案]B.over 30,000 victims have died from traffic crashes so far 3.A safety event held by insurance industry was meant to________. [答案]B.draw enough attention to teenagers’ distracted driving 4.The passage is probably followed by a concluding paragraph about________. [答案]C.measures to be taken 5.Of all the following, which is the best title for the passage? [答案]B.Distracted Driving-Let’s Avoid! ★阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为T,错误为F。 In recent years,the Chinese auto industry has seen rapid growth,with the demand on private cars rising sharply in Chinese cities since 2002. By 2009,China has replaced the U.S.to become the world’s largest auto market.As an important part of the world car industry,the global auto industry will shift further to China.This brings historical opportunity to China’s auto market. Currently,both the development of China’s auto market and the changes in consumer demand for vehicles are ever-increasing.China’s auto industry will continue to grow in the next decade.It means there is still huge room for its development.China has an urban population of more than 600 million.It also has a huge agricultural vehicle market in the rural areas.Hence,there is no doubt for China’s development of auto industry.That is also the reason why the world’s auto producers are paying more attention to the Chinese market. 1.The demand on private cars increased greatly in Chinese cities since 2002.[答案]T 2.China has become the world’s largest auto market.[答案]T 3.China’s auto industry tends to decrease in the next decade.[答案]F 4.China has an urban population of less than 600 million.[答案]F 5.The reason why the world’s auto producers are paying more attention to the Chinese market is that China’s auto industry developed very quickly.[答案]T ★阅读理解:阅读下面短文,选择合适的内容将短文补充完整。 A WELCOME SPEECH A.set new goals B.keep growing C.take this opportunity to D.made the right decision E.my great honor I am Peter,Sales manager of the company. First of all,I would like to [答案]C welcome you to our company. Our company is one of the leading companies in the electric car industry.I am sure you will be proud of being a member of our company.It is always [答案]E to keep the business going.We need to [答案]A for ourselves all the time.As you are fresh,energetic and equipped with new knowledge and new ideas,soon you will realize that you’ve [答案]D to join us. Work hard,not only for our company but also for yourself.That’s the only way for you and our company to [答案]B. Again I would like to welcome you and from today on,let’s work together and succeed together.