2023秋季学期国开电大专科《理工英语1》在线形考 单元自测1 试题(题库)及答案 说明：资料整理于2023年11月。 学员抽到的每套试卷均为随机组合；但抽到试卷中的所有试题均在下列题库中可以找到原题及答案！！ 第一大题：选择填空（每题10分，共5题） 从下列题库中抽2个小题！！！ -Haven’t seen you for ages,Mike.________. -Pretty good.Everything goes well. [答案]B.How’s it going? -Hello,I’m Harry Potter. -Glad to meet you.I’m Miller.But________. [答案]B.call me Paul. Let’s meet at 7:30 outside the gate of________. [答案]C.the People’s Park -Could you please tell me something about the two_______? -________.They arc exchange students of No.1 Middle School. [答案]B.Germans; All right -Goodbye,everyone.__________ -Bye,Sally! Don’t forget to write. [答案]B.Stay in touch -Are you good at Building Materials,Rose? -_______.But I will try to study it well this term. [答案]C.Not very good -Can I help you,sir? -I’d like to have 100_____.I want my students to draw pictures. [答案]C.pieces of paper -How are you? -________ [答案]C.Fine, thanks. 从下列题库中抽3个小题！！！ Each apartment only_______15 to 30 square meters for one unit. [答案]B.takes I hope you’ll________working with us in the future. [答案]B.enjoy Now this tiny housing solution is________in urban areas in the U.S.,and Canada. [答案]A.gain ground The________are eating________at the foot of the mountain. [答案]B.sheep, grass The technological advances made it possible for the middle classes to enjoy what had once been___only to the very rich. [答案]A.affordable To solve this problem,New York city planners are challenging tradition and starting to____more micro units. [答案]A.design Tony has many Chinese___________. [答案]C.stamps 第二大题：阅读理解选择、判断、翻译等（共50分） 从下列带★题库中抽其中1个试题！！！ ★翻译:从以下A、B、C三个选项中选出与英文最适合的中文翻译。 1.That’s why tiny little apartments with a bedroom,a kitchen and a bathroom come into being. [答案]C.这就是只有一卧一厨一卫的微型公寓形成的原因。 2.A beautiful little room with love and happiness is a great place to live. [答案]B.一间充盈爱和幸福的小美屋就是宜居的好地方。 3.It can also meet the need of people who are short on cash but determined to live in their own places. [答案]A.它也能满足一些人的需要,他们缺钱,但又决心拥有一个自己的家。 4.Ted and William have lived under the same roof for five years. [答案]A.泰德和威廉已经在同一屋檐下生活了五年了. 5.If you travel alone and want to know better family life in Britain,you’d better stay in B & Bs. [答案]C.如果你独自旅行并且想更好地了解英国的居民生活,你可以住在B & Bs。 ★阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。 Housing is the living places for human beings.As the population keeps climbing, People in the city have to face the reality that housing is in short supply.To solve this problem, New York city planners are challenging tradition and starting to design more “micro units.” Micros, also known as “hostel-style” apartments, usually offer less than 200 square feet (18.5 square meters) in area.Could you imagine living in 150 square feet (14 square meters)?These units usually have only room for a bed, a table mini-fridge and the basic living essentials. Why is the micro apartment so appealing?The reasons are rather straightforward.It is perfect for single people who don’t have a lot of things.It can also meet the need of people who are short on cash but determined to live in their own places. Micro apartments are very common in cities like Tokyo and Hong Kong, where there are so many people living.Now this tiny housing solution is gaining ground in urban areas in the U.S., and Canada. The micro apartment is an experiment in simplicity in American culture.So small-scale home life is part of a hot trend in U.S.real estate.Some people are proud of it.Some of them can find the humor and fun in their small places.But not everyone is in favor of the trend. 1.According to the passage,the next big trend in U.S.real estate is_________. [答案]B.micro apartment 2.As the population keeps climbing,people in the city have to face the reality that_________. [答案]A.housing is in short supply 3.Why is the micro apartment so appealing? [答案]A.It meets the need of someone. 4.Micro apartments are very common in some cities like_________. [答案]C.Tokyo 5.How do people think of the micro apartment? [答案]C.Not everyone is in favor of the trend. ★阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。 Building a house costs quite a lot of money.Suppose you plan to build a house.Your first step will be to find a right piece of land.Your choice will depend on many different things.You will probably try to find a sunny place,with pleasant surroundings(环境)near shops and bus stops,not too far from your friends and the place where you work. Next you will find a good builder,and together with the builder you will work out a plan.The builder will draw the plan.It will show the number of rooms,their position and size,and other parts,which must be noticed,such as windows,doors,and electric outlets.The builder will work out how much money is needed to build your house.He will work out the cost of the wood,bricks,the glass,and everything else that must be used in building the house.Later on,when he starts to build,this estimate(预算)must be corrected and revised(修订).His estimate is based on existing prices,but prices of such things may change,and many other things may happen between the time when he makes the estimate and the time when he builds the house. When the builder gives his estimate,you may wish to change your plan.(You may also wish to change your builder,if his estimate is too high!)You may find that the house you wanted at first costs too much,or that you can spend a little more and add something to your plan.The builder’s estimate depends on the plan,but the final plan depends on the builder’s estimate. 1.The best title of this passage would be_________. [答案]C.Planning a House 2.The first thing for a person to build a house is_________. [答案]B.to find a suitable piece of land 3.The phrase draw a plan in this passage means_________. [答案]A.making a picture of a building or a room 4.When the builder starts to build a house,his estimate will have to be corrected and revised because______. [答案]C.The prices of building materials and the expenses(费用)of labor may be different from the original prices and expenses 5.What is the relationship(关系)between the estimate and the plan? [答案]C.The estimate and the plan depend on each other. ★阅读理解:阅读下面的对话,选择合适的内容将对话补充完整。 SUN LI:Nice to meet you.I’m Sun Li. HENRY:[答案]C Are you a student of this university,too? SUN LI:Yeah,this is my second year.I study Architecture.And what’s your major? HENRY:[答案]D So,what subjects do you study this term? SUN LI:[答案]A HENRY:Oh,I see.I have English classes too.I have Air Pollution Control,Pollution Analysis,and Climate Change Control Technology. SUN LI:Oh,really?! What do you think of your major? HENRY:It’s wonderful.[答案]B but Pollution Analysis isn’t my best subject.I like Climate Change Control Technology better.[答案]E SUN LI:I like Building Materials best. A.This semester we study English,Engineering Drawing,Construction Technology,and Building Materials. B.I think the classes are really interesting, C.Nice to meet you too. D.Oh,My major is Energy and Environment. E.How about you?