catti2英语笔译全真试题精解


    65’全真试题(二) 笔译综合能力 (36’)Section1 vocabulary and Grammar(60points) This section consists of 3 parts. Read the directions for each part before answering the questions. Part 1 vocabulary selection In this part, there are 20 incomplete sentences. Below each sentence, there are 4 choices marked by letters A,B,C and D respectively. Choose the word or phrase which best completes each sentence. There is only ONE right answer. Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET. 1. The Kyoto Protocol has been designed to______ the global environmental problems. A.dress B.address处理 C.stress D.distress 2. Part of the investment is to be used to _____ that old temple to its original splendor. A. rest B. recover C. replace D. restore修复 3. The list of things we need to think about which will be_____ by climate change is endless. A. affiliated B. affected C. affirmed D. effected 4. Now a single cell phone is able to store a large______ of information about an individual life. A. deal B. number C. amount D. account 5. We will not be held responsible for any damage which results_______ rough handling. A. from B. which C. in D. to 6. Our products are displayed in Stand B22, _______ you will find me during office hours. A. when B which C. that D. where 7. We cannot see any possibility of business_______ your price is on the high side of the prevailing market trend. A. which B. since C. that D. though 8. Over a very large number of trials, the probability of an event_____ is equal to the probability that it will not occur. A. occurring表主动用现代分词 B. occurred C. occurs D. occur 9. “They’re the best team I’ve seen thus far,” says________ men’s basketball coach Larry Brown. A. American’s B. US C. the USA D. United States of America 10. Many Americans do not understand why there is so much international criticism of the Us Policy on________ change. A. atmosphere B. sky C. weather D. climate 11. In order to 0btain the needed information, you should write simply, clearly, and concisely ______ the reader wants to know. A. what B. that C. so that D. which 12. Regarding insurance, the_____ is for 110% of the invoice value of the goods that a manufacturer wants to export. A. amount B. cover C. insurance D. premium保险费 额外费用 奖金 13. Since the shipment consists of seasonable goods, it is important that it is _______ as soon as possible. A. deleted B. demanded C. delivered D. detached 14. The long service of decades of the to-be-retired with the company was_______ a present each from the President. A. confirmed by B. recorded in C. acknowledged D. appreciated for 15. Home to magnates and gangsters, refugees and artists, the city was, in its_______ , a metropolis that exhibited all the hues of the human character. A. prime全盛时期 B. primary C. privacy D. probation 16. Buildings in the southeast of the UK are going to have to be constructed_______ those in Scotland if the report findings are correct. A. as B. like像 C. likely D. are like 17. The state of Michigan now requires sports fans to make an annual_______ of $125 to $500 a seat to keep their end zone perches at Michigan Stadium. A. tributary B. attribution C. contribution捐款,捐助,贡献 D. distribution 18. The possibilities for_____ energy sources, including solar power, wind power, geothermal power, water, water power and even nuclear energy promise greatly to the earthlings. A. altitude B. alternate C. alternating D. alternative 19. Americans who consider themselves______ in the traditional sense do not usually hesitate to heap criticism in domestic matters over what they believe is oppressive or wasteful. A. pedestrian B. penchant C. patriotic D. patriarch 20. The countries that are being blamed for the extra greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are the rich and developed countries. On a different_______ , the developing countries feel they will suffer the most of it. A. nod B. note调子 C. norm D. notion Part2 vocabulary Replacement This part consists of 20 sentences. In each of them one word or phrase is underlined. Below each sentence, there are 4 choices marked by letters A,B,C and D respectively. Choose the word or phrase that can replace the underlined part without causing any grammatical error or changing the basic meaning of the sentence. There is only ONE right answer. Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET. 21. He remained calm in the face of the impending danger. A. terrific B. trivial C. astonishing D. imminent即将发生的,逼近的 22. “Holmes!” I whispered. “What on earth are you doing in this disgusting place?” A. humble B. unpleasant C. underprivileged D. noisy 23. The futility of the program resulted from poor planning. A. possible failure in the future B. ineffectiveness and uselessness B. blindness to its mistakes D. potential disaster 24. Construction of the gigantic office building in this city was for years intermittent. A. stopping and starting at intervals B. something that will happen soon C. being watched with keen interest C. anything that comes and goes 25. Although many modifications have been made in it, the game known in the United States as football can be traced directly to the English game of rugby. A. rules B. changes更改,修改,修正 C. demands D. leagues 26. Your silence implies countenancing his abject behavior; therefore please clarify your stand to him. A. supporting支持,赞成 B. obscuring C. concealing D. assisting 27. The graduate committee must be in full accord in their approval of a dissertation. A. indecisive B. sullen C. vocal D. unanimous无异议的 28. We regret being unable to entertain your request for providing free boarding to 15 sportsmen for two weeks. A. receive B. comply C. coincide D. consider 29. Justices of the peace have jurisdiction over the trials of some civil suits and of criminal cases involving minor offenses. A. superiority B. authority权威,职权 C. guidance D. obedience 30. One of the things we have to do to prevent a pandemic is to make sure people understand and know what they can do to minimize the commotion. A. command B. collusion C. turmoil D. tutelage 31. One of the effective ways to lessen environmental pollution is the reservation and protection of more swamps. A. vast thick corals B. pockets of wet land C. warm volcanoes D. millions of bees and wasps 32. The word “wrath” in The Grapes of Wrath by the Nobel prize winner John Steinbeck probably means: A. great anger B. large crowds C. hard labor D. sudden storms 33. The artist spent years on his monumental painting, which covered the whole roof of the church, the biggest in the country. A. archaic B. sentimental C. outstanding D. entire 34. The ancient Jewish people regarded themselves as the salt of the earth, the chosen few by God to rule the world. A. outcast B. elite C. nomad D. disciple 35. In the world of sport, the four-minute mile----the “dream mile”-----until recently was the most intriguing goal remaining to the individual athlete. A. daring B. demanding C. thought-provoking D. fascinating 36. The Eskimo is generally pictured as hospitable, amiable and obliging. A. admirable B. generous C. pleasant and good-natured D. humble 37. Soon comics were so prevalent as to attract the attention of serious critics. A. successful B. prosperous C. widespread分布广泛,普遍 D. persuasive 38. The accuracy of scientific observation and calculations is always at the mercy of the scientist’s timekeeping methods. A. under the control of B. within the kindness of C. beyond the reach of D. out of the control of 39. Although the United States cherishes the tradition that it is a nation of small towns and wide open spaces, only one in eight Americans now lives on a farm. A. cheers for B. tends lovingly C. misses D. remembers 40. The progress of civilization itself can be measured by its range of mathematics. A. considered B. decided C. assessed D. found out Part3 Error Correction This part consists of 20 sentences. In each of them there is an underlined part that indicates an error. Below each sentence, there are 4 choices marked by letters A, B,C and D respectively. Choose the word or phrase that can replace the underlined part so that the error is corrected. There is only ONE right answer. Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET. 41. An “epigram” is usually descried as a bright or witty thought that is tersely and ingeniously expressed. A. described B. discarded C. deserved D. disconcerted 42. Human beings are superior to animals that they can use language as a tool of communication. A. in that B. in which C. for that D. for which 43. The Xinjiang Airlines serve passengers and customers in the southeast of China only. A. serves B. to serve C. serving D. service 44. The senior senator has in the past three terms both experienced the sweet taste of success and the bitterness of defeat in his legislation fights with his opponents. A. both experiences B. experiences both C. experience both D. experienced both 45. Our company has been made one of the largest manufacturers in the field of chemical industry. A. become, in B. made, in field of C. became, in the field D. been made of , in 46. Daylight saving time was instituted to increase productivity. A. reorganized B. started建立,开始 C. encouraged D. taught 47. Many students agreed to come, but some students against because they said they don’t have time. A. did not because they say they did not B. were against because they say they don’t C. did not because they said they did not D. were against coming because they said they don’t 48. Some of the low-end Made-in-China mechanical-electronic products are not selling well in export market as compared with what are termed as high-end ones. A. on export market B. in exporting market C. in exported market D. in the export market 49. Construction is expanding all over China, no doubt many materials will be needed at a very big amount in future. A. China, no doubt many materials will be needed for a very big amount B. China, no doubt many materials will be needed in a very big amount C. China; no doubt many materials will be needed in large amounts, in large amounts D. China; no doubt many materials will be needed for large amounts 50. The recent conference on the effective use of the seas and oceans was another attempt resolving major differences among countries with conflicting interests. A. resolve B. resolves C. to resolve D. being resolved 51. Water makes up some 70 percentage points of the body, and drinking enough water---- either tap water or expensive mineral water---- will ensure that the body is properly lubricated and flushed. A. per-cent B. per capita C. percent D. percentage 52. “We’re not bringing in millions of dollars,” says a director of development. “But we want to make sure the demand is there before we act to the project.” A. of B. off C. on D. for 53. By using new foreign textbooks, we could not only learn the right expression of business ideas, but also we will know the lastest developments in the business world. A. but also will know the lastest B. but also know the lastest C. but also know the latest D. but also come to know the latest 54. The affluent middle class created by the Asian boom now take up over from exports as the main engine of growth. A. take over from exports B. take from exports C. take exports D. takes exports 55. Japan and the newly industrialized countries are passing labor-intensive sects as garment-making over to less developed nations and moving into advanced technology and services. A. sects like B. sectors like C. sections as D. sections such as 56. Each year, in a never-ending cycle of death and rebirth, the rains sweep across southern Asia. A. regrowth B. regeneration C. reconstruction D. recycle 57. Although the life was very harsh, the doctor remained on the island for the reason of the people. A. sake 为了 B. aid C. privilege D. concern 58. John is very diligent, but his pay isn’t sufficient enough for his work. A. good B. much C. legal D. sound 59. When he was told that he scored 58 in the final examination, he was in a comfort o remorse. A. a distress B. a suffering C. an agony苦恼 D. a misery 60. The advocates--- mainly family therapy doctors---- are applying a new approach to everything from marriage conflict to psychosis. A. margin B. marine C. marital婚姻的 D. martial (21’)Section2 Reading Comprehension(30 points) In this section you will find after each of the passages a number of questions or unfinished statements about the passage, each with 4(A,B,C and D) choices to complete the statement. You must choose the one which you think fits best. Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET. Questions 61-70 are based on the following passage. Now which are the animals really to be pitied in captivity? First, those clever beings whose lively urge for activity can find no outlet behind the bars of the cage. This is most conspicuous, even for the uninitiated, in the case of animals which, when living in a free state, are accustomed to roaming about widely. Owing to this frustrated desire, foxes and wolves housed, in many old-fashioned zoos, in cages which are far too small, are among the most pitiable of all caged animals. Though pinioned swans generally seem happy, under proper care, by hatching and rearing their young without any trouble, at migration time things become different: they repeatedly swim to the lee side of the pond, in order to have the whole extent of its surface at their disposal, trying to take off. Again and again the grand preparations end in a pathetic flutter of their half wings; a truly sorry picture! This, however, rarely awakens the pity of the zoo visitor, least of all when such an originally highly intelligent and mentally alert animal has deteriorated, in confinement, into a crazy idiot, a very caricature of its former self. Sentimental old ladies, the fanatical sponsors of the societies for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, have no compunction in keeping a grey parrot in a relatively small cage or even chained to a perch. Together with the large corvines, the parrots are probably the only birds which suffer from that state of mind, common to prisoners, namely, boredom. 61. What is an “outlet” in the context of this passage? A. An opportunity for expression B. A place to let C. A chance of escape into a wood D. An exit for a marketer 62. What does “the uninitiated” means? A. people who visit animals in urban zoos. B. people who do not like animals of the wild. C. people who know little about a certain topic. D. people who do not visit zoos every year. 63. According to the author in Paragraph 1, what animals suffer most in captivity? A. Climbing animals. B. Hunting animals C. Parroting animals. D. Singing animals 64. What do you think “hatching and rearing their young” means? A. Raising families B. Getting on well with smaller birds C. Behaving like young birds D. Attacking smaller birds 65. Which is the ”lee side” of the pond? A. The side the wind is blowing from. B. The side which is sheltered from a storm. C. The side the wind is blowing towards D. The side where the water is the deepest. 66. According to the author, swans in captivity are______. A. happy unless their wings have B. happy most of the time, but unhappy sometimes C. unhappy most of the time D. only happy when they are bringing up families 67. What effect does confinement have on clever animals, according to the text? A. They never stop trying to escape B. They lose all their muscles C. They become unhygienic D. They may go mad 68. In Paragraph 3, the expression ”have no compunction in” most probably means “have no _____”. A. reaction to B. understanding of C. second thoughts about D. enlightenment on 69. What does the author say about sentimental old ladies? A. They do not care about animals. B. They hate making animals suffer. C. They enjoy making animals suffer. D. They do not realize the consequences. 70. What do you think “large corvines” probably are? A. Another kind of bird. B. Another kind of parrot. C. Another kind of swans. D. Other birds that convince us. Questions 71-80 are based on the following passage. The fact that most Americans live in urban areas does not mean that they reside in the center of large cities. In fact, more Americans live in the suburbs of large metropolitan areas than in the cities themselves. The Bureau of the Census regards any area with more than 2,500 people as an urban area, and does not consider boundaries of cities and suburbs. According to the Bureau, the political boundaries are less significant than the social and economic relationships and the transportation and communication systems that integrated metropolis is an MSA, which stands for Metropolitan Statistical Area. In general, an MSA is any area that contains a city and its surrounding suburbs and has total population of 50,000 or more. At the present time, the Bureau reports more than 280 MSAs, which together account for 75 percent of the US population. In addition, the Bureau recognizes 18 megapolises, includes a chain of hundreds of cities and suburbs across 10 states on the East Coast from Massachusetts to Virginia, including Boston, New York, and Washington, D.C. In the Eastern Corridor, as it is called, a population of 45 million inhabitants is concentrated. Another megapolis that is growing rapidly is the California coast from San Francisco through Los Angeles to San Diego. 71. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. Metropolitan Statistical Areas B. Types of Population Centers C. The Bureau of the Census D. Megapolises 72. According to the passage, where do most Americans live? A. In the center of cities. B. In the suburbs surrounding large cities. C. In rural areas. D. In small towns. 73. The underlined word “reside” in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to______. A. fill B. decide C. occupy D. live 74. According to the Bureau of the Census, what is an urban area? A. A chain of adjacent cities. B. An area with at least 50,000 people. C. The 18 largest cities. D. An area with 2,500 people or more. 75. Which of the following are NOT considered important in defining an urban area? A. Political boundaries. B. Transportation networks. C. Social relationships. D. Economic systems. 76. The underlined word “integrate” in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to_______. A. benefit B. define C. unite D. restrict 77. Which of the following is NOT true? A. An integrated metropolis is an MSA. B. MSA stands for Metropolitan Statistical Area. C. A metropolis includes at least a metropolitan. D. An MSA refers to city and its suburbs, with over 50,000 people. 78. The underlined word “adjacent” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to_______. A. beside each other B. growing very fast C. the same size D. densely populated 79. According to the passage, what is a megapolis? A. One of the 10 largest cities in the United States. B. One of the 18 largest cities in the united states. C. One of the 100 cities between Boston and Washington. D. Any number of continuous adjacent cities and suburbs. 80. Why does the author mention the Eastern Corridor and the California coast in Paragraph 4? A. As examples of megapolises B. Because 75 percent of the population lives there. C. To conclude the passage. D. The Bureau of the Census is located there. Questions 81-90 are based on the following passage. “what does the middleman do but add to the price of goods in the shops?” Such remarks are aimed at the intermediate operations between manufacturers and final customers. This practice usually attracts a lot of attention from the public and the press and the operation most talked about is what is often called wholesaling. The wholesaler buys goods in large quantities from the manufacturers and sells them in smaller parcels to retailers, and for this service his selling price to the retailer is raised several percent higher. But his job is made more difficult by retail demand not necessarily running level with manufacturer, to some extent, from the effect on production of changing demand and having to bear the whole risk. The manufacturer can then keep up a steady production flow, and the retailer has no need to hold heavy stocks, who can call on the wholesaler for supplies any time. This wholesale function is like that of a valve in a water pipe. The middleman also bears part of the risk that would otherwise fall on the manufacturer and also the retailer. The wholesaler provides a purely commercial service, for which he is too well rewarded. But the point that is missed by many people is that the wholesaler is not just someone adding to the cost of goods. It is true one could eliminate the wholesaler but one would still be left with his function: that of making sure that goods find their way to the people who want them. 81. “Middleman” in the passage almost equals to all the following in meaning EXCEPT______. A. go-between B. intermediary C. manufacturer D. wholesaler 82. “This practice” in Paragraph 1 most probably refers to the fact that the middleman_____. A. increases the prices in the shops B. buy from you and sells to me C. aims remarks at manufacturers D. interferes with end user custromers 83. The wholesaler obtains higher selling prices for_______. A. small parcels he sells B. goods he buys in bulk C. the service he provides D. the information he offers 84. A middleman’s work may become difficult because_______. A. manufacturers run their production on a much higher level. B. market demand may not be the same as industrial production. C. retailers are not necessary in running their retailing business. D. retailers demand lower levels than those demanded by manufacturers 85. The wholesaler regulates the flow of goods by_______. A. running level with manufacturers’ production B. holding down stock of commodities C. keeping stock for stronger demand D. adjusting the prices of goods in time 86. The middleman relieves the producer of ______. A. fluctuating market demand and staying at risk. B. the production of commodities for the retail market C. some extent of production of changing demand D. storing goods in a warehouse until they are needed 87. What function of the wholesaler is compared to a valve? A. Controlling the flow of goods. B. Pushing up demand from retailers. C. Bearing part of the risk for manufacturers. D. Selling goods to retailers. 88. Which of the following statements is true? A. People cannot do without the wholesaler’s function. B. The function of the wholesaler does not add to the cost of goods. C. The wholesaler helps to reduce the price of goods in shops. D. The wholesaler is well paid for his commercial service. 89. The author quite possibly believes that the function of the wholesaler is ________. A. good but too costly B. necessary but harmful C. removable but necessary D. acceptable but unnecessary 90. Which of the following titles is not appropriate for the passage? A. The Greedy Wholesalers B. The Wholesalers in the Public Eye C. A Retail Market with wholesalers D. Can We Do without the Wholesaler? (8’)Section3 Cloze Test(10points) In the following passage, there are 20 blanks representing words that are missing from the context. Below the passage, each blank has 4 choices marked by letter A,B,C and D respectively. There is only ONE right answer. Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET. In the popular mind, the Internet is the realization of the global village, where the flow of information and ideas is unimpeded by distance or national barriers. Much has been written_____(91) the technology and the benefits that this system of unregulated information exchange will bring. But_____(92) has been very little discussion about the languages-human, not computer languages_____(93) are being used on the Internet. Central _______(94) the ideology of the emerging Internet community is the freedom of the individual users to express_______(95) as they like. Nevertheless, ________(96) recently, it has been very difficult to communicate through the Internet in any language ________(97) could not be expressed in the standard English alphabet as defined______(98) the American Standard Code for Information Interchange(ASCII) English is already the premier________(99) of science and technology worldwide. The peculiar restriction of_________(100) able to communicate with only the limited ASCII character set has worked to further encourage the_________(101) English, especially by those_______(102) native language is not normally expressed in some version of _______(103) Roman alphabet. In fact, it seems to be typical that_____(104) accessing a network in a non-English speaking country_____(105) is often presented with a choice of the local language(s) or English. Many of the national networks that have now linked_______(106) to the Internet are used________(107) scientific and technical communication,______(108) a rapidly growing portion of the Internet’s community are non-professional people. Familiarity with English may be assumed_______(109) a linguist or a physicist, but growing______(110) of users with no English language skill are joining the net in spite of the dominance of English in message forums and mail lists. Messages on the Usenet newsgroups are overwhelmingly written in English, and the bulk of the moderated mailing lists(including the Linguist Discussion List, and international E-mail discussion list for linguists) are conducted in English. 91. A. of B. about C. in D. with 92. A. there B. here C. that D. this 93. A. whose B. if C. that D. what 94. A. through B. in C. about D. to 95. A. itself B. themselves C. himself D. oneself 96. A. until B. before C. toward D. during 97. A. what B. who C. that D. this 98. A. at B. through C. with D. by 99. A. vehicle B. language C. means D. instrument 100. A. getting B. remaining C. becoming D. being 101. A. means of B. use of C. availability D. indication of 102. A. whose B. if C. when D. that 103. A. a B. that C. the D. this 104. A. before B. after C. if D. when 105. A. one B. he C. it D. as 106. A. with B. up C. off D. through 107. A. to B. at C. for D. with 108. A. but B. so C. therefore D. thus 109. A. as B. in C. with D. for 110. A. amounts B. numbers C. sums D. quantities 全真试题(三)70’ 笔译综合能力 Section1 Vocabulary and Grammar(60points) 41’ This section consists of 3 parts. Read the directions for each part before answering the questions. Part 1 Vocabulary Selection In this part, there are 20 incomplete sentences. Below each sentence, there are 4 choices marked by letters A,B,C and D respectively. Choose the word or phrase which best completes each sentence. There is only ONE right answer. Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET. 1. The explanation given by the manager yesterday was not at all_________ to us. A. Satisfy B. satisfied C. satisfactory D. satisfying 2. Part of the funds will be used to________ that library to its original splendor. A. Rest B. recover C. replace D. restore 3. This silk has gone right________ and we have not sold a single piece of it for weeks. A. out of fad B. out of pattern C. out of custom D. out of fashion 4. The new Personal Digital Assistance contained a large_____ of information about an individual life. A. deal B. amount C. number D. account 5. Primitive superstitions that feed racism should be_____ through education A. ignored B. exalted C. eradicated D. canceled 6. __________ pollution control measures are expensive, many local governments hesitate to adopt them. A. Although B. However C. Because D. Moreover 7. The less the surface of the ground yields to the weight of the body of a runner, _________ to the body. A. the stress it is greater B. greater is the stress C. greater stress is D. the greater the stress 8. Annie Jump Cannon, ________ discovered so many starts that she was called “the census taker of the sky”. A. a leading astronomer B. who, as a leading astronomer B. was a leading astronomer, D. a leading astronomer who 9. Kingdom of Wonders, _______ in 1995 in Fremont, Calif, became an industry legend for two toys: a talking bear and a ray-gun game. A . find B. found C. founded D. founding 10. Over a very large number of trials, the probability of an event________ is equal to the probability that it will not occur. A. occurring B. to occur C. occurs D. occur 11. Only one-fifth of Americans saw oil as the chief reason that the U.S. made a war on Iraq, but 75 percent of the French and of the Russians believed__________. A. to B. so C. go D. do 12. Sadly, while the academic industry thrives, the practice of translation continues to_______. A. stack B. stage C. stagnate D. stamp 13. Your blunt treatment of disputes would put other people in a negative frame of ________, with the result that they would not be able to accept your proposal. A. mind B. idea C. intention D. wish 14. If you are energetic person with strong views as to the right way of doing things, you find yourself_________ under pressures. A. variably B. invariably C. invaluably D. invalidly 15. Uncle Vernon, quite unlike Harry Potter who looked nothing like the rest of the family, was large, very fat, and________, with an enormous black mustache. A. neckless B. necklace C. reckless D. rackless 16. Home to ______ and gangsters, officials and laborers, refugees and artists, the city was, in its prime , a metropolis that exhibited all the hues of the human character. A. magnates B. magnets C. machines D. magnitudes 17. His _______ behavior made everyone nervous. He was always rushing to open doors and perform other small tasks, apologizing unnecessarily for any inconvenience that he might have caused. A. oblivious B. observant C. obsequious D. obsolescent 18. He was completely _________ by her tale of hardship. A. taken away B. taken down C. taken in D. taken up 19. Americans who consider themselves_____ in the traditional sense do not usually hesitate to heap criticism in domestic matters over what they believe is oppressive or wasteful. A. pedestrian B. penchant C. patriarch D. patriotic 20. As technological advances put more and more time between early school life and the young person’s final access to specialized work, the stage of______ becomes an even more marked and conscious period. A. adolescence B. adjacency C. advantage D. adventure Part2 Vocabulary Replacement This part consists of 20 sentences. In each of them one word or phrase is underlined. Below each sentence, there are 4 choices marked by letters A,B,C and D respectively. Choose the word or phrase that can replace the underlined part without causing any grammatical error or changing the basic meaning of the sentence. There is only ONE right answer. Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET. 21. That boy is suffering from unrequited love and pines away. A. fervent B. obsessive C. secret D. unreturned 22. For a long time in that vast region, this law was in abeyance. A. active use B. doubt C. discussion D. disuse 23. A court-martial has but recently decided to acquit him. A. declare he is not guilty B. pardon him C. condemn him D. persecute him 24. There are more people who are obese today than 20 years ago. A. gainfully employed B. upwardly mobile C. excessively overweight D. privately educated 25. As a conductor, Leonard Bernstein is famous for his intensely vigorous and exuberant style. A. enthusiastic B. nervous C. painful D. extreme 26. When insects feed on decaying plant material in a compost pile, they help turn it into useful garden soil. A. available B. organic C. distasteful D. decomposing 27. Researchers have discovered that dolphins are able to mimic human speech. A. important B. imitate C. impair D. humor 28. The dichotomy postulated by many between idealism and realism is one of the standard clichés of the ongoing debate over international affairs. A. division into two parts B. combination of two parts C. disparity D. contradictions 29. Attempt have been made for nearly three decades to increase the amount of precipitation from clouds by seeding them with salt or silver iodide. A. Devices B. Hypotheses C. Efforts D. Suggestion 30. Justices of the peace have jurisdiction over the trials of some civil suits and of criminal case involving minor offenses. A. supremacy B. authority C. guidance D. obedience 31. The feeling of competition among the students in all the classrooms where the test was going on was noticeable to everyone. A. discord B. discovery C. rivalry D. cooperation 32. The artist spent years on his monumental painting, which covered the whole roof of the church, the biggest in the country. A. archaic B. sentimental C. outstanding D. entire 33. Many of the electric and electronic products we purchase and consume today are what some industrial experts call “homogeneous toys”. A. identical B. homosexual C. unrelated D. distinguishable 34. Anthropologist Barbara Myerhoff furthered her reputation as an authority on Native American culture with her study of the symbols, myths, and rituals of the Huichol people. A. deserved B. retained C. renewed D. advanced 35. This reflects the priority being attached to economic over political activity, partly caused by a growing reluctance to enter a calling blighted by relentless publicity that all too often ends in destroying careers and reputations. A. powerfulness B. unwillingness C. renaissance D. apologeticness 36. Despite his parents’ objection, he left home and quietly moved 800 km to a village, situated on the southwestern tip of a little island. A. obesity B. oblivion C. protection D. protest 37. The teams selected to put up their best in the competition, with excellent credentials and evidence of genuine curiosity and creativity. A. essentials B. qualities C. qualifications D. quantities 38. This air crash which was suspected to be plotted by international political terrorists led to the stop of the diplomatic relations between the two countries. A. suspensory B. sustenance C. suspicion D. suspension 39. Business people abroad who want to make connections with Chinese companies can take the first step using a new Internet site our firm established recently. A. contacts B. joints C. acquaintance D. linking 40. For the last few decades, the Japanese concept of a good life was defined by narrow parameters; children would study hard, attend the best university possible, and join a big company as a “salary man” or as an “office lady”. A. capacitors B. parachutes C. parallels D. considerations Part3 Error Correction This part consists of 20 sentences. In each of them there is an underlined party that indicates a grammatical error. Below each sentence, there are 4 choices marked by letter A,B,C and D respectively. Choose the word or phrase that can replace the underlined part so that the error is corrected. There is only ONE right answer. Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET. 41. An epigram is usually defined being a bright or witty thought that is tersely and ingeniously expressed. A. as B. as be C. as been D. to being 42. Upon completing his examination over the patient, the doctor offered his judgment of her conditions. A. of B. off C. about D. around 43. If they spend some time on Chinese history, they will be more able to predicts China’s future. A. more B. able C. better D. better able 44. When she returned back by abroad, she told us all about her experience as an illegal immigrant. A. by B. back C. from D. back from 45. He was looking impatient at the visiting salesman, who showed no signs of getting ready to leave. A. patient B. patience C. impatience D. impatiently 46. The recent conference on the effective use of the seas and oceans was another attempt resolving major differences among countries with conflicting interests. A. resolve B. resolves C. to resolve D. being resolved 47. Life insurance, before available only to young, healthy persons, can now be obtained for old people, and even for pets. A. before young, healthy persons available only, B. available only to young, healthy persons before, C. available only to persons young, but more healthy, D. before young and healthy persons only available to, 48. Following a year of fast development, by the first quarter of this year, China has had about 1,100 e-commerce websites. A. China had about 1,100 e-commerce websites by the end of last March B. by the end of the first quarter of this year, China has had about 1,100 e-commerce websites C. by the end of this recent past March, China has about 1,100 e-commerce websites D. by the end of this first quarter, China had about 1,100 or so e-commerce websites. 49. Sino-foreign educational program on business is popular in China now, and the demand for high level interpretation is great. A. Programs in enterprises/high level interpreters. B. programs in international business/senior interpreters C. program in international biz/ senior interpretations D. programs of business/high-level interpretations 50. Many students agreed to come, but some students against because they said they don’t have time. A. were against because they said they did not B. were against because they say they don’t C. were against it because they said they did not D. were against coming because they said they don’t 51. While it is essential that the text covers the subject adequately, it is also important that it is neither too detailed or too complex for the intended reader. A. for B. nor C . no D. not 52. Consumer porcelains in Jingdezhen are not selling well in export market as compared with those made in Liling, Hunan, Province and Zibo, Shandong Province. A. on export market B. in exporting market C. in exported market D. in the export market 53. It is a market which sales value might be more than 10 billion yuan. A. a market with a sales value that might be B. a market which might be sales value C. a market with sale value might be D. market with sales might be a value 54. As an English major student, I thick English is more practical than other fields. A. a English student/field B. a English major student/regions C. an English major/courses D. an English student major / sciences 55. We should let more young parents and their children can enjoy scientific early education. A. provide more young parents and their children to enjoy early education B. provide more young parents and their children to enjoy early education and scientific C. provide young parents and their children enjoy more scientific early education D. provide young parents and their children with more early education services. 56. The general manager demanded the job will be completed before the Spring Festival holidays. A. would be completed B. must be completed C. had to be completed D. be completed 57. The government has hardly taken measures to crack down on these crimes when new ones occurred. A. Hardly had the government taken B. The government had hardly taken C. Hardly the government had taken D. The government is hardly taking 58. I knew nothing of the motives behind his recent move, and I don’t know either the person to put him up to the action. A. nor did I know the person who B. not did I know the person that C. nor do I know the person that D. either did I know the person who 59. Just last week, for example, the World Health Organization(WHO) announced the disturbing disclosure that chick flu may be pretty deadlier than previously believed. A. very B. far C. especially D. none 60. As an English major student at one of the most famous universities in China, I strongly believe that business English is more practical than other fields. A. a student in English…field B. a major English student…regions C. an English major…courses D. an English student major…sciences Section2 Reading Comprehension(30points)23’ In this section you will find after each of the passages a number of questions or unfinished statements about the passage, each with 4(A,B,C and D) choices to complete the statement. You must choose the one which you think fits best. Then blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET. Questions61-70 are based on the following passage. Every group has a culture, however uncivilized it may seem to us. To the professional anthropologist, there is no intrinsic superiority of one culture over another, just as to the professional linguist, there is no intrinsic hierarchy among languages. People once thought of the language of backward groups as undeveloped. While it is possible that language in general began as a series of grunts and groans, it is a fact established by the study of “backward” languages that no spoken tongue answers that description today. Most languages of uncivilized groups are, by our most severe standards, extremely complex. They differ from Western languages not in their sound patterns or grammatical structures, which usually are fully adequate for all language needs, but only in their vocabularies, which usually are fully adequate for all language need, but only in their vocabularies, which reflect the objects and activities known to their speakers. Even in this aspect, two things are to be noted. First, all languages seem to possess the machinery for vocabulary expansion, either by putting together words already in existence or by borrowing them from other language and adapting them to their own system. Second, the objects and activities requiring names and distinctions in “backward” languages, while different from the West, are often surprisingly numerous and complicated. A Western language distinguishes merely between two degrees of remoteness(“this” and “that”. But some languages of the American Indians distinguish between what is close to the speaker, or to the person addressed, or removed from both, or out of sight, or in the past, or in the future. 61. Every group of human beings has______. A. its own set of ideas, beliefs and ways of life B. an extremely complex and delicate language C. its own elegant music, literature, and other arts D. the process of growing crops or raising animals 62. To the professional linguists, __________. A. there is no intrinsic superiority of cultures B. there is no intrinsic hierarchy of languages C. all languages came from grunts and groans D. all languages are most severe and standard 63. Most languages of uncivilized groups are________. A. adequate B. numerous C. ingenious D. ingenuous 64. “Backward” languages fall behind Western languages in______. A. structures B. vocabularies B. written forms D. sound patterns 65. All languages, whether civilized or not, have their own________. A. ways to transfer ideas B. forms to satisfy needs C. abilities to answer description D. systems to expand vocabulary 66. Which of the following statements is implied in the passage? A. Anthropologists have nothing to do with linguists. B. Linguists have nothing to do with anthropolists. C. The study of languages casts light upon the study of cultures. D. The study of cultures casts no light upon the study of languages. 67. It is implied that all cultures have to be viewed _________. A. profoundly B. intrinsically C. independently D. professionally 68. According to this passage, to learn a foreign language would require one to _________. A. do more activities B. learn about a new culture C. meet more people D. need more names 69. The author’s attitude shown in this passage toward “backward” languages is_________. A. restrained B. subjective C. objective C. resolute 70. This passage is on the whole _______. A. narrative B. instructive C. prescriptive D. argumentative Questions 71-80 are based on the following passage. The field of medicine has always attracted its share of quacks and charlatans--------disreputable women and men with little or no medical knowledge who promise quick cures at cheap prices. The reasons why quackery thrives even in modern times are easy to find. To begin with, pain seems to be a chronic human condition. A person whose body or mind hurts” will often pay any amount of money for the promise of relief. Second, even the best medical treatment cannot cure all the ills that beset men and women. People who mistrusts or dislike the truths that their physicians tell them often turn to more sympathetic ears Many people lack the training necessary to evaluate medical claims. Given the choice between (a) a reputable physician who says a cure for cancer will be long, expensive and may not work at all, and(b) a salesperson who says that several bottles of secret formula “snake oil” will cure not only cancer but tuberculosis as well, some individuals will opt for “snake oil” Many “snake oil” remedies are highly laced with alcohol or narcotic drugs. Anyone who drinks them may get so drunk or stoned that they drown their pains in the rising tide of pleasant intoxication. Little wonder that “snake oil” is a popular cure-all for minor aches and hurts! But let there be no misunderstanding. A very few “home remedies” actually work. However, most remedies sold by quacks are not only useless, but often can be harmful as well. 71. In this passage, a quack or a charlatan is someone who_______. A. has a special ability B. has little knowledge C. is not a good doctor D. pretends to be a doctor 72. The sentence “pain seems to be a chronic human condition” means pain seems to _________. A. be very serious B. be very difficult C. last for a long time D. be always happening 73. Quackery thrives even in modern times because________. A. patients pay any amount of money B. patients do not like their physicians C. quacks say that they can help patients D. best medical treatment costs very much 74. People who seek the advice of quacks and charlatans are those who_______. A. are poorly educated B. are highly educated C. dislike medical treatments D. mistrust physicians’ truths 75. To evaluate medical claims, one must ________. A. turn to reputable doctors B. make an adequate choice C. have the necessary training D. disbelieve promise of relief 76. According to the author, a very few home remedies are _______. A. useless B. harmful C. pleasant D. effective 77. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. Quacks are really sympathetic. B. “Snake oil” does not work C. Doctors cannot cure all ills D. patients are often impatient. 78. Many individuals opt for “snake oil” because they________. A. are misled by a secret formula B. cannot afford a treatment C. lack medical knowledge D. do not trust physicians 79. “Snake oil” is a popular cure-all for minor aches and hurts because it has _________. A. actually worked B. some fruit stones C. been misunderstood D. alcohol or narcotic drugs 80. Which of the following would be the best title of this passage? A. Distrust of Physicians B. Medical Treatment C. Snake Oil Remedies D. Guard Against Quackery Questions 81-90 are based on the following passage. Modern industrial society grants little status to old people. In fact, such a society has system of built-in obsolescence. There is no formal system for continuing our education throughout our life in order to keep up with rapidly changing knowledge. When our education and job skills have grown obsolete, we are treated exactly like those who have never gained an education or job skills and are not encouraged or given the opportunity to begin anew. As a society becomes more highly developed, the overall status of older people diminished. Improved health technology creates a large pool of old people, who compete for jobs with the young. However, economic technology lowers the demand for workers and creates new jobs which the skills of the aged are obsolete, forcing older people into retirement. At the same time, young people are being educated in the new technology and are keeping pace with rapid changes in knowledge. Finally, urbanization creates age-segregated neighborhoods. Because the old live on fixed incomes, they must often live in inferior housing. All these factors-retirement, obsolete knowledge and skills , inferior standards of living- lower the status of the aged in society. A century ago, when one could expect to live only to 50 or so, the life span more or less coincided with the occupation and family cycle. But today the average life span allows for fifteen to twenty years of life after these cycle. It appears that our life span is outpacing our usefulness in society. 81. By “a system of built-in obsolescence” the author means________. A. no formal systems exist in modern industrial society B. old people have no status in modern industrial society C. young people have chances in modern industrial society D. knowledge changes rapidly in modern industrial society 82. According to the first paragraph, which of the following is true? A. People don’t have to gain education B. People don’t have to learn jobs skills C. People don’t have to be treated as equals D. People don’t have chances to begin anew. 83. The more highly developed a society is, ________. A. the more advanced technology will be B. the larger the number of people will be C. the more diminished old people’s status will be D. the lower the overall status of the people will be 84. The high development of economic technology _________. A. makes job skills out of fashion B. lowers the demand for workers C. forces old people into retirement D. creates new jobs for older people 85. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. Retired people could only live on fixed incomes B. Retired people are more skillful than young people C. Young people are educated in the new technology. D. Young people are keeping pace with rapid changes. 86. According to this passage, the status of the aged is lowered by their_______. A. forced retirement B. inferior housing C. longer life span D. fixed incomes 87. The sentence “our life span outpaces our usefulness” means we can live longer______. A. and make progress B. and do more work C. but move slowly D. but become useless 88. The author’s attitude toward the aged is ________. A. realistic B. optimistic C. pessimistic D. sympathetic 89. It can be deduced from the passage that one should__________. A. learn new skills B. be open-minded C. have a good personality D. keep pace with the times. 90. Which of the following would be the best title for this passage? A. The Problem of Aging B. Social structures C. Economic Technology D. Continuing Education Section 3 Cloze Test (10 points)6’ In the following passage, there are 20 blanks representing words that are missing from the context. Below the passage, each blank has 4 choices marked by letter A,B,C and D respectively. There is only ONE right answer. Blacken the corresponding letter as required on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET. Some consumer researchers distinguish__________(91) “rational” motives and “emotional” (or “non-rational” motives. They use the term “rationality”__________(92) the traditional economic sense that assumes _________(93) consumers behave rationally when they carefully consider all alternatives _______(94) choose those that give them the greatest utility (i.e., satisfaction). _________(95) a marketing context, the term “rationality” implies that the consumer selects goods based________(96) totally objective criteria, such_______(97) size, weight, price, and so on. “Emotional” motives imply the selection of goods________(98) to personal or subjective criteria—the desire_________(99) individuality, pride, fear, affection or status. The assumption underlying this distinction is________(100) subjective or emotional criteria do not maximize utility or satisfaction. __________(101), it is reasonable to assume that consumers always attempt to select alternatives that, _________(102) their view, serve to maximize satisfaction. Obviously, the assessment of satisfaction is a very personal process, based _________(103) the individual’s own needs as _________(104) as on past behavioral, social, and learning experiences. What may appear_______(105) irrational to an outside observer may be perfectly rational_______(106) the context of the consumer’s own psychological field. For example, a product purchased to enhance one’s self-image(such as a fragrance) is a perfectly rational form of consumer behavior. _______(107)behavior did not appear rational to the person who undertakes it_________(108) the time that it is undertaken, obviously he or she would not do it. ________(109) the distinction between rational and emotional motives does not appear to be warranted. Some researchers go so far ______(110) to suggest that emphasis on “needs” obscures the rational, or conscious, nature of most consumer motivation. They claim that consumers act consciously to maximize their gains and minimize their losses; that they act not from subconscious drives but from rational preferences, or what they perceive to be in their own best interests. 91. A. among B. between C. from D. through 92. A. in B. at C. for D. with 93. A. when B. before C. that D. if 94. A. thus B. hence C. but D. and 95. A. for B. in C. on D. amidst 96. A. on B. in C. for D. at 97. A. like B. to C. as D. with 98. A. catering B. complying C. adhering D. according 99. A. to B. for C. with D. against 100. A. why B. if C. what D. that 101. A. Therefore B. However C. Thus D. Hence 102. A. in B. with C. for D. by 103. A. with B. for C. on D. to 104. A. far B. like C. high D. well 105. A. as B. like C. than D. far 106. A. with B. within C. without D. for 107. A. When B. Before C. If D. Why 108. A. at B. in C. on D. with 109. A. But B. However C. Then D. Therefore 110. A. well B. as C. then D. but 本文档由香当网(https://www.xiangdang.net)用户上传

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