「2022秋期版」1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末一体化、纸质考试第四大题阅读判断题库


    [2022秋期版]1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末一体化、纸质考试 第四大题阅读判断题库 说明:更新至2022年7月试题,适用于2023年1月期末期末一体化、纸质考试。 [短文首字母音序B] Baidu,China's leading search engine company,has unveiled its own eyewear called Baidu Eye.It is said to be a different product from Google Glass in terms of functionality. The company demonstrated a working prototype on September 3 at its annual Technology Innovation Conference in Beijing.It bears a similarity to Google Glass,but it has no screen.Instead,the device uses a camera to scan objects,and focuses on analyzing information around its user and beaming that to a smart phone. Baidu says the device is designed to support image search.The company's CEO Robin Li believes in five years’ time,people will get used to searching by image and audio rather than text,Li has given an example of how one can take advantage of Baidu Eye,“If you are in a shopping mall and come across a woman whose skirt looks really attractive,you take a photo of her skirt using Baidu Eye,and you'll get to know where to buy one for yourself.” According to Kaiser Kuo,Baidu's director of international communications,Baidu Eye can also recognize voice and gesture,“You can use voice commands,or gesture commands-like expanding to zoom,or circling an object in your field of view with your finger.” Baidu is yet to announce a release date or marketing plans for Baidu Eye. 26.Baidu is China's leading search engine company.[答案]T 27.Baidu launched a product that has more functions than Google Glass on September 3.[答案]F 28.Baidu Eye can scan objects with its small screen.[答案]F 29.The company’s CEO Robin Li believes that people will get used to searching by text.[答案]F 30.Baidu has already announced the release of Baidu Eye.[答案]F [短文首字母音序E] Engineers who build and program robots have fascinating jobs.These researchers tinker(修补)with machines in the lab and write computer software to control these devices.“They're the best toys out there,”says Howle Choset at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. Choset is a roboticist,a person who designs,builds or programs robots. When Choset was a kid,he was interested in anything that moved-cars,trains,animals.He put motors on Tinkertoy cars to make them move.Later,in high school,he built mobile robots similar to small cars. Hoping to continue working on robots,he studied computer science in college.But when he got to graduate school at the Califomia Institute of Technology in Pasadena,Choset's lab mates were working on something even cooler than remotely controlled cars:robotic snakes.Some robots can move only forward,backward,left and right.But snakes can twist (扭曲)in many directions and travel over a lot of different types of terrain(地形).“Snakes are far more interesting than the cars,”Chose t concluded. After he started working at Carnegie Mellon,Chose t and his colleagues there began developing their own snake robots. Choset's team programmed robots to perform the same movements as real snakes,such as sliding and inching forward.The robots also moved in ways that snakes usually don't,such as rolling. Choset's snake robots could crawl(爬行)through the grass,swim in a pond and even climb a flagpole. But Choset wondered if his snakes might be useful for medicine as well.For some heart surgeries,the doctor has to open a patient's chest,cutting through the breastbone.Recovering from these surgeries can be very painful What if the doctor could perform the operation by instead making a small hole in the body and sending in a thin robotic snake? Choset teamed up with Marco Zenati,a heart surgeon now at Harvard Medical School,to investigate the idea.Zenati practiced using the robot on a plastic model of the chest and they tested the robot in pigs. A company called Med robotics in Boston is now adapting the technology to surgeries on people. Even after 15 years of working with his team's creations,“I still don't get bored of watching the motion of my robots,”Chose t says. 26.Choset began to build robots in high school.[答案]T 27.Snake robots could move in only four directions.[答案]F 28.Choset didn't begin developing his own snake robots until he started working at Carnegie Mellon.[答案]T 29.Zenati tested the robot on people after using it in pigs.[答案]F 30.The robotic technology for surgeries on people has brought a handsome profit to Med robotics.[答案]F [短文首字母音序H] Here's a crazy idea:Combine bioprinting and tissue engineering to“print”animal products and tackle some of the planet's biggest problems.Animal farming,after all,accounts for about half of all human-caused greenhouse gases,taking place on one-third of the available,non-frozen land on Earth.All to feed people's appetites for 300 million tons of meat a year, Modern Meadow is a Miss our-based start up that engineers tissues to create lab-grown edible meat,in a process that eliminates many of the negative environment effects associated with traditional livestock practices. The company claims that by carefully layering mixtures of cells of different types in a specific structure,in-vitro meat production becomes feasible.It's set a short-term goal of printing as liver of meat around two centimeters by one centimeter,and less than half a millimeter thick,which is edible. The company explains in a submission to the United States Department of Agriculture:“The technology has several advantages in comparison to earlier attempts to engineer meat in vitro.The bio-ink particles can be reproducibly prepared with mixtures of cells of different type.Printing ensures consistent shape,while post-printing structure formation and maturation in the bioreactor facilitates conditioning.” However,it admits that the road ahead is strewn with difficulties.“The consumer acceptance of such products may not be without challenges.We expect it will first appeal to culinary early-adopter consumers and the segment of the vegetarian community that rejects meat for ethical reasons.With reduction in price,it can reach the masses with religious restrictions on meat consumption(people restricted to Hindu,Kosher,Halal diets)and finally populations with limited access to safe meat production.” Whatever the final outcome,lab-grown edible meat is no longer in the realm of science fiction.It is coming. 26.Animal farming is responsible for the occurrence of greenhouse gases.[答案]T 27.Modern Meadow is a newly-started business which aims to make profits by producing lab-grown edible meat.[答案]F 28.The method Modern Meadow adopted to produce in-virto meat is by layering mixtures of cells of different types in a specific structure.[答案]T 29.There is no meat engineered outside living bodies before.[答案]F 30.This lab-grown meat has already widely received by the masses.[答案]F [短文首字母音序S] Something else could becoming soon to a vehicle near you:more technology,the kind that could help your car talk to others around it.Unlike some proposed cars of the future,it would not actually do the driving for you.But it could warn you about what other drivers are doing.The U.S.government may require this feature in the future,but it would add to the cost of the car. Vehicles of the future could be cars that talk to the driver and each other.The U.S.government wants them on the road soon,pushing for technology that would warn drivers of danger coming from any direction. It's called vehicle-to-vehicle technology.Cars would send wireless messages to each other within about 300 yards,communicating information like speed,direction and GPS position ten times per second.When cars share this information,they can account for all the vehicles around them,which means they are able to identify possible crashes. The technology sees around corners,over hills and through other vehicles.For example,my car will tell me that there are five cars just ahead of me,and I can slowdown beforehand while the vehicle ahead sends my car a message giving me enough time to react. 33,000 Americans are killed and 2.3 million injured in car crashes every year.The Department of Transportation(Do T)predicts,talking cars could prevent up to 80 percent of crashes involving sober drivers. Five major car companies have been working with Do T on developing and testing the technology.3,000 cars are already using it as part of a government pilot test.Some tine after 2016,the U.S.government hopes your car will be able to communicate with you. While Do T hopes to make this technology the rule by 2016,it will still need the public to weigh in before anything is finalized.Now,as for privacy,the government says that data sent between cars doesn't record personal information,so your privacy should not be compromised. 26.According to the passage,the future vehicles can let the drivers see the area behind the car.[答案]F 27.According to the passage,the future vehicles can tell you about what other drivers are doing.[答案]T 28.The government is pushing for technology that would warn drivers of danger coming from any direction.[答案]T 29.The government is pushing for technology that would not increase the cost of the car.[答案]F 30.The cars would send text messages to each other within about 300-yard.[答案]F [短文首字母音序T] The printer did not always manage to spread the plastic evenly,making some of the ribs of the honeycomb structure of the block uneven,reported ARN (Australian Radio Network) to the surprise of no one who has used a 3D printer.But the architects remain optimistic.The first few printed blocks are meant to be test pieces as they improve the process. It takes about a week to print a 3-meter high block right now.The project's leaders hope to eventually get that down to two hours and finish the first of 12 rooms in a year,and the entire house in less than 3 years. Ultimately,3D Print Canal House is an architectural research project,one that is very much being conducted in the public eye:you can actually buy tickets to visit the construction site for 2.50 Euros. The top floors will become more ornate,for example,as newer techniques are incorporated.They'll explore the possibilities of 3D printing,like the honeycomb walls or an entire room recycled,redesigned,and built anew.Nobody's going to move into a 3D printed house soon,but,if anyone ever does,something might be learned from this experiment by the canal. 1.According to the passage,the 3D printer can type with plastic evenly.[答案]F 2.This 3D printer printed some blocks to test its work.[答案]T 3.The project's leaders will finish the entire house in less than 3 years.[答案]F 4.3D Print Canal House is printed to live.[答案]F 5.The canal house will be decorated more.[答案]T [短文首字母音序W] With a teeny waist,exaggerated breasts,icy-blue eyes,21-year-old Valeria says she is the real natural deal.A real-life Barbie,that is. That’s what she claims anyway,but many people doubt to her claims.Whether she underwent plastic surgery or uses Photo shop remains unclear.On her blog,the model notes that she is the most famous woman on the Russian Internet because of her doll-like appeal.Hundreds of photos on her Facebook page show a wide-eyed,nearly fake-looking Valeria posing in a variety of outfits. The model did not return requests for comment.If Photo shop is not a factor in getting Valeria's look,she likely underwent a barrage of plastic surgery.The president of American Society of Plastic Surgeons(ASPS)said,plastic surgery should never be used to transform oneself into a favorite celebrity or,in this case,a play toy.He also warns patients to keep in mind that plastic surgery is real surgery with real risks,just as with any operation,so the decision should not be taken lightly. 26.Valeria thinks that she is a real-life Barbie.[答案]T 27.Valeria used to accept plastic surgery.[答案]F 28.Valeria writes that she is the most famous woman on the Russian Internet because she posts a lot of pictures on her blog.[答案]F 29.The author thinks Valerian either Photo shops her,nor accepts a series of plastic surgery.[答案]F 30.The president of ASPS thinks that plastic surgery is of risks.[答案]T 本文档由香当网(https://www.xiangdang.net)用户上传

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