国家开放大学专科《理工英语1》一平台机考第三大题阅读理解选择题库


    
    国家开放学专科理工英语1台机考总题库
    第三题 阅读理解选择题
    说明:2024年7月整理适国家开放学专科学员台期末机考考试
    题包含5题题4分计20分阅读短文ABC三选项中选择正确答案
    首字母A
    ★A 4 year Kid who does not know what an Email or a Chat App is prays to GodHey Lord Please make me a smartphone This young kid is asking such a wish from God because he sees that his parents at home are completely glued to(专注)this magical device called smartphone and has no time to look up at him The smartphone is getting more attention in the house than the child His parents are present there physically but their minds are somewhere else
      
    It’s so true that this device has become an inseparable part of our day to day life and we are addicted to it We will start feeling restless if we do not look to our phone after a few minutes We react faster to a phone beep or a message compared to a call by a family member from a different room We all need to come out of this headdown syndrome We all need to connect and communicate in real world We need to put this technology to good use and not become a slave
      
    So what shall we do It’s simple the solution is calleddigital break This means when you return home from work you simply turn off or mute(静音)all your digital devices for a few hours every day or at least once in a while What do you do then You can share your time with the family chatting with your wife or husband playing games with your kids doing things with other family members etc in real life You will soon realize the world outside the smartphone is much more enjoy able
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [单选题]◆Why did the 4 year Kid ask for a smartphone from God
    ABecause he wanted to send emails to his friends
    BBecause he wanted to chat with his friends
    CBecause his parents always glued to smartphone when they were at home
    [答案]C
    [单选题]◆We are addicted to the smartphone which doesn’t mean __________
    Awe are becoming its slave
    Bwe start feeling restless if we do not look at our phone after a few minutes
    Cwe react faster to a phone beep than to a call from family member in a different room
    [答案]A
    [单选题]◆How can we solve the problem of addiction to the smartphone By turning off or mute it for a few hours every day and__________
    Aplay games with your kids
    Bshare time with your family
    CBoth A and B
    [答案]C
    [单选题]◆Why is it called headdown syndrome when we are addicting to the smartphone
    ABecause we are looking down when we read



    BBecause we are looking up when we read
    CBecause we are heading down when we read
    [答案]A
    [单选题]◆According to the passage how often we need a digital break
    AA few hours every day or at least once in a while
    BA few hours every week or at least once every ten minutes
    CA few hours every day or at least once every ten minutes
    [答案]A

    Air pollution

    People and air pollution are often in the same placesThis means that cities with large populations have the biggest problem of dirty airAir pollution is caused by many different thingsA major kind of air pollution is the gas from carsStatistics(统计资料)show that 93 percent of all auto trips are within cities

    Another major kind of dirty air is the burning of coal and oil for energyThis energy is needed to make electricityOf coursemuch more electricity is used in the city than in the country

    On the averagewe throw away more rubbish than the year beforeThe burning of rubbish makes air pollution even worseMany major industries are also responsible for the dirty air in the around citiesThe fumes(烟)from ironsteelchemicaland petrol production add particles(微粒)to the air

    The effects of air pollution range from mild headaches to deathThe levels of pollution found in heavy traffic may cause headaches for loss of clear visionWherever coal and oil are used for fuelfumes may kill trees and plants and cause metal to corrode(腐蚀)In some of the larger citiesthese fumes endanger the lives of human beings by contributing to lung diseases and causing early death
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [单选题]◆The key point of the passage is that________
    Athe cause of air pollution is people
    Bthe causes and the effects of air pollution are both found in cities
    Cthe effects of air pollution range from headaches to death
    [答案]B
    [单选题]◆What is the purpose of this passage
    Ato persuade people to stop polluting the air
    Bto tell the causes of air pollution
    Cto tell why cities are bad places to live
    [答案]A
    [单选题]◆Why is air pollution more grave in the city than in the country
    ABecause there are larger populations in cities
    BBecause the air in the city is dirty
    CBecause there are much more gas fumes from cars and burning of coal and oil for energy in the city than in the country
    [答案]C
    [单选题]◆The fumes from coal and oil may cause metal________
    Ato corrode
    Bto twist
    Cto turn black



    [答案]A
    [单选题]◆In larger cities the fumes from coal and oil may contribute to________
    Aheart disease
    Bloss of clear vision
    Clung diseases
    [答案]C

    An e book(also referred to as an electronic booke Bookor ebook)is a digital version(版)of a print book that you download and readBut if you want to read an e bookyou must have an E book Readerwhich is a kind of free software used by your computerMake sure you have installed the appropriate Reader before you download your e book from the InternetThe software allows you to turn the words on the screen into the size you likeIt also helps you turn pages and change your viewing options(计算机屏幕阅读选择)E books area fun alternative to regular booksYou can download them to any computers and create your own library of hundreds of titlesIf you load them onto your portable computeryou can take them with you when you travelSome e books are even interactiveBest of allwhen you order an e booktheir is no waiting and no shipping chargesThe amount of time it takes to download your e book depends on the speed of your connection and the size of your e book
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [单选题]◆From this passagewe learn that an e book__________
    Acan be found in any library Bcan be read directly from the Internet Ccan be read when special software is installed
    [答案]C
    [单选题]◆The E book Reader is used for__________ Areading an e book you’ve downloaded Bturning a print book into a digital version
    Cdownloading an e book from the Internet
    [答案]C
    [单选题]◆From this passagewe can learn that__________ Ayou can read an e book on a laptop when you travel
    Byou can order an e book using the E book Reader
    Cthe e books ordered have to be shipped to you
    [答案]A
    [单选题]◆Which of the following statements is TRUE
    AAn e book is ordered in the same way as a print book is
    BThe size of the words in an e book can not be changed
    CThe downloading time is decided by the e book’s size
    [答案]C
    [单选题]◆The passage is mainly about__________ Aa better way to download an E book
    Ba new kind of bookthe E books
    Cthe new version of E books [答案]B
    An old lady in a plane had a blanket(毯子) over her head and she did not want to take it offThe air hostess spoke to herbut the old lady saidI have never been in a plane beforeand I am frightenedI am going to keep this blanket over my head until we are back on the ground again



    Then the captain cameHe saidMadamlam the captain of this planeThe weather is finethere are no clouds in the skyand everything is going very wellBut she continued to hide
    So the captain turned and started to go backThen the old lady looked out from under the blanket with one eye and saidI am sorryyoung manbut I don’t like planes and lam never going to fly againBut I’ll say one thingShe continued kindlyYou and your wife keep your plan every clean 特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [单选题]◆An old lady had__________ Aglasses Ba blanket over her head Ca coat [答案]B
    [单选题]◆She didn’t want to__________ Atakeoff the blanket
    Bturnoff the light Ctakeoff the hat [答案]A
    [单选题]◆__________spoke to her AThe air hostess
    BThe man next to her Cher husband [答案]A
    [单选题]◆The old lady had never been__________before Aabroad Bhome Cin a plane [答案]C
    [单选题]◆The woman didn’t like planes and she was never going__________ Ato fly again Bto travel Cto go abroad
    [答案]A

    首字母B
    ★Building a house costs quite a lot of moneySuppose you plan to build a houseYour first step will be to find a right piece of landYour choice will depend on many different thingsYou will probably try to find a sunny placewith pleasant surroundings(环境)near shops and bus stopsnot too far from your friends and the place where you work

    Next you will find a good builderand together with the builder you will workout a planThe builder will draw the planIt will show the number of roomstheir position and sizeand other partswhich must be noticedsuch as windowsdoorsand electric outletsThe builder will workout how much money is needed to build your houseHe will workout the cost of the woodbricksthe glassand everything else that must be used in building the houseLater onwhen he starts to buildthis estimate(预算)must be corrected and revised(修订)His estimate is based on existing pricesbut prices of such things may changeand many other things may happen between the time when he makes the estimate and the time when he builds the house




    When the builder gives his estimateyou may wish to change your plan(You may also wish to change your builderif his estimate is too high)You may find that the house you wanted at first costs too muchor that you can spend a little more and add something to your planThe builder’s estimate depends on the planbut the final plan depends on the builder’s estimate
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [单选题]◆The best title of this passage is__________
    ABuilding a House Costs Much Money
    BEstimate Is Important
    CPlanning a House
    [答案]C
    [单选题]◆The first thing for a person to build a house is__________
    Ato get as much money as possible
    Bto find a suitable piece of land
    Cto workout a plan
    [答案]B
    [单选题]◆The phrasedraw the planin Paragraph 2 means__________
    Amaking a picture of a building or a room
    Bmaking a plan
    Cworking out a plan
    [答案]A
    [单选题]◆When the builder starts to build a househis estimate will have to be corrected and revised because________
    Ait is wrongly worked out by a workman
    Bthe future owner of the house thinks the estimate is so high that he can not afford the building
    Cthe prices of building materials and the expenses of labor maybe different from the original prices and expenses
    [答案]C
    [单选题]◆What is the relationship between the estimate and the plan
    AThe plan depends on the estimate
    BThe plan has nothing to do with the estimate
    CThe estimate and the plan depend on each other
    [答案]C

    首字母C
    Car crashes are the top killer of American teenagersMost of the crashes result from distracted drivingnot paying attention to the road

    Ryan Did one was a fifteenyearold passenger in a car that hit a treeHe was one of the nation’s more than thirty thousand victims of traffic crashes in 2008Nearly four thousand deathsabout twelve percent involved drivers age fifteen to twenty

    Ryan’s fatherThomas Did oneis a police captain in MarylanIt was an inexperiencedimmature driver driving at night with a carload of kidsHe was distractedhe was going too fastand it ended up causing one death and some seriously injuredHe shares the story of his son’s death to help educate teens and their families about distracted driving




    Jim Jennings from the Allstate Insurance Company says the number one cause of distracteddriving accidents is the mobile phoneHe says talking on the phone or reaching for it is like drinking four beers and drivingIf you’re texting while drivingyou are twentythree times more likely to get into an accident than somebody who isn’t

    Government and private groups are using public service announcements and events to bring more attention to the problemFor examplethe insurance industry recently held a safety event for teen driversAt firstnineteenyearold Kevin Schumann easily avoided largeinflatable dolls thrown in front of the car to represent childrenHe also avoided orange cones representing the edge of the roadThenas part of the testhe started textingHe hit several cones and at least one dollThat’s what really opened up the experience for me to prove how bad it is to really text and drive

    Debbie Pickford of Allstate Insurance says teens are especially at risk from distracted driving and not just because they lack experience on the roadsAccording to the researchteens don’t really have fully developed brains until they’re twentyfive years oldYou put those two things together and you get a muchmuch higher riskA new law proposes a graduated driver licensing systemGraduated means teenagers start with restrictions like on night driving and numbers of passengersThey could not get a full driver’s license until age eighteen
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [单选题]◆According to the passage__________is the most likely to lead to a traffic accident while you are driving
    Atexting on the mobile phone
    Breaching for a cell phone
    Ctalking on the mobile phone
    [答案]A
    [单选题]◆We can learn from the second paragraph that__________
    Adrivers who resulted in nearly 4000 deaths are teenagers
    Bover 30000 victims have died from traffic crashes so far
    Cit was at night that Ryan Did one died from a car accident
    [答案]B
    [单选题]◆A safety event held by insurance industry was meant to__________
    Aattract more teenagers to take part in it
    Bdraw enough attention to teenagers’ distracted driving
    Cmake more teenagers practice avoiding large barriers
    [答案]B
    [单选题]◆The passage is probably followed by a concluding paragraph about__________
    Amuch higher risk
    Bteen brain development
    Cmeasures to be taken
    [答案]C
    [单选题]◆Of all the following which is the best title for the passage
    ACar Crashesthe Top Killer
    BDistracted DrivingLet’s Avoid
    CDrunken DrivingDangerous Enough
    [答案]B




    Cars are an important part of life in the United StatesWithout a car most people feel that they are poorAnd even if a person is poor he doesn’t feel really poor when he had a car

    Henry Ford was the man who first started making cars in large numbersHe probably didn’t know how much the car was going to affect American cultureThe car made the United Stated a nation on wheelsAnd it helped make the United States what it is today

    There are three main reasons why the car becomes so popular in the United StatesFirst of allthe country is a huge one and Americans like to move around in itThe car provides the most comfortable and cheapest form of transportationWith a car people can go anyplace without spending a lot of money

    The second reason cars are popular is the fact that the United States never really developed an efficient and inexpensive form of public transportationLongdistance trains have never been as common in the country as they are in other parts of the worldNowadays there is a good system of airservice provided by planesBut it is too expensive to be used frequently

    The third reason is the most important onethoughThe American spirit of independence is what really made cars popularAmericans don’t like to wait for a busor a train or even a planeThey don’ t like to have to follow an exact scheduleA car gives them the freedom to schedule their own timeAnd this is the freedom that Americans want most to have

    The gas shortage has caused a big problem for AmericansBut the answer will not be a bigger system of public transportationThe real solution will have to be a new kind of carone that does not use so much gas
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [单选题]◆We can learn from this passage that Americans__________
    Aspend a lot of money traveling by car
    Btravel a lot in their cars
    Cseldom travel by plane
    [答案]B
    [单选题]◆Which of the following statements is TRUE
    AIn the United States even the poor own cars
    BIn the United States all the poor have no cars
    CAn American will feel poor unless he has a car
    [答案]C
    [单选题]◆In the writer’s opinioncars are popular in the United States mainly because__________
    AAmericans like to plan their own time
    BThe United States does not have enough public transportation
    CAmericans will not feel poor when they travel in their cars
    [答案]A
    [单选题]◆A nation on wheels in the second paragraph means that__________
    Aeveryone in the United States owns a car
    Bthe United States produces most of the cars in the world
    Ccars play an important part in American’ life
    [答案]B
    [单选题]◆The real solution to the gas shortage problem is__________
    Ato make less cars
    Bto develop a public transportation system
    Cto make gassaving cars



    [答案]C
    首字母D
    Dick lived in EnglandOne day in January he said to his wifeI’m going to fly to New York next week because I’ve got some work thereWhere are you going to stay therehis wife askedI don’t know yetDick answeredPlease send me your address from there in a telegramhis wife saidAll rightDick answered
    He flew to New York on January 31st and found a nice hotel in the center of the cityHe put his things in his room and then he sent his wife a telegramHe put the address of his hotel in it
    In the evening he didn’t have any workso he went to a cinemaHe came out at nine o’clock and saidNow I’m going back to my hotel and have a nice dinner
    He found a taxi and the driver saidWhere do you want to goBut Dick didn’t remember the name and address of his hotel
    Which hotel are my things inhe saidAnd what am I going to do tonightBut the driver of the taxi did not knowSo Dick got out and went into a post officeThere he sent his wife another telegramand in i the wrotePlease send me my address at this post office 特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [单选题]◆Dick flew to New York because__________ Ahe went there for a holiday Bhe got work there Che went there for sightseeing [答案]B
    [单选题]◆Why did his wife want a telegram from him ABecause she didn’t know his address yet BBecause she wanted to go to New Yorktoo CBecause she might send him another telegram [答案]A
    [单选题]◆Where did Dick stay in New York AIn the center of the city
    BIn a hotel CIn a restaurant [答案]B
    [单选题]◆Who would send him the name and address of his hotel AHis wife BThe police office CThe taxi driver [答案]A
    [单选题]◆Dick wanted to go back to__________in a taxi Athe restaurant
    Bhis own home Chis hotel [答案]C
    首字母H



    Highspeed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail trafficusing an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracksWhile there is no single standard that applies worldwidenew lines in excess of 250 kmhr and existing lines in excess of 200 kmhr are widely considered to be highspeedwith some extending the definition to include much lower speeds(eg160 kmhr)in areas for which these speeds still represent significant improvementsThe first such system began operations in Japan in 1964 and was widely known as the bullet trainHighspeed trains normally operate on standard gauge tracks of continuously welded rail on gradeseparated rightofway that incorporates a large turning radius in its design

    Many countries have developed highspeed rail to connect major citiesincluding Austria BelgiumChinaFranceGermanyItalyJapanPolandPortugalRussiaSouth KoreaSwedenTaiwanturkeyUnited KingdomUnited States and UzbekistanOnly in Europe does HSR cross international bordersChina has 16000 km of HSRaccounting for 60 percent of the world’s totalWhile highspeed rail is usually designed for passenger travelsome highspeed systems also offer freight service
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [单选题]◆Highspeed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly__________than traditional rail traffic
    Afaster
    Bslower
    Cas fast as
    [答案]A
    [单选题]◆According to the passage which of the following is true
    Athere is no single standard that applies worldwide
    Bthere is a standard that applies worldwide
    Cthere are two standards that apply worldwide
    [答案]A
    [单选题]◆When did the first such system widely known as the bullet train begin operations in Japan
    Ain 1964
    Bin 1966
    Cin 1946
    [答案]C
    [单选题]◆The underlined word freight at the end of the paragraph means__________
    AMilitary
    BCargo
    Chealth
    [答案]B
    [单选题]◆The best title of this passage would be __________
    ATraditional Rail Traffic
    Bthe Bullet Train
    CHighspeed Rail
    [答案]B

    ★Housing is the living places for human beingsAs the population keeps climbingpeople in the city have to face the reality that housing is in short supplyTo solve this problemNew York city planners are challenging tradition and starting to design more micro units




    Microsalso known ashostelstyleapartmentsusually offer less than 200 square feet(185 square meters)in areaCould you imagine living in 150 square feet(14 square meters)These units usually have only room for a beda table minfridge and the basic living essentials

    Why is the micro apartment so appealingThe reasons are rather straightforwardIt is perfect for single people who don’t have a lot of thingsIt can also meet the need of people who are short on cash but determined to live in their own places

    Micro apartments are very common in cities like Tokyo and Hong Kongwhere there are so many people livingNow this tiny housing solution is gaining ground in urban areas in the USand Canada

    The micro apartment is an experiment in simplicity in American cultureSo smallscale home life is part of a hot trend in USreal estateSome people are proud of itSome of them can find the humor and fun in their small placesBut not everyone is in favor of the trend
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [单选题]◆According to the passagethe next big trend in USreal estate is__________
    Abig house
    Bmicro apartment
    Ctraditional house
    [答案]B
    [单选题]◆As the population keeps climbingpeople in the city have to face the reality that__________
    Ahousing is in short supply
    Bhousing is very sufficient
    Chousing is a luxury goods
    [答案]A
    [单选题]◆Why is the micro apartment so appealing
    AIt meets the need of someone
    BIt’s very strange
    CIt’s excellent
    [答案]A
    [单选题]◆Micro apartments are very common in some cities like__________
    ABeijing
    BLondon
    CTokyo
    [答案]C
    [单选题]◆How do people think of the micro apartment
    AEveryone likes it very much
    BSome people think it’s humorous and fun
    CNot everyone is in favor of the trend
    [答案]C

    首字母I
    In Englandpeople often talk about the weather because they can experience(历)four seasons in one dayIn the morning the weather is warm just like in springAn hour later black clouds come and then i trains hardThe weather gets a little coldIn the late afternoon the sky will be sunnythe sun will begin to shineand it will be summer at this time of a day



    In Englandpeople can also have summer in winteror have winter in summerSo in winter they can swim sometimesand in summer sometimes they should take warm clothes

    When you go to Englandyou will see that some English people usually take an umbrella(伞) or a raincoat with them in the sunny morningbut you should not laugh at them
    If you don’t take an umbrella or a raincoatyou will regret(悔) later in the day 特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [单选题]◆Why do people in England often talk about the weather ABecause they may have four seasons in one day BBecause they often have very good weather CBecause the weather is warm just like in spring [答案]A
    [单选题]◆From the story we know that when__________comethere is a heavy rain Asunshine and snow
    Bblack clouds Csummer and winter [答案]B
    [单选题]◆People can also have summer in winterMeansit is sometimes too__________in winter Awarm Brainy Ccold [答案]A
    [单选题]◆In the sunny morning some English people usually take a raincoat or an umbrella with them because______ Atheir friends ask them to do so
    Bit often rains in England Cthey are their favorite things [答案]B
    [单选题]◆The best title(标题) for this passage would be__________ ABad Seasons BStrange English People CThe Weather in England [答案]C
    首字母L
    ★London’s River Thames has twentyseven bridgesBut Tower Bridgethe first bridge over the Thames as you travel to London from these ais the most famous of them allWhat makes Tower Bridge so excitingWhy do visitors come from all over the world to see it

    The thing that is surprising about Tower Bridge is that it is open in the middleIt does this to let the big ships through to the Pool of LondonIf you are lucky enough to see the bridge with its two opening arms high in the airyou will never forget it

    On its north side stands the Tower of London itselfAlthough they look the same agethe Tower is almost a thousand years oldand Tower Bridge is only about one hundredit was built in the 1890sBy l 850everyone agreed that a bridge across the Thames near the Tower was most necessaryBut the designers argued about the new



    bridge for another thirty yearsThis took so long because they had two big problems
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [单选题]◆Tower Bridge is__________
    Aabout one thousand years old
    Bthe oldest and the most famous bridge in London
    Cthe first one you can see when you go from these a to London
    [答案]C
    [单选题]◆The Tower of London is__________
    Aacross from the Thames
    Bon the north of Tower Bridge
    Cin the middle of Tower Bridge
    [答案]B
    [单选题]◆Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage
    AYou can see the bridge with its two opening arms high in the air at anytime
    BBy 1850 everybody thought it most necessary to have a bridge built across the Thames near the Tower
    CIt took the designers thirty years to argue about the bridge before it was built
    [答案]A
    [单选题]◆The Tower Bridge is open in the middle in order to__________
    Amake it special
    Battract(吸引)more people from the world to see it
    Clet the big ship through to the Pool of London
    [答案]C
    [单选题]◆When was the Tower Bridge built
    AA thousand years ago
    BA hundred years ago
    CFive thousand years ago
    [答案]B
    首字母M
    Mobile phone has become a problem for middle schoolsSome middle schools in Australia have banned(禁止)students from carrying mobile phones during school hoursMobile phone use among children has become a problem for the school this yearSeveral children have got mobile phones as Christmas giftsteachers said mobile phone use is a distraction(娱乐)to students during school hours and it also gives teachers so much trouble in their classroomsTeachers were also saying that sometimes students might use phone messages to cheat during exams

    She said some schools had tried to ban mobile phonesSome parents felt unhappy because they couldn’t get in touch with their children

    Many teachers said students should not have mobile phones at schoolbut if there was a good reasonthey could leave their phones at school officeThey also said there were many reasons why the students should not have mobile phones at schoolthey were easy to lose and were a distraction from studies

    Many people say that they understand why parents would want their children to have phonesbut they think schools should let the students know when they can use their mobile phones
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [单选题]◆Some middle schools in Australia have banned students from carrying mobile phones_______



    Abecause they are students
    Bwhen they are free
    Cwhen they are at school
    [答案]C
    [单选题]◆We know from the passage that some children get mobile phones from__________
    Athe makers and sellers
    Bthe passersby and strangers
    Ctheir parents and friends
    [答案]C
    [单选题]◆What does the underlined wordcheatmean in the first paragraph
    A聊天
    B作弊
    C查询
    [答案]B
    [单选题]◆Some parents felt unhappy because they couldn’t__________during school hours
    Ause their mobile phones
    Bget in touch with their children
    Chelp the teachers with their work
    [答案]B
    [单选题]◆The passage tells us that__________
    Astudents shouldn’t have mobile phones at school except for some special reasons
    Bit is impossible to ban students from using mobile phones at school
    Csome parents felt unhappy because they couldn’t use their phones at school
    [答案]A
    首字母P
    Air pollution
    People and air pollution are often in the same placesThis means that cities with large populations have the biggest problem of dirty airAir pollution is caused by many different thingsA major kind of air pollution is the gas from carsStatistics(统计资料)show that 93 percent of all auto trips are within cities

    Another major kind of dirty air is the burning of coal and oil for energyThis energy is needed to make electricityOf coursemuch more electricity is used in the city than in the country

    On the averagewe throw away more rubbish than the year beforeThe burning of rubbish makes air pollution even worseMany major industries are also responsible for the dirty air in the around citiesThe fumes(烟)from ironsteelchemicaland petrol production add particles(微粒)to the air

    The effects of air pollution range from mild headaches to deathThe levels of pollution found in heavy traffic may cause headaches for loss of clear visionWherever coal and oil are used for fuelfumes may kill trees and plants and cause metal to corrode(腐蚀)In some of the larger citiesthese fumes endanger the lives of human beings by contributing to lung diseases and causing early death
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [单选题]◆The key point of the passage is that__________
    Athe cause of air pollution is people
    Bthe causes and the effects of air pollution are both found in cities
    Cthe effects of air pollution range from headaches to death



    [答案]B
    [单选题]◆What is the purpose of this passage
    Ato persuade people to stop polluting the air
    Bto tell the causes of air pollution
    Cto tell why cities are bad places to live
    [答案]A
    [单选题]◆Why is air pollution more grave in the city than in the country
    ABecause there are larger populations in cities
    BBecause the air in the city is dirty
    CBecause there are much more gas fumes from cars and burning of coal and oil for energy in the city than in the country
    [答案]C
    [单选题]◆The fumes from coal and oil may cause metal__________
    Ato corrode
    Bto twist
    Cto turn black
    [答案]A
    [单选题]◆In larger cities the fumes from coal and oil may contribute to__________
    Aheart disease
    Bloss of clear vision
    Clung diseases
    [答案]C
    首字母W
    When DrRobert Metcalf first used a solar cooker the future changed for millions of AfricansHe knew that billions of poor people around the world depend on the use of wood for cookingAs they take more and more firewood from wild areasThey are destroying habitats around the worldWood collection is one reason why many animals have become endangered

    But sunshine can be an alternative to fire DrMetcalf saysSince his first solar cooked meal he has helped people around the world to use simple new technologies to cook their food

    Each morning in villages across East Africa small children and their mothers wake up and walk several miles to collect firewood to cook their foodIt takes much of the day and the heavy firewood they carry home on their heads lasts only a few days

    This is why DrMetcalf spends each summer in AfricaHe teaches women and children in villages how to cook with the sunSo far more than thirty thousand African families now have solar cookers and new programs will introduce solar cookers to millions of families

    To find water women and children may have to walk long distance to dig holes in dry riverbeds or to gather water from streams and shallow wells

    They fill their buckets(桶)and carry them home on their headsThe buckets often weigh as much as forty poundsNot only is finding water hard work but the water is often polluted with germs(细菌)that make people sick




    DrMetcalf and others developed a simplereusable tool that people can use to make sure their water is safe to drinkThe tool is calked a WAPIwhich stands for Water Pasteurization IndicatorThe pasteurization process is named after Louis Pasteurwho developed it in the 1800s
    特提醒:题5题需拉动答题框右边滚动条5试题显示出做答
    [单选题]◆Why did Metcalf help Africans use solar cookers
    AHe wanted to help them to fight poverty
    BHe found it a dangerous job to collect firewood
    CHe realized using firewood is not good for the environment
    [答案]C
    [单选题]◆The underlined word it in the third paragraph probably refers to__________
    Acollecting firewood
    Bcooking food
    Ccooking with the sun
    [答案]A                   
    [单选题]◆Each summer Metcalf stays in Africa to__________
    Ado research on water
    Btake care of sick people
    Cspread the technique of using solar cookers
    [答案]C
    [单选题]◆Water Pasteurization Indicator was developed to__________
    Akill the bacteria in water
    Bhonor Louis Pasteur
    Cmake waste water reusable
    [答案]A
    [单选题]◆It can be inferred from tile passage that__________
    AAfricans find it hard to learn to use solar cookers
    Bwomen and children in Africa usually lead a hard life
    Cthe water Africans drink is not clean though it is easy to get
    [答案]B



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