「2022秋期版」3935国开电大专科《理工英语2》期末一体化考试第四大题阅读判断题库


    [2022秋期版]3935国开电大专科《理工英语2》期末一体化考试 第四大题阅读判断题库 说明:试题随机组合。 [短文首字母音序A] Almost everyone is familiar with video conferencing today,and for good reasons.Video conferencing is convenient.Video conferencing saves money.Video conferencing makes money.And it is so much easier than it used to be. Today,of course,video conferencing has become an important means for doing business.There is no longer a need to waste time and money traveling,and the advanced technology can offer what every conferencing needs.Audio,web and video together can provide good solutions for large conferences with Q&A sessions and private chats. Why is video conferencing so successful when other technologies have come and gone? It is because it's convenient and cost-effective.In addition to saving time and money,video conferencing is a lot less stressful than a meeting after a day of airport security,delayed flights and hotel check-in,etc. Best of all,video conferencing is not expensive nowadays.Web,video and audio conferencing service providers can quickly get you up and running,often without setup fees or high charges.With all that's available today,the only question is whether a business can afford not to use user-friendly video conferencing. 26.It was easy to use video conferencing in the past.[答案]F 27.Video conferencing is a convenient way for doing business.[答案]T 28.Only video can provide good solutions for large conferences with Q &.A sessions.[答案]F 29.Compared to some other forms of meetings,video conferencing is much more stressful.[答案]F 30.Nowadays if you don't use video conferencing in some cases,maybe your business will suffer losses to some degree.[答案]T [短文首字母音序B] BENEFITS OF VIDEO CONFERENCING Almost everyone is familiar with video conferencing today,and for good reasons.Video conferencing is convenient.Video conferencing saves money.Video conferencing makes money.And it is so much easier than it used to be. Today,of course,video conferencing has become an important means for doing business.There is no longer a need to waste time and money traveling,and the advanced technology can offer what every conferencing needs.Audio,web and video together can provide good solutions for large conferences with Q&A sessions and private chats. Why is video conferencing so successful when other technologies have come and gone?It is because it’s convenient and cost-effective.In addition to saving time and money,video conferencing is a lot less stressful than a meeting after a day of airport security,delayed flights and hotel check-in,etc. Best of all,video conferencing is not expensive nowadays.Web,video and audio conferencing service providers can quickly get you up and running,often without setup fees or high charges.With all that’s available today,the only question is whether a business can afford not to use user-friendly video conferencing. 1.It’s easy to use video conferencing in the past.[答案]F 2.Video conferencing is a convenient way for doing business.[答案]T 3.Only video can provide good solutions for large conferences with Q&A sessions.[答案]F 4.Compared to some other forms of meetings,video conferencing is much more stressful.[答案]F 5.Nowadays if you don’t use video conferencing in some cases,maybe your business will suffer losses to some degree.[答案]T [短文首字母音序I] I AM A COURIER I am a courier.Many people today are glad to see us,because they expect to receive what they have bought on the Internet.When I see their eager faces,I feel that my job is valuable.I am proud of my job.Why did I choose to be a courier? The first benefit is,I think,couriers can usually deliver an item faster than it would have taken if sent by other means.For example,a person may need to send a document to someone else.He could do this by sending it through the mail.If the two parties are in the same city,this transaction is likely to take at least one day.Couriers,however,usually can make it happen within hours. Secondly,couriers generally offer a receipt for the delivery and that can make their clients feel more secure.Postal services generally are not as efficient in this regard.Even text messages and e-mails may not be comparable.In many cases,without delivery confirmation,the sender knows that something was sent,but there is no confirmation as to whether it was received or when it was received. Most importantly,the Internet has changed people’s shopping habits.More and more people tend to shop on the Internet.The goods bought on the Internet have to be delivered by couriers.So a courier can make more money if he wants to work longer hours. That’s why I have chosen to work as a courier.Well,that’s about my job.Time is money.I have to send packages to the next place now.Talk to you later. 1.People are glad to see couriers because they can bring people good luck.[答案]F 2.Couriers can deliver items faster than other means only in the same city.[答案]F 3.Postal services generally are not as efficient because there isn’t delivery confirmation.[答案]T 4.If working longer hours,couriers can earn more money.[答案]T 5.The courier who is talking likes his job.[答案]T Improving work safety is a must and a goal.It should be on everyone’s mind.According to the US Department of Labor,every year almost 6000 people are fatally injured at work.More than four million people suffer non-fatal injuries.What's worse,many of these deaths and injuries were due to carelessness,and could have easily been avoided by paying more attention to safety rules. Employers are required to provide a safe workplace,but your safety at work is your business.If you feel like the environment is unsafe and your complaints fall on deaf ears,you should look for other employment or report the problem to the proper authorities.Of course,some jobs are more dangerous than others.If you have one of these jobs,you'll need to be extra alert.Deaths and injuries occur in all kinds of employment. Thankfully,there area great many things you can do to improve your safety at work.You can improve safety awareness among your coworkers and supervisors,as well as lobby your employer to improve safety policies,practices,and training.Be active when it comes to workplace safety.Don't wait for others to pickup the ball.While you're waiting,you may windup getting injured.So take it upon yourself to do what you can to reduce your chances of being injured at work. 26.Improving work safety is necessary.[答案]T 27.Many of these deaths and injuries at work could have been avoided.[答案]T 28.You could do nothing if you feel like the environment is unsafe and your complaints fall on deaf ears.[答案]F 29.Deaths and injuries only occur in dangerous jobs.[答案]F 30.When it comes to workplace safety,the employees should be concerned about their own safety.[答案]T It will be the 50th anniversary of the founding of Lehigh Valley Industrial Park Inc.LVIP’s successes have defined this region,including its economy,its residents’ working lives,even the look of broad areas across Lehigh and Northampton counties. People are duly observing the date with banquets,awards and other festivities.But they ought to know about a few facts in order to appreciate the importance of what was begun 50 years ago. LVIP now comprises seven planned parks.They are home to 460 companies.Those companies provide 22,000 jobs.LVIP has borrowed more than $436 million in private investment over the years.It has paid tens of millions of property and payroll taxes. We can imagine what will happen to this area if there aren’t those jobs.Obviously,we ought to appreciate the genius of LVIP’s founders.Fifty years ago,Bethlehem Steel Corp.and other integrated steelmakers were hit by the fifth nationwide strike in 15 years.Those cycles of strikes affected every part of the local economy. Contractor Frank L.Marcon told fellow board members at the Bethlehem Chamber of Commerce that a more diverse economy could be fostered if public and private leaders acted together.In those days,there were no state or federal economic development programs.So,18 individuals pooled $250,000 of their own money and LVIP sold bonds to raise $400,000 more to buy four farms along Airport Road.The City of Bethlehem contributed planning work,amended its zoning code and worked out an affordable way to add streets,curbs and sewers.Companies like Bethlehem Steel made major contributions,creating a new model for cooperation. Another important decision was made that year.It made “Lehigh Valley” part of the name of the new endeavor.The late Walter Dealtrey,a former LVIP board president,used to tell people that back then,decades before “regionalization” became part of the public vocabulary.Those leaders knew their vision had to carry the stamp of big ideas.That first 226 acre tract could have been called “Bethlehem Industrial Park,” because that’s where it was. 1.Lehigh Valley Industrial Park is fifty years old now.[答案]T 2.Lehigh Valley Industrial Park plays a very important role in the local people’s lives.[答案]T 3.People don’t really know the history of Lehigh Valley Industrial Park.[答案]T 4.Steelmakers created Lehigh Valley Industrial Park.[答案]T 5.Only private leaders acted together to foster a more diverse economy.[答案]F [短文首字母音序K] Kindles,Nooks and other e-readers are threatening the future of printed books.But reading itself may get a boost from the devices.For examp1e,a study found that the kids felt better about reading after a course in which they used Amazon Kindles.The research is in the International journal of Applied Science and Technology. For two months,199 midd1e-school students in a reading improvement class in Texas had 15 to 25 minutes every day when they were free to read on the Kindle.In general,the students felt the device improved their reading ability.And they tended to enjoy using an e-reader. However,some low-leve1 readers may feel somewhat embarrassed when they are seen with a simple book.Because they can never use fake book covers as in the past to keep their peers in the dark. 26.Amazon Kindles is a kind of e-books.[答案]T 27.The research done in the International journal of Applied Science and Technology has lasted for two years.[答案]F 28.The students felt e-books could not improve their reading ability.[答案]F 29.Many students tended to enjoy using an e-reader.[答案]T 30.Some low-level readers used to use fake book-covers to keep their peers in the dark.[答案]T [短文首字母音序M] PROTECTING EYES FROM COMPUTER SCREENS Many of us spend the bulk of the day looking at computer screens.Reading this article means there’s a good chance you’re looking at one right now. But does looking at computer screens damage your eyes?Professor Nathan Efron does not consider computer screens “harmful” to our eyes. But he admits if you use one a lot,you increase your risk of becoming slightly more short-sighted-where your eyes focus well only on close objects while more distant objects appear blurred.This is especially the case for children and young adults,whose eyes are still developing. In the shorter term,prolonged viewing of a computer screen can make any slight existing vision defects more noticeable.It can also give you what is sometimes known as “computer vision syndrome” - eye strain,headaches,gritty eyes and blurry vision.But this is only temporary and can be minimized by: Adjusting the screen display so the contrast is high and the brightness feels comfortable. Having lighting that does not produce glare on the screen. Giving your eyes regular rests from looking at the screen (The Optometrists Association of Australia recommends you do this for five to ten minutes every one to two hours of computer use.It's a good time to make phone calls or do other tasks.) 1.Many of us spend much time looking at computer screens.[答案]T 2.Looking at computer screens for long time doesn’t damage children and young adults’ eyesight.[答案]F 3.Computer vision syndrome cannot be weakened.[答案]F 4.It’s good taking breaks during screen watching.[答案]T 5.Proper lighting is important to protect our eyes.[答案]T [短文首字母音序N] NEW MATERIAL CAN COOL BUILDINGS Researchers at Stanford University have developed a new material that can move heat out of buildings and into space.The material can cool buildings even on hot days. The cooling material is a very thin sheet with many layers that could be placed on a roof like solar panels.However,instead of turning sunlight into energy as solar panels do,the material turns heat into infrared radiation. Shanhui Fan is an electrical engineering professor at Stanford University.He says that the panels have a layer of material that is like sand.The panels also act like a mirror.They take heat out of buildings and reflect the light from the sun.Both the heat and sunlight are sent 100 kilometers into outer space. The panels are cool to the touch,even in the sun.Researchers say they can reduce the indoor temperature to nearly 5 degrees Celsius below the temperature outside. Mr.Fan says it is like having a window into space.He says the heat is sent directly into space without warming the air.Buildings in developing countries that do not have electricity or air conditioning could use the panels.In areas where one is off-grid,there is a significant potential benefit for storing medicine or even food.In many of these situations,being able to reduce the temperature is important.And this would provide a way to do it. The Stanford researchers described their technology in the science publication Nature.They say the main problem is creating actual cooling systems using the high-tech panels.It may be possible to develop a cooling spray technology in the next three to five years that could be used on existing solid structures. 1.The material can cool buildings only on cold days.[答案]F 2.The material turns heat into infrared radiation because it is a very thick sheet with many layers that could be placed on a roof like solar panels.[答案]F 3.The heat of the buildings and sunlight are sent 100 kilometers into outer space by the panels.[答案]T 4.The off-grid areas may use the panels to reduce the temperature of buildings to store medicine or even food.[答案]T 5.A cooling spray technology may be developed in the near future that could be used on existing solid structures.[答案]T [短文首字母音序P] PROTECTING EYES FROM COMPUTER SCREENS Many of us spend the bulk of the day looking at computer screens.Reading this article means there’s a good chance you’re looking at one right now. But does looking at computer screens damage your eyes?Professor Nathan Efron does not consider computer screens “harmful” to our eyes. But he admits if you use one a lot,you increase your risk of becoming slightly more short-sighted –where your eyes focus well only on close objects while more distant objects appear blurred.This is especially the case for children and young adults,whose eyes are still developing. In the shorter term,prolonged viewing of a computer screen can make any slight existing vision defects more noticeable.It can also give you what is sometimes known as “computer vision syndrome” – eye strain,headaches,gritty eyes and blurry vision.But this is only temporary and can be minimized by: Adjusting the screen display so the contrast is high and the brightness feels comfortable. Having lighting that does not produce glare on the screen. Giving your eyes regular rests from looking at the screen (The Optometrists Association of Australia recommends you do this for five to ten minutes every one to two hours of computer use.It's a good time to make phone calls or do other tasks.) 1.Many of us spend much time looking at computer screens.[答案]T 2.Looking at computer screens for long time doesn’t damage children and young adults’ eyesight.[答案]F 3.Computer vision syndrome cannot be weakened.[答案]F 4.It’s good taking breaks during screen watching.[答案]T 5.Proper lighting is important to protect our eyes.[答案]T [短文首字母音序R] NEW MATERIAL CAN COOL BUILDINGS Researchers at Stanford University have developed a new material that can move heat out of buildings and into space.The material can cool buildings even on hot days. The cooling material is a very thin sheet with many layers that could be placed on a roof like solar panels.However,instead of turning sunlight into energy as solar panels do,the material turns heat into infrared radiation. Shanhui Fan is an electrical engineering professor at Stanford University.He says that the panels have a layer of material that is like sand.The panels also act like a mirror.They take heat out of buildings and reflect the light from the sun.Both the heat and sunlight are sent 100 kilometers into outer space. The panels are cool to the touch,even in the sun.Researchers say they can reduce the indoor temperature to nearly 5 degrees Celsius below the temperature outside. Mr.Fan says it is like having a window into space.He says the heat is sent directly into space without warming the air.Buildings in developing countries that do not have electricity or air conditioning could use the panels.In areas where one is off-grid,there is a significant potential benefit for storing medicine or even food.In many of these situations,being able to reduce the temperature is important.And this would provide a way to do it. The Stanford researchers described their technology in the science publication Nature.They say the main problem is creating actual cooling systems using the high-tech panels.It may be possible to develop a cooling spray technology in the next three to five years that could be used on existing solid structures. 1.The material can cool buildings only on cold days.[答案]F 2.The material turns heat into infrared radiation because it is a very thick sheet with many layers that could be placed on a roof like solar panels.[答案]F 3.The heat of the buildings and sunlight are sent 100 kilometers into outer space by the panels.[答案]T 4.The off-grid areas may use the panels to reduce the temperature of buildings to store medicine or even food.[答案]T 5.A cooling spray technology may be developed in the near future that could be used on existing solid structures.[答案]T [短文首字母音序W] WILL E-READERS REPLACE THE CONVENTIONAL PAPER BOOK? Kindles,Nooks and other e-readers are threatening the future of printed books.But reading itself may get a boost from the devices.For example,a study found that the kids felt better about reading after a course in which they used Amazon Kindles.The research is in the International Journal of Applied Science and Technology. For two months,199 middle-school students in a reading improvement class in Texas had 15 to 25 minutes every day when they were free to read on the Kindle.In general,the students felt the device improved their reading ability.And they tended to enjoy using an e-reader. They noted the ease of carrying multiple books in one device,and the feeling that reading was suddenly a high-tech 21st-century activity rather than a boring waste of time.And some low-level readers who might otherwise be embarrassed to be seen with a simple book liked keeping their peers in the dark about what title they were reading.In the old days,one had to use a fake book-cover to achieve that level of secrecy. 1.Amazon Kindles is a kind of e-books.[答案]T 2.The research done in the International Journal of Applied Science and Technology has lasted for two years.[答案]F 3.The students felt e-books could not improve their reading ability.[答案]F 4.Many students tended to enjoy using an e-reader.[答案]T 5.Some low-level readers used to use fake book-covers to keep their peers in the dark.[答案]T 本文档由香当网(https://www.xiangdang.net)用户上传

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