人教版七年级下册英语各单元知识点大归纳


    1 七年级下册英语各单元知识点归纳 Unit 1 Can you play the guitar? 一、词汇拓展 1. sing(现在分词) singing 2. dance(现在分词) dancing 3. swim(现在分词) swimming 4.draw(同义词) paint 5. story(复数) stories 6. Write(同音词) right 7. drum(复数) drums 8. piano(复数) pianos 9. also(同义词) too/either 10. make(单三) makes (现在分词) making 11. Center(形容词) central 12. teach(名词) teacher 13. musician(形容词) musical 二、重点短语与句型 1. play chess 下国际象棋 2.speak English 说英语 3. play the guitar 弹吉它 4. want to do ⋯ 想做 ⋯⋯ 5. be good at 擅长于 6.what club /sports 什么俱乐部 /运动 7.music /swimming /sports club 音乐 /游泳 /运动俱乐部 8.be good at doing sth.= do well in doing sth. 擅长做某事 9.like to do ⋯喜欢做 ⋯ 10.What about ⋯ ?⋯怎么样? 11.be good at doing ⋯擅长做 ⋯ 12.tell stories讲故事 13.the story telling club 讲故事俱乐部 14. talk to 跟⋯ ..说 15.write stories 写小说 16.after school 放学后 17.want ⋯ for the school show为学校表演招聘 ⋯⋯ 18.do kung fu 打中国功夫 19.come and show us 来给我们表演 20. play the drum 敲鼓 21.play the piano弹钢琴 22.play the violin 拉小提琴 23make friends 结交朋友 24. be good with 善于应付(处理) ⋯ 的 ;和某人相处很好 25.help sb. with sth在某方面帮助某人 26.on the weekend 在周末 27.help with...帮助做 ⋯⋯ 2 28.be free /busy 有空 /很忙 29.call sb. at ⋯拨打某人的 ⋯⋯ 号码 30.need sb./sth. to do ⋯需要某人 /某物做 ⋯⋯ 31.English-speaking students说英语的学生 32.join ⋯⋯ the club加入 ⋯ 俱乐部, 33.be in=join in ⋯ 成为⋯ 中的一员 三、关键句型 1. Can you draw? Yes, I can. / No, I can ’t. 2. What club do you want to join? I want to join the chess club. 3. You can join the English club. Sounds good. 4. I can speak English and I can also play soccer. 5. Please call Mrs. Miller at 555-3721. ◆话题写作 Dear Sir, I want to join your organization (组织 ) to help kids with sports, music and English. My name is Mike. I am 15 years old. I ’m a student in No. 1 Middle school. I can play the guitar well. I can sing many songs. I can swim and speak English well, too. I think I can be good with the kids. I also do well in telling stories. I hope to get your letter soon. Yours, Mike 3 Unit 2 What time do you usually go to school? 一、词汇拓展 1. up(反义词 )down 2. brush(单三) brushes 3. tooth(复数) teeth 4. always(反义词 )never 5.early(反义词) late 6. work(同义词) job 7. night(反义词)day 8. half(复数)halves 9. run(现在分词) running 10. clean(现在分词) cleaning 11. either ⋯ or⋯ (反义词) neither ⋯ nor⋯ 12. life(复数) lives 13. taste(单三) tastes 二、重点短语与句型 1. get up 起床,站起 2.get dressed穿上衣服 3.have/take a shower 洗淋浴 4.brush teeth涮牙 5.eat breakfast 吃早餐 6.What time 几点,何时 7.go to school 去学校 8.do homework 做家庭作业 9. at night 在晚上 10.from ⋯ to ⋯ 从⋯⋯ 到⋯⋯ 11.in the morning 在上午 12. go to work 去上班 13.That's a funny time for ⋯那是做 ⋯⋯ 有意思的时间。 14. be late for ⋯做⋯⋯ 迟到 15.on weekends 在周末 16. on school days 在上学期间 17. have(eat) breakfast /dinner 吃早餐 /晚餐 18. do (one's) homework 做作业 19.take a walk 散步,走一走 20.a quarter past /to+钟点数 ⋯ ⋯ 过/差一刻钟 21.go to bed 上床睡觉 22.in the afternoon /evening 在下午 /晚上 23.half past +钟点数 ⋯⋯ 点半 24.go home 回家 25.either ⋯ or 要么 ⋯⋯ 要么,或者 ⋯ ..或者 26.lots of=many+可数(复数)大量,许多 27. eat quickly 吃得快 28.play sports 做运动 29. have much time for ⋯有许多时间做 ⋯⋯ 30.for half an hour 半小时 31.get home 到家 32.eat a good breakfast早餐吃得好,好好吃一顿早餐4 33.eat ⋯ for lunch 午餐吃 ⋯⋯ 34.after lunch /dinner 午餐 /晚餐后 35.be (not) good for 对⋯⋯ 健康有(没)益 36.taste good 尝起来好吃 37.. have a shower 洗澡 38.have a very healthy life 有健康的生活 39.need to do ⋯需要做 ⋯ 40.after doing to have ⋯为了有 ⋯⋯ 做⋯⋯ 后 41.from Monday to Friday 从周一到周五 42.radio station广播电台 43. make breakfast for sb.替某人做早饭 44.get to school 到校 三、关键句型 1. What time do you usually get up? I usually get up at six thirty. 2. That ’s a funny time for breakfast. 3. When do students usually eat dinner? They usually eat dinner at a quarter to seven in the evening. 4. In the evening, I either watch TV or play computer games. 5. At twelve, she eats lots of fruit and vegetables for lunch.. 6. She knows it ’s not good for her, but it tastes good. 7. Here are your clothes. 四、佳作欣赏 My School Day I am a student. I usually get up at seven, and I eat breakfast at seven thirty. Then I go to school at eight. School starts at eight thirty. I eat lunch at twelve. I go home at 17:00. I often eat dinner at 19:00 and then play the piano. I do my homework at 20:00. At 22:00, I go to bed. 5 Unit 3 How do you get to school? 一、词汇拓展 1. Subway(同义词) underway 2. ride(现在分词) riding 3. bike(完全式) bicycle 4. far from(反义词) near to 5. km(完全式) kilometer 6. drive(现在分词) driving 7. cross (介词) across (名词) crossing 8. Village(指人) villager 9. leave/li:v/ live /liv/ 10. stop(同义词 ) station 二、重点短语与句型 1. take the train /bus/boat/subway 乘火车 /公共汽车 /船/地铁 =by train/bus/boat/subway 2.How do(does)+人+ get to+地方? 你怎样到达 ⋯⋯ 人+take(s)+交通工具 +to+地方 = 人 +go(es)+地方+to by+交通工具 乘⋯ 去⋯ 3.by bike=ride a bike=on one ’s bike骑自行车 4.how long 多久,多长 how far 多远 5.How long does it take sb. to do ⋯?做⋯⋯ 花某人多长时间? 6.It take(s) +人(宾格 )+时间段 (sometime) to do sth. 做某事花费某人多长时间。 7.How far is it from ⋯ to ⋯?⋯ ⋯ 离⋯⋯ 有多远? 8.I'm not sure. 我不能确信。 9.have a good day at school. 上课快乐 10.you, too. 你也是。 11.the bus ride 乘公共汽车 12.walk to school 走路上学 13.every day 每天:天天 14.drive one's car to do ⋯开某人的车去做 ⋯⋯ 15.from here 从这儿 16.think of 认为 17.bus stop 公交车站点 18.train station 火车站 19.How far does he /she live from ⋯?他/她住在离 ⋯⋯ 有多远? 20.What does he/she think of sth/doing sth? =How does he/she like sth/doing sth? 他/她觉得 ⋯⋯ 如何? 21. between ⋯ and 在⋯ ..和⋯⋯ 之间 22.come true 实现,成为现实6 23.by bus /train 乘公交车 /火车 24.run too quickly for ⋯对⋯⋯ 来说流得太急 25.It is adj+(for) sb. to do sth ⋯做⋯⋯ 怎么样 26.cross the river 通过河 27.one (an)11-year-old boy 一个 11岁的男孩 28. be not afraid不害怕 29.love to do sth.=like to do sth喜欢做 ⋯⋯ 30.play with sb/sth 和某人玩耍;玩耍某物 31.be like ⋯ to sb.像⋯⋯ 一样对 ⋯⋯ 32.like this 像这样 33.It is one's dream to do ⋯做⋯⋯ 是某人的梦想。 34.have to do ⋯不得不做某事 ⋯⋯ 35.go on a ropeway 坐索道 36. thanks for + n. / v. ing ⋯感谢你(做)某事 37.get there到达那儿 三、关键句型 1. How do you get to school? I ride my bike=I get to school by bike=I get to school on my bike. 2. How far is it from your home to school? It ’s about three kilometers 3. How long does it take you to get to school? It takes me about half an hour on foot. 4. For many students, it is easy to get to school. 5. There is a very big river between their school and the village. 四、佳作欣赏 The Best Way for Me to Go to School Different students go to school in different ways in our school, but I llike to go to school on foot. First, I live near the school, so my home is not far from my school. And it takes me a few minutes to get there. Second, there is a crossing on my way to school, and sometimes the traffic is very busy. I think it is safer to go to school on foot. Third, I think walking is good for my health. It ’s a kind of sport and it makes me study better. So in my opinion, the best way to go to school is on foot. What about you? 7 Unit 4 Don’t eat in class. 一、词汇拓展 1. rule(复数) rules 2. hallway(复数) hallways 3. listen(现在分词) listening 4. fight(现在分词 )fighting 5. outside(反义词 )inside 6. wear(同音词) where 7. important(反义词 )unimportant 8. bring to(反义词) take to 9. uniform(复数) uniforms 10.out(反义词) in 11. before(反义词) after 12.dirty (反义词 )clean 13. noisy(反义词 )quiet 14. relax(形容词 )relaxing/relaxed 15. terrible(副词 )terribly 16. luck(形容词 )lucky 二、重点短语与句型 1. dining hall 餐厅 2.listen to 听 3.in class 上课 4.in the dining hall在餐厅 5.be quiet=keep quiet安静 6.don't arrive late for ⋯ =be not late for... 不要到 ⋯⋯ 迟到 7.a lot of 许多,大量 8.bring ⋯ to ⋯ 带⋯⋯ 到(给) ⋯⋯ 9.wear a hat /the school uniform 穿着帽子 /穿着校服 10.be on time for ⋯⋯ 准时 (按时)做⋯⋯ 11.have to,has to 不得不 12.don't(doesn ’t) have to do ⋯ =needn’t....不必做 ⋯ 13.go out 外出 (娱乐 ) 14.do the dishes=wash the dishes(U5)清洗餐具 15.practice the guitar=practice playing the guitar练习弹吉它 16.help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事 17.on school nights在夜自习,在晚上上课 18.before dinner 晚饭前 19.every Saturday /morning 每周六 /每天上午 20.make breakfast 做早餐 21. make (one's) bed 铺床 22.follow the rules 遵 守 规 则 23. be strict with+人 对某人要求严格 24.be strict in+事情 对某事要求严格 25.too many+可数名词(复数) 太多的 ⋯⋯ 26.leave +物品 +in the kitchen 把某东西忘放在厨房8 27.good luck! 祝你好运! 28. be noisy 吵闹,发出噪音 29.What can I do? 我该怎么办呢? 30. think about 考虑,思考 31.read a book 看书 32.make rules to do ⋯制定规章来做 ⋯⋯ 33.at home 在家 34.learn to do... 学习做 ⋯⋯ 35.have fun 过得高兴,玩得愉快 36.get sth.for sb. 替某人拿某物 37.keep + 宾语 +形容词 使⋯⋯ 保持某种状态 keep one ’s hair short 某人留短发 38.want sb. to do ⋯想某人做 ⋯⋯ 39.It's best to do ⋯做⋯⋯ 是最好的。 三、关键句型 1. Don ’t arrive late for class. 上课不要迟到。 2. Can we bring music players to school? 我们可以带音乐播放器到学校吗? 3. And we always have to wear the school uniform. 并且我们总是不得不穿校服。 4. There are too many rules! 有太多的规则! 5. Don ’t leave the dirty dishes in the kitchen! 不要把脏盘子留在厨房里! 6. I have to keep my hair short. 我不得不留短发。 四、佳作欣赏 Dear Tom, Thanks for your last letter. You want to know the rules in our school. Now let me tell you about them.We can ’t arrive late for class. We can ’t talk loudly in class. We should keep quiet. When we meet our teachers on our way, we should say hello to them. We can ’t eat or drink in class, and we can ’t listen to music or play games in class. I think we have too many rules. What about yours? Please write and tell me. Yours 9 Unit 5 Why do you like pandas? 一、词汇拓展 1. panda(复数 ) pandas 2. zoo(复数 )zoos 3. tiger(复数 )tigers 4. koala(复数 )koalas 5. giraffe (复数 )giraffes 6.elephant(复数 )elephant 7.lazy(反义词 )di gent 8. beautiful(名词 )beauty (反义词 )ugly 9. Australia(指人 )Australian 10.south(对应词 )north 11. Africa(指人 )African 12. friendly (反义词 )unfriendly 13. forget(反义词 )remember 14. danger(形容词 )dangerous 15.danger(反义词 )safety 16.ivory(复数 )ivories save(名词)saving 二、重点短语与句型 1. let sb do sth. first.咱们某人先做 ⋯ 2. kind of稍微,有点儿 3.why do you like ⋯?你为什么喜欢 ⋯⋯ ? 4.South Africa 南非 5.be from ⋯ =come from来自 ⋯ 6. walk on two legs两条腿走路;立着走路 7.all day=the whole day 全天,整天 8. be friendly to sb. 对于某人很友好; 9.Why don’t you like ⋯ ?=why not like ⋯你为什么不喜欢 ⋯⋯? 10.Let ’s do sth. =shall we do sth =what/how about doing sth 11.a lot 非常,十分 12. black and white 黑白相间 13. be friendly to sb. 对某人友好 14.What animals=which animals 什么动物 15.be in (great) danger 处于 (极大)危险中 16. cut down 砍倒 17. be made of +物质 由⋯ ..制成 18.a symbol of good luck 好运的象征 19.so many+可数名词复数 如此多的 ⋯⋯ 20.save the elephant 拯救大象 21. one of Thailand ’s symbols 泰国的一个标志 22 .get lost =be lost 迷路 23. student from Thailand 泰国的学生 24. lose one ’s home 无家可归,失去家园 25.walk for a long time 走了很长时间 26. kill ⋯ for ⋯因⋯⋯ 而杀死 ⋯ 27. places with food and water 有食物和水的地方 28. things made of ivory 象牙制品 29. forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事 (未做) 30. forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事(已做)10 三、关键句型 1. Why do you like pandas? 你为什么喜欢熊猫? Because they ’re kind of interesting. 因为它们有点儿有趣。 2. Why does John like koalas? 约翰为什么喜欢树袋熊? Because they ’re very cute. 因为它们非常可爱。 3. Why don ’t you like tigers? 你为什么不喜欢老虎? Because they ’re really scary. 因为它们真的吓人。 4. Where are lions from? 狮子来自哪里? They’re from South Africa. 它们来自南非。 5. Elephants can walk for a long time and never get lost. 大象能走很长时间并且从不迷路。 6. They can also remember places with food and water. 它们也能记住有食物和水的地方。 7. But elephants are in great danger. 但是,大象处于极大危险之中。 8. People cut down many trees so elephants are losing their homes. 人们砍倒了许多树,因此,大象渐渐失去它们的家园。 9. Today there are only about 3,000 elephants (over 100,000 before) 现在仅有大约 3000 头大象(之前超过 10 万头大象)。 10. Isn ’t she beautiful? 她难道不美丽吗? 四、佳作欣赏 The Animal I Like There are many kinds of animals in the world. What animal do I like? Let ’s know her. Many people like her very much. I also like her. She is from China. She is very cute. She doesn ’t eat grass and meat at all. She eats bamboo every day. She is so nice. She is black white. She has two big black ears and eyes. And she also has black legs and arms. What animal is she? She is a panda. I like panda very much. Do you like her? What animal do you like?

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