人教版七年级下册英语复习


    Unit1 play chess 下棋 play basketball 打篮球 play the guitar 弹吉他 play the violin 拉小提琴 play+棋牌类 /球类(不加冠词 the) play the+乐器名词(后面是乐器,一定要加 the) speak 说语言 speak English talk 交谈 talk to/with sb 与某人交谈 talk about 谈论某物 tell 告诉 say 说(强调内容) want sb to do sth 想要某人做某事 want sth 想要某物 want to be 想要成为 join in sth 参加某事(娱乐、比赛) join(with )sb in doing sth=join(with )sb to do sth 与某人一起参加 某活动 can be in 加入 be good at =do well in 擅长于 ......,精通于 ...... be good for 对......有好处 be good to 对......好 be good with 对于......有办法,善于应付 ......的 tell stories 讲故事 tell sb sth 告诉某人某事 tell sb to do sth 告诉某人要做某事 (否定) tell sb not to do sth show sb sth =show sth to sb 给某人看某物 make friends 交朋友 make friends with sb 与某人交朋友be busy with sth 忙于某事 be busy doing sth 忙于做某事 need to do sth 需要做某事 help sb with sth 在某方面帮助某人 help sb (to)do sth 帮助某人做 某事 teach sb sth 教某人某事 teach sb to do sth 教某人做某事 can 是情态动词,没有人称和数的变化,其后动词用原形 Can you sing or dance? 选择疑问句, 不能用 Yes 、No 回答,只能选 择什么答什么 。 also 用于肯定句 ,“也”,放在实义动词之前, be动词、情态动词、 助动词的后面。 too 用于肯定句,放在句末,表示 “也”。 either 用于否定句 “也”,放在句末。 or 疑问句中译为 “或者”,否定句表示 “也” Dear Sir, I want to join your School Trip to help the kids with sports,music and English.My name is zhu Ting.I ’m 15 years old.I am a student in No.1 Middle School.I play the guitar well.I can sing many songs.I can swim and I can speak English well.I think I can be good with the kids. I hope to get your letter soon. Yours, Zhu Ting Unit2 1.go to school 去上学 2.get up 起床 go to bed 上床睡觉 3.get dressed 穿上衣服(强调穿的动作) dress sb 给某人穿衣服 be dressed in 穿着(强调穿的状态) in+颜色 表示穿着某颜色衣服 的人 put on 穿上,后加衣物(强调穿的动作) wear 穿戴,后加衣物强调 穿的状态 4. brush teeth 刷牙 do morning exercise 做早操 5. eat breakfast/lunch/dinner 吃早饭 /午饭/晚饭 6. take a shower =have a shower 洗澡 7.what time 什么时候(提问具体的时间点) 8.from ...to... 从....到... 9.It is time for sth 该是做某事的时间了 have (much)/notime for sth have much/no time to do sth 有/没(太多)时间做某事 10.an interesting job 一个有趣的工作 (job 可数名词,指具体的有薪水 的职业或工作 ,work 不可数名词,日常体力或脑力劳动) 11.be late for...因...迟到 12.on weekends=on the weekend 在周末 13.a group of 一组... 后接可数名词复数 14.时间表达法:顺读:钟点 +分 six fifteen 6:15 逆读:分 +past+钟点 a quarter past six 6:15 分+to +钟点( +1) a quarter to six 5:45 半点 half past six 六点半 整点 six o’clock 六点 15.go home 回家( home为地点副词,前面不要介词 to,同样用法的 有:here there ) 16.do(one’s) homework做(某人的)家庭作业 17. take a walk = have a walk = go for a walk 散步 18.both...and... 两者都 either...or... 或者...或者 ...(当连接两个主语时,谓语动词遵循就近原 则) neither...nor... 既不......也不...... 19.lots of = a lot of 大量,许多,既可修饰不可数名词也可修饰可数 名词复数 much 许多,修饰不可数名词 many 许多,修饰可数名词复数 a lot=very much 很,修饰动词 20.at the radio station 在广播电视台 at night 在晚上 21.usually 、always、often、sometimes、never、hardly 经常、总是、 经常、有时、从不、几乎不 (表示次数频率的副词为频度副词 ,放在实 义动词前面, be动词、助动词、情态动词后面。) 22.taste good 尝起来好 (taste为系动词,后加形容词) 系动词的有:一是一感一保持, 起来四个变了三(be,feel,keep,look, sound,smell,taste,become,get,turn) be 动词、系动词后 +形容词 实义动词 +副词23.have a healthy life 有一个健康的生活方式 what time 和 when 引导的特殊疑问句 1. 询问钟点时用 what time,询问日期、月份、年份时用 when。 2. What's the time?=What time is it?现在几点了? My school day Hello,I am Han Dongmei,a student from Weiling Middle School.Do you want to know about my school day.I usually get up at 6:00,then I exercise for half an hour.After that,I eat my breakfast quickly.I usually go to school on foot.school starts at 8:00.I have four classes in the morning and three class in the afternoon.I have my lunch at school.I have a healthy life.I like eating fruit and vegetables because they are good for me. After class, I can play games with my friends.Then I get home.That is my life.What ’s yours?Is it healthy? Unit3 1.get to school 到达学校 get to +地点名词 到达某地(后接地点副词 home here there 省略 to ) arrive in + 大地点 arrive at + 小地点 到达 当接地点副词时,省略介词 in 和 at reach + 表地点的名词 到达 2.出行方式: by + 交通工具(放句末) take a/the +交通工具ride/drive + a/the + 交通工具 take... to ... = go to ... by ... 乘...去... drive to school 开车去学校 drive his car to work 开车去上班 get home by bike 骑自行车回家 walk to ... = go to ...on foot 步行去某地 3.one hundred and five 105 hundred “一百”前面有具体数字时, 其后不加 s 和 of 表示不确定的 数字,前面没有具体数字加 s 和 of hundreds of 成百上千 thousands of 成千上万 4.everyday 日常的 every day 每一天 5.how far 多远(询问距离或路程) 从 A 到 B 有多远? How far is it from A to B ? be far from 离...远 be not far from 离...不远 6.how long 多长时间 how long does it take...?...花费多长时间 It takes sb some time to do sth 做某事花费某人多长时间 Sb spend some time in doing sth 7.be sure to do sth 一定要做某事 be sure of 有把握 ...,确信 ... I ’m not sure 我不确定。 8.live a happy life 过着幸福的生活 live on sth 以某物为食 9. 公共汽车站 bus stop (临时停靠的) bus station (大型车站) 10.stop to do sth 停下来去做某事stop doing sth 停止做某事 11.think of 认为,想起 What do you think of... = how do you like...你认为 ...怎么样 12.cross the river 过河 13.It is adj (for sb) to do sth (对某人而言)做某事是 ...的 14.between...and...两者之间 among 在三者及以上之间 15.no = not any /not a(n) 没有 16. go on a ropeway 乘坐索道 17. an 11-year-old boy 一个 11 岁的男孩 18.be afraid to do sth be afraid of doing sth 害怕做某事 be afraid of sth 害怕某物 19.play with 和...玩耍 20.be like 像 look like 看起来像 21.many of...中的许多 22. leave for +地点 动身去某地 leave +地点+for +地点 离开某地去某地 23.come true 实现 24.have to 必须(客观上的需要) have to do sth不得不做某事 must 必须(主观上的需要) 25.thanks for +n /doing sth.因⋯ 而感谢 26. How do/does sb get to ⋯?某人是怎样到达某地的?Riding a bike to school Different students go to school in different ways in our school .Do you want to know how I get to school?Well ,let me tell you. I like to go to school by bike. I live in a small village ,but my home is not far from school.It ’s only about two kilometers.I ride my bike to school every day.It takes me about twenty minutes. I like going to school by bike because it ’s good exercise.I really enjoy it. Unit 4 1. 迟到 arrive late for be late for 2. on time 准时 in time 及时 3.in the hallways 在走廊里 in the dining hall 在餐厅 4. listen to music 听音乐 5.in class 在课上 in the class 在班上 in the classroom 在教室里 6. fight with sb 与某人打架 have a fight 打架 7.bring sth/sb to 带来 take sth/sb to 带走 8.be quiet = keep quiet 保持安静 Don’t be noisy. Don’t make noise. 9.go out 外出 10.practice doing sth 练习做某事 (后接 n,pron,v-ing) Practice makes prefect. practice the guitar 练习吉他 11.do the dishes = wash the dishes 清洗餐具12.too many too much 太多 much too 很,太 后接 adj/adv 13. leave sth +地点 把某物忘在某地 14.看 :read 看书、报、杂志等 look 看的动作 后接宾语加 at see 看的结果,看见 watch 观看正在运动变化的事物,含欣赏之意 15.be strict with sb 对某人要求严格 be strict in sth 对某事要求严格 16.remember to do sth.记住要做某事 remember doing sth.记得做过某事 17. follow the rules 遵守规则 make the rules 制定规则 18. Good luck to you! 祝你好运 19. learn to do sth 学习做某事 learn from 向...学习 learn...by oneself 自学 It ’s never too old to learn. 20. have fun = have a good time 玩的开心,过得愉快 have fun doing sth 做某事很开心 21. keep +宾语+adj 使...保持某种状态 keep one ’s hair short 留短发 Our School Rules Dear Tom, Thanks for your last email.You want to know the rules in our school.Now let me tell you about them. We can’t arrive late for class.We must be on time.We can ’t bring mobile phones to school.We can ’t talk in class.We have to wear school uniforms at school.We have to keep our classroom clean.We can ’t eat in class,and we can ’t listen to music or play games in class. Rules,rules,rules!These rules are very strict,but we must follow them. I think all these rules are good for our study. Unit5 1.Welcome to ...欢迎来到(后接地点副词 to 省略) 2. let sb do sth 让某人做某事 3. favorite = like ...best 最喜欢的 ... 4.because of 由于 5. kind of = a litter 有点儿 a kind of ...一种 all kinds of ...各种各样的 6. be from =come from 来自 7. walk on ...用某种方式行走 8. all day/all night 整天 /整夜 9.a lot 非常,很 a lot of 许多 10. be friendly to sb 对某人友好 be friendly with sb 和某人关系好 11. one of+名词复数 ...之一 12. a symbol of good luck 好运的象征 a symbol of .... ..的象征 13. forget to do sth 忘记做某事 forget doing sth 忘记做过某事 14. get/be lost 迷路 lose one ’s home失去某人的家园 15. be in great danger 处于极大危险中 16. 由⋯ 制成 be made of...(能看出原材料) be made from...(看不 出原材料) be made in 在某地制造 17.cut down 砍倒 (代词放中间)

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