7A UNIT ONE英语笔记


    7A UNIT ONE英语笔记 1. invite v. 邀请 I’ve invited the Smiths to our home next Friday. prep. He has invited us to stay with his family in August. Inf. 2. expensive adj. 昂贵的 International calls are not very expensive nowadays. 【近】dear adj. 贵的 【反】cheap adj. 便宜的 3. talk to sb. 告诉,告知(一人说,众人听) talk with sb. 交流,讨论(众家之言) 4. brochure n. 资料手册 the travel brochure 旅游手册 5. the travel agent 旅行社 agency 代理机构 6. get a letter from…… 收到……的来信 receive a letter from…… hear from…… 7. stay with…… 与……同住,与……一起过 8. before的用法 They haven’t been to the USA before. before是个副词,意为“以前,之前” He usually drinks a glass of milk before he goes to bed. before做连词,意为“在……之前,在……以前”,用于引导时间状语。 9. soon adv. 不久,很快,马上 see you soon! 不久后见!再见,表示告别 10. at the end of 在……末端,表示时间、空间中临近结束 We will leave school at the end of June.我们将在六月底毕业。 There is a post office at the end of the street. 街道尽头有一家邮局。 11. Can I help you? 有什么我可以帮忙吗? What can I do for you? Anything I can do to help? 12. would like to do sth. = want to do sth. 想要做某事 He’d like to have some noodles for lunch. 13. travel to…… = have a trip to…… 到……旅游 14. how long引导的特殊疑问句用来询问“(时间)多久”,询问时间延续的长度。如: How long will it take you to go to school? 你去学校要多久? How long will he stay here? 他将在这里待多久? How long is the speech? 发言有多长(时间)? how long也可以用来询问长度,意为“多长”。如: How long were you when you were born? 你出生时身长多少? 15. how soon用于询问某个事件要在多久以后发生? ------How soon will they come back? 他们多久以后回来? ------In two days. 两天后。 How soon can you be ready? 你多久能准备好? 16. how often询问事件发生的频率,“多久一次” ------How often do you go there? 你多长时间去那里一次? ------Once a month. 每月一次。 How often do you visit her? 你多长时间去探望她一次? 17. How much does it cost? =How much is it? 这要多少钱? 18. Thank you for your help. 谢谢你的帮助。 Thank you for helping me. 谢谢你帮助我。 19. 形容词比较级的构成方式 情 况 变 化 方 式 例 词 单音节、部分双音节形容词 加-er cheap→cheaper narrow→narrower 以-e结尾的单音节、部分双音节形容词 加-r large→larger simple→simpler 以重读闭音节结尾的单音节及部分双音节形容词 双写末尾字母再加-er big→bigger red→redder 以辅音字母加-y结尾的双音节形容词 变y为i,再加-er heavy→heavier health→healthier tiny→tinier 部分双音节及多音节形容词 形容词前加副词more wonderful→ more wonderful expensive→ more expensive 20. 现在完成时的基本结构 背不规则动词表 1. raise vt. 提升,举起 raise the price of…… 提高了……的价格 2. nation n. 国家,民族 national adj. 国家的 national park 国家公园 national flag 国旗 national anthem 国歌 3. international adj. 国际的,世界的 an international company 国际公司 international relations 国际关系 a scientist with an international reputation 享有国际声誉的科学家 an international agreement 国际协定 the international community 国际社会 4. brick n. 砖 The wall is built of brick and stone. 这堵墙是砖石砌成的。 5. ancient adj. 古老的 ancient Rome 古罗马 in ancient times 古时候,在古代 6. history n. 历史 History is my favourite subject at school. 历史是我在学校里最喜爱的学科。 historical adj.有关历史的,有关历史研究的,历史学的 historical documents 历史文献 historical records 历史档案 historical research 历史研究 The building is of historical importance. 这栋建筑有重要的历史研究价值。 a historical novel 历史小说 7. a place of interest = an interesting place 名胜景点 8. the Great Wall 长城 the Palace Museum 故宫博物院 the Summer Palace 颐和园 the Children’s Palace 少年宫 the People’s Park 人民公园 the Oriental Pearl TV Tower 东方明珠电视塔 the Bund 外滩 the Chinese New Year 中国新年 the Spring Festival 春节 the Dragon Boat Festival 端午节 the Mid-autumn Festival 中秋节 the People’s Republic of China 中华人民共和国 the Communist Party of China 中国共产党 the United Nations 联合国 the United States of American 美利坚合众国 the Olympic Games 奥运会 Tian’anmen Square 天安门广场 the Pacific Ocean 太平洋 the Atlantic Ocean 大西洋 the English Channel 英吉利海峡 9. family 为单数,强调“一家人,家庭” 为复数,是一个集合名词,表示“家庭成员” Li family has arrived in Beijing. 李先生一家到达了北京。 My family is large. 我的家是一个大家庭。 His family are all waiting for him. 他的家人都在等他。 10. on the lake 在湖面上 表示“在湖面/河面/海面上”,应用介词on A small wooden boat is passing away on the river. 一艘小木船正从河面上驶过。 11. It is a long wall with towers on it.这是一座上筑塔台的长墙。 这里with表示"有:拥有:带有"的意思。 My grandparents live in a small house with a sharp roof. 我的祖父母住在一幢尖顶的小房子里。 He was in his early forties, tall and blond with bright blue eyes. 他40岁出头,高高的个子,金色头发,还有一双明亮的蓝眼睛。 12. People built it a long time ago with bricks and stones. 很久以前人们用砖和石头建造了它(指长城)。with在本例中是“用”的意思,后面常常加“工具”。如: Can you make a sentence with the word 'clever'? 你可以用"clever"这个单词造句吗? It's impossible for you to make a radio with so few parts. 对你而言,用这么少的零件是造不出一台收音机的。 【小结】 with的常见含义: a)和.....一起;b)有,拥有,带有;c)用,使用。 13. 【比较】 in the centre of……强调与四周距离相等的中心位置,常用来指空间; in the middle of……强调两端之间的位置,并不强调中心,既可用于指空间,也可用于指时间。 The beautiful fountain is in the centre of People's Square. 人民广场的中处是一个漂亮的喷泉。 There is a big stone in the middle of the road. 路中间有一块大石头。(指空间) We usually have lunch in the middle of the day. 我们通常在中午吃午饭。(指时间) 14. It can hold more than one mllion people. 它(指天安门广场)可以容纳一百多万人。 【小结】动词hold是多义词,其常见的含义主要有: 1) 容纳:Our school hall can hold at least 600 people. 我们学校的礼堂至少可容纳600人。 2) 举行:They will hold a meeting to discuss this problem tomorrow. 他们明天将开会讨论这个问题, 3) 握:He held a knife in his hand. 他手里握着一把刀。 4) 抱:Please hold the baby for me for a while. 请帮我抱一会儿小宝宝。 15.【比较】 see sb./sth. do sth. 强调看到了动作的整个过程。 I saw them play football all afternoon yesterday. 昨天我看到他们踢了一下午足球,(强调看到了整个踢足球的过程) see sb./sth. doing sth. 强调看到了动作的一个片段。 I saw them playing football when I passed the playground.走过操场的时候,我看到他们正在踢足球,(强调在过操场的那个时刻所看到的场景) 16. 乘飞机去…… travel to …… by plane = take a plane to …… 步行去…… go to …… on foot =walk to …… 乘公交车/火车/轮渡/地铁去…… go to …… by bus/train/ferry/underground = go to …… on a bus/train/ferry/underground = take a bus/ train/ferry/underground to …… 17. on在时间前的用法 (1)on+星期几 on Monday, on Saturday morning (2)on+几月几号 on October 1st, on the evening of January 10th (3)on+特定节日 on Children’s Day, on Christmas Day, on Christmas Eve (4)on+特定的某一天,通常有形容词修饰 on a sunny day, on a snowy morning My travel plan for the National Holiday As the National Holiday is coming, I have a plan for my holiday. I have got a letter from Uncle John in Shanghai. He has invited us to stay with his family during the holiday. we are going to travel to Shanghai on 30 September by plane. It will take one and a half hours to get to Shanghai. Although it is a bit expensive, it's much faster. We will stay there for a week. I know many places of interest such as Chenghuang Miao and Yu Garden in Shanghai. My cousin Simon will take me to some famous places in Shanghai, like Jinmao Tower, the Oriental Pearl TV Tower and the Expo Site I think I will have a nice trip to Shanghai and I'm looking forward to it. Dogs are our best friends Dogs are our best friends. They help people in many different ways. In the past. They helped people hunt animals for food. They also guarded caves and kept people safe from danger. Nowadays, they help blind people cross the road safely and the police catch thieves and find missing people However, some people are unkind to their dogs. They leave their dogs in the streets. Dogs have no food or water. They are homeless. Every year, the SPCA saves many dogs from danger. We should be kind to dogs, We can keep a dog as a pet but we should take good care of it. Remember, A dog is not a toy, but a friend. 1. office n. 办公室 officer n. 官员,高级职员 2. society n. 社团,协会 social adj. 协会的,社会的 3. prevention n. 预防,防止,防范 prevent v. 预防,防止 4. cruelty n. 残酷 cruel adj. 残酷的,悲惨的 5. someone 【近】somebody 6. dog------puppy(puppies) cat------kitten 7. thirsty adj. 口渴的 thirst n. 口渴 8. lovely adj. 可爱的 a lovely garden 可爱的花园 have a lovely time 过得很愉快 a lovely meal 愉快的一餐 a lovely cold drink 沁人心脾的冷饮 9. prefer v.意为“更喜欢”,相当于like…… better. (1) prefer后接名词或代词表示“更喜欢某人或某物”。 (2) prefer后接v-ing形式,表示“更喜欢做某事”。 (3) prefer后还可接动词不定式,表示“更喜欢做某事”,与接v-ing形式无意义上区别。如: She prefers to walk/ walking to work.她更喜欢步行去上班 拓展:常用结构 prefer……to……表示“比起……更喜欢……”。可以是名词、代词或v-ing形式。如: I prefer staying at home to going out. 比起出去我更喜欢待在家里。 另外,prefer doing A to doing B =would rather do A than do B =like doing A better than doing B =prefer to do A rather than do B 10. every day意为“每天” 本文档由香当网(https://www.xiangdang.net)用户上传

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