2023秋季学期国开电大专科《理工英语1》在线形考 单元自测4 试题(题库)及答案 说明：资料整理于2023年11月。 学员抽到的每套试卷均为随机组合；但抽到试卷中的所有试题均在下列题库中可以找到原题及答案！！ 第一大题：选择填空（每题10分，共5题） 从下列题库中抽2个小题！！！ -__________We are leaving on Sunday. -Yes,that’s a good idea. [答案]A.Why don’t you join us? -________________. -Yeah.It is the only professional museum about the railway system in China. [答案]C.Do you know the China Railway Museum? -Excuse me.Can you tell me how to get to the Linden Street? -_____________. [答案]A.You can’t ask me. -I’m going to Hainan for my holiday. -_____________. [答案]B.Have a nice trip -Welcome back,Mr.Smith! How about your business trip in Japan? -____________. [答案]B.Oh, fantastic! Mr.Mark is so satisfied with our project. 从下列题库中抽3个小题！！！ He’s wearing a red shirt and________jeans. [答案]B.faded I’d like to have some big apples instead of small________. [答案]A.ones It was________who wrote those words on the blackboard. [答案]C.he Oh,that museum was the old Beijing Railway Station.It_____the history of China’s railway development. [答案]B.shows The book________on this subject was written by an old female writer. [答案]B.referred to The train________just three weeks________complete a journey that________six weeks by sea. [答案]B.took…to；takes up to This article deals with the natural phenomenon which________most interesting to everyone. [答案]C.is Travelers________the efficient network,and find that their hometowns are not that far away. [答案]B.benefit from We________two railway tickets online this Monday. [答案]C.booked With comfortable seats and quiet cabins,this high-speed line________a pleasant journey for thousands of travelers. [答案]C.offers 第二大题：阅读理解选择、判断、翻译等（共50分） 从下列带★题库中抽其中1个试题！！！ ★翻译:从以下A、B、C三个选项中选出与英文最适合的中文翻译。 1.John and his brother differ in personality even if their differences in age are not significant. [答案]B.尽管约翰和他哥哥在年纪上相差不大,但他们的个性却不相同。 2.Some of her pictures were shown in an art exhibition(展览会)in Shanghai when she was 4 years old. [答案]C.四岁的时候她的一些画就在上海的一个艺术展览会上展出。 3.Since the earth looks like a ball,the sun can shine on only half of it at a time. [答案]B.由于地球看上去像一个球,太阳一次只能照到它的一半。 4.From the East Coast to the West Coast it is about 3,000 miles wide. [答案]A.美国领土的东西宽度约为3000英里。 5.It’s very important to maintain your current weight through exercise and healthy eating. [答案]C.通过锻炼和健康饮食来保持你目前的体重是非常重要的。 ★阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项。 High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic,using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks.While there is no single standard that applies worldwide,new lines in excess of 250 km/hr and existing lines in excess of 200 km/hr are widely considered to be high-speed,with some extending the definition to include much lower speeds(e.g.160 km/hr)in areas for which these speeds still represent significant improvements.The first such system began operations in Japan in 1964 and was widely known as the bullet train.High-speed trains normally operate on standard gauge tracks of continuously welded rail on grade-separated right-of-way that incorporates a large turning radius in its design. Many countries have developed high-speed rail to connect major cities,including Austria,Belgium,China,France,Germany,Italy,Japan,Poland,Portugal,Russia,South Korea,Sweden,Taiwan,turkey,United Kingdom,United States and Uzbekistan.Only in Europe does HSR cross international borders.China has 16,000 km of HSR,accounting for 60 percent of the world’s total.While high-speed rail is usually designed for passenger travel,some high-speed systems also offer freight service. 1.High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly________than traditional rail traffic. [答案]A.faster 2.According to the passage, which of the following is true? [答案]A.there is no single standard that applies worldwide. 3.When did the first such system widely known as the bullet train begin operations in Japan ? [答案]C.in 1946 4.The underlined word “ freight” at the end of the paragraph means________. [答案]B.Cargo 5.The best title of this passage would be “________”. [答案]B.the Bullet Train ★阅读理解:阅读下面的短文,根据文章内容进行判断,正确为T,错误为F。 The world’s longest high-speed railway route,running from Beijing to Guangzhou,has been in operation for a few years.It cuts travel time between the two cities from 22 hours to only 8 hours.With comfortable seats and quiet cabins,this high-speed line offers a pleasant journey for thousands of travelers. The high speed railway connects Beijing with five provincial capitals.Part of the line,from Zhengzhou to Guangzhou,was in operation before the whole line was connected.The opening of the Beijing to Zhengzhou section has connected the entire line.It covers a total length of 2,298 kilometers. The Beijing-Guangzhou line connects one third of China’s population and more than 40 percent of its economic power.Travelers benefit from the efficient network,and find that their hometowns are not that far away. As the American publication Newsweek puts it:China is now engaged in a railway revolution.These 350 kilometer per hour high-speed railway trains have made the country’s vast territory substantially smaller,and changed the country economically. 1.The world’s longest high-speed railway route,running from Beijing to Guangzhou,has been in operation for a few years.[答案]T 2.It cuts travel time between the two cities from 22 hours to only 6 hours.[答案]F 3.The opening of the Beijing to Zhengzhou section has linked with the total route.[答案]T 4.The Beijing-Guangzhou line connects one third of China’s population and more than 40 percent of its economic power.[答案]T 5.These 350 kilometer per hour high-speed railway trains have made the country’s vast territory considerably smaller,and changed the country economically.[答案]T ★阅读理解:阅读下面的对话,选择合适的内容将对话补充完整。 LI QIANG AND HIS BROTHER WILL GO TO BEIJING.HE IS TALKING TO WANG NING ABOUT THE PLAN. WANG NING:So,you’re going to Beijing on Sunday,Li Qiang? LI QIANG:[答案]C We booked two railway tickets online this Monday. WANG:That’s really cool! I’m always dreaming of going to Beijing,seeing famous places with unique buildings,such as the Forbidden City,Summer Palace,etc. LI:[答案]A. WANG:Oh,that museum was the old Beijing Railway Station.It shows the history of China’s railway development.[答案]D LI:Why don’t you join us?We are leaving on Sunday.[答案]B WANG:Ok,then count me in.Are you taking a high-speed railway? LI:[答案]E.Besides,it’s comfortable. A.And the China Railway Museum is a must. B.You still have two days to get yourself prepared. C.Yes,my brother and I are going together. D.It’s worth visiting.I’ve been planning to go for a visit for a long time. E.Yeah,the high speed railway is very quick and convenient.