2023秋季学期国开电大专科《理工英语1》在线形考 单元自测3 试题(题库)及答案 说明：资料整理于2023年11月。 学员抽到的每套试卷均为随机组合；但抽到试卷中的所有试题均在下列题库中可以找到原题及答案！！ 第一大题：选择填空（每题10分，共5题） 从下列题库中抽2个小题！！！ -Don’t forget to come to our party this weekend! -_______________. [答案]B.Sure.See you. -We’d be pleased if you could join us for dinner. -_______________. [答案]C.Yes, I’d be pleased to accept. -We’ve booked a table.We hope you can join us? -_______________. [答案]C.How can I resist such a gracious invitation! -why not dine out together and go to the movies? -_______________. [答案]C.Sounds like a good idea. -Would you care to join for the picnic tomorrow -_______________. [答案]A.So sorry.Next time we’ll go, thanks anyway. -Do you like reading books? -Yes.Each of us_________to do more reading in and after class. [答案]A.is encouraged 从下列题库中抽3个小题！！！ I’d love to________with you my new kitchenware. [答案]C.share It is called solar cooker,a newly designed cooking device and there are many kinds of solar cookers____. [答案]B.available It was_______to see the students’ excitement when they discovered that simple materials could be used to cook food under the sun and the solar cooking really attracts those creative kids. [答案]B.amazing Li Lei is_________student in our class. [答案]A.the tallest Nick_________a job in a bank,but to our surprise,he didn’t take it. [答案]B.was offered People who do not have wood must spend large amounts of money_________cooking fuel. [答案]A.on Solar cooking is a_________cooking method. [答案]A.convenient The bridge_________two years ago. [答案]A.was built This box is_________that one. [答案]C.as heavy as 第二大题：阅读理解选择、判断、翻译等（共50分） 从下列带★题库中抽其中1个试题！！！ ★翻译:从以下A、B、C三个选项中选出与英文最适合的中文翻译。 1.It is getting more popular due to its high efficiency and its environmental friendliness. [答案]A.由于高效及环保的特点,太阳能锅越来越受到大众的欢迎。 2.I’d love to share with you my new kitchenware. [答案]B.我很乐意和你分享我的新厨具。 3.I am eager to see this new device. [答案]A.我急切地想看到这个新设备。 4.People who do not have wood must spend large amounts of money on cooking fuel. [答案]C.那些没有足够木材的人们得花费大量的金钱购买烹饪燃料。 5.Solar ovens consist of a system of reflectors and a cooking pot. [答案]A.太阳能灶是由反射镜及烹饪锅系统组成的。 ★阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。 When Dr.Robert Metcalf first used a solar cooker, the future changed for millions of Africans.He knew that billions of poor people around the world depend on the use of wood for cooking.As they take more and more firewood from wild areas.They are destroying habitats around the world.Wood collection is one reason why many animals have become endangered. “But sunshine can be an alternative to fire.” Dr.Metcalf says.Since his first solar cooked meal, he has helped people around the world to use simple new technologies to cook their food. Each morning in villages across East Africa, small children and their mothers wake up and walk several miles to collect firewood to cook their food.It takes much of the day, and the heavy firewood they carry home on their heads lasts only a few days. This is why Dr.Metcalf spends each summer in Africa.He teaches women and children in villages how to cook with the sun.So far, more than thirty thousand African families now have solar cookers, and new programs will introduce solar cookers to millions of families. To find water, women and children may have to walk long distance to dig holes in dry riverbeds or to gather water from streams and shallow wells. They fill their buckets(桶)and carry them home on their heads.The buckets often weigh as much as forty pounds.Not only is finding water hard work, but the water is often polluted with germs(细菌)that make people sick. Dr.Metcalf and others developed a simple,reusable tool that people can use to make sure their water is safe to drink.The tool is calked a WAPI,which stands for “Water Pasteurization Indicator”.The pasteurization process is named after Louis Pasteur,who developed it in the 1800s. 1.Why did Metcalf help Africans use solar cookers? [答案]C.He realized using firewood is not good for the environment. 2.The underlined word it in the third paragraph probably refers to_______. [答案]A.collecting firewood 3.Each summer Metcalf stays in Africa to_______. [答案]C.spread the technique of using solar cookers 4.Water Pasteurization Indicator was developed to_______. [答案]A.kill the bacteria in water 5.It can be inferred from tile passage that_______. [答案]B.women and children in Africa usually lead a hard life ★阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为T,错误为F。 Millions of people around the world cook their food over a smoky fire every day.It is often difficult to find wood for the fire.People who do not have wood must spend large amounts of money on cooking fuel.However,there is a much easier way to cook food using energy from the sun.Solar cookers,or ovens,have been used for centuries. Solar ovens consist of a system of reflectors and a cooking pot.The rest is up to your imagination! Once you have collected or bought your solar oven,you can use it to prepare hot meals in the backyard,at a campground or wherever your heart desires. Of all the inventions that could benefit humankind,a reliable solar cooker remains one of the most necessary.Countless people across the developing world still cook their food by burning wood or even cow dung,causing breathing problems and severe pollution in some regions. The searching for a practical solar cooker has gone on for decades and produced dozens of models.But none of them have caught on importantly for use in the developing world because they can’t store heat.Without the ability to store heat,a cooker cannot be used,for example,on cloudy days. But now a group based at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology(NTNU)is reporting a discovery in solar cookers.They say it will lead to the production of practical solar cookers within a year and a half and it can store enough heat during a sunny day to work for an entire additional day,even if it is cloudy. People who do not have wood must spend small amounts of money on cooking fuel.[答案]F There is a much easier way to cook food using energy from the sun.[答案]T Solar cookers,or ovens,have not been used for centuries.[答案]F Solar ovens consist of a system of reflectors and a cooking pot.[答案]T Without the ability to store heat,a cooker can be used,for example,on cloudy days.[答案]F ★阅读理解:阅读下面的对话,选择合适的内容将对话补充完整。 HENRY:Hey,what are you doing this weekend? MANDY:[答案]D HENRY:Would you like to go for a picnic?The weather forecast says it will be sunny this Sunday. MANDY:[答案]A HENRY:Yes of course,and I will make some hamburgers. MANDY:OK.Then I’ll bring some drinks,green tea,black tea,juice or cola? HENRY:By the way I will bring my new kitchenware for our picnic[答案]E MANDY:New kitchenware?A cooker? HENRY:Yeah! I just bought a solar cooker last month.It’s a new device that uses solar energy and it is getting popular due to its high efficiency and its environmental friendliness.People can cook easily with this new device.I’ll bring some fruit and some other food.We will make a wonderful picnic! MANDY:[答案]B HENRY:OK,I am looking forward to our picnic! Then See you on this Sunday! MANDY:[答案]C A.That’s a good idea.Shall I bring anything? B.Wow! How amazing,I can’t wait for it! C.See you! D.I haven’t decided yet.What about you? E.How about green tea?