国家开放大学专科《理工英语1》一平台机考第四大题阅读理解判断题库


    
    国家开放学专科理工英语1台机考总题库
    第四题 阅读理解判断题
    说明:2024年7月整理适国家开放学专科学员台期末机考考试
    题包含5题题4分计20分阅读短文判断句子正误正确选T错误选F
    2018 Was A Milestone Year For weather

    In Octoberthe Intergovernmental group on weather Change came to a similar agreementIf the Earth warms up another half a degreethe world’s weather will change greatlyThe report noted that the world’s governments probably have about more than ten years to greatly lessen greenhouse gas sending out

    But the weather is already changingThere was yet another study made by the American Weather Society this year that examined the most terrible weather happening in 2017It found huge rainstorms around the world by a warmer weather

    To have more water in the air is simply moving heavier rainsan expert saysThe physics of what’s driving heavier rainseven when it’s not a stormis nearly the same in many placesaround the world

    The physics isn’t hard to understandheat water in a pot on your stove and watch as it turns to gas and risesRising hot air causes stormsand the water comes back downJust ask people who lived through storm in HoustonFlorida or Puerto RicoThe past two years have seen strange strong storm seasons in the Atlantic
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [判断题]◆In September of 2018the Intergovernmental group on weather Change came to a similar agreement[答案]F
    [判断题]◆It found huge rainstorms around the world by a warmer weather[答案]T
    [判断题]◆To have more water in the air is simply moving heavier rainsan expert says[答案]T
    [判断题]◆Rising hot air causes stormsand the water comes back down[答案]T
    [判断题]◆The past three years have seen strange strong storm seasons in the Atlantic[答案]F
    首字母A
    A 4 year Kidwho does not know what an Email or a Chat App isprays to GodHeyLordPlease make me a smartphoneThis young kid is asking such a wish from Godbecause he sees that his parents at home are completely glued to this magical device called smartphone and has no time to look up at himThe smartphone is getting more attention in the house than the childHis parents are present there physicallybut their minds are somewhere else

    It’s so true that this device has become an inseparable part of our day to day lifeand we are addicted to itWe will start feeling restless if we do not look to our phone after a few minutesWe react faster to a phone beep or a message compared to a call by a family member from a different roomWe all need to come out of this headdown syndromeWe all need to connect and communicate in real worldWe need to put this technology to good use and not become a slave




    So what shall we doIt’s simplethe solution is called digital breakThis meanswhen you return home from workyou simply turn off or mute all your digital devices for a few hours every dayor at least once in a whileWhat do you do thenYou can share your time with the familychatting with your wife or husbandplaying games with your kidsdoing things with other family membersetcin real lifeYou will soon realize the world outside the smartphone is much more enjoyable
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [判断题]◆The kid is 5 years old[答案]F
    [判断题]◆The kid asked God for a smartphone[答案]F
    [判断题]◆Smartphones have become an inseparable part of our daily life[答案]T
    [判断题]◆We all need to connect and communicate in virtual world[答案]F
    [判断题]◆The only solution to the headdown syndrome is called digital break[答案]F
    首字母I
    In recent yearsthe Chinese auto industry has seen rapid growthwith the demand on private cars rising sharply in Chinese cities since 2002
    By 2009China has replaced the USto become the world’s largest auto marketAs an important part of the world car industrythe global auto industry will shift further to ChinaThis brings historical opportunity to China’s auto market
    Currentlyboth the development of China’s auto market and the changes in consumer demand for vehicles are everincreasingChina’s auto industry will continue to grow in the next decadeIt means there is still huge room for its developmentChina has an urban population of more than 600 millionIt also has a huge agricultural vehicle market in the rural areasHencethere is no doubt for China’s development of auto industryThat is also the reason why the world’s auto producers are paying more attention to the Chinese market
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [判断题]◆The demand on private cars increased greatly in Chinese cities since 2002[答案]T
    [判断题]◆China has become the world’s largest auto market[答案]T
    [判断题]◆China’s auto industry tends to decrease in the next decade[答案]F
    [判断题]◆China has an urban population of less than 600 million[答案]F
    [判断题]◆The reason why the world’s auto producers are paying more attention to the Chinese market is that China’s auto industry developed very quickly[答案]T
    首字母M
    Millions of people around the world cook their food over a smoky fire every dayIt is often difficult to find wood for the firePeople who do not have wood must spend large amounts of money on cooking fuelHoweverthere is a much easier way to cook food using energy from the sunSolar cookersor ovenshave been used for centuries  

    Solar ovens consist of a system of reflectors and a cooking potThe rest is up to your imagination Once you have collected or bought your solar ovenyou can use it to prepare hot meals in the backyardat a campground or wherever your heart desires




    Of all the inventions that could benefit humankinda reliable solar cooker remains one of the most necessaryCountless people across the developing world still cook their food by burning wood or even cow dungcausing breathing problems and severe pollution in some regions

    The searching for a practical solar cooker has gone on for decades and produced dozens of modelsBut none of them have caught on importantly for use in the developing world because they can’t store heatWithout the ability to store heata cooker cannot be usedfor exampleon cloudy days

    But now a group based at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology(NTNU)is reporting a discovery in solar cookersThey say it will lead to the production of practical solar cookers within a year and a half and it can store enough heat during a sunny day to work for an entire additional dayeven if it is cloudy  
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [判断题]◆People who do not have wood must spend small amounts of money on cooking fuel[答案]F
    [判断题]◆There is a much easier way to cook food using energy from the sun[答案]T
    [判断题]◆Solar cookersor ovenshave not been used for centuries[答案]F
    [判断题]◆Solar ovens consist of a system of reflectors and a cooking pot[答案]T
    [判断题]◆Without the ability to store heata cooker can be usedfor exampleon cloudy days[答案]F
    首字母O
    ★One of the masterpieces of modern architecturethe fantastic Hangzhou Bay Bridge has been opened to the public since May 2008

    The Bridge is an Sshaped stayedcable bridge with six lanes in both directions and is linking Ningbo’s Ci xi county in the south to Jiaxing in the northIt shortens the highway travel distance between Ningbo and Shanghai by 120 kilometersand reduces the driving time from 4 to 25 hours
    It is the longest seacrossing bridge in the world 36 kilometers (22 miles) longThis fantastic bridge crossing the Hangzhou Bay is expected to have al0Oyear lifespanand has a price tag of 118 billion yuan(US170 billion)
    The to llfeeis80yuanper vehicleAs the bridge has six lanes in both directionsyou can be quite sure that you will have a smooth ride
    The speed limit is 100 kilometers 62 miles
    The first preparations for planning the bridge started a decade agoclose to 600 experts spent nine years on designing the Hangzhou Bay BridgeChief Commander of the Bridge Project is Mr Wang YongThe bridge was linked in 2007 and an opening ceremony was held on 26th JuneBut the Bridge was first open to the publicalmost one year laterafter a series of tests and evaluations 特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [判断题]◆The fantastic Hangzhou Bay Bridge has been opened to the pubic since May 2010[答案]F
    [判断题]◆It is the longest seacrossing bridge in the world 36 kilometers (22 miles) long[答案]T
    [判断题]◆The toll fee is100 yuan per vehicle[答案]F
    [判断题]◆The speed limit is 100 kilometers 62 miles[答案]T
    [判断题]◆Chief Commander of the Bridge Project is MrYang Yong[答案]F



    首字母P
    ★People in Los Angeles are known for their love of carsThe city is very largeand its public transportation is slowSo people drive everywhereBut nowa group of bicyclists are trying to get people out of their cars and on bikes.
      
    Devon Fitzgerald says he has to be careful when he rides his bike in the streetsA lot of people are in a rushand it’s very difficult to keep carefulfor they would rather care for their speed than your safetyAlthough riding a bike to work can be dangeroushe prefers it to a carIt’s much simpler than driving a carFor exampleI don’t have to worry about parking
      
    Roger Rosas drives to workYou always have to make sure you look to the other side because someone would rush across by bikeOr you can easily get into an accident
      
    To make bicycling safersome people who live and work near each other are riding to work togetherwhich they call a bike trainNona Varnado helped create the group LABike TrainsYou’re in a big groupIf you’re afraid of riding aloneyou can now ride with experienced ridersNona said that people would feel safer by riding together in a group.
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [判断题]◆People in Los Angeles are known for their love of bicycles[答案]F
    [判断题]◆Devon Fitzgerald finds it dangerous to ride his bike in the streets [答案]T
    [判断题]◆Devon Fitzgerald likes riding a bike better because it’s much cheaper[答案]F
    [判断题]◆Riding in a bike train can help people feel safer [答案]T
    [判断题]◆Devon Fitzgerald helped to create LABike Trains[答案]F
    首字母S
    ★Solar cooking is a convenient cooking method Today the useful solar cooker really works and it is attracting more and more people’s attention

    Taiwanese people have realized the risk associated with their energy sources about 97 of the energy sources are imported This has caused a solar cooking education movement in Taiwan

    A local environmental group in Taipei held a solar cooker design competition in some elementary schools last year

    About 500 students (ages 812 years) were taught solar cooking principles before the competitionAfter learning basic solar cooking skills the students were divided into small teams and asked to design and build their own solar cookers in weeks They were encouraged to be creative and use recycled materials such as driftwood old fish tanksCDsumbrellas woks and mirrors

    The challenge of the competition was to solar cook a small amount of dried mung beansWhile waiting for the beans to cook each group was asked to describe their design building process experimentation and cooperation within the group

    It was amazing to see the students’ excitement when they discovered that simple materials could be used to cook food under the sun and solar cooking has really attracted creative kids
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答



    [判断题]◆There is little convenience in burning woods for cooking[答案]F
    [判断题]◆Taiwan imported most of its energy sources[答案]T
    [判断题]◆Energy crisis is not the reason for solar cooking education movement in Taiwan[答案]F
    [判断题]◆The students were not required to find new ways to make use of solar energy[答案]F
    [判断题]◆The students were disappointed at the competition in the end[答案]F
    首字母T
    ★The top US electric car maker Tesla Motors has started selling its popular Model S cars in China through its Chineselanguage website Tesla launched its Chineselanguage website at the end of December 2013 hoping to attract new orders from Chinese buyers It follows the opening of Tesla’s showroom in Beijing last month And industry experts think it could be just the beginning of Tesla’s drive into the Chinese market
      As an innovative company Tesla has a bright future in China because of an increasing demand for luxury cars Support facilities for electric cars such as charging stations have been built or are in the process of being built in many cities across the country
      Tesla has made itself as one of the leaders in the electric car industry It designs produces and sells vehicles It aims to massproduce fully electric cars at prices affordable to average buyers But there are some difficulties the company still has to overcome in China
      One of the major problems is that Tesla does not have a name in Chinese It’s also not yet clear what the government tax rate will be for their cars This means even interested buyers can’t know the full price for a Tesla car
      The Tesla showroom in Beijing has opened and its Chinese website is now available But so far there are no marketing and public relations teams for Tesla Beijing so it remains something of a mystery Experts believe with a growing demand for luxury cars in China and the government’s push for clean electric cars Tesla has a big chance to win in the world’s second largest economy
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [判断题]◆Tesla launched its Chineselanguage website at the end of December 2013hoping to attract new orders from Chinese buyers (红色字体题正确答案)
    AT
    BF

    [判断题]◆As an innovative companyTesla has a bright future because of an increasing demand for economic cars in China(红色字体题正确答案)
    AT
    BF

    [判断题]◆Tesla has made itself one of the leaders in the auto car industry(红色字体题正确答案)
    AT
    BF

    [判断题]◆Tesla has opened a show room in Shanghai(红色字体题正确答案)
    AT
    BF

    [判断题]◆Tesla has a big chance to sell well in China(红色字体题正确答案)
    AT



    BF

    The world’s longest highspeed railway routerunning from Beijing to Guangzhouhas been in operation for a few yearsIt cuts travel time between the two cities from 22 hours to only 8 hoursWith comfortable seats and quiet cabinsthis highspeed line offers a pleasant journey for thousands of travelers

    The high speed railway connects Beijing with five provincial capitalsPart of the linefrom Zhengzhou to Guangzhouwas in operation before the whole line was connectedThe opening of the Beijing to Zhengzhou section has connected the entire lineIt covers a total length of 2298 kilometers

    The BeijingGuangzhou line connects one third of China’s population and more than 40percent of its economic powerTravelers benefit from the efficient networkand find that their hometowns are not that faraway

    As the American publication Neusueek puts itChina is now engaged in arailway revolutionThese 350 kilometer per hour highspeed railway trains have made the country’s vast territorysubstantially smallerand changed the country economically
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [判断题]◆The world’s longest highspeed railway routerunning from Beijing to Guangzhouhas been in operation for a few years[答案]T
    [判断题]◆It cuts travel time between the two cities from 22 hours to only 6 hours[答案]F
    [判断题]◆The opening of the Beijing to Zhengzhou section has linked with the total route[答案]T
    [判断题]◆The BeijingGuangzhou line connects one third of China’s population and more than 40 percent of its economic power[答案]T
    [判断题]◆These 350 kilometer per hour highspeed railway trains have made the country’s vast territoryconsiderably smallerand changed the country economically[答案]T
    首字母W
    When a few college students jokingly declared Nov11 a National Singles Day in the 90s in Chinathey would never be able to imagine that they were creating the biggest online shopping spree in the worldIt started as a way for young people to make fun of themselves as being single and invite other single friends to have fun at barsrestaurants and karaoke roomsThey chose 1111 because 1 is the loneliest numberetcThen businesses began to take notice

    In 2009online retail giant Ali baba announced it would be selling everything at half price on taobaocom on Nov11It was the first time for Chinese single men and womenand indeed married peopletooto enjoy the huge discounts in online shopping on the Singles DayOver the last few yearsAli babaJD and other Chinese ecommerce companies all expanded their oneday discountsand sales grew dramatically

    In 2014Ali baba Group scored 571 billion on November 11setting a new record for the ecommerce giant since it started the Singles Day sales five years agoThat was much higher than the combined 37 billion online sales of Thanksgiving DayBlack Friday and Cyber Monday from desktop computers in the USA
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [判断题]◆In 2009 Ali baba began to sell everything at half price at taobaocom on Nov11[答案]T
    [判断题]◆Some companies like Ali baba expanded their two days discounts and sales grew dramatically[答案]F



    [判断题]◆In 2014Ali baba scored 471 billion on November 11[答案]F
    [判断题]◆Thanksgiving Day has got the best selling[答案]F
    [判断题]◆They chose 1111 because 1 is the loneliest number[答案]T



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