1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末纸质考试(第三大题阅读选择题)题库(排序版)


    1388国开电大本科《理工英语4》期末纸质考试(第三大题阅读选择题)题库 (排序版) 说明:更新至2021年7月试题。 [短文]{1}2050,the world's population{2}to rise to 9 billion from just over 7 billion currently.Proponents of genetically modified foods say they are safe and can boost harvests{3}in bad conditions by protecting against pests,weeds and drought.This,they argue,will be essential to meeting the needs of a booming population in decades to come and avoiding starvation.[内部资料] {4}Doug Gurian-Sherman,senior scientist for the food and environment program at the Union of Concerned Scientists,an advocacy group,said genetic engineering for insect resistance has provided only a modest increase in yields since the 1990s and drought-resistant strains have only{5}reduced losses from drought. 1.[答案]A.By 2.[答案]B.is projected 3.[答案]B.even 4.[答案]C.However 5.[答案]A.modestly [短文]According to experts,the advantage of modified food is that it helps in preventing the occurrence of allergies and also has along shelf life.However,a major portion of the population is against the consumption of genetically modified food and is concerned about its disadvantages.If you are also confused about the consumption of genetically modified food,read through the pros and cons given below and decide for yourself.[2020年9月试题] Advantages of Genetically Modified Foods ●One of the most prominent advantages of genetically modified food is that it helps in controlling the occurrence of certain diseases.Certain foods cause allergy to people.Their genetic modification alters the DNA system of these foods,thereby making them non-allergic. ●Another major advantage of such type of foods is that they grow faster than their traditionally grown counterparts.As a result,there is greater productivity and more food. ●A person need not bother about any additional costs,such as buying chemicals and pesticides,when it comes to genetically engineered food.The food is naturally pest-resistant. ●Farming these foods can be a great way to fight world hunger.Since these crops grow faster or more effectively,increased production would help countries wherein crops may not normally prosper because of less than desirable environmental conditions. ●The increased shelf life of these food products helps in reducing the quantity of rotten food. Disadvantages of Genetically Modified Foods ●The biggest disadvantage of genetically modified food is that they have harmful effects on the human body.The consumption of these genetically engineered foods can lead to development of diseases that are immune to antibiotics. ●Chances of developing cancer are high in people who regularly consume engineered food. ●Since it is an unnatural way of producing foods,there is an increased health hazard such as allergens,transfer of antibiotic resistance markers and unknown effects. ●Since the production of engineered food involves infusing animal genes in the crops and tampering with nature,it might not be good for consumption in the long run. 21.How does genetically modified food control the occurrence of certain diseases? [答案]By altering the DNA system of these foods. 22.Do farmers need to buy any chemicals and pesticides if they plant genetically modified food? [答案]No,they don't need to.Because the food is naturally pest-resistant. 23.Which statement is not the advantage of genetically modified food? [答案]It may have harmful effects on human body. 24.What would happen to a person if he regularly consume genetically modified food? [答案]He would have cancer. 25.Which of the following would be the best title for this passage? [答案]Genetically Modified Foods:Pros And Cons [短文]According to experts,the advantage of modified food is that it helps in preventing the occurrence of allergies and also has along shelf life.However,a major portion of the population is against the consumption of genetically modified food and is concerned about its disadvantages.If you are also confused about the consumption of genetically modified food,read through the pros and cons given below and decide for yourself.[2018年7月试题] Advantages of Genetically Modified Foods ●One of the most prominent advantages of genetically modified food is that it helps in controlling the occurrence of certain diseases.Certain foods cause allergy to people.Their genetic modification alters the DNA system of these foods,thereby making them non-allergic. ●Another major advantage of such type of foods is that they grow faster than their traditionally grown counterparts.As a result,there is greater productivity and more food. ●A person need not bother about any additional costs,such as buying chemicals and pesticides,when it comes to genetically engineered food.The food is naturally pest-resistant. ●Farming these foods can be a great way to fight world hunger.Since these crops grow faster or more effectively,increased production would help countries wherein crops may not normally prosper because of less than desirable environmental conditions. ●The increased shelf life of these food products helps in reducing the quantity of rotten food. Disadvantages of Genetically Modified Foods ●The biggest disadvantage of genetically modified food is that they have harmful effects on the human body.The consumption of these genetically engineered foods can lead to development of diseases that are immune to antibiotics. ●Chances of developing cancer are high in people who regularly consume engineered food. ●Since it is an unnatural way of producing foods,there is an increased health hazard such as allergens,transfer of antibiotic resistance markers and unknown effects. ●Since the production of engineered food involves infusing animal genes in the crops and tampering with nature,it might not be good for consumption in the long run. 21.How does genetically modified food control the occurrence of certain diseases? [答案]By altering the DNA system of these foods. 22.Do farmers need to buy any chemicals and pesticides if they plant genetically modified food? [答案]No,they don't need to.Because the food is naturally pest-resistant. 23.Which statement is not the advantage of genetically modified food? [答案]It may have harmful effects on human body. 24.What would happen to a person if he regularly consume genetically modified food? [答案]He would have cancer. 25.Which title is the best for this passage? [答案]Genetically modified foods:pros and cons. [短文]According to experts,the advantage of modified food is that it helps in preventing the occurrence of allergies and also has a long shelf life.However,a major portion of the population is against the consumption of genetically modified food and is concerned about its disadvantages.If you are also confused about the consumption of genetically modified food,read through the pros and cons given below and decide for yourself.[内部资料] ADVANTAGES OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOODS ●One of the most prominent advantages of genetically modified food is that it helps in controlling the occurrence of certain diseases.Certain foods cause allergy to people.Their genetic modification alters the DNA system of these foods,thereby making them non-allergic. ●Another major advantage of such type of foods is that they grow faster than their traditionally grown counterparts.As a result,there is greater productivity and more food. ●A person need not bother about any additional costs,such as buying chemicals and pesticides,when it comes to genetically engineered food.The food is naturally pest-resistant. ●Farming these foods can be a great way to fight world hunger.Since these crops grow faster or more effectively,increased production would help countries wherein crops may not normally prosper because of less than desirable environmental conditions. ●The increased shelf life of these food products helps in reducing the quantity of rotten food. DISADVANTAGES OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOODS ●The biggest disadvantage of genetically modified food is that they have harmful effects on the human body.The consumption of these genetically engineered foods can lead to development of diseases that are immune to antibiotics. ●Chances of developing cancer are high in people who regularly consume engineered food. ●Since it is an unnatural way of producing foods,there is an increased health hazard such as allergens,transfer of antibiotic resistance markers and unknown effects. ●Since the production of engineered food involves infusing animal genes in the crops and tampering with nature,it might not be good for consumption in the long run. 1.How does genetically modified food control the occurrence of certain diseases? [答案]By altering the DNA system of these foods. 2.Do farmers need to buy any chemicals and pesticides if they plant genetically modified food? [答案]No,they don’t need to.Because the food is naturally pest-resistant. 3.Which statement is not the advantage of genetically modified food? [答案]It may have harmful effects on human body. 4.What would happen to a person if he regularly consume genetically modified food? [答案]He would have cancer. 5.Which title is the best for this passage? [答案]Genetically modified foods:pros and cons [短文]Climate change has caused a rise in sea levels.This has increased{1}salt in fresh water used on coastal farms.As a result farmers are increasingly{2}to use fields close to the sea. Scientists call this process salinization which means a mixture of salt and water.Salinization is reducing the world’s irrigated lands{3}1 to 2 percent every year. But a farmer in the Netherlands is now using a mixture of sea and fresh water to grow healthy and tasty vegetables.Marc Van started with an {4}.We put in a lot of plants in the fields and then we put in,put them in fresh water and in sea water and all the varieties between it,and then we see which variety is surviving and which variety is{5}. 1.[答案]B.the amount of 2.[答案]A.unable 3.[答案]B.by 4.[答案]C.experiment 5.[答案]C.dying [短文]DIARY OF A SPACE ZUCCHINI July 1 Today Gardener and his crew will depart in their seed pod;the replacement crew is ready to{1}in their place.He is wearing his space suit undergarments.Not too stylish but{2}. He gave all of us an extra long smell.His nose twitched with the slightest tickle from the leaf hairs on little Zuc.He said that what will be is for the best.It has been a wonderful journey;one chapter is closing,another is {3}.He had tears in his eyes,not just a small drop at the corners but a pool that was making him{4}.He reached up and{5}the light.In the frontier you should not be afraid of the dark. 1.[答案]B.carry on 2.[答案]A.functional 3.[答案]C.opening 4.[答案]C.blink 5.[答案]B.turned out [短文]If you want your product description appealing and informative,write your article linking features and benefits first.It's often not enough to just list the features of a product as your audience may not always understand them.Use{1}language to convey how any one feature will benefit the buyer and{2} purchasing the item will make the consumer's life easier.Potential buyers want to know what the product will do for them.Second,use clear and decisive language.It's important when writing product descriptions to be concise.Use common language and terms that are easy to{3}.Clearly describe the product without{4}too technical or boring so the reader stays engaged.Last but not the least,include a call-to-action.The best product descriptions always{5}a sale.Be creative and encourage the potential buyer to purchase your product by telling them exactly how to do it.[内部资料] 1.[答案]B.descriptive 2.[答案]A.how 3.[答案]C.understand 4.[答案]C.getting 5.[答案]C.asking [短文]I am very happy to share my story about breast enlargement in Thailand.Anyone who is not sure about breast enlargement should read this story first.[内部资料] Firstly,I was amazed at the level of care I received at the Thailand private hospital.It was like being in a luxury hotel.The nursing staffs were also better than those who I have ever met in all my years in America.Not only were they professional,but kinder and more patient than Western nurses. The hospital food was excellent,so I was able to choose from a large and varied Menu.In my private room,there was cable T.V.,a fridge,a phone,and impressive views of Bangkok(曼谷).My Translator was able to communicate with me,and the plastic surgeons arranged the whole operation without me lifting a finger. The operation cost me a third of the price of the U.K.With the low cost of the air tickets and a holiday,it worked out at about half UK's price,because the cost in Thailand is so cheap. Combining a plastic surgery with a holiday in an amazing place is an unforgettable experience.From the moment I arrived in Bangkok airport,I felt relaxed and welcomed by the Plastic Surgery & Holiday team,it made me feel that I had friends here already. 1.Where did the author have her breast-enlargement operation? [答案]In Thailand. 2.Was the author satisfied with the nursing staffs for her? [答案]Yes,because they were more patient than Western nurses. 3.Which of the following statement is TRUE? [答案]The author was content with the food in the hospital. 4.What does the underlined phrase lifting a finger mean in paragraph three? [答案]Helping with something. 5.Why did the author think her experience unforgettable? [答案]Because she was satisfied with the service and price there. [短文]In the grass,a baby duck was hatched (孵化) out in a college biology lab with a backward left foot.At the time,it probably wouldn’t have survived,if Mike Gary didn’t recommend a proper operation to cut off that bad foot. Months after the healing process,engineers at Novacopy Company produced a 3D printed model that would be used to create a prosthetic (修复的) foot for the duck.Considering that ABS plastics were not flexible enough for this type of exercise,the Novacopy company made a three-dimension ally modeled foot made of silicone,with the hope to create a permanent prosthesis(假肢) for the duck. It took just 13 hours to produce.This 3D prosthesis demonstrated the 3D technologies can be used not only for human application,but also in foreign subjects such as animals and other medical treatments. 1.Where was the baby duck hatched out? [答案]In a college biology lab. 2.What was wrong with the baby duck? [答案]It was born with a backward left foot. 3.Could ABS plastics be used to produce a 3D printed model that would be used to create a prosthetic foot for the duck? [答案]No,because ABS plastics were not flexible enough. 4.How long did it take to create a permanent prosthesis for the duck? [答案]13 hours. 5.What did the last sentence of this passage indicate? [答案]3D technologies can be used to human,animals and other medical treatments. [短文]My hero is a person who has given me so many things,who has taught me about everything,and who has shown me how beautiful life is.And gradually as I get older and I grow up,my hero has opened my eyes to the fact that life is not always beautiful and happy like a fairy tale,but life is much more than that.My hero has explained to me that life can be very hard.Everyone must struggle hard to make all their dreams come true and to be a successful person.[2021年7月试题] Maybe,because my her olives so close to me,I haven't realized that this person has inspired me so much.My only true heroism y mother.She was born in Jakarta,on the 1st of July.My mother is the youngest child in her family.She has two sisters,who always love and take care of her.Maybe,because of that,she becomes a cheerful,kind,friendly,and love able person.She wants everybody to feel comfortable when they are around her. My mother likes to study and to read everything,from books to newspapers.Everyone really likes to talk and chat with her,so she has many friends.My mother believes all you need is to be a hard-working person who always wants to study hard,so that you can be a successful person.She says that many people around her have succeeded because they have studied and worked hard. 21.If a person wants to succeed in his life,he________. [答案]has to work hard all his life 22.The underlined word“inspired”in Paragraph 2may have the same meaning as“________”. [答案]encouraged 23.The writer's mother becomes a love able person because [答案]her two sisters love her very much 24.From the third passage,We can infer(推测) that the writer________. [答案]knows the meaning of success 25.Which of the following is the best title for the reading? [答案]My mother,my hero. [短文]My hero is a person who has given me so many things,who has taught me about everything,and who has shown me how beautiful life is.And gradually as I get older and I grow up,my hero has opened my eyes to the fact that life is not always beautiful and happy like a fairy tale,but life is much more than that.My hero has explained to me that life can be very hard.Everyone must struggle hard to make all their dreams come true and to be a successful person.[2021年1月试题] Maybe,because my her olives so close to me,I haven’t realized that this person has inspired me so much.My only true heroism y mother.She was born in Jakarta,on the 1st of July.My mother is the youngest child in her family.She has two sisters,who always love and take care of her.Maybe,because of that,she becomes a cheerful,kind,friendly,and love able person.She wants everybody to feel comfortable when they are around her. My mother likes to study and to read everything,from books to newspapers.Everyone really likes to talk and chat with her,so she has many friends.My mother believes all you need is to be a hard-working person who always wants to study hard,so that you can be a successful person.She says that many people around her have succeeded because they have studied and worked hard. 21.If a person wants to succeed in his life,he_________. [答案]has to work hard all his life 22.The underlined word“inspired”(Paragraph 2) may have the same meaning as“_________”. [答案]encouraged 23.The writer’s mother becomes a love able person because_________. [答案]her two sisters love her very much 24.From the third paragraph,We can infer(推测) the writer_________. [答案]knows the meaning of success 25.Which of the following is the best title for the reading? [答案]My Mother,My Hero. [短文]Roby Mini is just 40 centimeters tall,has a large round screen for ahead and has been designed to help senior citizens living alone.[2020年7月试题] Manufactured by robotics company Shanghai PT Info,the brightly colored robot,which costs 5,000yuan($790),was launched on Aug 14 to help entertain and monitor elderly people. In Shanghai last year,the number of registered residents at least 60 years old was 4million.That was nearly 30 percent of the population.By 2018,the figure is projected to rise to 5 million.With many living alone,robots such as Roby Mini can help playa crucial role in caring for the elderly.“It will change the way people interact with digital products,”Hong says. Founded in May,Shanghai PT Info had already done the groundwork.In fact,the research team spent three years developing the speech recognition system before the firm was officially launched. With 360-degree wheels hidden under its body,Roby Mini can follow a person through face recognition and strike up a conversation,tell jokes or provide information. The robot also works as a computer terminal,supplying weather information,ordering groceries online and even booking taxis.Roby Mini can be connected to other gadgets as well,such as smart wristbands or magnetic devices on doors. Roby Mini can also connect an elderly owner to a doctor through its high-definition screen.Already Shanghai PT Info is talking to three community hospitals in Shanghai's Min hang district.Since the robot is linked to the Internet,it can support long-distance audio and video calls. Mass production started this month and Shanghai PT Info plans to manufacture 200,000units this year. But the future is not easy for Shanghai PT Info.Earlier this year,Flying wings Intelligent Robot Technology(Shanghai) introduced a machine with sensors that will ring an alarm when an elderly person falls down.Tianjin Shangjiu Sheng yuan Technology Group also developed a robot for seniors in 2014.Owners can turn on the lights and air-conditioning units by pressing buttons on the machine.It can also remind elderly owners to take pills,and inform them of hospital checkups and family birthdays. 21.Roby Mini is the name of_________. [答案]a robot 22.Roby Mini is designed to_________. [答案]help entertain and monitor senior citizens 23.According to this passage,the number of registered residents at least 60 years old will be_________. [答案]increase to 5 million by 2018 24.The writer thinks“the future is not easy for Shanghai PT Info”because_________. [答案]the company will face tough competition in the marketplace 25.The best title for this passage would be“_________”. [答案]Robot Gives Help to Older People [短文]Roby Mini is just 40 centimeters tall,has a large round screen for ahead and has been designed to help senior citizens living alone. Manufactured by robotics company Shanghai PT Info,the brightly colored robot,which costs 5,000yuan($790),was launched on Aug 14 to help entertain and monitor elderly people. In Shanghai last year,the number of registered residents at least 60 years old was 4million.That was nearly 30 percent of the population.By 2018,the figure is projected to rise to 5 million. With many living alone,robots such as Roby Mini can help play a crucial role in caring for the elderly.“It will change the way people interact with digital products,”Hong says. Founded in May,Shanghai PT Info had already done the groundwork.In fact,the research team spent three years developing the speech recognition system before the firm was officially launched. With 360-degree wheels hidden under its body,Roby Mini can follow a person through face recognition and strike up a conversation,tell jokes or provide information. The robot also works as a computer terminal,supplying weather information,ordering groceries online and even booking taxis.Roby Mini can be connected to other gadgets as well,such as smart wristbands or magnetic devices on doors. Roby Mini can also connect an elderly owner to a doctor through its high-definition screen.Already Shanghai PT Info is talking to three community hospitals in Shanghai's Min hang district.Since the robot is linked to the Internet,it can support long-distance audio and video calls. Mass production started this month and Shanghai PT Info plans to manufacture 200,000units this year. But the future is not easy for Shanghai PT Info.Earlier this year,Flying wings Intelligent Robot Technology(Shanghai) introduced a machine with sensors that will ring an alarm when an elderly person falls down.Tianjin ShangjiuShengyuan Technology Group also developed a robot for seniors in 2014.Owners can turn on the lights and air-conditioning units by pressing buttons on the machine.It can also remind elderly owners to take pills,and inform them of hospital checkups and family birthdays. 21.Roby Mini is the name of_________. [答案]a robot 22.Roby Mini is designed to_________. [答案]help entertain and monitor senior citizens 23.According to this passage,the number of registered residents at least 60 years old will be_________. [答案]increase to 5 million by 2018 24.The writer thinks“the future is not easy for Shanghai PT Info”because_________. [答案]the company will face tough competition in the marketplace 25.The best title for this passage would be“_________”. [答案]Robot Gives Help to Older People [短文]Roby Mini is just 40 centimeters tall,has a large round screen for a head and has been designed to help senior citizens living alone.[内部资料] Manufactured by robotics company Shanghai PT Info,the brightly colored robot,which costs 5,000 yuan ($790),was launched on Aug 14 to help entertain and monitor elderly people. In Shanghai last year,the number of registered residents at least 60 years old was 4 million.That was nearly 30 percent of the population.By 2018,the figure is projected to rise to 5 million. With many living alone,robots such as Roby Mini can help play a crucial role in caring for the elderly.It will change the way people interact with digital products,Hong says. Founded in May,Shanghai PT Info had already done the groundwork.In fact,the research team spent three years developing the speech recognition system before the firm was officially launched. With 360-degree wheels hidden under its body,Roby Mini can follow a person through face recognition and strike up a conversation,tell jokes or provide information. The robot also works as a computer terminal,supplying weather information,ordering groceries online and even booking taxis.Roby Mini can be connected to other gadgets as well,such as smart wristbands or magnetic devices on doors. Roby Mini can also connect an elderly owner to a doctor through its high-definition screen.Already Shanghai PT Info is talking to three community hospitals in Shanghai's Minhang district.Since the robot is linked to the Internet,it can support long-distance audio and video calls. Mass production started this month and Shanghai PT Info plans to manufacture 200,000 units this year. But the future is not easy for Shanghai PT Info.Earlier this year,Flying wings Intelligent Robot Technology (Shanghai) introduced a machine with sensors that will ring an alarm when an elderly person falls down.Tianjin Shang jiu Sheng yuan Technology Group also developed a robot for seniors in 2014.Owners can turn on the lights and air-conditioning units by pressing buttons on the machine.It can also remind elderly owners to take pills,and inform them of hospital checkups and family birthdays. 1.Roby Mini is the name of_________. [答案]a robot 2.Roby Mini is designed to_________. [答案]help entertain and monitor senior citizens 3.According to this passage,the number of registered residents at least 60 years old will be_________. [答案]increase to 5 million by 2018 4.The writer thinks the future is not easy for Shanghai PT Info because_________. [答案]the company will face tough competition in the marketplace 5.The best title for this passage is_________. [答案]Robot Gives Help to Older People [短文]Something else that could be coming soon to a vehicle near you.More technology.The kind that could help your car talk to others around it.{1}some proposed cars of the futures it would not actually do the driving for you.But it could warn you about what other drivers are doing.The U.S.government may require this feature in the future,but it would{2}the cost of the car.[内部资料] It's the vehicle of the future,cars that talk to the driver and each other.The U.S.government wants it on the road soon,{3}technology that would warn drivers of danger coming from any direction. It's called vehicle to vehicle technology.Cars would send wireless message to each other{4}about 300-yard.Communicating information like speed,direction and GPS position ten times per second.When cars share this information,they can{5}all the vehicles around them,which means they are able to identify possible crashes. 1.[答案]B.Unlike 2.[答案]A.add to 3.[答案]B.pushing for 4.[答案]C.within 5.[答案]C.account for [短文]Tessera Multimedia was founded in 1997 and specializes in design and{1}of web,multimedia and mobile applications.[内部资料] With headquarters in Thessaloniki,Tessera has developed business activities covering the whole Greece and has developed a significant partner network and a large customer base{2}investing in long-term relationships of trust and reliability. Our company has designed and successfully implemented a significant number of complex software{3}in a wide range of sectors.Tessera has gained exceptional experience in designing web sites and portals,educational games,e-commerce applications and mobile apps. Tessera seeks to be always{4}with current trends and advancements in software technology,constantly investing in new technologies and human resources. The development department consists of{5}staff ensuring high quality,integrated services.At the same time,our personnel is trained systematically in deploying new technologies,aiming that our productions are always on the cutting edge of technology. 1.[答案]A.development 2.[答案]A.by 3.[答案]C.projects] 4.[答案]B.up to date 5.[答案]B.qualified [短文]When computer servers operate a complex program,they can get very hot.Cooling the servers can be costly.So researchers asked what would happen if the heat created by the servers could be captured and used?[2020年1月试题] Data centers of large Internet companies such as Google and Microsoft have thousands of computer servers.As these servers process information,they create large amounts of heat,so they need huge cooling systems,These systems send the heat into the air. The Dutch company Nerdalize thinks paying for electrieity to operate the servers and then paying again to cool them is a waste of energy.So it developed a device called the e-Radiator.It is a computer server that also works as a heating source.Boaz Leupe is the chief executive officer of Nerdalize,He says the e-Radiator saves money because companies don't have to pay to cool their servers. “The kilowatt(千瓦) hour you are using is used twice-once to heat the home and once to compute the client's task without the cooling overhead.”He says five homeowners in the Netherlands are testing the heating device in their homes.“We reimburse the electricity the server uses,and that we can do because of the computer clients on the other side,and,in that way,homeowners actually get heating for free,and computer users don't have to pay for the overhead of the data center.” Jan Visser is one of the participants in the year-long experiment.He says the amount of heat produced by the e-Radiator into room depends on the work being done by the computer server.He says it can not be used as the primary source of heat.But he is ready to try it. He says if it provides enough warmth,he will be able to use his home's heating system less,which will save him money.Nerdalize says e-Radiators create heat temperatures of up to 55℃.It says the devices could save users up to$440in heating costs a year. 21.Why did researchers ask what would happen if the heat created by the servers could be captured and used? [答案]Cooling computer servers costs a lot of money. 22.The computer servers in large Internet companies such as Google and Microsoft can_________. [答案]create large quantity of heat 23.Nerdalize developed the e-Radiator because_________. [答案]e-Radiator can cool the servers for free 24.According to Jan Visser,the amount of heat produced by the e-Radiator_________. [答案]can not be used as the main source of heat 25.The best title for this passage wonld be“_________”. [答案]The New Way to Heat Homes [短文]When computer servers operate a complex program,they can get very hot.Cooling the servers can be costly.So researchers asked what would happen if the heat created by the servers could be captured and used?[2019年1月试题] Data centers of large Internet companies such as Google and Microsoft have thousands of computer servers.As these servers process information,they create large amounts of heat,so they need huge cooling systems,These systems send the heat into the air. The Dutch company Nerdalize thinks paying for electrieity to operate the servers and then paying again to cool them is a waste of energy.So it developed a device called the e-Radiator.It is a computer server that also works as a heating source.Boaz Leupe is the chief executive officer of Nerdalize,He says the e-Radiator saves money because companies don't have to pay to cool their servers. “The kilowatt(千瓦) hour you are using is used twice-once to heat the home and once to compute the client's task without the cooling overhead.”He says five homeowners in the Netherlands are testing the heating device in their homes.“We reimburse the electricity the server uses,and that we can do because of the computer clients on the other side,and,in that way,homeowners actually get heating for free,and computer users don't have to pay for the overhead of the data center.” Jan Visser is one of the participants in the year-long experiment.He says the amount of heat produced by the e-Radiator into room depends on the work being done by the computer server.He says it can not be used as the primary source of heat.But he is ready to try it. He says if it provides enough warmth,he will be able to use his home's heating system less,which will save him money.Nerdalize says e-Radiators create heat temperatures of up to 55℃.It says the devices could save users up to$440in heating costs a year. 21.Why did researchers ask what would happen if the heat created by the servers could be captured and used? [答案]Cooling computer servers costs a lot of money. 22.The computer servers in large Internet companies such as Google and Microsoft can_______. [答案]create large quantity of heat 23.Nerdalize developed the e-Radiator because_______. [答案]e-Radiator can cool the servers for free 24.According to Jan Visser,the amount of heat produced by the e-Radiator_______. [答案]can not be used as the main source of heat 25.The best title for this passage wonld be“_______”. [答案]The New Way to Heat Homes [短文]When computer servers operate a complex program,they can get very hot.Cooling the servers can be costly.So researchers asked what would happen if the heat created by the servers could be captured and used?[内部资料] Data centers of large Internet companies such as Google and Microsoft have thousands of computer servers.As these servers process information,they create large amounts of heat,so they need huge cooling systems.These systems send the heat into the air.The Dutch company Nerdalize thinks paying for electricity to operate the servers and then paying again to cool them is a waste of energy.So it developed a device called the e-Radiator.It is a computer server that also works as a heating source.Boaz Leupe is the chief executive officer of Nerdalize.He says the e-Radiator saves money because companies don't have to pay to cool their servers. The kilowatt(千瓦)hour you are using is used twice -- once to heat the home and once to compute the client's task without the cooling overhead.He says five homeowners in the Netherlands are testing the heating device in their homes.We reimburse the electricity the server uses,and that we can do because of the computer clients on the other side,and,in that way,homeowners actually get heating for free,and computer users don't have to pay for the overhead of the data center. Jan Visser is one of the participants in the year-long experiment.He says the amount of heat produced by the e-Radiator depends on the work being done by the computer server.He says it cannot be used as the primary source of heat.But he is ready to try it. He says if it provides enough warmth,he will be able to use his home's heating system less,which will save him money.Nerdalize says e-Radiators create heat temperatures of up to 55℃.It says the devices could save users up to $440 in heating costs a year. 1.Why did researchers ask what would happen if the heat created by the servers could be captured and used? [答案]Cooling computer servers costs a lot of money. 2.The computer servers in large Internet companies such as Google and Microsoft can_________. [答案]create large quantity of heat 3.Nerdalize developed the e-Radiator because_________. [答案]e-Radiator can cool the servers for free 4.According to Jan Visser,the amount of heat produced by the e-Radiator_________. [答案]cannot be used as the main source of heat 5.The best title for this passage is_________. [答案]The New Way to Heat Homes [对话]从A-E选项中选出合适的句子填入下面对话,并将答案序号写在答题纸上。[2018年1月试题] A.Maybe they were polluted in your hospital. B.so I will stop all orders with your company. C.This is the first time we've received a complaint of this nature.1374 D.they will be returned to your factory immediately. E.it's your job to do that,no tours. Henry:Good afternoon!Lucy,I am telling you something urgent.We have found several cases of golden staph infected in our patients.They were caused by your products. Lucy:Are you sure?Our bandages are very safe. {21} Henry:I know that,But only patients who have used your bandages are infected. Lucy:All of our products were made with the utmost care.{22}And why didn't you put the bandages into the sterilizer before you used them? Henry:Lucy,{23}.I've already asked the hospital to do are-examination of your supplies right now. Lucy:Henry,you're making things difficult, Henry:The safety of our patients is most important,{24} Lucy:But I have already posted your recent order.They are now on the way. Henry:Sorry,Lucy.As soon as they arrive,{25} [答案]21C;22A;23E;24B;25D. [对话]这是客服人员帮助客服创建进入个人账户的场景,请在空格内填入字母将对话排序。[内部资料] A.Johnson:Confirmed! B.George:It’s free from the Google Play store and our Remote Service is offered free of charge. C.Johnson:Yes,I want to set up a Google account,could you remote control my mobile phone and set up it for me? D.George:Samsung customer service,can I help you? E.George:Now press OK to start using the application. F.George:Then you should download and install the Smart Tutor app. G.George:Ok.First,please make sure your phone is running a minimum of Android 2.2 and connected to the internet. H.Johnson:Where to download the app?Do I need pay for it? I.Johnson:I entered.Thank you. J.Johnson:Thank you! Download finished. [答案]D;C;G;A;F;H;B;J;E;I [对话]这是在展会上一名销售人员向顾客介绍新产品的场景,请将对话排序。[内部资料] A.Salesman:This is Action's pride and joy,the Kitchen Master.It’s a prime example of our future line of smart products.We are all very excited about this oven.5.In trial runs,this product has performed very well. B.Customer:Well,This one seems nice. C.Salesman:Good morning,welcome to our booth.What can I do for you? D.Customer:Great.Then how about the price? E.Salesman:We plan to release it next month.You can visit our official website to order it. F.Customer:Really?Can you tell me what is so special about it? G.Salesman:Yes.The largest characteristic of this oven is the Correct Cook option,which uses a sensor to see if the dish has been properly cooked through and through.You won't find this feature in any other microwaves. H.Customer:Thank you. I.That sounds really cool.Where can I get this? J.Salesman:Our prices vary because the function,design and color are different.Here is our catalogues. [答案]C;B;A;F;G;I;E;D;J;H [对话]阅读下面的短文,选择合适的内容将短文补充完整。[内部资料] A.In case of any clarifications B.During the three months’ probation period with our company C.which indicates the cost to company and other benefits D.Congratulations on your continuous success. E.We are happy to inform you that you have been confirmed to the position of sales manager at our company 1th,May 2016 Room 3544 London Street Vancouver,424495 Dear Mrs.Sue Read, {1}.Your salary has been revised to $1,000 per month with effect from the confirmation date{2}. {3}.we have reviewed your performance and are pleased with your performance.You have achieved all your targets and finished all your work in time. {4}.please reach the general manager.His telephone number is +86-10-42823957.E-mail: billsales@smithgroup.com. {5}. Regards, Bill Smith 1.[答案]E 2.[答案]C 3.[答案]B 4.[答案]A 5.[答案]D [对话]阅读下面的对话,选择合适的内容将对话补充完整。[内部资料] HENRY:Good afternoon! Lucy,I am telling you something urgent.We have found several cases of golden staph infected in our patients.They were caused by your products. LUCY:Are you sure?Our bandages are very safe.{1}. HENRY:I know that.But only patients who have used your bandages are infected. LUCY:All of our products were made with the utmost care.{2}.And why didn’t you put the bandages into the sterilizer before you used them? HENRY:Lucy,{3}.I’ve already asked the hospital to do a re-examination of your supplies right now. LUCY:Henry,you’re making things difficult. HENRY:The safety of our patients is most important,{4}. LUCY:But I have already posted your recent order.They are now on the way. HENRY:Sorry,Lucy.As soon as they arrive,{5}. A.May be they were polluted in your hospital. B.so I will stop all orders with your company. C.This is the first time we’ve received a complaint of this nature. D.they will be returned to your factory immediately. E.it’s your job to do that,not ours. 1.[答案]C 2.[答案]A 3.[答案]E 4.[答案]B 5.[答案]E [对话]阅读下面的对话,选择合适的内容将对话补充完整。[内部资料] Michael:They are testing the 3D printer.Don’t you come and see it? Lucas:What?Never heard of it. Michael:It is one of the most latest technological innovations. Lucas:Really?{1}. Michael:Come on! You should learn to be open-minded. Lucas:{2} Michael:The 3D printing technology could be used in construction,engineering,biomedicine,and many other fields.It can print anything,a house,a car,even a liver! Lucas:That can’t be true.I will never believe this. Michael:{3}.All these will be absolutely carried out by 3D printers.There’s a company called Natural Machines has introduced a 3D printer for food producing. Lucas:I guess that there are a lot of procedures involved in this process.So this printer must be very big. Michael:{4}.It can print all kinds of dessert and starter. Lucas:Is it expensive? Michael:{5}. A.It is about $.1,000 B.Maybe its functions are questionable C.It is really true. D.What are the main functions of it? E.In fact,it is as big as an oven 1.[答案]B 2.[答案]D 3.[答案]C 4.[答案]E 5.[答案]A [对话]阅读下面的对话,选择合适的内容将对话补充完整。[内部资料] Jeff:Morning,Roger. Roger:Good morning,Jeff.{1}Would you mind going to get me a cup of coffeeat the Starbucks across the street?I know you just got here,but I would really appreciate it. Jeff:{2} Roger:Yes.Impressed that you remember! Jeff:Your flavour I never forget. Jeff leaves to go get a coffee,and then comes back with it. Jeff:Here you go,Roger. Roger:Thanks.Oh,Jeff,{3}with the opening speech I'm giving next week at our company. Jeff:Well,it's pretty busy this morning,but I'll have some time between five and six p.m.Would that be okay? Roger:{4}I'm going to talk about the new energy storage material,and I think you have an excellent grasp of the subject. Jeff:Thank you. Roger:Oh,by the way,{5}? Jeff:It's going pretty well. Roger:I'd like to see it sometime.Do you think you could get it on my desk by 4 p.m.today? Jeff:No problem.I'll get it to you. Roger:Great.Have a good one,Jeff. Jeff:You too. A.how was your report of the new batteries coming along? B.I'd appreciate it if you could help me C.No problem! You want the usual? D.It's good to see you. E.Yes,that would be great. 1.[答案]D 2.[答案]C 3.[答案]B 4.[答案]E 5.[答案]A [对话]阅读下面的对话,选择合适的内容将对话补充完整。[内部资料] Marry:What do you plan to do for your holiday? Jeff:Come on,it went up in smoke.{1} Marry:Wow,you are going for a business trip next week?Where? Jeff:Xiamen. Marry:{2} Jeff:By train.You know our boss is afraid to take a plane because of high anxiety. Marry:Actually,it's not so awful to take a plane if you don't look out the window. Jeff:Good idea! Marry:Well,Xiamen is a perfect place to be on holiday,you know. Jeff:I know.But a business trip is tiring to me. Marry:Oh,take it easy.{3}I like taking occasional business trip for a change of pace. Jeff:I hope so. Marry:I think you should take advantage of this good opportunity to go on a business trip with our boss and gain the boss's favor. Jeff:{4}.I think it makes sense. Marry:You know,I've dreamed a thousand times that I could lie down on the beach of Xiamen to relax myself. Jeff:So have I.But it's not always nice and sunny there,sometimes cloudy and rainy. Marry:Come on,I don't think it will spoil your trip.{5} Jeff:Thanks a lot. A.By plane or by train? B.Maybe it's not so bad as you imagined. C.I have to go on a business trip with my boss. D.Anyhow,I hope you'll have a nice trip. E.Hey,that sounds like a really good idea. 1.[答案]C 2.[答案]A 3.[答案]B 4.[答案]E 5.[答案]D [对话]阅读下面的对话,选择合适的内容将对话补充完整。[内部资料] JANET:Hey,how about getting together for a movie tonight? DANNY:Sure.{1} JANET:Well,let me check the Internet.What about the Interstellar? DANNY:Wow,I learn that it stars Anne Hathaway,my favorite actress. JANET:Well,{2},but I am more interested in the film director. DANNY:Who is it? JANET:Christopher Nolan,a British-American film director.You must have watched the Inception,one of his masterpieces. DANNY:Absolutely,that movie took my breath away and I must admit that its director is brilliant.{3} JANET:Obviously it is a sci-fi film,which features a crew of astronauts who travel through a wormhole in search of a new home for humanity. DANNY:{4} JANET:The screenplay was written by Christopher and his brother Jonathan Nolan. DANNY:You are such a great fan of sci-fi movie. JANET:Yeah,I am really into this.So let’s go to this movie and see what exciting experience it will bring to us. DANNY:{5} A.she is amazing B.What about the screenplay? C.Can’t wait to watch it. D.So could you tell me more about Interstellar? E.What’s playing? 1.[答案]E 2.[答案]A 3.[答案]D 4.[答案]B 5.[答案]C 本文档由香当网(https://www.xiangdang.net)用户上传

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