初中学业水平考试(中考)英语试题19版


    参照秘密级管理★启用前 试卷类型:A 菏泽市二O一九年初中学业水平考试(中考) 英语试题 注意事项:1.本试题分选择题和非选择题两部分。选择题,80分;非选择题,40分;共120分。考试用时120分钟。 2. 请务必在答题卡规定的答题区域内作答, 选择题须用2B铅笔填涂,非选择题须用 0.5毫米的黑色墨水签字笔书写。 选择题 (共80分) 一、听力(共四节,满分30分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,请将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5个句子,每个句子后有三幅图画。每个句子仅读一遍。请你从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出与句子内容相符的图画,并标在试卷的相应位置。 第二节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5个句子,每个句子后有一道小题。每个句子读两遍。请你听完句子的第二遍 朗读后,从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳答语,并标在试卷的相应位置。 6. A. You’re welcome. B. It doesn't matter. C. Sorry to hear that. 7. A. Yes,I can. B. No,I can't. C. sorry,I won’t. 8. A. I want to be a teacher. B. I'm 12 years old. C. I'd like some noodles. 9. A. It’s very beautiful. B. Yes,I have. C. Sounds good. 10. A. Enjoy the full moon. B. Watch the boat races. C. Make snowmen. 第三节(共5小题; 每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一道小题。每段对话和问题读两遍。请你听完对话和问题的第二遍朗读后,从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。 11.How much is the red hat? A. It's five dollars. B. It’s ten dollars. C. It’s fifteen dollars. 12. Why can’t Tim come to the party? A. He has to do the dishes. B. He has to clean his room. C. He has to study for a test. 13. What does David’s brother look like? A. Tall and thin. B. Short and heavy. C. Tall and heavy. 14.What should Peter do? A. Write to David and say thanks. B. Call David and say sorry. C. Email David and say hello. 15. Who probably answered the telephone just now? A. Rick. B. Lucy. C .Lucy’s mother. 第四节(共5小题; 每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面一段短文,短文后有五道小题。短文和问题读两遍。请你听完短文和问题的第 二遍朗读后,从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。 16. When did Li Lei take part in the Clean-up Day activities? A. Last Friday. B. Last Saturday. C. Last Sunday. 17. Where did they go with their teacher by bus? A. Tianxiang Park. B. People's Park. C. Zhaowanghe Park 18. Who picked the banana peels up and put them into the rubbish box? A. A boy. B. Li Lei. C. Li Lei’s teacher. 19. What did they help to do in the end? A. Plan the trees. B. Throw the rubbish C. Water the flowers. 20. How did they feel? A. Tired but happy. B. Tired and terrible. C. Bored but relaxed. 二、英语知识运用(共两节,满分20分) 第一节单项填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 从A、B、C三个选项中,选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. —Are you ________ little boy in the photo,Tony? —Yes,it’s me. This photo was taken when I was only three. A. a B.an C. the 22. —The relations between my parents have become difficult. What should I do? —You could do more jobs around the house so that they have more time for proper __________. A. instrument B. communication C. community 23. —How is your friend going to the station? —l’m not sure. He _________ take a taxi there. A. must B. has to C. may 24. —This is a really old bike. —Yes,I ________ it for seven years. A. have had B. have bought C. bought 25. Be more _______ next time,and you won’t make the same mistake. A. careless B. careful C. nervous 26. __________ my grandpa is over 80 years old,he still looks strong and healthy. A. Although B. Because C. Unless 27. —Lucy, when you leave the room,please ________ the light. —OK,Mom. A. put off B. turn off C. turn up 28. —Could you please tell me ___________? —Sure. Just go along this street and you'll find it on your left. A. where is the bookstore B. where the book store is C. how can I get to the bookstore 29. —Would you like to go shopping with me after lunch? —I'd love to, but I ____________ to go out this afternoon. A. don’t allow B will allow C. won't be allowed 30. —What do you think of the movie The Wandering Earth(《流浪地球》)? —________! I’ve seen it three times and it always gives me something to think about. A. Wonderful B. I can’t stand it C. It’s too boring 第二节完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各小题所给的A、B、C三个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最 佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Nowadays,many people drive their cars to work. There are a lot of cars in the street and the 31 is very busy. So sometimes 32 is not easy for people to get to work on time. When you are going to be late,you only dream of taking a plane there. Can your dream 33 ?Yes!You can take a plane only in months! Four engineers in Germany are 34 in making planes. They are making a new plane—Lilium jet. It doesn’t look like a plane 35 an egg. Many people think it looks funny and interesting. The great egg can take two people to the sky and 36 three hundred kilometres in one hour. That’s really great. Some people call Lilium jet “a flying car”. Why?Firstly,it’s not difficult for people to learn to drive it. People can drive it just like driving a car. But it can go 37 and farther than a car. Secondly,Lilium jet is not very big,only a quarter of a plane. So it doesn’t need an airport. Only a small place is OK. It can stop 38 . In the future,the “flying car” will come into people's life and 39 our ways of trip. Lilium jet will come on the market soon. 40 you want to make your trip easy and funny, why not buy one? I’m sure you will have a good time on it. 31. A traffic B. sky C. train 32. A this B that C. it 33. A come on B. come back C come true 34. A. bored B interested C. disappointed 35. A but B. and C. so 36. A. walk B. swim C. fly 37. A. slower B. faster C. earlier 38. A. where B. nowhere C. everywhere 39. A. change B. find C. lose 40. A Unless B. If C. Whether 三、阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 A In the Warring States Period, the State of Qin had a fight with the State of Zhao. Zhao needed some talented people to ask for help from Chu. Then Mao Sui----the man who believed he was the right person for this task came and recommended(推荐) himself. And he made the king of Chu send the army to help successfully. Zhao was safe. From then on, Mao Sui became a well-known hero of state. One day, Shang Yang put a thin wooden stick near the south gate of the capital of Qin. He promised to pay 10 gold pieces to anyone who could move it to the north gate. It was such a simple job that all the people thought Shang was joking. Then he added 40 more gold pieces, A man moved it and he really got 50 gold pieces. After that, the people of Qin believed Shang was a man of his word. So they all followed Shang's new laws later. Wang Xizhi, was one of the most famous calligraphers(书法家) during the Eastern Jin Dynasty of China. When he was very young, he practiced his art every day and never stopped. One day,Wang Xizhi wrote in wood for an engraver(雕刻师) to cut. Then the engraver found the ink had penetrated (渗透) one centimeter into the wood. Now “Ru Mu San Fen“ is often used to describe sharp ideas or useful views. 41. Where did Mao Sui come from according to this passage? A. The State of Qi B. The State of Zhao C. The State of Chu 42. Why did the people of Qin follow Shang Yang’s new laws? A. They believed in Shang Yang. B. They were afraid of Shang Yang. C. Shang Yang gave them gold pieces. 43. What is “Ru Mu San Fen“ often used to describe now? A. A man of his word. B Sharp ideas or useful views. C. A well-known hero of the state. B How do people find their ways? At first, people did it by looking at the sun, the moon and stars. Later, we started to use the compass(指南针). Today,there are navigation satellite systems. A navigation satellite system uses groups of satellites. They send information to a receiver, such as your smart phone, Then they can find where you are. The earliest navigation system is the Global(全球的) Positioning System(GPS) of the United States. The US has put 24 satellites into space to make sure GPS can locate a person correctly and globally. Russia's GLONASS and European Union’s Galileo can also work globally. The BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) is China's homegrown navigation system. It was set up in 2000. With it, China became the third country to build a navigation system after the US and Russia. BeiDou can find you wherever you are. It helps you go faster by finding shortcuts and using correct directions. When you are in trouble and call the police, they will know exactly where you are if you have a smart phone that uses BeiDou. Today, there are more than 20 BeiDou satellites above our heads. And the system is able to offer open services to the Asia-pacific area. China plans to send more Beidou-3 satellites into space. Beidou-3’s position accuracy(精确度) is less than five meters. By 2020, the BeiDou system will have 35 satellites and begin serving globally. 44. How did people find their ways at first according to this passage? A. By looking at the sun, the moon and stars B. By using the navigation satellite systems. C. By looking at the compass. 45. How many navigation satellite systems are mentioned in the passage? A. Two B. Three. C. Four 46. What does the underlined word “locate“ in the third paragraph mean? A.位于 B.设置 C.定位 47. What do you know about the BeiDou system? A. It was set up before GPS. B. It will begin serving globally by 2020. C. There are less than 20 BeiDou satellites today. C Writing is a much newer invention than talking. Nobody knows when people first began to talk, but so far as we know, they did not begin to write until seven or eight thousand years ago. IN EGYPT IN MESOPOTAMIA IN CHINA In Egypt, Mesopotamia, and China, and later in Palestine and Greece, people began to make marks and pictures with sticks and sharp stones from which others, or they themselves, later, could see what they had thought. These early records were the beginning of writing. The first writing was picture writing. Here are some early Chinese picture words. Can you see what they represent(代表)? Later Chinese writing is less like pictures than the earlier writing was, but we can see the pictures in some of its words. For example: In picture writing, each picture represents a word; you need a different picture or mark for each word. In present-day Chinese writing most of the marks are not pictures of anything, and a reader has to learn how the Chinese write about two thousand of these words before being able to read a newspaper. With some of these marks you may be able to see what the idea is. For example: The sun and the moon. 明 Its meanings are:“ bright”and“open” A man and two marks. 仁 One of the meanings is“humanity”. 48. When did people begin to write? A Seven or eight hundred years ago. B. Before people first began to talk. C. Seven or eight thousand years ago. 49. Which of the following is the earliest Chinese picture word? 50. What does the明 in the passage mean? A. Day and night. B. Bright and open. C. Humanity. 51. What's the passage mainly about? A. The history of Chinese writing. B. When Chinese people began to write. C. How the Chinese began to talk. D Delivering a better life By YANG FEIYUE | China Daily | Updated: 2019-03-30 10:42 A father who was disabled at work and abandoned (抛弃)by his wife brings his daughter on his takeout routes. The 39-yearold man from Yunnan Province lost his mother when he was a teenager, He experienced a serious accident in 2012. And his wife abandoned him and their daughter three years ago. But Li Bangyong didn't give up. He has managed to support himself and his girl by delivering takeout over the past two years. Li moved to Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province to find a job but lost it after a machine crashed(压碎) his right hand. He started delivering food with his baby last year. He put a safety char on his e-bike. His girl wears a special coat to protect against sunlight and a quilt to keep warm. He works this way from 7 :30 a.m. to 7:30 p. m., with only a 10-minute lunch break. He feeds his girl bread when she cries and slows down when she falls asleep. Li always carries her when he takes the food to customers’ doors, although he often has to climb many stairs. He faces hardship but finds comfort in his work. And many people have offered support to Li alter reading his story. 52. Who reported the news? A. Yang Feiyue. B. Li Bangyong. C. Wang Zhenyu 53. How long does Li Bangyong usually work every day? A. About 8 hours. B. About 10 hours. C. About 12 hours 54. Why does Li's girl wallk around during a break? A. To deliver takeout. B. To relax her legs. C. To protect against sunlight. 55. Where does this passage probably come from? A. A guide book. B. A TV program. C. A website. 非选择题(共40分) 温馨提示:请将答案书写在答题卡的指定位置。 三、阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 阅读下面短文,完成相关任务。 Paper cutting is one of the traditional folk arts in China. It is a kind of popular folk arts and has been popular for about 1,500 years. Let's learn about paper cutting. Wonderful meanings Paper cutting has some wonderful meanings. In our mind, paper cuttings can always bring us happiness and good luck, At the Spring Festival, people put up “Fu” on doors or windows. At a wedding, people also put up “Xi”. The largest paper cutting in the world The largest paper cutting was made by Gao Xiaodong. It has an area of about 456 square meters. It is as large as a basketball court. Why are most paper cuttings red? In old times, people respected the sun. Red is the color of the sun. We always regard red as the symbol of hope and good luck. Now, we can still see red everywhere in China. The walls of old palaces are red. Lanterns are red. Weddings are always full of red things, too. Black paper cutting in Shanzhou It's true that most paper cutting are red. But paper cuttings in Shanzhou, Henan Province are black. Black is the best color there. Shanzhou is a dry place. The local people make black paper cuttings to wish for rain. 56. What can paper cuttings always bring us in our mind? 57. Who made the largest paper cutting? 58. How do the local people in Shanzhou wish for rain? 59. 请把文中划线句子翻译成汉语。 60. 请给短文拟一个恰当的标题。 四、综合填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分 ) 阅读下面短文,用方框内所给词汇的适当形式填空,使短文语义完整。 look good on other appear especially before share side and In recent years, with the development of technology,many popular apps (应用程序) have been produced, These days, an app has caught great attention. It is Douyin, a video sharing app. Douyin first 61 in 2016. Now it is many people's favorite app, 62 the young. With Douyin, users can record videos, edit (编辑) them and 63 them online. It is very easy 64 interesting. We can share our videos with our friends with just a tap on the mobile phone screen. What's more, it's a great way to spend our free time by 65 through those funny videos. However, every coin has two 66 . The app also has bad things. On the one hand, some people spend long hours 67 the app, which is harmful for their health. On the 68 hand, users can also find some bad things on the app. Such thing is unsuitable and meaningless. In my opinion, Douyin should check the videos 69 they are uploaded (上传) in order to keep a healthy environment for its users. Douyin is not 70 for teenagers. We should not use it too often. 五、写作(共两节,满分20分) 第一节 信息归纳(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分) 阅读下面邮件,用英语完成思维导图。 Dear Li Hua, Thanks for your last letter. In your letter you talked about your problems on English study. Here are some tips on learning English for you. ※ Read a book, newspaper or magazine in English with a dictionary. This will help you learn new words in a fun way. Even by spending just 15 minutes a day, your skills can be improved greatly. ※ Listen to speeches and watch movies or documentaries in areas you aren't familiar with. They are fun tips on improving English. This activity will help improve listening and vocabulary at the same time, ※ Know English grammar inside and out. It is one of the top tips on learning English. Grammar is a basic tool for English learners. It can help you understand better. ※ Keep a diary. It allows you to use all of your English skills. This is one of the greatest tips on improving English at any stage of learning the language. All in all, learning English is hard, but with these tips on learning English, I believe you will get better at English. Yours Lisa 第二节 书面表达(满分15分) 假如你是李华,你的英国笔友Lisa来信说她最近正在学习汉语,在学习过程中遇到“程门立雪”( Cheng Men Li Xue)这一成语,不解其意。请你根据下面图片提示,用英语给她回信,简要叙述这个成语故事,并谈谈自己的理解和感悟。 要求: 1.语言规范,语句通原,可适当发挥; 2.字数:100词左右,开头和结尾已经给出,不计人总词数。 可能用到的词:idiom成语; during the Northern Song Dynasty北宋时期 Cheng Yi程颐; have a nap小憩; disturb打扰; moved感动的; respect尊敬 Dear Lisa, I’m glad to hear from you. _________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Yours Li Hua 本文档由香当网(https://www.xiangdang.net)用户上传

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