人教版八年级下册英语Unit1重点知识汇总


    Unti1 what’s the matter? 重点短语 1. have a cold 感冒 have a fever 发烧 have a stomachache 胃痛 have a nosebleed 流鼻血 have a cough 咳嗽 have a heart problem患有心脏病 have problems breathing 呼吸困难 have a sore throat 喉咙痛 2.lie down 躺下 3. get an X-ray 做个X光检查 4.take one ’s temperature 量体温 5. put some medicine on ......在....上敷药 6. get into 陷入 get into the trouble 遇到麻烦 7.take breaks =take a break 休息 8.without thinking twice 没多想 9. get off 下车 10.tell of 描述 11.wait for等待 12. to one’s surprise 使.......惊讶的 in surprise 惊讶地 get a surprise 吃惊 13.thanks to多亏于;由于 14. in time及时 on time 准时 15. think about 考虑 16. shout for help 大声呼救 17. drink enough water 喝足够的水 18.right away=at once 立刻;马上 19.fall down 摔倒 20.put ...... on sth把...放在某物上 21. get hit/sunburned 摔伤/烧伤 22.be interested in 对.....感兴趣 23. away from 远离;离开 24.take risks/take a risk 冒险 25. by oneself 独自 26.hurt oneself 伤到自己 27.run out of 用完 28.cut off 切除 29.get out of 从...出来 30.make a decision/decisions 做决定 31. be in control of 掌管;管理 32.give up 放弃 33.on the side of the road 在马路边 34.all weekend 整个周末 35.rest for a few days 休息几天 36.put your head back 仰头 37.lose one’s life 失去生命 save one’s life 挽救生命 38.climb down 爬下 39.talk too much 说得太多 40 hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶 41. in the same way 以同样的方式 42. mountain climbing 登山运动 43. be used to…. 习惯于 44.so that 以便于;为了……. 45. go to a doctor 去看医生 46. for too long 太长时间 47. feel sick =be ill 生病 48. in a difficult situation 在困境中 重点句型 1.need (sb.)to do sth.需要做某事 7.the importance of (doing)sth. doing sth. 某事需要被做 (做)某事的重要性 8.It is +adj.+that 从句 2. see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正在干某事 9. have problem(in)doing sth. sb. do sth. 看见某人做了某事 10.keep(on)doing sth. 继续干某事 3.mean doing sth. 意味着干某事 doing sth. 介意干某事 to do sth. 打算干某事 11. mind not doing sth 不介意干某事 4.seem (to be) +adj. 好像…… sb. doing sth 介意某人干某事 to do sth. 好像干某事 12.tell sb (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)干某事 5. used to do sth.过去常常干某事 13.expect (sb.) to do sth. 期待(某人)干某事 be used to doing sth. 习惯干某 14. It is said that +从句 据说…… 6. agree with sb. 同意某人的观点 15.be saved by sb. 被某人挽救 to do sth. 同意干某事 16. risk to do sth. 冒险去做某事 17. hit sb. on the head/ nose/ back打某人的头、鼻子、后背,on用在所打较硬的部位; hit sb. in the face/ eye/ stomach 打某人的脸、眼睛、肚子,in用在所打较软的部位。 unit1.知识点 1.询问某事患了何种疾病或遇到了何种麻烦时, 问:“某人怎么了?” ①What’s the matter (with sb.)? ②What’s wrong (with sb.)? ③What’s the trouble (with sb.)? ④W hat happened to sb.? ⑤What’s up? ⑥Are you OK? ⑦Is there anything wrong (with sb.)? 2.表达身体某一部位疼痛或者不舒服 ①have/has+a/an+身体部位 ②have/has+a/an+病症 ③have/has a sore +身体部位 ④身体部位+hurts 3.反身代词 原则:与主语保持一致 单数:myself yourself itself himself herself 复数:ourselves yourselves themselves ★考点回顾★ 1. 三个“到达” 2. too much,too many ,much too 的用法 3. enough的用法 4. 辨析because和because of 5. interesting 和interested 的区别 【衔接中考】 1.lie 的用法 ①lie(lie-lay-lain) V. “躺” lie on 躺在……上 ; lie down 躺下 ②lie(lie-lay-lain) V. “位于;处于” ③lie (lie-lied-lied) V. 说谎 lie to sb.对某人撒谎 ④lie (lie-laid-laid) V. “产卵;下蛋;安置;放置” ⑤ lie n. (可数名词)谎言 ;假话 tell a lie =tell lies 说谎 2. thanks for…… 因……而感谢 thanks for+原因 thanks to……. 对亏;幸亏;由于 thanks to+对象 3.surprise 的用法 surprise v 使吃惊 → ☆surprising adj. 令人吃惊的 ☆surprised adj. 吃惊的 be surprised at 对……感到吃惊 be surprised to do sth 做某事而感到惊讶 surprise n 惊讶 to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是 in surprise 吃惊地 get a surprise 吃惊 4.ill & sick 的区别 sick adj.“生病的”,be sick sick+名词 sick person = patient“病人” be sick of …“讨厌;厌恶……” ill adj.“生病的”,be ill be ill in hospital 生病住院 illness n.“病;疾病” 5.辨析so that ,so……that……和 such……that…… so that 以便;为了 常和情态动词连用 因此;所以 逗号+so that (不与can/may连用) so…that… so+形/副+that 从句 如此…以至于… such…that… such+(形)+名that从句 如此…以至于… 6.mean的用法 ①mean v.意思☞ àmeaning n.意思;意义 ☞ àmeaningful adj. 有意义的 ☞ àmeaningless adj.无意义的 ②mean v.意味着 mean doing sth.意味着干某事 ③mean v.打算 mean to do sth. 打算干某事 7.decide的用法 decide v. decide to do sth= make up one’s mind to do sth 决定做某事 ☞ à decision n. 决定make a decision 做决定 本文档由香当网(https://www.xiangdang.net)用户上传

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