2020年9月1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末考试试题及答案(珍藏版)


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    2020 年 9 月 1388 国开电科理工英语 4期末考试试题答案(珍藏版)
    交际语(计 10 分题 2 分)
    15 题:选择正确语句完成面话答案序号写答题纸
    1―I wonder if I could use your tablet tonight
    ―________I'm not using it right now
    AIt doesn't matter
    BNothank you
    CSurehere you are
    [答案]C
    附:
    1―知道晚板电脑?
    ―________现
    A没关系
    B谢谢
    C然
    [答案]C
    2―___________________
    ―Can you tell me something about your new product
    AWhat do you dosir
    BWhat do you want to buy
    CCan I help yousir
    [答案]C
    附:
    2—___________________
    —告诉关新产品事情?
    A做什先生?
    B想买什?
    C先生帮?
    [答案]C
    3―You know a good schedule brings efficiency to the work
    ―___________________
    ANot at allI enjoyed it
    BI see your point
    CI think it’s a bad idea
    [答案]B
    附:
    3―知道时间表提高工作效率
    —___________________
    A点享受
    B明白意思
    C认坏意
    [答案]B
    4―Thank you so much for the Apple Watch you sent me
    ―___________________
    ANo thanks
    BI'm glad you like it
    CPlease don't say so
    [答案]B
    附:2
    4―非常感谢您寄 Apple Watch
    —___________________
    A谢谢
    B高兴喜欢
    C请说
    [答案]B
    5―Do you prefer a portable or a clumsy 3D printer
    ―___________________
    ANoa portable 3D printer is more useful
    BYesI would not have a clumsy one
    CI prefer a portable one to a clumsy one
    [答案]C
    附:
    5―喜欢便携笨拙 3D 印机?
    —___________________
    A便携式 3D 印机更
    B会笨拙
    C起笨重更喜欢便携
    [答案]C
    二词汇结构(计 30 分题 2 分)
    620 题:阅读面句子 ABC 三选项中选出填入空白处正确选项答案序号
    写答题纸
    6You_________the Inceptionsince I remember once you discussed its main plot with Cathy
    Acould have watched
    Bshould have watched
    Cmust have watched
    [答案]C
    附:
    6定盗梦空间记次凯茜讨情节
    7When we were students we_________often stay up all night
    Awill
    Bwould
    Cshould
    [答案]B
    附:
    7学生时候常熬夜
    8Someone invented the 3D printer many years ago_________I don't remember who
    Aso
    Bbut
    Conly
    [答案]B
    附:
    8年前发明 3D 印机记谁
    9They are trying to make a new product—the world's smallest_________robot
    Ahammer
    Bhumane
    Chumanoid
    [答案]C
    附:
    9正尝试制造种新产品—世界形机器3
    10The scientist spoke confidently_________impressed me most
    Athat
    Bso that
    Cwhich
    [答案]C
    附:
    10位科学家说话信印象深刻
    11The Cheetah robot made by MIT's scientists can jump over hurdles while_________
    Ait running
    Brunning
    Cbe ran
    [答案]B
    附:
    11麻省理工学院科学家制造猎豹机器奔跑时越障碍
    12What's_________issue here is the difference between cosmetic and plastic surgery
    Aat
    Bon
    Cin
    [答案]A
    附:
    12里问题整容整形手术间区
    13Although plastic surgery is created to improve the looks of a person there area certain percentage
    of_________
    Aeffect
    Bresults
    Cconsequences
    [答案]C
    附:
    13然整形手术改善容貌定例果
    14_________the new law is used one dayI hope it will not punish people using 3D printers for personal
    purposes
    AWhen
    BWhy
    CIf
    [答案]C
    附:
    14新法终天会希会惩罚出目 3D 印机
    15She's been interested in computer science_________she was eight
    Abefore
    Bsince
    Cwhile
    [答案]B
    附:
    15八岁起计算机科学感兴趣
    16He is still a_________in handling such things
    Agreen hand
    Bvisitor
    Cadult
    [答案]A
    附:
    16处理事情新手4
    17Between 1975 and 1996the number of overseas visitors expanded_________27 on average each year
    Ain
    Bby
    Cfor
    [答案]B
    附:
    171975 年 1996 年海外游客数年均增长 27
    18So little_________about chemistry that the lecture was completely beyond me
    Adid I know
    BI knew
    Cdo I know
    [答案]A
    附:
    18化学知甚少讲座完全超出理解范围
    19Had I known the resultI_________you to tell me
    Awould not ask
    Bwould not have asked
    Chad not asked
    [答案]B
    附:
    19果知道结果会告诉
    2050 miles southwest of the country_________the famous beautiful mountain
    Alaying
    Blie
    Clies
    [答案]C
    附:
    20该国西南 50 英里处著名美丽山
    三阅读理解(计 40 分题 2 分)
    2125 题:阅读列短文 ABC 三选项中选出正确答案答案序号写答题纸
    Passage 1
    According to experts the advantage of modified food is that it helps in preventing the occurrence of
    allergies and also has along shelf lifeHowevera major portion of the population is against the consumption of
    genetically modified food and is concerned about its disadvantagesIf you are also confused about the
    consumption of genetically modified foodread through the pros and cons given below and decide for yourself
    Advantages of Genetically Modified Foods
    ·One of the most prominent advantages of genetically modified food is that it helps in controlling the
    occurrence of certain diseasesCertain foods cause allergy to peopleTheir genetic modification alters the DNA
    system of these foodsthereby making them nonallergic
    ·Another major advantage of such type of foods is that they grow faster than their traditionally grown
    counterpartsAs a resultthere is greater productivity and more food
    ·A person need not bother about any additional costssuch as buying chemicals and pesticideswhen it
    comes to genetically engineered foodThe food is naturally pestresistant
    ·Farming these foods can be a great way to fight world hungerSince these crops grow faster or more
    effectivelyincreased production would help countries wherein crops may not normally prosper because of less
    than desirable environmental conditions
    ·The increased shelf life of these food products helps in reducing the quantity of rotten food
    Disadvantages of Genetically Modified Foods
    ·The biggest disadvantage of genetically modified food is that they have harmful effects on the human
    bodyThe consumption of these genetically engineered foods can lead to development of diseases that are
    immune to antibiotics5
    ·Chances of developing cancer are high in people who regularly consume engineered food
    ·Since it is an unnatural way of producing foodsthere is an increased health hazard such as allergens
    transfer of antibiotic resistance markers and unknown effects
    ·Since the production of engineered food involves infusing animal genes in the crops and tampering with
    natureit might not be good for consumption in the long run
    附:
    第 1 段
    专家介绍转基食品优点助预防敏发生具较长保质期
    部分反食转基食品担心缺点果您转基食品食感困惑请阅读面出
    利弊行决定
    转基食品优势
    ·转基食品突出优点助控制某疾病发生某食物会引起敏基
    改造改变食物 DNA 系统敏
    ·类食物优点传统种植类食物生长更快生产力更高食物更

    ·基工程食品需担心额外费例购买化学品杀虫剂食品天然抗虫
    ·种植食物抗世界饥饿方法作物生长更快更效增加产量助
    环境条件佳导致作物通常法繁荣国家
    ·延长食品保质期助减少腐烂食品数量
    转基食品缺点
    ·转基食品缺点体害食转基食品会导致抗生素免疫疾病发展
    ·常食工程食品患癌症率高
    ·种非然食品生产方式会增加敏原抗生素耐药性标志物转移未知影响
    等健康危害
    ·工程食品生产涉动物基注入农作物篡改然长远利食
    21How does genetically modified food control the occurrence of certain diseases
    ABy crosspollinating
    BBy conventional crossbreeding
    CBy altering the DNA system of these foods
    [答案]C
    附:
    21转基食品控制某疾病发生?
    A通异花授粉
    B通常规杂交
    C通改变食物 DNA 系统
    [答案]C
    22Do farmers need to buy any chemicals and pesticides if they plant genetically modified food
    AYesthey need toBecause the food is not resist to pests
    BNothey don't need toBecause the food is naturally pestresistant
    CNothey don't need toBecause the chemicals and pesticides are provided by the government
    [答案]B
    附:
    22种植转基食品农民否需购买化学品农药?
    A需食物害虫没抵抗力
    B需食物天然抗虫
    C需化学品杀虫剂政府提供
    [答案]B
    23Which statement is not the advantage of genetically modified food
    AIt may have harmful effects on human body6
    BGenetically modified food grows faster than their traditionally grown counterparts
    CFarming genetically modified food can help fight world hunger
    [答案]A
    附:
    23项陈述转基食品优势?
    A体良影响
    B转基食品生长速度传统种植食品快
    C种植转基食品助抗世界饥饿
    [答案]A
    24What would happen to a person if he regularly consume genetically modified food
    AHe would get cold
    BHe would lose some weight
    CHe would have cancer
    [答案]C
    附:
    24果常食转基食品会样?
    A会感
    B会减轻体重
    C会癌症
    [答案]C
    25Which of the following would be the best title for this passage
    ACan Genetically Modified Foods Combat World Hunger
    BGenetically Modified Mood:Our Answer Is No
    CGenetically Modified Foods:Pros And Cons
    [答案]C
    附:
    25项段文佳标题?
    A转基食品抗世界饥饿?
    B转基心情:答案
    C转基食品:利弊
    [答案]C
    2630 题:请根短文容判断出语句否正确正确写T错误写F答案写答题

    Passage 2
    Engineers who build and program robots have fascinating jobsThese researchers tinker( 修 补 ) with
    machines in the lab and write computer software to control these devicesThey're the best toys out theresays
    Howle Choset at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh Choset is a roboticista person who designsbuilds
    or programs robots
    When Choset was a kidhe was interested in anything that movedcarstrainsanimalsHe put motors on
    Tinkertoy cars to make them moveLaterin high schoolhe built mobile robots similar to small cars
    Hoping to continue working on robotshe studied computer science in collegeBut when he got to graduate
    school at the Califomia Institute of Technology in PasadenaChoset's lab mates were working on something
    even cooler than remotely controlled cars:robotic snakesSome robots can move only forwardbackwardleft
    and rightBut snakes can twist (扭曲) in many directions and travel over a lot of different types of terrain(
    形) Snakes are far more interesting than the carsChose t concluded
    After he started working at Carnegie MellonChose t and his colleagues there began developing their own
    snake robots Choset's team programmed robots to perform the same movements as real snakessuch as sliding
    and inching forwardThe robots also moved in ways that snakes usually don'tsuch as rolling
    Choset's snake robots could crawl(爬行) through the grassswim in a pond and even climb a flagpole7
    But Choset wondered if his snakes might be useful for medicine as wellFor some heart surgeriesthe
    doctor has to open a patient's chestcutting through the breastboneRecovering from these surgeries can be very
    painful What if the doctor could perform the operation by instead making a small hole in the body and sending
    in a thin robotic snake
    Choset teamed up with Marco Zenatia heart surgeon now at Harvard Medical Schoolto investigate the
    ideaZenati practiced using the robot on a plastic model of the chest and they tested the robot in pigs
    A company called Med robotics in Boston is now adapting the technology to surgeries on people
    Even after 15 years of working with his team's creationsI still don't get bored of watching the motion of
    my robotsChose t says
    附:
    第 2 段
    建造编程机器工程师事着令着迷工作研究员实验室里修补(修理)机器
    编写计算机软件控制设备玩具匹兹堡卡基梅隆学豪尔乔塞特说乔塞
    特机器专家设计制造编程机器
    乔塞特孩子时候移动东西感兴趣—汽车火车动物叮汽车
    安装电机移动高中时制造类似型汽车移动机器
    继续研究机器学学计算机科学帕萨迪纳加州理工学院读研究生时
    乔塞特实验室伙伴正研究遥控汽车更酷东西:机器蛇机器前
    左右移动蛇许方扭曲(扭曲)许类型形(模型)行驶蛇汽车
    更趣选择总结道
    开始卡基梅隆学工作乔塞特事开始开发蛇形机器乔塞特团队
    机器进行编程执行真正蛇相动作例滑动前移动机器蛇通常
    会方式移动例滚动
    乔塞特蛇形机器爬草池塘甚旗杆
    乔塞特想知道蛇否医学心脏手术医生必须开病胸部切
    开胸骨手术中恢复会非常痛苦果医生通方式进行手术办?身体
    洞然送条细长机器蛇?
    乔塞特现哈佛医学院心脏外科医生马·泽纳蒂合作研究想法泽纳蒂胸部塑料模型
    练机器猪身测试机器
    波士顿家名医疗机器公司现正该技术应体手术
    团队创作起工作 15 年然会厌倦观机器运动乔塞
    特 说
    26Choset began to build robots in high school
    [答案]T
    附:
    26乔塞特高中时开始制造机器
    [答案]T
    27Snake robots could move in only four directions
    [答案]F
    附:
    27蛇形机器四方移动
    [答案]F
    28Choset didn't begin developing his own snake robots until he started working at Carnegie Mellon
    [答案]T
    附:
    28乔塞特直开始卡基梅隆学工作时开始开发蛇形机器
    [答案]T
    29Zenati tested the robot on people after using it in pigs
    [答案]F8
    附:
    29泽纳蒂猪身机器身进行测试
    [答案]F
    30The robotic technology for surgeries on people has brought a handsome profit to Med robotics
    [答案]F
    附:
    30体手术机器技术医疗机器技术带观利润
    [答案]F
    四写作(计 20 分)
    31根求写作文
    根提示信息写调查报告
    The chart below illustrates reading preference based on a survey of 200 college students in2016in
    ChinaWrite a survey report based on the given informationYour report should include:
    (1) The subjects and respondents of the investigation
    (2) Analysis of investigation result
    (3) Your opinion or suggestions about college students’ reading
    附:
    图 2016 年中国 200 名学生阅读偏调查根定信息写份调查报告报告
    应该包括:
    (1)调查象调查象
    (2)调查结果分析
    (3)您学生阅读法建议
    Words for reference:
    娱乐类书籍 books for entertainment
    应技术 applied technology
    专业书 books relevant to their majorsprofessional books
    科普读物 popular science books
    参考答案:
    Recently we have conducted a survey among 200 college students to find out their reading preferenceAs
    can be seen in the pie chart27 of the surveyed said they spent most of their time reading magazines and
    books for entertainmentWhat ranks the second are books of literature and applied technologyand they each
    account for 25The percentage decreases to 15 as to students who prefer to read books relevant to their
    majorswhile only 8tend to read popular science books during their spare time
    It should be noted that books of literatureapplied technologyand entertaining books like magazines are
    main interests of college studentsThat’s because these kinds of books are fun and easy to readwhat’s more
    they bring students some cuttingedge information regarding books of applied technologyThe percentage of
    students who like to read professional books is relatively lower maybe due to the reason that these books are
    hard to understand and timeconsuming
    To sum upthe data reveals a serious problem that college students' reading preference stays at a relatively
    shallow level since the percentage of reading magazines exceeds that of literature and professional booksWe
    thus suggest that colorful reading activities like recommending great books be carried out to help students
    develop capabilities of appreciation and criticism
    附:9
    200 名学生进行项调查解阅读偏饼状图中出27
    受访者表示部分时间阅读杂志书籍娱乐排名第二文学类应技术类书籍占
    25喜欢阅读专业相关书籍学生例降 15课余时间阅读科普类书籍学生 8
    需注意文学类书籍应科技类书籍杂志等娱乐类书籍学生兴趣类
    书籍趣易读学生带关书籍前信息喜欢阅读专业书籍学生例相
    较低书籍难理解耗时
    综述数显示阅读杂志例超文学专业书籍学生阅读偏停留相较
    浅水严重问题建议开展丰富彩阅读活动推荐书帮助学生培养欣
    赏批评力

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